Avrdc strategic plan


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Avrdc strategic plan

  1. 1. Prosperityfor the poor and health for all Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  2. 2. Prosperity for the poor and health for allAVRDC - The World Vegetable Center Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  3. 3. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center is an international nonprofit research institutecommitted to alleviating poverty and malnutrition in the developing world through theincreased production and consumption of nutritious and health-promoting vegetables.AVRDC – The World Vegetable CenterP.O. Box 42Shanhua, Tainan 74199TAIWANTel: +886 6 583 7801Fax: +886 6 583 0009Email: info@worldveg.orgWeb: www.avrdc.orgAVRDC Publication: 10-738Editing and Graphic Design: Maureen MecozziAVRDC Publication Team: Chen Ming-che, Kathy Chen, Vanna Liu, Lu Shiu-luanImages: AVRDC Photo Archive© 2010 AVRDC – The World Vegetable CenterPrinted in Taiwan This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 UnportedLicense. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/tw/ or send a letterto Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.Suggested citationAVRDC - The World Vegetable Center. 2010. Prosperity for the poor and health forall: Strategic Plan 2011-2025. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center, Shanhua,Taiwan. AVRDC Publication No. 10-738. 41 p.
  4. 4. CONTENTSWHO we are 5WHY the Center will do what isproposed in our Strategic Plan 9WHAT we will do 13HOW we will cost and pay for ournew strategic research thrusts 23OUR TARGETS on whom do we expectour research and developmentoutcomes to take effect 29Conclusion 40
  5. 5. 4 Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  6. 6. 5 WHO we areAVRDC - The World Vegetable Centeris the only nonprofit international agricultural researchcenter with a worldwide and exclusive mandate forvegetable research and development.Founded in 1971 as the Asian Vegetable Research andDevelopment Center (AVRDC), the Center’s workhas expanded globally. Headquartered in Taiwan, theCenter will have as of December 31, 2010 more than 50international scientists and 290 national scientists andsupport staff. We have regional centers for Africa, Eastand Southeast Asia, South Asia, and West and CentralAsia and North Africa with offices located in Tanzania,Thailand, India, Dubai UAE, and six other countries. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  7. 7. 6 Why the world needs a overloaded with more accessible world vegetable center carbohydrates and fats resulting   in increasing global rates of While the world is making some obesity. Contamination from progress on poverty reduction, microbial sources and pesticides it is having less impact on the also reduces the safety of growing scourge of malnutrition many vegetables in developing due to imbalanced diets. More countries and high postharvest than a billion people suffer losses further reduce the from chronic malnutrition and availability of the relatively little hunger. For the first time in that is grown. history, a third of the world’s   population is malnourished For almost 40 years AVRDC – through imbalanced and The World Vegetable Center excess consumption resulting has been the world’s leading in obesity, reduced life international center focused expectancy and increased on vegetable research and incidence of diseases such as development. We maintain the Type II diabetes. There are, world’s largest public sector therefore, two contrasting but vegetable genebank, with a synergistic drivers for research focus on hardy indigenous and development to improve vegetables important as food for nutrition. the poor as well as wild relatives of common vegetables. Our   improved varieties are planted Vegetables are the vital on millions of hectares around missing ingredient the world and our production   and postharvest technologies Vegetables are our most have made major improvements important source of the in smallholder incomes. micronutrients, fiber, vitamins and minerals essential for a We seek to look forward at least balanced and healthy diet. They 15 years in this plan, as this are also a major source of cash period would encapsulate the income for smallholder farmers. likely minimum time required But in most countries of the between initial trait identificaton world, production is too low and broad-scale development to provide their populations impact of an improved variety. with even the minimum intake required for good health. Diets in many developing countries can commonly be Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  8. 8. 7Why we need the world This challenging missionto help the Center requires the Center to integrate production with consumption and nutrition within a complexWe need the world to take better research structure.cognizance of the last 40 yearsof substantial achievementby the Center and to grant it A center of excellencethe credibility, visibility, and in research andfunding it requires to fulfill the development onserious international role with vegetableswhich it has been mandated.This strategy is designed We envisage AVRDCto bring about a change in as continuing to be thevisibility and credibility for international center ofus to obtain the tools needed vegetable research andto make our substantivecontribution toward the development excellence. Weattainment of the Millennium will be a creator of high qualityDevelopment Goals. research outputs, a source of experienced development partnerships, an access pointThe mission we seek to for practical information,achieve and the key node in global vegetable research andWe seek to overcome development networks.malnutrition and poverty andfacilitate good health for both The Center must be a crediblethe rural and urban poor byincreasing the production, partner through which donorsquality, consumption and and collaborators can readilyprofitability of nutritious and see enhancement of the impacthealth-promoting vegetables. of their contributions towardThis will be achieved by achieving the Millenniumpromoting crop diversity and Development Goals andbetter balanced diets to help to beyond. We also envisage thatreduce obesity and associated the Center will be a bridginghealth problems. We promote partner through which manygood agricultural practices, private sector companies andopportunities for greater foundations can make specificemployment, and effective contributions to alleviatingpostharvest value-addition and poverty and malnutrition in amarketing mechanisms. targeted, attributable manner. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  9. 9. 8 Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  10. 10. 9 WHY the Center will do what is proposed in our Strategic PlanEndemic malnutrition, hunger, obesity, ill-health and poverty characterize the worldin 2010. More than one billion peoplethroughout the world are suffering from chronicmalnutrition and hunger; the large majority ofthese households also remain in poverty. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  11. 11. 10 Goals unmet overload, causing severe back, hip, knee, and ankle pain, The Millennium Development lowering energy and stamina, Goals will not be achieved by and substantially reducing 2015. Greater commitment human labor productivity to agricultural research and and the quality of life of development could have people of all ages. This is a made a very substantial rapidly growing problem that difference to achieving the predominantly affects the poor goals, particularly Numbers and is a growing concern in 1 (Eradicate extreme poverty developing countries. and hunger), 4 (Reduce child mortality), 5 (Improve Balanced human nutrition, maternal health) 6 (Combat providing sufficient energy HIV/AIDS, malaria and and an appropriate amount other diseases) and thus 3 of protein, fat, fiber, vitamins (Promote gender equality and micronutrients contributes and empower women). Many to meeting the Millenium of those who are not overtly Development Goals and hungry still suffer from the would directly eliminate “hidden hunger” of chronic malnutrition. Vegetables are micronutrient malnutrition. our most important source of the necessary vitamins and For the first time in human micronutrients required for history a larger proportion of a balanced diet. Moreover, the world’s population suffer they also provide taste and from obesity than hunger. diversity in the diet which Several billion people—a third encourages good eating of the world’s population— habits. Vegetables are thus a are malnourished through vital component in strategies imbalanced and over-sufficient to ensure human food and calorie intake resulting nutritional security. in obesity, reduced life expectancy and vulnerability to diseases such as Type II diabetes, metabolic syndrome and some forms of cancer. Moreover, obesity seriously contributes to reduced human mobility through skeletal Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  12. 12. 11Getting malnutrition vegetable processing (givingand health-promoting high levels of human pathogen contamination) and ineffectivefood production onto and unhygienic storage thatthe global development may encourage mycotoxinagenda and bacterial contamination as well as reducing the amount ofThe World Development edible product after storage.Report 2008 clearly showsmalnutrition is an issuethat has fallen to a level ofpriority that is much too low.It states that malnutritionis often invisible, with poorcommunity awareness of itsthreat to health and well-being. Governments havefailed to recognize the pivotalrole that malnutrition hason economic performanceand that there are multi-organizational stakeholders indifferent aspects of nutrition.As a consequence, nutritionfalls between the cracks ofgovernment priorities anddepartments (nutritionresponsibilities are the partialresponsibility of many, butthe main responsibility ofnone). Such attention tomalnourishment also needsto include attention to thepractices that contribute tounsafe vegetable productionsuch as the chronic misuseof pesticides (exposure topesticides as well as productadulterants), use of greywater in production and in AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  13. 13. 12 Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  14. 14. 13 WHAT we will doOur program focus: The tactical elements ofour improved strategy are outlined in thefollowing section but the detailed activitieswhich these tactics engender are presentedin the annual updates of our three-yearrolling Medium-Term Plan. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  15. 15. 14 Our target crops will be make targeted selections for nutritious exotic and improved production and nutritional value. indigenous vegetables We will continue to emphasize Our most important our work on crops that asset will be our have good nutritional and/ genebank and its or market value including precious resources both exotic (tomato, pepper, onion and eggplant) and We will conserve, expand, indigenous vegetable species and exploit germplasm, and (nightshade, slippery cabbage, share information from our ivy gourd). Likewise, we will genebank, the world’s largest continue to encourage much public sector collection of broader vegetable cropping vegetable genetic resources. diversity, both to reduce risk It contains approximately and to help contribute to a 57,000 accessions (particularly healthy and well-balanced mungbean, soybean and diet. We will also continue solanaceous species) our work on those crops that representing 8% of the have greater nutrient density total CGIAR (Consultative (ie. more vitamins, protein, Group for International minerals and antioxidants Agricultural Research) per unit of weight or volume SINGER (Systemwide consumed) and known, Information Network for but underexploited, health Genetic Resources) global benefits. Such crops will database. This genebank include species that are high in and its valuable germplasm vitamin A precursors, minerals material will be maintained in and antioxidants (amaranth, perpetuity for the benefit of moringa, pumpkin), have high current and future generations protein content (mungbean of humanity. We will continue and vegetable soybean) or to collect, categorize, share have prophylactic health care in the public domain and qualities for diabetics (bitter use new genetic material gourd). The outcome will be as fully as possible. We that seed of such valuable will increase our efforts on species will be available to molecular characterization all, and that our breeders of existing and new entries will have the opportunity to to the collection and ensure Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  16. 