Architecture Frameworks: NetCentric Enablers AIAA NCO Program Committee Meeting Arlington, VA May 9, 2005 Rolf Siegers The...
Topics <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF: Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li...
Challenges <ul><li>How can we…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improve the designs of large-scale, highly complex NetCentric system...
Opportunity <ul><li>Leverage from well-established architecture framework standards to facilitate the “boundaryless inform...
The Open Group  Architecture Framework  (TOGAF) Phase A: Architecture Vision Phase B: Business Architecture Phase H: Archi...
The Open Group <ul><li>A global consortium of industry, government, and academia with more than 200 member companies </li>...
The Open Group (2) <ul><li>Forums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory Interoperability...
The Open Group (3) <ul><li>Sampling of Open Group members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
The Open Group (4) <ul><li>Sampling of Architecture Forum Members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Contractors </li></ul></ul...
TOGAF: A Focus on Method <ul><li>“ The TOGAF Architecture Development Method therefore does not  prescribe   any specific ...
TOGAF: Overview of ADM Phases <ul><li>Preliminary: Framework & Principles </li></ul><ul><li>A: Architecture Vision </li></...
TOGAF:   Brief History <ul><li>Started with DoD’s Technical Architecture Framework for Information  Management (TAFIM) </l...
TOGAF :   Format <ul><li>349 pages </li></ul><ul><li>On-line @ The Open Group web site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. o...
TOGAF:  Part I <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAQs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
TOGAF:  Part II <ul><li>Architecture Development Method (ADM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
TOGAF:  Part III <ul><li>Enterprise Continuum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Index to) </l...
TOGAF:  Part IV <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Complia...
TOGAF:  Part IV  (2) <ul><li>Resources (cont’d) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Process Domain Views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
TOGAF: Part IV: Architecture Views <ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/architecture/togaf8-doc/arch/contents4_ vus . htm </...
TOGAF: Part IV: Architecture Views (2) Products of Note <ul><li>Some Products Stand Out as Supplemental to the DoDAF Produ...
TOGAF:  Tools, Training & Resources <ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popkin’s System Architect (certified for TOGAF 7 a...
Summary of  TOGAF <ul><li>Remember… </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF is several things: Architecture Development Method (ADM), Ente...
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Architecture Frameworks

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  • Common language, common method, common description = common understanding
  • 56 organizations are members of the Architecture Forum
  • Key changes in Version 8.1: New section describing the Requirements Management process at the center of the ADM lifecycle diagram new structured section on Architecture Governance , comprising three subsections new section on Architecture Maturity Models new section on the TOGAF Architecture Skills Framework
  • Introduction - provides a high-level introduction to some of the key concepts behind enterprise architecture and in particular the TOGAF approach. ADM – the core of TOGAF. It describes the TOGAF Architecture Development Method - a step-by-step approach to developing an enterprise architecture. Enterprise Continuum - describes the TOGAF Enterprise Continuum, a virtual repository of architecture assets, which includes the TOGAF Foundation Architecture, and the Integrated Information Infrastructure Reference Model. Resources - comprises the TOGAF Resource Base - a set of tools and techniques available for use in applying TOGAF and the TOGAF ADM.
  • Introduction : Architecture design principles, architecture development cycle Preliminary Phase: Framework and Principles : Adapt framework; define principles Phase A: Architecture Vision : Define scope; create vision; obtain approvals Phase B: Business Architecture : Develop a Business Architecture Phase C: Information System Architectures : Develop Data and Applications Architectures Phase D: Technology Architecture : Develop a Technology Architecture Phase E: Opportunities and Solutions : Checkpoint suitability for implementation Phase F: Migration Planning : Prioritize work; Select major work packages; Develop migration plan Phase G: Implementation Governance : Provide architectural oversight of the implementation Phase H: Architecture Change Management : Establish procedures for managing change to new architecture Architecture Requirements Management : The process of managing architecture requirements throughout the ADM Building Blocks and the ADM - Summary : Hyperlink to Part IV, Building Blocks
  • Continuum - A framework for architecture re-use; a &amp;quot;virtual repository&amp;quot; of all the architecture assets - models, patterns, architecture descriptions, etc. - that exist both within the enterprise and in the IT industry at large, which the enterprise considers itself to have available for the development of architectures TRM - Core taxonomy and graphical representation of generic platform services SIB - Database of industry standards for populating an architecture The link between architecture…and procurement IIIRM - Concepts, Overview and Taxonomy; based on the TOGAF Foundation Architecture, and is specifically aimed at helping the design of architectures that enable and support their vision of &amp;quot;Boundaryless Information Flow&amp;quot;
  • Architecture Board : Guidelines for establishing and operating an enterprise Architecture Board Architecture Compliance : Guidelines for ensuring project compliance to architecture Architecture Contracts : Guidelines for defining and using architecture contracts (Index to) Architecture Governance : Framework and guidelines for Architecture Governance Architecture Maturity Models : Techniques for Evaluating and Quantifying an Organization&apos;s Maturity in Enterprise Architecture Architecture Patterns : Guidelines for using architectural patterns Architecture Principles : Principles for the use and deployment of IT resources across the enterprise Architecture Skills Framework : A set of role, skill and experience norms for staff undertaking Enterprise Architecture work Architecture Patterns : Guidelines for using architectural patterns Architecture Principles : Principles for the use and deployment of IT resources across the enterprise (Index to) Architecture Views : Guidelines for viewpoints and views in architecture models (Index to) Building Blocks Example : a fictional example illustrating building blocks in architecture
  • Business Process Domain Views : a set of function views aligned with the business process structure of the enterprise Business Scenarios : a method for deriving business requirements for architecture and the implied technical requirements Case Studies : Real-life examples of TOGAF in use Glossary Other Architectures / Frameworks : and their relationship to TOGAF Tools for Architecture Development : guidelines for evaluating architecture tools Zachman Framework mapping : Mapping the TOGAF ADM to the Zachman Framework
  • These are some additional architectural products to notice, since other views like Systems, Comm, Data, &amp; Business are already addressed within DoDAF &amp; Zachman.
