Role Model

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Role Model

  1. 1. Where are we today ? <ul><li>Are we today, advanced enough in human relations and behaviors, that religion has become useless ? </li></ul><ul><li>Are laws made by humans good enough to bring happiness to mankind ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is our society better today compare to the societies of pre Abrahamic religions? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Where are we today ? <ul><li>Let’s see some statistics and facts of the society we live in. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Role models !!!!!!!!!!!!!!! <ul><li>The former Miss Nevada USA, dethroned over raunchy photos posted online, apologized Saturday as her attorney pleaded for the pageant queen to be given a second chance. </li></ul><ul><li>Katie Rees, who appeared in photos revealing a breast, exposing her thong underwear and kissing other young women at a party in Tampa, said her behavior was an &quot;isolated incident.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role models!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! <ul><li>'Good Will Hunting' director arrested POSTED: 3:52 p.m. EST, December 22, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>PORTLAND, Oregon (AP) -- Filmmaker Gus Van Sant, whose credits include &quot;Finding Forrester&quot; and &quot;Drugstore Cowboy,&quot; has been arrested here on a drunken driving charge, police said. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The future professionals <ul><li>The Duke case. The story began in March, with a party thrown by members of the Duke University lacrosse team at a house on the edge of campus.  The players hired two women to perform exotic dances.  By most accounts, the party began well — but quickly turned ugly </li></ul>
  6. 6. Not enough. Now a movie!!!!!! <ul><li>Blogger LaShawn Barber, who writes primarily about politics and race, was piqued by the story. </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s salacious. It’s a black woman — a single mother, stripping to feed her kid —gang-raped and brutally beaten by ‘rich college boys. There’s lots of drama. There’s a movie in here,” she says. </li></ul>
  7. 7. FEMALE ROLE MODELS <ul><li>YAHOO.COM- FIRST PAGE- 8-25-07 </li></ul><ul><li>Femmes fatales :Get to know the hottest heroines of these five video game favorites. </li></ul><ul><li>Miss Teen USA Contestants Who is most beautiful? </li></ul><ul><li>Most Beautiful Actress Pick your favorite </li></ul><ul><li>Hottest Celebrity Couple Decide the best-looking duo </li></ul><ul><li>Hottest Celebrity Over 40 Demi, Halle, Salma, or ...? </li></ul>
  8. 8. MALE ROLE MODELS <ul><li>(CNN) – FIRST PAGE –NEWS- US 8-25-07 </li></ul><ul><li>The National Football League has indefinitely suspended Atlanta Falcons quarterback Michael Vick without pay, officials with the league said Friday. </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier, Vick admitted to participating in a dog fighting ring as part of a plea agreement with federal prosecutors in Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>In papers filed Friday with a federal court in Virginia, Vick also admitted that he and two co-conspirators killed dogs that did not fight well . </li></ul>
  9. 9. DRUGS-ALCOHOL <ul><li>(CNN) – FIRST PAGE –NEWS- US 8-25-07 </li></ul><ul><li>Child killer sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>John Evander Couey was sentenced Friday to death for abducting, raping and killing a 9-year-old Florida girl by burying her alive in 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>that was a big problem,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Couey said. &quot;Drugs, alcohol.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. Christianity and sex <ul><li>In March 2005 Christianity Today published the results of a study called “Christians and Sex” in their Leadership Journal. </li></ul><ul><li>680 pastors and 1,972 laypersons were surveyed, with the following results: </li></ul><ul><li>* 44% of churchgoers want to hear more scriptural teaching from their pastors on the subject of sex. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Christianity and sex <ul><li>* 22% of pastors feel they should spend more time on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>* 85% of pastors say they speak about sexual issues once a year, while 63% of churchgoers say their pastors do so. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Christianity and sex <ul><li>Among those churchgoers who say they want their pastors to preach more about sexual issues, 47% say their pastor speaks about it once a year, an even bigger difference of opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>57% of pastors say that addiction to pornography is the most sexually damaging issue to their congregation. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 9 in 10 pastors reported counseling a layperson on sexual issues once a year or more. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Christianity and sex <ul><li>* In a survey of over 500 Christian men at a men's retreat, over 90% admitted that they were feeling disconnected from God because lust, porn, or fantasy had gained a foothold in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>As reported in an article on Pastors.com by Kenny Luck. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Christianity and sex <ul><li>* In March of 2002 Rick Warren’s of Pastors.com website conducted a survey on porn use of 1351 pastors: </li></ul><ul><li>54% of the pastors had viewed Internet pornography within the last year, and 30% of these had visited within the last 30 days. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Christianity and sex <ul><li>At 12 billion a year, the revenues of the porn industry in the U.S. are bigger than the NFL, NBA and Major League Baseball combined.  </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide porn sales are reported to be 57 billion. To put this in perspective, Microsoft, who sells the operating system used on most of the computers in the world (in addition to other software) reported sales of 36.8 billion in 2004. Family Safe Media </li></ul>
  16. 16. Christianity and sex <ul><li>The U.S. Customs Service estimates that there are more than 100,000 websites offering child pornography (which are illegal) worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Red Herring Magazine, 1/18/02 </li></ul>
  17. 17. TEENS AND SEX <ul><li>PASTORS.COM Issue #158 - 6/9/2004 Abuse recounted in one-fourth of teen sexual relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>NASHVILLE, Tenn. -Among teens who have had sex, one-quarter of those relationships included some form of abuse , with nearly one in 10 teens reporting physical abuse within their relationships, according to a study by Child Trends released recently. </li></ul>
  18. 18. West and divorce <ul><li>The National Center for Health Statistics reported the U.S. divorce rate for the 2001 calendar year was 47.6% of new marriages per capita. </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 50, No. 14. (September 11, 2002). </li></ul><ul><li>The most recent report indicates a divorce rate of 50.6% of new marriages per capita. </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 52, No. 22. (June 10, 2004). </li></ul>
  19. 19. West and divorce <ul><li>The Divorce Rate is misleading for several reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Not all states report divorce statistics; </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce count is based on the total population (per capita) as the base, not the total married as the base, thus the divorce rate is actually higher since the number married is less than the total population; </li></ul>
  20. 20. West and divorce <ul><li>Using per capita at today's population, distorts the comparison of current marriages versus current divorces since divorces that occur today arose out of a lower population base than the current population base; </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at it from an individual's perspective, since there are 2 people per divorce, the probability of divorce of any married person getting divorced is significantly higher; </li></ul>
  21. 21. West and divorce <ul><li>A Declining Proportion of Adults are Married. </li></ul><ul><li>Divorced Population is Growing the Fastest. </li></ul><ul><li>Never Married Adults More Than Doubled Since 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Postponement of Marriage Continues. </li></ul><ul><li>Unmarried Couple Households Increased Seven Fold since 1970. </li></ul>
  22. 23. West and divorce <ul><li>Number Divorced Quadrupled - &quot;The number of divorced people has more than quadrupled from 4.3 million in 1970 to 18.3 million in 1996&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Census Bureau: Marital Status and Living Arrangements: March 1996 (P20-496). </li></ul><ul><li>25 percent of women 15 years and older were never married and 13 percent were divorced or separated in 2000 compared with 22 percent and 6 percent respectively in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>In contrast, 52 percent of women 15 and older were currently married in 2000, down from 60 percent in 1970. The same trend occurred for men…“ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Census Bureau: American Families and Living Arrangements: June 2001 (P20-537) </li></ul>
  23. 24. Sexual assault <ul><li>67% of all victims of sexual assault reported to law enforcement agencies were juveniles (under the age of 18); 34% of all victims were under age 12. </li></ul><ul><li>One of every seven victims of sexual assault reported to law enforcement agencies were under age 6. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of the offenders who victimized children under age 6 were juveniles (under the age of 18) </li></ul>
  24. 25. Sexual assault <ul><li>Research indicates that 46% of children who are raped are victims of family members. </li></ul><ul><li>11% of rape victims are raped by their fathers or step-fathers, and another 16% are raped by other relatives while they were children. </li></ul><ul><li>(Langan, Patrick and Caroline Harlow. (1994). Child Rape Victims , 1992. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.) </li></ul>
  25. 26. Sexual assault <ul><li>Approximately, 28% of adult victims are raped by husbands or boyfriends, 35% by acquaintances, and 5% by other relatives. </li></ul><ul><li>(Violence Against Women. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, 1994.) </li></ul><ul><li>Incest has been cited as the most common form of child abuse. Studies conclude that 43% of child victims are abused by family members, 33% by someone they know, and the remaining 24% are sexually abused by strangers. </li></ul><ul><li>(Hayes, Robert. (1990, Summer). “Child Sexual Abuse.” Crime Prevention Journal .) </li></ul>