16. 15that this information is easily is available with resistance toaccessible. The Center also anthracnose, late blight andhopes to expand its collection Tomato yellow leaf curl virusof indigenous vegetables, (TYLCV) and we hope in thewhich are a key feature of the future to offer material withgenebank’s unique species- resistance to tospoviruses.rich character. The genebank We will work with all ourmaintains more than 400 partners as well as regionalspecies overall. Preservation and national organizations forof vegetable biodiversity will practical implementation offulfill our responsibilities the outputs needed to combatto the global plant breeding the constant and deadlycommunity and to the metamorphoses of thesegenerations ahead to help meet severe horticultural pests andfuture challenges. diseases afflicting poor and rich farmers alike. Broad useOur parental material and dissemination of suchwill be valuable for genetic resources will be vital factors in ensuring success inbiotic and abiotic stress the continuing struggle againstmanagement constantly changing plant growth stresses.We will therefore continue toimprove and place parental Our research andmaterial with new, desirable developmenttraits in the public domain.We will particularly focus on partnerships areglobally important vegetables valuable operationalsuited to hot/wet and hot/ mechanismsdry tropical environmentssuch as tomato, pepper, Our scientists will work witheggplant, okra, and onion. a spectrum of partners fromWe will work as a team with both the public and privateour colleagues in the private sectors and at all points alongsector, the CGIAR and other the vegetable value chain. Theinternational centers and the mix of different partners willadvanced research institutions be location-specific and willin upstream trait discovery depend on our capacity in thefor resistance to pests and region and the capacity of ourpathogens. Presently, material local partners. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  17. 17. 16 Potential partners could or have inadequate, breeding include any or all of the programs and are unable following: to multiply seed effectively and efficiently. For example, • The national agricultural many of the island nations in research and extension Oceania lack such capacity systems (NARES), and are currently dependent including universities and on imported hybrid material their equivalents in the that may not be well-adapted health sector to their specific environmental • Regional and subregional conditions. Nevertheless, research organizations and the larger companies and networks countries with well-established vegetable breeding and seed • International and local multiplication programs will nongovernmental also be able to benefit from organizations (NGOs) AVRDC’s research output. • Private sector partners This will include our partners (including the full in the Asia & Pacific Seed range of private sector Association such as Clover partners from small-scale Seed Co. Ltd. and East-West local entrepreneurs to Seed Co. Inc., and from the multinationals) African Seed Trade Association such as East African Seed Co. • International agricultural Ltd., Rijk Zwaan Afrisem and research centers (IARCs) many others. • Advanced research institutions To undertake these changes • Farmers’ and women’s in the Center’s research and groups development emphasis, we will seek, in addition to our • Civil society, community key allies in the agricultural based organizations, and sector, to link much more other social organizations closely with public and We will work with partners private sector institutions in of all sizes in a research and health, education, and water capacity building program management. Such a broad that will favor the public scale of partners will be sector and small-scale private needed along with our current sector companies who lack, research and development Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  18. 18. 17linkages to address the chronic We are planning to expandissue of malnutrition and long- our research and developmentterm issues of climate change portfolio to further addressand uncertainty. these potential challenges. Response to climatic events,The result of these actions such as short-term flooding,will be enhanced likelihood is an area in which we canof success in meeting immediately contribute todevelopment challenges that the global fight to ameliorateare frequently highly complex the effects of unpredictableand usually beyond the range environmental forces.of single disciplines andsingle institutions to address The Center will developeffectively. programs to manage the likely increases in bioticWith climate change stresses due to climate change:becoming a major Pests and pathogens have been a continually changingchallenge and threat to challenge and threat to theproductivity gains crops and livelihoods of poor farmers. We expect ongoing climate change forces to result in more stressed crops that are vulnerable to pest and disease attack. Climatic changes may also drive the selection pressure for more virulent fungi, bacteria and viruses and our breeding programs will seek to monitor such trends and incorporate resistance traits where possible. Techniques as well as resistance breeding, such as exotic grafting, integrated pest management (IPM) and better protective measures, will be further exploited to reduce farmer exposure to crop losses from such factors. This will AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  19. 19. 18 result in farmers being Efficient, water- and better prepared to handle nutrient-conserving crop future climatically-induced management techniques production uncertainties. will be a central agronomic tool to address climate Better parental material in challenges: The Center will response to abiotic stress design improved agronomic and related climate change practices that conserve water, challenges: The Center will including microirrigation, strive to develop stress-tolerant and bolster vegetable crop lines that at least match the production against suboptimal yield of conventional varieties environmental conditions. under non-stress conditions, to Protected cultivation measures meet the needs of a changing will be enhanced and made climate. We will seek to easily accessible to farmers in improve the heat and drought the developing world. Such tolerance traits of our parental germplasm of sensitive but economically critical species, such as tomato and pepper. This work will assist their adaptation to a wide range of geographic environments by exploiting genes found in wild solanaceous germplasm that often are native to hot desert environments. The Center is arming itself to deal with demands for varieties suitable for drier and hotter environments as such environmental changes are expected to occur in many developing countries. Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  20. 20. 19measures will include greater production risks experienceduse of plastics and other by poor farmers. Vegetablemulching material to better germplasm with tolerancecontrol weeds and provide to environmental stressestemporary shelter against and the ability to yield wellhostile environmental factors. in marginal soils will beEffective rhizosphere-soil identified to serve as sourcesmanagement practices will be for public and privatedeveloped through reduced vegetable breeding programs.cultivation techniques, Presently, such species beingimproved fertilizer placement examined include amaranths,and better use of composts cucurbits, and indigenousto assist in improved water species related to okra.and nutrient use efficiency Availability of seed of suchand retention in the soil root species will play a major rolezone, and to promote growth in the future to help ensureof beneficial microbes. These nutritional security and well-measures are complimentary balanced diets for poor small-to plant breeding efforts holders and urban growersfor stressed environments, for whom access to cost ofwhich are expected to become production inputs may beincreasingly common in future inhibiting.years. Simple, low-cost but effectiveFocus on nutritious indigenous postharvest technologies willvegetables that can be robust be emphasized for increasingproducers in the face of profitability and maintainingclimatic uncertainty: We will nutritional quality: Thealso increase our attention on Center will seek to expand itsnutrient-dense, indigenous present expertise in humanvegetables that are naturally nutrition and in postharvestoften more nutritious and quality maintenance.can grow effectively in Vegetables, in particular greenrelatively harsh environmental leafy products, deteriorateconditions. We will ensure rapidly between harvest andthat the selections we make consumption. Loss of qualityfor better nutrient-density affects their profitability forand production characteristics traders and nutritional valueretain their environmental for consumers. This occurstolerance and thus reduce the throughout the world. But AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  21. 21. 20 the problem is particularly in additional job creation all severe in the developing world down the marketing chain. where a large proportion of Over the last decade the produce is often lost, even predominant research efforts in societies with good wet in vegetables have been market structures such as to improve productivity. in the Mekong region of Yet in the face of endemic Southeast Asia. We will postharvest losses throughout seek to breed crops with the developing world, it seems higher nutrient density and that this area of research must longer shelf-life to ensure the be expanded to redress such greater bioavailability of the problems. Thus, this area will proteins, vitamins, minerals, become one of the Center’s and antioxidant chemicals research priorities. present in the vegetables when consumed. AVRDC-bred golden tomatoes and long Vegetable seed kits for shelf-life broccoli are both improved nutrition, will be good, current examples of useful instruments for income these types of product. generation and disaster relief: The Center will continue The research will concentrate to expand its present on simple, intermediary emphasis on regionally- technologies to facilitate adapted vegetable seed quality maintenance of kits comprising seeds of a vegetables in storage, transport range of adapted, nutritious to market, and increased shelf- vegetables appropriate for life that can be introduced households, schools, prisons, quickly in developing and hospital gardens and countries as an alternative to which specifically benefit the large capital investment women, children, the elderly in equipment required to and other vulnerable groups. duplicate the centralized We believe that such kits also postharvest handling systems could be a way to kick-start typical of many developed small-scale entrepreneurship countries. Small-scale drying and can be the first step for and chilling processes in families to grow themselves Vietnam have been shown to out of poverty. These kits allow substantial added value have proven to be effective to vegetable products and help in bolstering vegetable Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  22. 22. 21consumption and income 2010 earthquake in Haiti havegeneration in poor areas of received the benefit of ourSouth Asia such as Jharkand seed kits. The outcome mustState in India, in Southeast be beneficial to people affectedAsia in the Philippines, and by natural disasters but inin several regions in East addition should significantlyAfrica. Seed kits for improved raise the profile of the Centerfamily nutrition also will be and would be an effectiveexpanded into a program of entry point to donors forpre-positioned, regionally- additional new funding.appropriate, fast-growing,nutritious vegetable seed kitsfor disaster response. Withinsix months of the first creationof such a reserve in 2009,victims of typhoon Morakotin Taiwan and the January AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  23. 23. 22 Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  24. 24. 23 HOW we will cost and pay for our new strategic research and development thrustsFinancial projections and management: Thedetails of the tactical deployment of this strategywill be provided as a component of the Center’srolling three-year Medium-Term Plan, whichis supported by an annual budget and plan ofwork. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  25. 25. 