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AIA SDAT Preliminary Report


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This is the preliminary report presented to the community by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) SDAT (Sustainable Design Assessment Team) on December 4. A complete report and recommendations will be published in March 2010.

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AIA SDAT Preliminary Report

  1. 1. Los Angeles Sustainable Design Assessment Team Downtown Neighborhood Sustainability Los Angeles SDAT
  2. 2. Overview Walter Sedovic Los Angeles SDAT
  3. 3. DLANC! Los Angeles SDAT
  4. 4. E.E.E.E.E! Los Angeles SDAT
  5. 5. E.E.E.E.E! Los Angeles SDAT
  6. 6. E.E.E.E.E! Los Angeles SDAT
  7. 7. Sustainability: Traditionally Defined as 3E’s Los Angeles SDAT
  8. 8. Working with Tradition: LA Polycentric Pasadena Santa Monica Downtown Riverside Long Beach Los Angeles SDAT
  10. 10. Empowerment Expansive Base All stakeholders Neighborhood ID Initiatives Ground-up (“Organic”) Complex: Stakeholder-Defined Advocacy Data driven Shared vision Partnerships Leverage access to government Symbiosis Los Angeles SDAT
  11. 11. Equity (Social/Cultural) Diversity in Neighborhoods & Housing Schools Parks & Playgrounds Job Creation Wholesale District Volunteer Neighborhood Stability Los Angeles SDAT
  12. 12. Environment Shade Vest pocket parks Indigenous planting Water retention Xeriscape Green roof initiatives Bike/Pedestrian Friendly Los Angeles SDAT
  13. 13. Economy Transportation Linkages Multi-modal Interspersed with green space Ready for the Next Shovel- Ready Op Philanthropic/Land Bank Pedicabs Art Window Shopping on Broadway Los Angeles SDAT
  14. 14. Example Baby Steps/Major Initiatives Measure success Data-driven change Application City-wide Regional Disseminate Success Stories Paradigms/Recipes Prepare for a World Stage Empowerment2 Los Angeles SDAT
  15. 15. Empowerment Jim Diers Los Angeles SDAT
  16. 16. Moving from… NO -the city has no money for parks -we can’t stop the dumping of ex-offenders -we can’t have children in Skid Row -we can’t change the streets -we can’t fight city hall Los Angeles SDAT
  17. 17. To… YES, WE CAN! Los Angeles SDAT
  18. 18. Power of People Los Angeles SDAT
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  40. 40. Caring for the Earth Los Angeles SDAT
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  58. 58. Neighborhood Matching Fund Los Angeles SDAT
  59. 59. Neighborhood Planning Los Angeles SDAT
  60. 60. Columbia City Los Angeles SDAT
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  75. 75. Can You Do This? Los Angeles SDAT
  76. 76. Housing Thoughts Eve Picker Los Angeles SDAT
  77. 77. don’t be developer driven say yes to diversified housing Los Angeles SDAT
  78. 78. did you know these housing facts? • between 2006 and 2008 less than 1000 of the 7000 units added in downtown were affordable • in 2006 50% of all units were affordable. in 2008 only 26.5% were affordable Los Angeles SDAT
  79. 79. did you know these housing facts? • in 2006, 67% of all downtown residents commuted by car and only 11% by public transit • in 2008, 33% commuted by car and 33% by public transit. Los Angeles SDAT
  80. 80. did you know these housing facts? • The composition of downtown’s residents is changing rapidly. What do you want it to become? To be sustainable we think you should support: a. affordable housing to ensure a housing mix that embraces everyone b. housing options that reflect the new, transit-friendly population Los Angeles SDAT
  81. 81. how can you make moderate income housing happen? Find ways to reduce costs for developers by eliminating parking requirements – 0 parking for downtown units – shared parking options such as - overnight parking in garages that are empty at night - meter permits for downtown residents - reduced rate parking in parking garages for residents by eliminating taxes for garage operators Los Angeles SDAT
  82. 82. how can you make moderate income housing happen? Explore public/private partnerships that provide incentives to developers AND residents – reduced interest rate mortgages & deferred principal payments to developers – second mortgages for median income buyers at 0% interest – hand money assistance – special incentives for tenants with no vehicle Los Angeles SDAT
  83. 83. how can you make moderate income housing happen? • The CRA knows how to create public/private partnership. The question is, who is driving the vision for housing mix downtown. • TAKE CONTROL Los Angeles SDAT
  84. 84. Broadway: change the focus Los Angeles SDAT
  85. 85. the most surprising asset in downtown Broadway is the most surprising and energetic asset in downtown LA. It’s vibrant community, packed streets and delightful historic architecture are all an unexpected surprise in the heart of downtown. A short, and intense but unforgettable experience, here a visitor begins to understand the rich diversity of LA. Los Angeles SDAT
  86. 86. broadway will be different soon we heard that: • 50% of the retail tenants want to break their lease. • asking rents have dropped to $1.50 per s.f. with no appetite from potential tenants. • businesses are closing at the rate of one a week. • neighborhood efforts are focussed on an existing condition that is no longer tenable. Broadway is changing rapidly. • Take control before it’s gone Los Angeles SDAT