  26. 27. Sexual assault <ul><li>Death statistics for Alcoholism: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Alcoholism: </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 deaths each year in the US (Mayo Clinic) </li></ul><ul><li>19,817 alcohol-induced deaths, excluding accidents and homicides, each year in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC) </li></ul><ul><li>27,035 deaths from alcohol related chronic liver disease and cirrhosis each year in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC) </li></ul>
  27. 28. Alcoholism <ul><li>Costs for Alcoholism: $185 billion each year for alcoholism in the US (Mayo Clinic) </li></ul><ul><li>  Cost statistics for Alcoholism: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Alcoholism: </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated $52,123,000 spent in public hospitals on alcohol or drug use and disorders in Australia 2001-02 </li></ul><ul><li>(AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW) </li></ul>
  28. 29. Alcohol and drug abuse <ul><li>A study prepared by The Lewin Group for the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism estimated the total economic cost of alcohol and drug abuse to be $245.7 billion for 1992. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Alcohol and drug abuse <ul><li>Illicit teen drug use as of 2003.   * 8th grade -- 30.3%   * 10th grade -- 44.9%   * 12th grade -- 52.8% - Underage drinking costs the United States more than $58 billion dollars annually, enough for a new state of the art computer for every student. - In the last thirty days 50% of teenagers report drinking with 32% being drunk at least on one occasion. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Our society <ul><li>These are just few examples of the society we live in . </li></ul><ul><li>Role models are chosen today from western societies , and we can see a globalization of drug abuse, violence, sexual abuse and loss of family values. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Satan <ul><li>He said: Because You have sent me astray, surely I will lie in wait against them on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (Surat al-Araf, 7:16-17) </li></ul>
  32. 33. Satan <ul><li>I will mislead them, and I will create in them false desires; I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and to change the nature created by Allah. Whoever forsaking Allah, takes Satan for a friend, has surely suffered a loss that is manifest. (Surat an-Nisa, 4:119) </li></ul>
  33. 34. Satan <ul><li>Verily Satan is an enemy to you: so treat him as an enemy. He only invites his adherents, that they may become Companions of the Blazing Fire. </li></ul><ul><li>(Surah Fatir, 35:6) </li></ul>
  34. 35. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>As a verse of the Qur'an reveals, &quot;… Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and the Final Seal of the Prophets.&quot; (Surat al-Ahzab: 40), </li></ul><ul><li>the Prophet Muhammad (saas) was sent to mankind as the last prophet. He was a living example of the sublime morality of Allah's last revelation. He was a friend of Allah and inspired humanity by his nearness to Him. He was His representative, noble in His eyes, and a friend to all believers. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Súrah al-'Imraan (The family of ‘Imraan) <ul><li>وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّيْنَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكُمْ إِصْرِي قَالُواْ أَقْرَرْنَا قَالَ فَاشْهَدُواْ وَأَنَاْ مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ </li></ul><ul><li>و ( به خاطر بیاورید ) هنگامی را که خداوند، از پیامبران ( و پیروان آنها ) ،پیمان مؤکد گرفت، که هرگاه کتاب و دانش به شما دادم، سپس پیامبری به سوی شما آمد که آنچه را با شماست تصدیق می‏کند، به او ایمان بیاورید و او را یاری کنید ! سپس ( خداوند ) به آنها گفت : « آیا به این موضوع، اقرار دارید؟ و بر آن، پیمان مؤکد بستید؟ » گفتند : «( آری ) اقرار داریم !» ( خداوند به آنها ) گفت : « پس گواه باشید ! و من نیز با شما از گواهانم .» </li></ul><ul><li>[3:81] And when Allah made a covenant through the prophets: Certainly what I have given you of Book and wisdom-- then a messenger comes to you verifying that which is with you, you must believe in him, and you must aid him . He said: Do you affirm and accept My covenant in this (matter)? They said: We do affirm. He said: Then bear witness, and I (too) am of the bearers of witness with you. </li></ul>
  36. 37. GOOD CONDUCT <ul><li>&quot;I was sent to perfect good character&quot; and &quot;By One in whose hand there is my life: None shall enter Paradise except one who has got good conduct.(1) </li></ul><ul><li>As the Prophet (saas)'s words: &quot;The most perfect believer in respect of faith is he who is best of them in manners.“(2) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learning), Islamic Book Service New Dehli, 2001, Islamic Book Service, New Dehli, 2001, Volume II, p.236 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4665 </li></ul>
  37. 38. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much. </li></ul><ul><li>(Surat al-Ahzab: 21) </li></ul>