24 Financial resources institutions is a difficult target, it is nonetheless the In order for the Center to correct goal. The Center must implement its proposed therefore continue to seek research and development vigorously for additional plans effectively to the funding from diverse sources satisfaction of its partners and must be successful in this and stakeholders, it will endeavor over the next decade. require expanded financial This additional funding should resources and personnel. allow the maintenance of a Major efforts will therefore be suitable balance of core and made to not only expand the special project funding that budget significantly beyond can allow the Center to be the current ~US $18 million managed effectively. per year but also to diversify considerably the core funding We will also focus our research base which historically and development activities has been too narrow and in specific geographic and dependent on a very few loyal thematic areas to maintain and committed donors. We a critical mass of resources. also will reinvigorate founder We will be mindful to avoid member country involvement excessive decentralization to and find new partner countries allow our personnel resources and organizations. to be deployed effectively. Funding requests will therefore be focused on those Budget growth and geographical and thematic diversification areas that meet the needs of our priority partners and This substantial budget stakeholders and for which growth and diversification specific donors have particular has been sought—but not interests. Suitable advocacy achieved —by the Center with donors will also be almost from its inception. needed to focus their thinking Centers that were established appropriately on the central around the same time with role of vegetables to provide the help of the Rockefeller solutions for malnutrition Foundation now have annual and improved incomes for the budgets exceeding $50 rural and urban poor. million. Although budget comparability with such Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  26. 26. 25Of special concern has been inadequately justified by goodthe long-term lack of funding outcomes and impact.for postharvest research.The Center will make a specific We propose therefore to a)effort to ensure that funding minimize our research effortsfor improved human nutrition on cabbage, cauliflower, garlicand postharvest research and shallots and b) fullyare more evenly balanced ensure all training is carriedin the future with efforts on out on a full-cost recoveryproduction and profitability basis. Training activities willthroughout the market chain be undertaken case by case,in order to redress prior and only where impact canhistorical under-investment. be seen to be beneficial to the center’s credibility whileWe will operate on a full-cost minimizing the additional timerecovery basis so that we commitment of the Center’sachieve the highest impact staff. Examples such as higherwith current resources and degree placements with theirhave a clear understanding of activities based on the Center’swhat needs to be done next priority research areas wouldwhen more funding comes on fulfill the appropriate criteria.stream. Refocusing of researchImproving efficiency: areasBudgetary adjustmentsto bring about change We will reduce our commitment to cropTo remain flexible to make management research at ourimmediate changes, the Center headquarters in Taiwan andalso must be willing to reduce reassign staff where possibleits current emphasis in certain as such research now seemsareas. These areas remain to be better handled by localdeserving but have been partners. To improve researchselected for reduction because efficiency further, we willother institutions, such as the combine our mycology,large private seed companies bacteriology, virology, andor producers in Asia, have entomology groups atachieved predominant headquarters into a single cropcapability such that our protection entity. In addition,own activities appear to be some breeding efforts appear AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  27. 27. 26 to be geographically misplaced In these cases, research such as onion breeding in infrastructural capacity of Taiwan (seed production both the public and private difficulties) and mungbean in sectors is inadequate to meet Thailand (South Asia being the their domestic vegetable seed principal target area). These requirements, to facilitate will now be transferred to safe agricultural production Mali and India respectively. practices, and to meet dietary Curcubit breeding also will diversity needs. be transferred from Taiwan to Thailand in order to We recognize that enhanced help obtain multiple crop visibility due to active generations per year and to participation in disaster better manage plant disease relief will be beneficial to our pressure and disease screening credibility with donor agencies issues. but also recognize that it will be a much harder task to Concentration of convert one-off support into our research and longer term funding. We will seek to meet this challenge development efforts to head-on. improve effectiveness and our attractiveness In addition to sub-Saharan to donors Africa and South Asia, and some activities in Central We will work principally in and West Asia and North tropical/subtropical rural Africa, the remainder of and peri-urban poor farming AVRDC’s work will be in environments. We will target the Asia-Pacific region: East not only those nations with and Southeast Asia, and in large concentrations of poor Oceania the sovereign states households in South Asia in Melanesia, Micronesia, and sub-Saharan Africa, but and Polynesia. This focus also support research and also reflects the priorities development activities on of the principal financial behalf of people living in small supporters of AVRDC: the countries with limited research Republic of China, the other capacity, disaster-prone areas founding Asian nations, the or in post-conflict nations. United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  28. 28. 27United States of America, Center’s current budget hasthe Australian Center for been increased by at least oneInternational Agricultural third (essentially by an extraResearch (ACIAR), the Asian US$5-10 million per annum)Development Bank (ADB) and with money earmarkedand the Asia & Pacific Seed specifically for research andAssociation (APSA). development activities in this region.Our next target for furthergeographical expansion laterin our planning horizonremains Central America,but this option will only beconsidered as and when the AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  29. 