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Clay Office
Art Project and Case Study
Aalto University, Aalto ARTS
Pia Lindman
Scott Andrew Elliott
Saara Hannula
Microbiome
A microbiome is the environment that is made up of the micro-
organisms which share our living space, be they b...
In the beginning of the year 2014, we started our collaboration
with the Department of Building Technology at Aalto Univer...
A new research question thus emerged: do molds grow through
clay – from an infested room into another? If yes, does clay
p...
Clay Office for indoor air remediation:
Reed and clay walls inside a regular office room
Clay walls modifed
airborn microbial fall-out
in an office space
Results of microbial sampling in Clay Office
Pia Lindman ...
Malt	
  Agar	
  plates	
  ,	
  with	
  and	
  without	
  a	
  selec5ve	
  agent	
  (borax,	
  
1000	
  ppm)	
  were	
  exp...
Tryp5c	
  Soy	
  Agar	
  plates	
  ,	
  with	
  and	
  without	
  a	
  selec5ve	
  agent	
  
(arsenic	
  pentoxide)	
  wer...
Scientific research offers insights into what are the quantifiable,
measurable aspects of human experience. Information dr...
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
The research team developed a variety of tests/exercises
exploring how test persons developed relations to the two test
ro...
TEST NO 1
Measuring the Immeasurable
 
Marking atmosphere by expressing internal state of
mind/energy
Make a color drawing...
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
Before	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
AXer	
  being	
  in	
  room	
  2	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
AXer	
  being	
  in	
  room	
  1	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
Before	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
AXer	
  being	
  in	
  room	
  2	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
AXer	
  being	
  in	
  room	
  1	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
2014	
  07	
  16	
  /	
  MSS	
  &	
  PLl	
  	
  
TEST NO 1
Measuring the Immeasurable
General observations
 
Room 1: Clay Room
Room 2: Drywall Room
ENERGY DIFFERENCE:
Clay...
TEST NO 2
“Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist:
Accessing corporeal and spatial
relations through physical play
Process expre...
TEST NO 2
“Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist:
Accessing corporeal and spatial
relations through physical play
Process expre...
TEST NO 2
“Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist:
Accessing corporeal and spatial
relations through physical play
Process expre...
TEST NO 2
General observations from video recordings and
interviews
Drywall room
Tends to disperse focus, induce restlessn...
Clay office
Test persons are touching walls, interacting with room with
sound or voice, movement. Test persons felt connec...
TEST NO 2
“Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist:
Accessing corporeal and spatial
relations through physical play
Process expre...
TEST NO 2
“Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist:
Accessing corporeal and spatial
relations through physical play
Process expre...
Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus
Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus
Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus
Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus
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Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus

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Professori (professor of practice) Pia Lindman tutkii saven käyttöä rakennusmateriaalina ja sen merkitystä tilan kokemiselle taiteen tutkimuksen keinoin.

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Aalto Living+ Savi ja kokemus