  38. 39. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>The only reason for Our sending the Messengers is to give the human being the glad news of Our mercy and to warn him about Our wrath. The disbelievers argue by false means to refute the Truth. They mock My miracles and warnings. (AL-KAHF:56) </li></ul>
  39. 40. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>The Prophet Muhammad (saas) was an example to all humanity with his morality, to which he called on mankind to live by. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the Prophet (saas) who said &quot;I was sent to perfect good character&quot; and &quot;By One in whose hand there is my life: None shall enter Paradise except one who has got good conduct.&quot; </li></ul>
  40. 41. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>Nun. By the Pen and what they write down! By the blessing of your Lord, you are not mad. You will have a wage which never-fails. Indeed you are truly vast in character. So you will see and they will see which of you is mad. Your Lord knows best who is misguided from His Way and He knows best those who are guided. (Surat al-Qalam: 1-7) </li></ul>
  41. 42. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>As the Prophet (saas)'s words &quot;The most perfect believer in respect of faith is he who is best of them in manners.“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;You are sons of Adam, and Adam came from dust. Let the people cease to boast about their ancestors.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;These genealogies of yours are not a reason to revile anyone. You are all children of Adam. No one has any superiority over another except in religion and taqwa. </li></ul>
  42. 43. Prophet of Islam <ul><li>&quot;There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab and for a non-Arab over an Arab; nor for white over the black nor for the black over the white except in piety. </li></ul><ul><li>Verily the noblest among you is he who is the most pious. </li></ul>
  43. 44. Surah at-Taghaabun (The Mutual Disillusion) <ul><li>فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ و َالنُّور ِ الَّذِي أَنزَلْنَا وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ </li></ul><ul><li>به خدا و رسول او و نورى كه نازل كرده‏ايم ايمان بياوريد ; و بدانيد خدا به آنچه انجام مى‏دهيد آگاه است ! </li></ul><ul><li>[64:8] Therefore believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Light which We have revealed; and Allah is Aware of what you do. </li></ul>
  44. 45. <ul><li>هان مردمان ! نور از سوى خداوند عزّوجل در جان من، سپس در جان على‏بن ابى‏طالب، آن‏گاه در نسل او تا قائم مهدى - كه حق خدا و ما را مى‏ستاند - جاى گرفته . چرا كه خداوند عزّوجل ما را بر كوتاهى‏كنندگان، ستيزه‏گران، ناسازگاران، خائنان و گنهكاران و ستمكاران و غاصبان از تمامى جهانيان دليل و راهنما و حجت آورده است . O people! The light from Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime, flows through me then through ‘Ali ibn Abu Talib then in the progeny that descends from him till al-Qa'imal-Mehdi , who shall effect the justice of Allah, and who will take back any right belonging to us because Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, made us Hujjat over those who take us lightly, the stubborn ones, those who act contrarily to our word, who are treacherous, who are sinners, who are oppressors, who are usurpers, from the entire world. </li></ul>
  45. 46. BIBLE AND LIGHT <ul><li>John-1 </li></ul><ul><li>6-There came a man who was sent from God; his name was John. </li></ul><ul><li>7-He came as a witness to testify concerning that light , so that through him all men might believe. </li></ul><ul><li>8-He himself was not the light ; he came only as a witness to the light . </li></ul><ul><li>9-The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world. </li></ul>
  46. 47. BIBLE AND LIGHT <ul><li>John 8:12 (New International Version) </li></ul><ul><li>  12-When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, &quot; I am the light of the world . Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>John 9:5 (New International Version) </li></ul><ul><li>5- While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.“ </li></ul><ul><li>John 12:36 (New International Version) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36-Put your trust in the light while you have it , so that you may become sons of light.&quot; When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from them. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 48. BIBLE AND LIGHT <ul><li>Revelation 22 :4-6 </li></ul><ul><li>4-They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. </li></ul><ul><li>5-There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever. </li></ul><ul><li>6-The angel said to me, &quot; These words are trustworthy and true . The Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show his servants the things that must soon take place.“ </li></ul>
  48. 49. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>'This nation will have twelve leaders and guides and all of them will be from the Quraish. </li></ul><ul><li>The one who leaves them will not harm them.' </li></ul><ul><li>Musnad-e-Ahmad b. Hanbal, vol.5, pg. 312 </li></ul>
  49. 50. IMAM MAHDI ( A.S.) <ul><li>&quot;Even if the entire duration of the world's existence has already been Exhausted and only one day is left before Doomsday (Day of judgment) Allah will expand that day to such a length of time, as to accommodate, The kingdom of a person out of my Ahlul-Bayt (household of prophet) who will be called by my Name. He will then fill out the earth with peace and justice as it will have been full of injustice and tyranny before then.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Sunni Reference : Sahih Tirmidhi, V2, P86, V9, P74-75 </li></ul>