29. 28 Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  30. 30. 29 OUR TARGETS On whom do we expect our research and development outcomes to take effectAt a generic, global level: We will play our rolewholeheartedly in bringing about a world in whichmalnutrition is eradicated and vulnerable groupssuch as expectant mothers, children, the elderly andthe sick have well-balanced diets with better accessto a diverse range of vitamin and mineral-rich fruitand vegetables amounting to at least 400 g/person/day. Our new research and development thrusts aredesigned specifically to help reach this target andassociated Millennium Development Goals. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  31. 31. 30 Advocacy and education partners to help such outcomes to reach large numbers of We will seek to be a clear farmers, marketers, and beacon of advocacy to consumers at a regional and overcome the prevailing global level. lack of comprehension of dietary requirements and Supply chains and their health implications income generation among populations in both developing and developed We will assist more small-scale countries. This will ensure farmers and their potential better understanding of the market chain partners to adopt rationale for, and the means to horticulture as a more secure attain, a balanced, healthy diet. means to grow themselves out We will speak out vigorously of poverty, given the generally for better nutrition for all higher profitability and shorter malnourished people. investment period of vegetable production compared to Availability and that of cereals and starchy affordability staples. Higher labor demand in vegetable production will In addition to the need also offer greater employment for education, there is a opportunities for poverty requirement for greater alleviation to the landless. The vegetable availability and generation of higher incomes affordability to different and creation of abundant segments of the population. labor opportunities along the Such vegetables must be of vegetable value chain will good quality, where possible generally benefit and empower nutrient dense, and also women, as globally women safe to consume without have historically predominated contaminants such as pesticide postharvest handling and residues and pathogen loads. marketing. We expect our breeding programs, improved crop management techniques, and promulgation of good agricultural practices to have a substantive impact in our target areas and for our Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  32. 32. 31Disaster responses varieties and distributed by the private sector throughoutWe will ensure that our pre- sub-Saharan Africa in samepositioned disaster relief manner in which our tomatoseed kits will find an effective varieties ‘Tanya’ and ‘Tengeruand beneficial niche in the 97’ now dominate theirmitigation of natural and man- respective markets in Tanzaniamade disasters that impact and are expected to soonthe poor globally. This will be spread through Eastern andan important new factor in southern Africa. In this effortraising donor awareness of the we will complement the effortsCenter’s activities and for our of our major regional partnerbetter brand recognition at a ICRISAT (International Cropsglobal level among the NGOs Research Institute for the Semi-and communities receiving our arid Tropics) that specializesassistance. in locally-adapted protein- rich legume crops such asAt regional levels: pigeonpea and groundnut and staple cereals (sorghum andSub-Saharan Africa millet). This partnership also extends to reinforce our effortsAVRDC – The World Vegetable in improving nutrition andCenter’s work will make a profitability in South Asia. Wesubstantive and measurable will also closely involve ourcontribution to reduce other IARC partners in Africa:malnutrition in sub-Saharan IITA (International Institute ofAfrica through breeding Tropical Agriculture), ICRAFprograms for both exotic (World Agroforestry Center),and indigenous vegetables, WARDA (African Rice Center)improved seed systems, and and icipe (African Insectcrop diversity promulgation Science for Food and Health).programs with additionalspecial mentoring of small- South Asiascale public-private sectorpartnerships to support the In South Asian countries wegoals of the Center. We expect will focus on vegetable seedmicronutrient-rich lines, such kits to be the standard initialas amaranth, African eggplant seed source for smallholderor β-carotene-rich yellow home gardens and institutionaltomatoes to be developed as vegetable gardens for schools AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  33. 33. 32 and hospitals. These kits are specific parental material so specifically selected to be that new lines with improved appropriate for farming and pest and disease resistance social systems in the region. can be made available in the Their use will improve the market. We will also work nutritional and food security closely with urban and peri- of the poorest and smallest urban vegetable producers landholders and should permit in the Greater Mekong area them to be self-sufficient in to improve productivity, vegetables throughout the reduce postharvest losses, and year. With appropriate food increase income generation preparation methods, which and profitability. This will will also be part of the Center’s continue our emphasis on information dissemination ensuring safe vegetable activities, the nutritional status production in which reduced of families and communities pesticide contamination, safer will be improved. This general use of grey water, improved improvement in health will storage technologies and better have an impact on immune postharvest management and systems and will help transportation will result in overcome some of the most more nutritious and more deleterious consequences profitable vegetable products. of diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS and reduce CWANA (Central and stunting, the impairment of West Asia and North learning ability, and night Africa) blindness in children. This also applies in other regions of the In Central and West Asia world, especially sub-Saharan and North Africa, we will Africa. dovetail our strategy with that of our current major partner Southeast Asia ICARDA (International Center for Agricultural Research In Southeast Asian countries in the Dry Areas) and thus we will support small and give greater emphasis than medium-scale private sector previously to issues associated companies and work closely with protected agriculture (net with the national agricultural and plastic house agriculture), research and extension systems extended seasons of to develop improved, trait- production, and greater water Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  34. 