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BUSINESS PLUG-IN 4 IT ARCHITECTURES CIS 429:  Business Information Systems
ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURES <ul><li>Enterprise architecture  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The plans for how an organization will bui...
ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURES
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Backup and Recovery <ul><li>Backup   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An exact ________ of a system’s infor...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Disaster Recovery <ul><li>Disaster recovery best practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind the enter...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Disaster Recovery <ul><li>Disaster recovery plan  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A detailed process for r...
Disaster Recovery Cost Curve
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE:  Information Security <ul><li>A good information architecture includes a strong information secu...
INFRASTRUCTURE ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Infrastructure architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The hardware, software, and ________...
APPLICATION ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Application architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines how applications integrate and ...
Web Services <ul><li>Web service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A standardized way of integrating Web-based applications using the ...
Open Systems <ul><li>Nonproprietary IT hardware and software made available by standards and procedures that </li></ul><ul...
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Plug-in B4

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Plug-in B4

  1. 1. BUSINESS PLUG-IN 4 IT ARCHITECTURES CIS 429: Business Information Systems
  2. 2. ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURES <ul><li>Enterprise architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The plans for how an organization will build, deploy, use, and share its data, processes, and IT assets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enterprise architect (EA) - a person who is… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grounded in ____________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fluent in business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a patient diplomat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an important bridge between IT and the business </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURES
  4. 4. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Backup and Recovery <ul><li>Backup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An exact ________ of a system’s information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T he ability to get a system up and running </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Techniques used for backup and recovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fault _________: The ability to respond gracefully to an unexpected hardware or software failure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failover: A backup operation that automatically switches to a standby if the primary system fails. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Disaster Recovery <ul><li>Disaster recovery best practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind the enterprise architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the quality of computer _________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the networks can be restored quickly in the case of downtime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up disaster recovery plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide adequate staff _________ so that operators are aware of any IT-related problems </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Disaster Recovery <ul><li>Disaster recovery plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A detailed process for recovering information or an IT system in the event of a disaster such as a fire or flood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot site—a separate fully-equipped facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold site—a separate facility without computer equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disaster recovery cost _______ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charts the cost to the organization of the unavailability of information and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charts the cost to the organization of recovering from a disaster over time </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Disaster Recovery Cost Curve
  8. 8. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: Information Security <ul><li>A good information architecture includes a strong information security plan.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing user access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-to-date _________ software and patches </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. INFRASTRUCTURE ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Infrastructure architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The hardware, software, and _________________ equipment that support the organization’s goals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five primary characteristics of a solid infrastructure architecture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility—can handle all types of business changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability—adapting to increasing demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability—functioning properly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability—high degree of _________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance—________ at performing processes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. APPLICATION ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Application architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines how applications integrate and relate to each other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent techniques: </li></ul>
  11. 11. Web Services <ul><li>Web service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A standardized way of integrating Web-based applications using the XML , SOAP , WSDL and UDDI open standards over an Internet protocol backbone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events—Conditions that signal threats and opportunities, and alert those who can act on the information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service--_________ software products that appeal to a broad audience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of software and hardware on different machines from different vendors to share data. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Open Systems <ul><li>Nonproprietary IT hardware and software made available by standards and procedures that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow systems to seamlessly share information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalize on enterprise architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate ___________ systems and promote competitive pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A freely-distributable open source operating system that runs on a number of hardware platforms. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Office </li></ul></ul>

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