  50. 51. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>Aamir bin Kasir asked Imam Ali (a.s.): </li></ul><ul><li>O Ameerul Momineen (a.s.)! You have made us aware of the guides of disbelief and the caliphs of evil, now introduce to us the lights of truth after you.' Imam Ali (a.s.) informed him : </li></ul><ul><li>'Yes, surely it is the promise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) to me that this religion will have twelve Imams and leaders , nine of whom will be from the progeny of Hussain (a.s.). </li></ul>
  51. 52. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) has narrated, 'When I went to the heavens for Meraj, I saw written on the pillar of the Arsh: </li></ul><ul><li>'There is no god except Allah, Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) is His Messenger, and I have helped him through Ali (a.s.)' And I saw twelve Lights . I asked: O My Lord! Whose lights are these? The reply was - These lights are of Imams from your progeny. </li></ul>
  52. 53. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>GENESIS 17-20: And as for Ishmael , I have heard thee: behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. </li></ul>
  53. 54. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>GENESIS 25-16 :These are the sons of Ishmael , and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments. Twelve princes according to their nations. </li></ul><ul><li>REVELATION 12-1: And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars ; </li></ul>
  54. 55. JEREMIAH: 46-10 <ul><li>&quot;For this is the day of the Lord God of hosts a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiated and make drunk with their blood for the Lord God of hosts had a sacrifice in the North country by the river Euphrates .&quot; </li></ul>
  55. 56. IMAM MAHDI ( A.S.) <ul><li>&quot;Even if the entire duration of the world's existence has already been Exhausted and only one day is left before Doomsday (Day of judgment) Allah will expand that day to such a length of time, as to accommodate, The kingdom of a person out of my Ahlul-Bayt (household of prophet) who will be called by my Name. He will then fill out the earth with peace and justice as it will have been full of injustice and tyranny before then.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Sunni Reference : Sahih Tirmidhi, V2, P86, V9, P74-75 </li></ul>
  56. 57. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>Aamir bin Kasir asked Imam Ali (a.s.): </li></ul><ul><li>O Ameerul Momineen (a.s.)! You have made us aware of the guides of disbelief and the caliphs of evil, now introduce to us the lights of truth after you.' Imam Ali (a.s.) informed him : </li></ul><ul><li>'Yes, surely it is the promise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) to me that this religion will have twelve Imams and leaders , nine of whom will be from the progeny of Hussain (a.s.). </li></ul>
  57. 58. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) has narrated, 'When I went to the heavens for Meraj, I saw written on the pillar of the Arsh: </li></ul><ul><li>'There is no god except Allah, Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) is His Messenger, and I have helped him through Ali (a.s.)' And I saw twelve Lights . I asked: O My Lord! Whose lights are these? The reply was - These lights are of Imams from your progeny. </li></ul>
  58. 59. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>GENESIS 17-20: And as for Ishmael , I have heard thee: behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. </li></ul>
  59. 60. TWELVE LIGHTS <ul><li>GENESIS 25-16 :These are the sons of Ishmael , and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments. Twelve princes according to their nations. </li></ul><ul><li>REVELATION 12-1: And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars ; </li></ul>
  60. 61. JEREMIAH: 46-10 <ul><li>&quot;For this is the day of the Lord God of hosts a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiated and make drunk with their blood for the Lord God of hosts had a sacrifice in the North country by the river Euphrates .&quot; </li></ul>
  61. 62. REVELATION-21 <ul><li>14- And the wall of the city had twelve foundations , and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. </li></ul><ul><li>APOSTLE DEFINITION BY WEBSTER DICTIONARY: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a person who initiates a great moral reform or who first advocates an important belief or system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an ardent supporter. </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. REVELATION-21 <ul><li>21- And the twelve gates were twelve pearls ; each one of the several gates was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass. </li></ul>
  63. 64. REVELATION-22 <ul><li>2- in the midst of the street thereof and on this side of the river and on that was the tree of life , bearing twelve fruits , yielding its fruit every month : and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. </li></ul><ul><li>[IBRAHIM:24] Have you not considered how Allah sets forth a parable of a good word (being) like a good tree , whose root is firm and whose branches are in heaven, </li></ul><ul><li>[IBRAHIM :25] Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? And Allah sets forth parables for men that they may be mindful. </li></ul>