34. 33use efficiency. The Center will Oceaniaalso maintain its activities inCentral Asia and the Caucasus, For the island nations offocusing on improved Oceania, the Center willvegetable lines and crop diversify their vegetablemanagement methods, and production opportunities andseed production. Lack of crop limit their current dependencediversity remains an important on the imported hybrid seedconstraint to productivity and market. Viable local seedprofitability and new crop and seedling enterprisesintroductions and alternative will be encouraged androtational options will be indigenous germplasm suchgiven greater emphasis. as Abelmoschus spp. (slipperyParticipatory variety trials cabbage) will be preservedwill be continued as a means and utilized. The use of homeof increasing exposure of the gardens and locally grownnational agricultural research products will be importantand extension systems to parts of advocacy for betternew lines and varieties andextending the availability ofthe new material. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  35. 35. 34 household nutrition in The Center will become the association with key regional global focus of breeding partners such as the Island improvement for currently Food Community of Pohnpei. neglected indigenous This NGO has had substantive vegetables that are either influence on behalf of nutrient-dense or known to improved nutrition regionally contain health-benefitting but to date has concentrated properties. This will begin on starchy staples and bananas with work on African rather than vegetables. We will eggplant, amaranth, contribute to existing ongoing nightshade, bitter gourd, long-term educational and African okra, and slippery dietary diversity campaigns cabbage. against malnutrition and specifically to combat obesity By exploiting the wild and and the onset of Type II cultivated genepool of the diabetes and metabolic solanaceous species, our syndrome, such as is found in breeders will get ahead of the Marshall Islands. the environmental vagaries associated with climate The impacts we expect change. The potential to achieve as a center of grafting using novel combinations among these of vegetable research species will be used for excellence new technologies to tolerate flooding, soil-borne diseases Improving the levels of and other abiotic stresses. molecular characterization of our germplasm collection Over the next 10-15 years we will make trait selection more will tackle the problem of feasible. Molecular information tospoviruses head-on and will will drive the development of become world leaders in the more markers for accelerating identification, recognition of breeding. We will take the agents of transmission, further steps to ensure that and provision of the means information relevant to the to provide resistance to these further exploitation of these newly emerging global threats. genetic resources is fully transparent and more easily New techniques for improved available to all. crop management will be Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  36. 36. 35introduced at levels that diversity are in harmony withare suitable for wide-scale our partner’s efforts in workadoption by poor farmers involving the fortification andand we will continue to biofortification of diets.advocate and promulgateGood Agricultural Practices Helping women achieve(GAP) such as integrated pest greater equitymanagement measures toensure the safety and nutritive Growing vegetables providesquality of vegetable products greater opportunities forboth pre- and postharvest. women than work on farms producing predominantlyWe will maximize at regional starchy staples or cash crops.level the efficiency of all AVRDC will capitalize onelements of the market chain these opportunities, whichand devise chain models include hiring additional laborthat provide a fair deal on, as well as off, the farm.for smallholder farmers Women have a significant roleand marketers and make in value-addition after harvest,vegetables sufficiently and their participation inaffordable to the urban poor vegetable value chains not onlyto help overcome the threat of has implications for incomemalnutrition through adoption but also for their, and theirof better balanced diets. children’s, nutritional status. Employment opportunitiesHigh quality capacity building for women in the operationsin all areas associated with after harvest can be significant,the work of AVRDC - The thus empowering women notWorld Vegetable Center will only within the households,be delivered. The future but at the community levelsustainability of the Center’s and at higher levels thereafter.efforts at all levels, from The Center will monitor andlocal to international, will be make more strategic effort inmaintained. furthering equitable gender relations throughout itsWe will ally ourselves research and developmentclosely with the health and activities. We will work tonutrition sectors to ensure ensure that equity is promotedthat our efforts to overcome rather than hampered by ourmalnutrition through crop technologies and processes. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  37. 37. 