  • Architecture Frameworks

    1. 1. Architecture Frameworks: NetCentric Enablers AIAA NCO Program Committee Meeting Arlington, VA May 9, 2005 Rolf Siegers The Open Group Architecture Forum Chief Architect, Garland Engineering Center [email_address]
    2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF: Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Charts </li></ul>
    3. 3. Challenges <ul><li>How can we…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improve the designs of large-scale, highly complex NetCentric systems that require interoperability of communications equipment, data, and software for networking of people, sensors, and manned and unmanned platforms? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce risks in developing and deploying this systems? </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Opportunity <ul><li>Leverage from well-established architecture framework standards to facilitate the “boundaryless information flow” vision of NetCentricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(US) DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(UK) MoD Architecture Framework (MoDAF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(US) Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) Phase A: Architecture Vision Phase B: Business Architecture Phase H: Architecture Change Management Phase G: Implementation Governance Phase C: Information Systems Architecture Phase D: Technology Architecture Phase F: Migration Planning Phase E: Opportunities & Solutions Requirements Management Preliminary: Framework & Principles
    6. 6. The Open Group <ul><li>A global consortium of industry, government, and academia with more than 200 member companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining, integrating and evolving standards to support Open systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., the UNIX specification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNIX, LDAP, … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformance testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established in 1996 through the merger of… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>X/Open Company Ltd. (founded in 1984) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Software Foundation (founded in 1988) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. The Open Group (2) <ul><li>Forums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grid Enterprise Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time & Embedded Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each Forum is divided into Work Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., the Architecture Forum has work areas for The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), Architecture strategy and standardization, Mobile Architecture, Enterprise Architecture, IT Architect Certification, and TOGAF/DoDAF Alignment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some Work Areas span Forums based on the need for collaboration </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. The Open Group (3) <ul><li>Sampling of Open Group members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lockheed-Martin, Boeing, Raytheon, Northrop Grumman </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Departments and Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dept of Defense/DISA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Navy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Army Weapon Systems Technical Working Group (WSTWG) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open Systems Joint Task Force </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NATO C3 Agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jet Propulsion Laboratory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NASA Goddard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Computerization Agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UK Ministry of Defence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australia Department of Lands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The MITRE Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academia & Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carnegie Mellon University, Software Engineering Institute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Embedded Systems Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun, Oracle, HP, Microsoft, Silicon Graphics, Nortel, Tivoli </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. The Open Group (4) <ul><li>Sampling of Architecture Forum Members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lockheed Martin Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Boeing Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raytheon Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dept of Defense/DISA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jet Propulsion Laboratory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Army Weapon Systems Technical Working Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UK Ministry of Defence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New South Wales Department of Lands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The MITRE Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations & Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open GIS Consortium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hewlett-Packard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystems </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. TOGAF: A Focus on Method <ul><li>“ The TOGAF Architecture Development Method therefore does not prescribe any specific set of enterprise architecture deliverables - although it does describe a set, by way of example. Rather, TOGAF is designed to be used with whatever set of deliverables the TOGAF user feels is most appropriate. That may be the set of deliverables described in TOGAF itself; or it may be the set associated with another framework, such as Zachman Framework, FEAF, etc.” </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF 8.1 Introduction: The Role of TOGAF </li></ul>
    11. 11. TOGAF: Overview of ADM Phases <ul><li>Preliminary: Framework & Principles </li></ul><ul><li>A: Architecture Vision </li></ul><ul><li>B: Business Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>C: Information Systems Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>D: Technology Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>E: Opportunities & Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>F: Migration Planning </li></ul><ul><li>G: Implementation Governance </li></ul><ul><li>H: Architecture Change Management </li></ul>Phase A: Architecture Vision Phase B: Business Architecture Phase H: Architecture Change Management Phase G: Implementation Governance Phase C: Information Systems Architecture Phase D: Technology Architecture Phase F: Migration Planning Phase E: Opportunities & Solutions Requirements Management Preliminary: Framework & Principles
    12. 12. TOGAF: Brief History <ul><li>Started with DoD’s Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management (TAFIM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of $$, several years spent on its development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAFIM 3.0 transitioned from DoD to The Open Group in 1995 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renamed to TOGAF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open Group leveraged from Volumes 2 & 3 of TAFIM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New revision released approximately each year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 7 versions stayed focused on Technical Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Version 8.0 extended into Enterprise Architecting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Version 8.1 released at the end of 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Version 9 planned for January 2006 release </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are Licensing & Membership guidelines for its use… know them! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If using TOGAF in developing a system/enterprise for a customer, you must either have a corporate commercial license, or be a member of the Architecture Forum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A comment on the “IT” verbiage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TOGAF uses the term “IT” in the broadest context, to distinguish this type of “architect” from a civil architect </li></ul></ul>Phase A: Architecture Vision Phase B: Business Architecture Phase H: Architecture Change Management Phase G: Implementation Governance Phase C: Information Systems Architecture Phase D: Technology Architecture Phase F: Migration Planning Phase E: Opportunities & Solutions Requirements Management Preliminary: Framework & Principles