  1. 1. Clay Office Art Project and Case Study Aalto University, Aalto ARTS Pia Lindman Scott Andrew Elliott Saara Hannula
  2. 2. Microbiome A microbiome is the environment that is made up of the micro- organisms which share our living space, be they beneficial or detrimental. Scientific studies have clearly documented the effect of microbiota, or the lack of certain microbiota, on both physical and mental health. As it becomes accepted by the scientific community that a humans “are supraorganisms composed of human and microbial components” (Turnbaugh, Peter et al., in Nature, Oct 18, 2007), greater attention must be given to how built environments can support a healthy microbiome for healthier people.
  3. 3. In the beginning of the year 2014, we started our collaboration with the Department of Building Technology at Aalto University and Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen, professor in microbiology at Helsinki University. We initially proposed as our possible research question: does clay filter the spores of harmful molds, mycotoxins, or both? However, according to Mirja Salkinoja- Salonen, mycotoxins are oil soluble and stick to surfaces. They do not stay floating around in the air (as do spores) and will probably not pass through clay. Clay will most likely also filter spores.
  4. 4. A new research question thus emerged: do molds grow through clay – from an infested room into another? If yes, does clay promote or reduce production of mycotoxins? Recent research suggests it is possible that certain microbiota encourage the growth of microbes and molds that are benevolent to humans, and thus pushing out toxic molds (Rook, Lowry and Raison 2013: 46-64). In regards to recent discussion in Finland, see also guidelines by Finnish Institute of Occupational Health: “Biosidit ja korjausrakentaminen” and an interview in Rakennuslehti 17.04.16 by Kati Winterhalter of Professor Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen: “Miksi home on Suomessa muita maita yleisempi ongelma?”
  5. 5. Clay Office for indoor air remediation: Reed and clay walls inside a regular office room
  6. 6. Clay walls modifed airborn microbial fall-out in an office space Results of microbial sampling in Clay Office Pia Lindman and Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen Helsinki University Dept Food & Environmental Science Aalto University, AALTO ARTS
  7. 7. Malt  Agar  plates  ,  with  and  without  a  selec5ve  agent  (borax,   1000  ppm)  were  exposed  on  June  17,  2014,  4  pm    for  1  hour,    to   office  air  with  lids  open,  then  closed,    sealed  and  transported  to   laboratory,  incubated,    photographed  on    July  12,  2014     Conven-­‐   5onal   Conven-­‐   5onal   Clay   Clay   Clay   Boron    containing   chemicals  have   been  massively   used  in  buildings   thermal   insula5ng   materials    and  for   mold   remedia5on.   From  1  Feb  2012     banned  in    European   Union  for  insula5on   materials  and    mold   remedia5on  of   buildings  (Direc5ve   78/2012)   Borax  (1000  pm)  containing   environment  (agar  plate)   favours  toxigenic  (arrow)   spores.    Such  spores  were   not  present  in  airborn  fall-­‐ out  of  the  clay  office.   Malt  +   Borax   Plain   malt   Malt  +   Borax   2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  8. 8. Tryp5c  Soy  Agar  plates  ,  with  and  without  a  selec5ve  agent   (arsenic  pentoxide)  were  exposed  on  June  17,  2014,  4  pm  to     for  1  hour,  with  lids  open  to  office  air,  then  closed,    sealed  and   transported  to  laboratory,  incubated,    photographed  on    July   12,  2014     Clay  Conven-­‐   5onal   Clay  Conven-­‐   5onal   Plain   TSA   Plain   TSA   TSA  with   As2O5   TSA  with   As2O5   Arsenic  oxides   are  widely  used   for  wood   preserva5on  in   buildings.     Banned  in  EU   (Dir  1048/2005)         Toxigenic   Aspergillus  and   Chaetomium  are   arsenic  tolerant.   2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  9. 9. Scientific research offers insights into what are the quantifiable, measurable aspects of human experience. Information drawn out of experimental processes can give direction to our artistic research, outlining what is known concretely, and what is yet to be explored. Together with Scott Andrew Elliott and Saara Hannula, Pia Lindman built another office room, a comparative room in the same building where the Clay Office is located. This comparative room had the same dimensions and color as the Clay Office, but as building material the research team used drywall (sheet rock/ kipsilevy) instead of reed and clay
  10. 10. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  11. 11. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  12. 12. The research team developed a variety of tests/exercises exploring how test persons developed relations to the two test rooms. These emerging relations that the research team could investigate through interviews of the test persons after the exercises, video recordings of the exercises, and drawings made by test persons after the exercises, expressed behavioral, associative, sensory, and physical aspects of the human experience of two tests rooms.
  13. 13. TEST NO 1 Measuring the Immeasurable   Marking atmosphere by expressing internal state of mind/energy Make a color drawing before entering the space. Enter the space, find a comfortable position and focus on relaxing for 20 minutes. After leaving the space, make a color drawing.
  14. 14. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     Before  
  15. 15. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     AXer  being  in  room  2  
  16. 16. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     AXer  being  in  room  1  
  17. 17. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     Before  
  18. 18. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     AXer  being  in  room  2  
  19. 19. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl     AXer  being  in  room  1  
  20. 20. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  21. 21. 2014  07  16  /  MSS  &  PLl    
  22. 22. TEST NO 1 Measuring the Immeasurable General observations   Room 1: Clay Room Room 2: Drywall Room ENERGY DIFFERENCE: Clay room: calm and energized Clay room: Energy inwards, focused Drywall room: calm and sometimes sleepy Drywall: Energy outward, dispersed  
  23. 23. TEST NO 2 “Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist: Accessing corporeal and spatial relations through physical play Process expresses sense of space
  24. 24. TEST NO 2 “Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist: Accessing corporeal and spatial relations through physical play Process expresses sense of space
  25. 25. TEST NO 2 “Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist: Accessing corporeal and spatial relations through physical play Process expresses sense of space
  26. 26. TEST NO 2 General observations from video recordings and interviews Drywall room Tends to disperse focus, induce restlessness, yet the room feels limiting. Tests persons are drawn to shelf and to window, looking out window, daydreaming/meditative state/being somewhere else Test persons are not touching nor interacting with the room.  
  27. 27. Clay office Test persons are touching walls, interacting with room with sound or voice, movement. Test persons felt connected to this room. Test persons felt sense of porousness of the walls, that space was continuing because of this quality, that it went beyond the walls. Test persons were drawn to the texture on the clay walls - they saw images in it. Clay office gathered focus and energized the test persons, yet also made them relax. Test persons didn’t like smell in drywall room, but did like smell of the clay room, and the air quality in the clay room. People found drywall room to be ‘fake’, like plastic on cardboard, like they were fooled by the color of the paint
  28. 28. TEST NO 2 “Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist: Accessing corporeal and spatial relations through physical play Process expresses sense of space
  29. 29. TEST NO 2 “Ritual Play” by Marina Kronkvist: Accessing corporeal and spatial relations through physical play Process expresses sense of space

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