36 The Center’s geographical the role of women, reducing locations are where women postharvest losses, and often require support to contributing to increased empower themselves in health and nutrition. Such vegetable production and information and technologies vegetable market chains. will be promulgated in the public domain. Our expected impact on capacity building Achieving a balance in research and Historically, AVRDC has development activities: trained several thousand Our unique mandate NARES, NGOs and private sector staff and farmers. The Center will continue to We expect to continue such find the appropriate balance activities at a comparable between research and scale and thus a substantial development. One of the many number of agricultural and advantages to working along horticultural scientists (higher the continuum is that the end- degree students and on-the-job users’ needs and requirements training), nutritionists, water are easily made known to specialists, and development those doing the research, practitioners will receive and thus are incorporated specialist training during at the beginning of the the next 15 years. This will research process at the Center. strengthen the public and Multidisciplinary teams will private sector capacity for ensure that all aspects of a plant breeding and seed constraint are understood and production in a range of all the potential opportunities countries in sub-Saharan are assessed. AVRDC has Africa, Central and West Asia, flexible and innovative teams Oceania, and elsewhere. The of scientists performing technologies developed by leading research and able to the Center, and the training adapt local innovations from and capacity-building, will one part of the world to others. contribute to improving The Center will build on its production capacity, mitigating current Global Technology the problems generated by Dissemination activities. climatic uncertainty and These will be strengthened and reducing risk, enhancing used as the conduit to deliver Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  38. 38. 37technologies, thus leaving The Center’s rolethe more upstream scientists in research andrelatively free to pursue development will betargeted research and toensure the Center has the best better appreciatedtechnical capacity to deliver globally throughthe technologies properly so our outreach andthat they create sustainable communicationsimpact. strategy While AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center’s research AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  39. 39. 38 and development outputs diabetes, and the chronic must be good enough to speak physical consequences for themselves among our resulting from unbalanced stakeholders, the Center will diets. also work towards increasing the scope and appreciation Through our publications we of its work globally through will provide targeted, readily increased publicity and available and accessible advocacy. The Board of information that is useful for Directors also will increase researchers, development their efforts in working with workers, farmers and the management in effective policy makers. The Center’s advocacy. scientists will increasingly publish in academic journals We will contribute to of good standing and international conferences further produce effective and related events as the extension materials. Staff premier public international will be trained to effectively horticultural research institute use communication media and we will seek to guide the and to publish for different policies of countries where audiences and purposes in malnutrition and lack of our different publication dietary diversity remains series. Electronic distribution a constraint to human will be the main form of health. Through face-to-face dissemination for all but a communications the Center few extension publications. will seek to inform donors There will be increasing use of on opportunities to alleviate Open Access journals where poverty and malnutrition appropriate, and compliance with high value, nutritious with international standards vegetables. The Center will for document indexing and speak out to the people and metatagging to ensure that policy makers of developed our publications are freely and developing countries accessible via major global on the likely economic and search engines and document health burdens arising from a repositories. significant proportion of the population being obese and prone to non-communicable diseases such as Type II Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  40. 40. 39Electronic media will America (USAID) and thebe a major focus of our United Kingdom (DFID) whocommunication activities. have contacted the Center inWe will maintain a current the past to assist in disasterand informative English mitigation.language website with mostsections also available inFrench and Chinese. TheCenter’s website will play anincreasing role as a portal topromote the breadth of ourwork, access our publications,order germplasm, interactwith Center staff and buildconnections to leading globalvegetable research anddevelopment partners.Through short productioncycle, adapted and easy-to-grow vegetables, the Centerwill become involved to amuch greater extent in disastermitigation and post-conflictsupport by preparing andstoring large numbers of homegarden seed kits (which willalso include production andconsumption informationprepared in local languages),pre-positioned with thosewho are at the forefront ofdisaster relief activities todisseminate the seed packson the Center’s behalf in themost appropriate and effectivemanner. This will also allowus to respond quickly to therequests of important donorssuch as the United States of AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
  41. 41. 40 Conclusion In the years ahead, AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center must certainly live up to its name and become the premier international public-domain center of excellence for research and development on vegetables working on behalf of the developing world. We will make major positive contributions to the alleviation of poverty, to the eradication of malnutrition and food and health insecurity, and to the promotion of the good use of germplasm and environmental resources employed by all vegetable growers, both large- and small-scale. We expect to have substantive outcomes and impact at a global level and thus will justify the confidence our investors placed in us historically. Our research and development outputs in the future will further demonstrate our commitment. We will thus continue to proudly claim that we can help bring “Prosperity for the poor and health for all.” Strategic Plan 2011-2025
  42. 42. 41AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center