  87. 87. rethink the strategy • instead of chasing elusive tenants • create a land bank • buy properties and mothball them until the economy turns around • find developers willing to tackle small vacant upper floor projects • build artist housing, startup commercial space, less amenities but more historic charm Los Angeles SDAT
  88. 88. rethink the strategy •instead of chasing elusive tenants •use broadway to fulfill some the moderate income housing supply •don’t require parking •seek a population that wants to live without a vehicle •use broadway for a demonstration bike lane project •be flexible - transitional uses may work – pop up stores – free community galleries Los Angeles SDAT
  89. 89. Employment Pathways for Ex-offenders Mark McDaniel Los Angeles SDAT
  90. 90. Addressing a Key Workforce Challenge 1,600 individuals returning from jail or prison each month Los Angeles SDAT
  91. 91. Employment Barriers Individual Barriers Labor Market Barriers •Low educational attainment Reluctance to hire •Lack of job readiness and soft •Liability skills •Lack of post-hiring support •Drug and alcohol addiction •Concern about dependability •Mental and physical health Arrest •Negative publicity •Child support and related debt •Statutory restrictions Jail Prison Correctional Barriers Community Barriers Re-Arrest •Lack positive social supports •Limited educational opportunities •Fragmented services •Limited job training •Transportation •Limited cognitive work •Eligibility criteria for work supports •Lack of treatment and rehabilitative services Los Angeles SDAT
  92. 92. What Works? • Education, vocational training , work release, and correctional industry programs are associated with increased attachment to employment and lower rates of re-offending. • Substance abuse treatment and cognitive based programs reduce recidivism • Immediate attachment to employment upon release reduces recidivism • Connection to a mentor or positive support network increases attachment to work • A “One Stop” bundling of services and supports increases job attachment and retention. Los Angeles SDAT
  93. 93. Employment Pathway Results Prison Structured Community • Stable Employment (Behind the fence) Re-entry Re-integration • Reliable Workforce • Reduced Recidivism Assessment/ Identification Employment Education/Voc Post-release plans Pathways & Training & Work Work Release Support Services Activities Mentors Data/tracking Employer Council STRATEGIES Community Outreach & System Engagement Los Angeles SDAT
  94. 94. Understanding the Impact of Public Policy Choices • Assess employment restrictions on the formerly incarcerated • Engage area employer/business community/philanthropy – Public/Private sector Transitional Jobs • Offer support to emerging entrepreneurs – Micro-loans – Technical Assistance • Assess SRO housing policies on economic mobility, family and social cohesion • Assess results “what’s working” Los Angeles SDAT
  95. 95. Partnerships Jane Jenkins Los Angeles SDAT
  96. 96. Partnerships:: Organizations • Diverse organizations with mission overlap – Business – Neighborhood – Community redevelopment – Economic Development – Social services Los Angeles SDAT
  97. 97. Partnerships:: Government • What can the City of Los Angeles do? – Incentives for small business – Enforcement of existing ordinances – More favorable zoning for housing and mixed use. – Leadership Los Angeles SDAT
  98. 98. Partnerships:: Success • Facilitate • Represent • Mediate • Plan • Advocate • Position • Communicate • Listen Los Angeles SDAT
  99. 99. Polycentric City Los Angeles SDAT
  100. 100. Downtown LA:: The Center of Polycentric • geographic, political, and historic center • center for local and regional transportation • cultural attractions • entertainment venues • variety of diverse neighborhoods – modern – historic – ethnic Los Angeles SDAT
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  102. 102. Sustainable Transportation Paula Reeves Los Angeles SDAT
  103. 103. Sustainable Transportation Building Blocks • Transportation & Equity – placing the people at the center of the discussion • Transportation & Environment – connecting transportation modes downtown • Transportation & Economy – creating safety, convenience, and supporting neighborhood identity Los Angeles SDAT
  104. 104. Some Transportation Stats • 2% of the LA street network includes bicycle lanes (130 miles of 6,500 miles) • 80% of City residents commute by auto • With sizable investment, 10% of the population commutes by transit • With relatively small investment, 4% of the population bikes or walks to work Source: LADOT Los Angeles SDAT
  105. 105. Transportation Stats (continued) • 247 pedestrians, many of whom are young or aging, are hit and killed by cars each year in the LA area. • One third of the traffic related fatalities in LA are pedestrians. • Factors contributing to pedestrian traffic crashes are failure to yield and hit and run. Source: LADOT and STPP Los Angeles SDAT
  106. 106. National Sustainability Ranking – Los Angeles 28th City Commuting Metro Transit Ridership Congestion Source: 2008 US Cities Ranking - SustainLane Los Angeles SDAT
  107. 107. What are commonly sited transportation goals? We heard… • More walkable and bikable Downtown • Slower speeds in the Downtown • Better travel options with more connection Los Angeles SDAT