    13. 13. TOGAF : Format <ul><li>349 pages </li></ul><ul><li>On-line @ The Open Group web site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/architecture/togaf8-doc/arch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 1: Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 2: Architecture Development Method (ADM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 3: Enterprise Continuum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 4: Resources </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. TOGAF: Part I <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAQs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TOGAF as an Enterprise Architecture Framework </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. TOGAF: Part II <ul><li>Architecture Development Method (ADM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary focus of TOGAF within the REAP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step-by-step instructions on ‘how to architect’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No prescribed products, but there are examples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phases Preliminary through H </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Requirements Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Input/Output Descriptions (on-line version) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building Blocks and the ADM </li></ul></ul></ul>Phase A: Architecture Vision Phase B: Business Architecture Phase H: Architecture Change Management Phase G: Implementation Governance Phase C: Information Systems Architecture Phase D: Technology Architecture Phase F: Migration Planning Phase E: Opportunities & Solutions Requirements Management Preliminary: Framework & Principles
    16. 16. TOGAF: Part III <ul><li>Enterprise Continuum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Index to) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Continuum in Detail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TRM, Standards Information Base </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common Systems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security, Network, Management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical industry standards </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal corporate standards </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Information Infrastructure Reference Model </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. TOGAF: Part IV <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Index to) Architecture Governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Maturity Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Skills Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Index to) Architecture Views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Index to) Building Blocks Example </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. TOGAF: Part IV (2) <ul><li>Resources (cont’d) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Process Domain Views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glossary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Architectures/Frameworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for Architecture Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zachman Framework Mapping </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. TOGAF: Part IV: Architecture Views <ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/architecture/togaf8-doc/arch/contents4_ vus . htm </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF ‘views’ Versus DoDAF ‘products’ </li></ul><ul><li>A Quick List </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Security View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System Engineering View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software Engineering View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications Engineering View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Flow View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Manageability View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquirers View </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. TOGAF: Part IV: Architecture Views (2) Products of Note <ul><li>Some Products Stand Out as Supplemental to the DoDAF Product Set </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Manageability View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed for the operations, administration and management personnel of the system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software Engineering View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed for software engineers of the system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Security View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed for security engineers of the system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquirer’s View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed for personnel involved in the acquisition of any components of the architecture </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 21. TOGAF: Tools, Training & Resources <ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popkin’s System Architect (certified for TOGAF 7 and TOGAF 8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troux’s Metis (certified for TOGAF 7 and TOGAF 8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proforma’s ProVision (certified for TOGAF 8) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The TOGAF Institute / Architecting-the-Enterprise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. togafinstitute .com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture Forum web site </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/architecture </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TOGAF 8.1 on-line </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/architecture/togaf8-doc/arch </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certification Information (architects, tools, training, consultants) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. opengroup .org/ togaf /cert/cert_ prodlist . tpl ?CALLER=index. tpl </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Summary of TOGAF <ul><li>Remember… </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF is several things: Architecture Development Method (ADM), Enterprise Continuum, Standards Information Base, Technical Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF’s ADM prescribes methodology, not products or modeling notation </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF should be used with other architecture frameworks as appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF is the evolution of the US Department of Defense’s Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management (TAFIM) </li></ul><ul><li>TOGAF uses the acronym “IT” loosely </li></ul><ul><li>A corporate license, or Open Group Architecture Forum membership, is required in order to use TOGAF for developing an architecture for an external customer </li></ul><ul><li>The Open Group has Forums for Architecture and Grid Enterprise Services </li></ul>

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