<ul><li>An IT Architecture defines the hardware and software structures of an IT System Solution to a Business problem: </...
What is an IT Architect?  Not all IT Architects look like this!  Source: http://brettduncan.wordpress.com/2007/05/09/ <ul>...
Introduction to Gisela and Carolyn <ul><li>Gisela Lotringer </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been in the IT industry since the ’70s,...
IT Architectures are similar to the architectures we find in everyday life City Architecture School Architecture Church Ar...
IT architectures are required to make sure that  we create workable solutions that meet business needs Architecture assist...
There’s rarely one single “correct” solution, each solution is influenced by the current requirements and environment.
Architecture provides a set of laws/boundaries for solutions, to ensure that all components of the solution will work toge...
IT Architecture must consider the views of different users and their needs  Systems Management  View Security  View Operat...
IT Architectures behind everyday life - Google
IT Architecture behind everyday life – Mobile/Cellular Network
There are many specialised skills required to create a building architecture and the same applies to an IT solution <ul><l...
The systems engineering and architecture discipline <ul><li>Wikipedia: Systems Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>A branch of e...
The road towards being an IT Architect <ul><li>IT Architecture is a Profession – like Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, etc....
What are the characteristics of an IT Architect? <ul><li>Has skills and experience of producing architectures, backed up b...
Women make good IT Architects <ul><li>Typical Women characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting and creating change </li><...
Woman IT Architect success stories <ul><li>Karin Duermeyer </li></ul><ul><li>Title: Distinguished Engineer, IOT NE IT Arch...
The End <ul><li>Thank you!! </li></ul><ul><li>Ngiyabonga (Zulu) (Swati) Ukhani (Venda) </li></ul><ul><li>Enkosi (Xhosa) </...
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  • Components of a solution, component catalogue. Reference architectures CM
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    1. 1. <ul><li>An IT Architecture defines the hardware and software structures of an IT System Solution to a Business problem: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The components that will be reused, developed or purchased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The relationships between components: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>placement of components on nodes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distribution geographically </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>network connections and topology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>how they will be managed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the components interact dynamically : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interfaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>protocols </li></ul></ul></ul>What is IT Architecture?
    2. 2. What is an IT Architect? Not all IT Architects look like this! Source: http://brettduncan.wordpress.com/2007/05/09/ <ul><li>Provides Vision and Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Defines Scope and Reduces Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Analyses Required Functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Defines Strategy of Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Defines Rules and Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Makes and Records Formal Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Bridges IT and Business </li></ul><ul><li>Has end to end responsibility over solution designs </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with providing estimates – Cost, Duration, Skills </li></ul>The IT Architect defines - architects -- solutions to client business problems through the reasoned application of information technology. They may also be involved in the integration of a broad variety of products, technologies and services, various systems and applications architectures, and diverse hardware and software components. Has extensive knowledge of systems, architectures, systems management, networking, network computing and application design techniques. Is able to identify evaluate and select the elements of the solution which best meet the needs of the client.
    3. 3. Introduction to Gisela and Carolyn <ul><li>Gisela Lotringer </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been in the IT industry since the ’70s, mainly with IBM, which I joined as a junior staff member in a support group. In those days I worked with different aspects of mainframes, and later moved into Unix, followed by a career as an IT architect. It’s been a very stimulating career. </li></ul><ul><li>I work with many different clients, helping them to run their IT departments more effectively and efficiently. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m a mother of two and grandmother of two, and enjoy wildlife, cooking and reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Carolyn Matthews </li></ul><ul><li>I joined IBM as a graduate, I started my career within IBM as a network specialist. I then moved into the IT Architecture field. </li></ul><ul><li>I work within the City of Johannesburg (CoJ) which is a local government department. I am the CoJ enterprise architect as well as the CoJ architect team lead. I am a co-author of an IBM Redbook - TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview. I am currently completing my Masters of Commerce degree specialising in Information Systems. </li></ul><ul><li>I am getting married in November, I enjoy adventure sports and having fun in general. </li></ul>
    4. 4. IT Architectures are similar to the architectures we find in everyday life City Architecture School Architecture Church Architecture Transportation Architecture CRM Architecture Portal Architecture SCM Architecture Enterprise Architecture Plumbing Blueprint Floor plan Component Interaction Diagram Operational Model Operational View Systems Management View Security View Integration View User / Information View Content Management View Data View Business View Functional View Operational View Systems Management View Security View Integration View User / Information View Content Management View Data View Business View Functional View Operational View Systems Management View Security View Integration View User / Information View Content Management View Data View Business View Functional View
    5. 5. IT architectures are required to make sure that we create workable solutions that meet business needs Architecture assists with translating business requirements into workable and holistic architectures/solutions to suit the business requirements.
    6. 6. There’s rarely one single “correct” solution, each solution is influenced by the current requirements and environment.