  64. 65. Surah Ibrahim (Abraham) <ul><li>تُؤْتِي أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا وَيَضْرِبُ اللّهُ الأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ </li></ul><ul><li>هر زمان ميوه خود را به اذن پروردگارش مي‏دهد . و خداوند براي مردم مثلها مي‏زند ، شايد متذکر شوند </li></ul><ul><li>[14:25] Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? And Allah sets forth parables for men that they may be mindful. </li></ul>
  65. 66. Surah Ibrahim (Abraham) <ul><li>أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللّهُ مَثَلاً كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاء </li></ul><ul><li>آيا نديدي چگونه خداوند « کلمه طيبه‏ » را به درخت پاکيزه‏اي تشبيه کرده که ريشه آن ثابت، و شاخه آن در آسمان است؟ ! </li></ul><ul><li>[14:24] Have you not considered how Allah sets forth a parable of a good word (being) like a good tree , whose root is firm and whose branches are in heaven, </li></ul>
  66. 67. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Thomas Carlyle in 'Heroes and Hero Worship and the Heroic in History,' 1840 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The lies (Western slander) which well-meaning zeal has heaped round this man (Muhammad) are disgraceful to ourselves only.&quot; </li></ul>
  67. 68. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>A. S. Tritton in 'Islam,' 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>The picture of the Muslim soldier advancing with a sword in one hand and the Qur'an in the other is quite false. </li></ul>
  68. 69. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>De Lacy O'Leary in 'Islam at the Crossroads,' London, 1923. </li></ul><ul><li>History makes it clear, however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated. </li></ul>
  69. 70. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Gibbon in 'The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire' 1823 </li></ul><ul><li>The good sense of Muhammad despised the pomp of royalty. </li></ul><ul><li>The Apostle of God submitted to the menial offices of the family; he kindled the fire; swept the floor; milked the ewes; and mended with his own hands his shoes and garments. </li></ul><ul><li>Disdaining the penance and merit of a hermit, he observed without effort of vanity the abstemious diet of an Arab. </li></ul>
  70. 71. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Edward Gibbon and Simon Oakley in ‘History of the Saracen Empire,’ London, 1870 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The greatest success of Mohammad’s life was effected by sheer moral force.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is not the propagation but the permanency of his religion that deserves our wonder, the same pure and perfect impression which he engraved at Mecca and Medina is preserved after the revolutions of twelve centuries. </li></ul>
  71. 72. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Reverend Bosworth Smith in 'Muhammad and Muhammadanism,' London, 1874. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Head of the State as well as the Church, he was Caesar and Pope in one; but he was Pope without the Pope's pretensions, and Caesar without the legions of Caesar, without a standing army, without a bodyguard, without a police force, without a fixed revenue. </li></ul><ul><li>If ever a man ruled by a right divine, it was Muhammad, for he had all the powers without their supports. He cared not for the dressings of power. The simplicity of his private life was in keeping with his public life.&quot; </li></ul>
  72. 73. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Edward Montet, 'La Propagande Chretienne et ses Adversaires Musulmans,' Paris 1890. (Also in T.W. Arnold in 'The Preaching of Islam,' London 1913.) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Islam is a religion that is essentially rationalistic in the widest sense of this term considered etymologically and historically.... </li></ul><ul><li>The teachings of the Prophet and the Qur'an has invariably kept its place as the fundamental starting point, and the dogma of unity of God ,has always been proclaimed therein ,with a grandeur and majesty, an invariable purity and with a note of sure conviction, which it is hard to find surpassed outside the pale of Islam </li></ul>
  73. 74. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>....A creed so precise, so stripped of all theological complexities and consequently so accessible to the ordinary understanding might be expected to possess and does indeed possess a marvelous power of winning its way into the consciences of men.&quot; </li></ul>
  74. 75. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Alphonse de LaMartaine in 'Histoire de la Turquie,' Paris, 1854. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Never has a man set for himself, voluntarily or involuntarily, a more sublime aim, since this aim was superhuman; to subvert superstitions which had been imposed between man and his Creator, to render God unto man and man unto God; to restore the rational and sacred idea of divinity amidst the chaos of the material and disfigured gods of idolatry, then existing . </li></ul>