  108. 108. What are the commonly cited barriers? We heard… • Wide, fast streets without crossings or bike facilities • No street hierarchy • City is a through way for traffic • Not enough capacity in downtown • One way streets can’t be changed • No “DowntownWalks” type advocate group Los Angeles SDAT
  109. 109. Going From Streets for Cars to Streets for People Los Angeles SDAT
  110. 110. This change is taking place in cities across the US Los Angeles SDAT
  111. 111. Tr af fic sp ee ds & vo lu m Bi es Los Angeles SDAT cy a cl e llo fac w ilit fo ies rs af an e Ac d tra c cr ve ep ta os l ble s wa air lks qu en ali co La ty ur fo ag ck rp e of ed us ba es e rri tri er an st sa o nd bik W ing cy ell cl i co an sts nn d ec wa te lki d ng bic yc Si le de an wa dp lk ed Measuring Safer, ac es tiv tria itie n sa ro nd ut es En re ga cr gin ea g tio na vis ua lu le se nv s iro More Walkable & Bikable Streets nm en t
  112. 112. Providing Better Signage & Information  Includes over 100 signs  Designed to help visitors and residents access cultural destinations in the downtown area.  Each sign includes a local, neighborhood map and/or glyphic district map along with directional information for destinations accessible on foot and by transit. Los Angeles SDAT
  113. 113. Total Person Trip Capacity vs. Traditional Level of Service Vehicle Trip Generation Rate (PM peak hour) X Percent New Trips X Person Trip Conversion (Average Vehicle Occupancy & Mode Split) X Trip Length (miles) = Person Mile Rate per Unit X Units of Development = Person Miles of Travel (Mobility Unit Demand) Source: City of Redmond, WA Los Angeles SDAT
  114. 114. Example - Total Person Trip Capacity in Downtown Development Status Land Use Units Mobility Rate Mobility Units Downtown  Mixed Use New Retail(sq ft) 15,000 3.38 51 New MF(units) 150 1.28 192 Existing Furniture(sq ft) (4,450) 0.33 (1) Existing Auto(sq ft) (6,450) 4.26 (27) Warehouse/         Existing Office(sq ft) (3,785) 1.5 (6) 209 Los Angeles SDAT
  115. 115. Adding Interest and Innovation Los Angeles SDAT
  116. 116. Broadway Cycle Track Pilot Project Los Angeles SDAT
  117. 117. One final benefit – support Downtown housing • Single-family home with 2 cars generates 12-14 metric tons • A household in denser urban housing with 1 car generates 6-8 metric tons • A household in denser urban housing with no car generates 3-5 metric tons -- Source Climate Trust Portland, OR Los Angeles SDAT
  118. 118. Sustainable Urban Design Sara Geddes Bob Yakas Los Angeles SDAT
  119. 119. Sustainable Urban Design • “You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” R. Buckminster Fuller Los Angeles SDAT
  120. 120. Sustainable Urban Design A model design for sustainable urban development promotes: • Mixed-use urban neighborhoods • Served by integrated energy generation and environmental quality management systems and by • Residential, commercial and industrial structures that make the most efficient use of all energy and material resources. Los Angeles SDAT
  121. 121. Sustainable Urban Design • Walkable, transit-served urbanism integrated with high-performance buildings and high performance infrastructure Los Angeles SDAT
  122. 122. Sustainable Urban Design • Defined Centers and Edge-Neighborhood is the basic unit • Completeness: Neighborhood meet Daily and life-long Needs • Connectedness – Integrating transportation and Land use – multiple opportunities for multi-modal circulation within and without. Los Angeles SDAT
  123. 123. Sustainable Urban Design • Sustainable Corridors – transit /pedestrian/bike corridors are the backbone of sustainable urbanism • Connecting Humans with nature Los Angeles SDAT
  124. 124. Sustainable Urban Design  High Performance infrastructure – urban heat island, storm and waste water filtration, remove impervious surfaces – new approaches through design and maintenance Los Angeles SDAT
  125. 125. Sustainable Urban Design  Integrated Design – designing for all human and natural systems Los Angeles SDAT
  126. 126. Sustainable Urban Design • Knitting the Neighborhoods together – Interventions on the seams – Blurring the edges while maintaining NH identity – Connecting with the greater community Los Angeles SDAT
  127. 127. Sustainable Urban Design Strategy at the “Zipper” Los Angeles SDAT
  128. 128. Sustainable Urban Design Neighborhood Identity • Neighborhood “Green Squares” • Green Connectors • Using the “Zippers” for interventions • Connect to the larger network Los Angeles SDAT
  129. 129. Sustainable Urban Design Smart Growth Principles • Create an array of housing choices and opportunities • Create walkable neighborhoods • Encourage stakeholder collaboration and involvement • Foster distinctive places with strong sense of place • Make development decisions predictable, fair and cost-effective • Mix land uses • Create, Preserve and enhance open space and connections to nature • Provide a variety of transportation options • Strengthen and direct development toward existing communities • Promote compact building design Los Angeles SDAT
  130. 130. AIA Center for Communities by Design: Contact Information AIA National Component Center for Communities by Design 1735 New York Avenue NW Washington, DC 20006-5292 Los Angeles SDAT