    7. 7. Architecture provides a set of laws/boundaries for solutions, to ensure that all components of the solution will work together. Catalogs, provide detailed specifications of the available parts together with a variety of alternative products implementing those specifications; plus recommendations on how to use these parts (reference architectures). Solutions to many different requirements, all built from the same common collection of parts , each designed according to accepted standard reference architectures
    8. 8. IT Architecture must consider the views of different users and their needs Systems Management View Security View Operational View Integration View User / Information View Content Management View Data View Business View How do we integrate with external systems and databases? What types of content, how is it maintained, published, and distributed? How do you manage and administer the infrastructure and the application? What information needs to be made available, to whom, and how? What infrastructure do we need to provide the required Service levels? What are the security and privacy requirements for the infrastructure and applications? What processes, information, roles and locations must be addressed? Functional View What are the data elements, where stored, and how are they accessed? Each view has a different architectural representation, just as a electrical wiring diagram is different from the interior designer’s “picture”. How do applications support the required functionality?
    9. 9. IT Architectures behind everyday life - Google
    10. 10. IT Architecture behind everyday life – Mobile/Cellular Network
    11. 11. There are many specialised skills required to create a building architecture and the same applies to an IT solution <ul><li>The different types of architects </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure (hardware) </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Application (software) </li></ul><ul><li>Integration (data, application) </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise (the holistic picture) </li></ul><ul><li>Business architect (business process) </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Engineering and Architecture </li></ul>
    12. 12. The systems engineering and architecture discipline <ul><li>Wikipedia: Systems Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>A branch of engineering whose responsibility is creating and executing an interdisciplinary process to ensure that customer and stakeholder's needs are satisfied in a high quality, trustworthy, cost efficient and schedule compliant manner throughout a system's entire life cycle, from development to operation to disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>This process is usually comprised of the following seven tasks: </li></ul><ul><li>State the problem, Investigate alternatives, Model the system, Integrate, Launch the system, Assess performance, and Re-evaluate. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Systems engineering and architecture discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>The systems engineering and architecture discipline is a full lifecycle and interdisplinary approach and a means to enable the implementation of successful systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Systems engineering and architecture discipline focuses on defining customer needs and required functionality early in solution design and the development cycle, eliciting requirements, and then proceeding with design synthesis and system validation while considering the complete problem. </li></ul><ul><li>This discipline considers both the business and the technical needs of the customers and stakeholders with the goal of providing quality solutions or products that meets user needs. </li></ul>
    13. 13. The road towards being an IT Architect <ul><li>IT Architecture is a Profession – like Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Education </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticeship – practical hands on client projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Experience - technical and consulting, project management, customer relationships, successful architecture implementations </li></ul><ul><li>Breadth of knowledge - Infrastructure, applications, how business works, negotiation </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Requirements – IBM certification/accreditation training path, The Open Group Certification process. </li></ul>“ If you don’t know where you want to go, any road will do. And if you don’t know where you are, a map will not help!”
    14. 14. What are the characteristics of an IT Architect? <ul><li>Has skills and experience of producing architectures, backed up by appropriate technical skills and experience, including technical breadth </li></ul><ul><li>Works in a disciplined, method driven manner </li></ul><ul><li>Has some full life-cycle experience i.e. through bid, design, development, test, deployment and support stages of a project </li></ul><ul><li>Has good Leadership skills </li></ul><ul><li>Has strong personal and professional skills </li></ul><ul><li>Has valued skills and experience in one or more customer industry segments </li></ul>
    15. 15. Women make good IT Architects <ul><li>Typical Women characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting and creating change </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with making technology more understandable </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to see the forest and not get lost in the trees. (See the bigger picture) </li></ul><ul><li>Team players </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy flexible work hours </li></ul><ul><li>Multitasking - “The skills that we have — being able to juggle things, multitasking — reflect the environment we’re in now.” </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance/Stereotyping/”Old boys network” </li></ul><ul><li>Work life balance/erratic hours/raising a family </li></ul><ul><li>Source: “Why are women exiting IT?” Infoworld.com 01/29/2007 </li></ul>
    16. 16. Woman IT Architect success stories <ul><li>Karin Duermeyer </li></ul><ul><li>Title: Distinguished Engineer, IOT NE IT Architect Profession Leader, Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Executive and TR Program GBS Germany Current profession: Technical Solution Architect, Application Architect Years in IBM: 22 </li></ul><ul><li>Sue Miller-Sylvia </li></ul><ul><li>Title: Distinguished Engineer and Service Area Leader, Enterprise Architecture and Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Current job category: IT Specialist --> IT Architect Years in profession: 15 </li></ul>
    17. 17. The End <ul><li>Thank you!! </li></ul><ul><li>Ngiyabonga (Zulu) (Swati) Ukhani (Venda) </li></ul><ul><li>Enkosi (Xhosa) </li></ul><ul><li>Dankie (Afrikaans) Ke a leboga (Sepedi) </li></ul><ul><li>Ke a leboha (Sesotho) </li></ul><ul><li>Ke itumtese (Setswana) I nkomu (Tsonga) </li></ul><ul><li>Ndi a livhuha (Venda) </li></ul><ul><li>Ngeyabonga (Ndebele) Ngiyabonga (Swati) </li></ul>

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