My favourite word - peace


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An essay with elements of linguistic research made by a student of the 7th grade, school 119 of Saint Petersburg

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My favourite word - peace

  1. 1. My favourite word Peace The work by Alina Koutieva 7b School 119
  2. 2. My favourite word So many people died for this word and dedicated their lives to it: John Lennon, John Harrison, Mahatma Gandhi Nelson Mandela, Mother Theresa. This word is peace. I’ve chosen this word, because I want us all to have peace on our planet.
  3. 3. Some language history In the middle of the 12th century this word had a form "pes" in Anglo-French and meant "freedom from civil disorder". In Old French it was "pais"and meant "peace, reconciliation, silence, permission" (In modern Frech it’s "paix"). It came to Old French from Latin - "pacem " and meant "compact, agreement, treaty of peace, tranquility absence of war " [2]. In modern English it means "a situation in which there is no war or fighting”[1]. So we can see that the modern meaning practically does not differ from the Latin meaning.
  4. 4. So, actually this word was borrowed into English. I was surprised to find out that "pes" (which later become "peace") replaced Old English “frið”, which also meant "happiness". I like the Latin variant of meaning more because I think that the world without war is more impotant than the world without happiness. Peace for me is associated with hippies. I like this subculture. Hippies fight for peace all over the world. When there is no peace in the world, people die and suffer.
  5. 5. Тhere are a lot of expressions with this word, and it showes that this word is very popular and important. All people are worried about this problem because on our planet we have a lot of wars now: Abkhazia, Georgia, Egypt, Turkey, etc. So, the most common expressions are: •be at peace (not be involved in a war) •make peace (agree to stop fighting) •keep the peace (to stop people from fighting arguing or causing trouble) •keep your peace (formal old fashioned “go keep quiet”) •disturb the peace (to behave in a noisy or violent way) •rest in peace (for someone who has died) [1].
  6. 6. In spite of the long history this word still gives neologisms, for example "peace camp", which officially appeared in 1980s.[3] Peace camps are a form of physical protest camp that is focused on anti-war activity. They are set up outside military bases by members of the peace movement who oppose either the existence of the military bases themselves, the armaments held there, or the politics of those who control the bases. They began in the 1920s and then became world famous in 1982 due to the tremendous worldwide publicity generated by the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp. [4]
  7. 7. In conclusion, I want to make a statement. Let’s live in peace and bring peace to all fighting people, because if we do not keep the peace everybody will rest in peace. I hope soon we will have world peace.
  8. 8. Bibliography: 1. Longman dictionary of contemporary English. Longman, 2003 2. Where words come from. A dictionany of word origins. Fred Sedgwick. London, 2003 3. English yesterday, today and tomorrow.Brian Lockett. Moscow, 2003 4. Wikipedia