Eit 200 mod 8 lab presentation personality traits

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Eit 200 mod 8 lab presentation personality traits

  1. 1. Theories of Personality: Trait Theory Amy Whitcomb
  2. 2. Trait Theory in a nutshell: Basic assumption  “People possess broad dispositions, called traits, to respond in particular ways” (Cervone & Pervin)  Personality: an individual’s tendency to consistently act or think in a certain way • Tendencies toward a specific way of acting = “fundamental building blocks of personality”
  3. 3. Personality Traits: “Consistent patterns in the way individuals behave, feel, and think.” (Cervone & Pervin, 2008)  Trait terms: describe an individual’s typical style of experience and action  Consistency – Regularity of said behavior  Distinctiveness – Said behavior is unique to the individual
  4. 4. Functions Description  Traits describe what an individual is usually like Prediction  Can help predict how a person might behave in a certain situation based on typical behavior Explanation  Can be used to explain a person’s behavior
  5. 5. Trait Theorists Gordon Allport Raymond Cattell Hans Eysenck
  6. 6. Allport’s Contributions: Organization  Cardinal Trait – highly pervasive in an individual’s life; all behavior results from this type of trait  Central Trait – General traits that are seen in most behaviors (e.g.: kindness, assertiveness)  Secondary dispositions: least consistent/general traits not seen in all behaviors
  7. 7. Cattell’s Contribution: Organization  Surface traits: Observable tendencies  Source traits: Underlying traits that are the “root cause” of observed surface traits  Ability traits  Temperament traits  Dynamic traits
  8. 8. Eysenck’s Contribution Organization – hierarchy of traits  Superfactors: set of traits that are independent, under which secondary traits can be categorized  PEN • P=psychoticism • E=Extraversion/Introversion • N=Neuroticism

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