  75. 76. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>&quot;If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astonishing results are the three criteria of a human genius, who could dare compare any great man in history with Muhammad? </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous men created arms, laws, and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples, dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and the souls. </li></ul>
  76. 77. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Sir George Bernard Shaw in 'The Genuine Islam,' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity.&quot; </li></ul>
  77. 78. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Michael Hart in 'The 100, A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons In History,' New York, 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the secular and religious level. </li></ul><ul><li>...It is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on Christianity. ... </li></ul><ul><li>It is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history. </li></ul>
  78. 79. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Dr. William Draper in 'History of Intellectual Development of Europe' </li></ul><ul><li>Four years after the death of Justinian, A.D. 569, was born in Mecca, in Arabia, the man who, of all men, has exercised the greatest influence upon the human race... To be the religious head of many empires, to guide the daily life of one-third of the human race, may perhaps justify the title of a Messenger of God. </li></ul>
  79. 80. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Rodwell in the Preface to his translation of the Holy Qur'an </li></ul><ul><li>Mohammad's career is a wonderful instance of the force and life that resides in him who possesses an intense faith in God and in the unseen world. </li></ul><ul><li>He will always be regarded as one of those who have had that influence over the faith, morals and whole earthly life of their fellow men, which none but a really great man ever did, or can exercise; and whose efforts to propagate a great verity will prosper. </li></ul>
  80. 81. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>W. Montgomery Watt in 'Muhammad at Mecca,' Oxford, 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>His readiness to undergo persecution for his beliefs, the high moral character of the men who believed in him and looked up to him as a leader, and the greatness of his ultimate achievement - all argue his fundamental integrity. </li></ul><ul><li>To suppose Muhammad an impostor raises more problems that it solves. Moreover, none of the great figures of history is so poorly appreciated in the West as Muhammad.... </li></ul>
  81. 82. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Washington Irving 'Mahomet and His Successors' </li></ul><ul><li>He was sober and abstemious in his diet and a rigorous observer of fasts. He indulged in no magnificence of apparel, the ostentation of a petty mind; neither was his simplicity in dress affected but a result of real disregard for distinction from so trivial a source. </li></ul>
  82. 83. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>In his private dealings he was just. He treated friends and strangers, the rich and poor, the powerful and weak, with equity, and was beloved by the common people for the affability with which he received them, and listened to their complaints. </li></ul>
  83. 84. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>His military triumphs awakened no pride nor vain glory, as they would have done had they been affected for selfish purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>In the time of his greatest power he maintained the same simplicity of manners and appearance as in the days of his adversity. </li></ul><ul><li>He was displeased if, on entering a room, any unusual testimonials of respect were shown to him. If he aimed at a universal dominion, it was the dominion of faith. </li></ul>
  84. 85. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>James Michener in ‘Islam: The Misunderstood Religion,’ Reader’s Digest, May 1955, pp. 68-70. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;No other religion in history spread so rapidly as Islam. The West has widely believed that this surge of religion was made possible by the sword. But no modern scholar accepts this idea, and the Qur’an is explicit in the support of the freedom of conscience.&quot; </li></ul>
  85. 86. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>K. S. Ramakrishna Rao in 'Mohammed: The Prophet of Islam,' 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>My problem to write this monograph is easier, because we are not generally fed now on that (distorted) kind of history and much time need not be spent on pointing out our misrepresentations of Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>The theory of Islam and sword, for instance, is not heard now in any quarter worth the name. The principle of Islam that “there is no compulsion in religion” is well known. </li></ul>
  86. 87. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>I wanted to know the best of one who holds today undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind ... I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life. &quot; [ </li></ul>
  87. 88. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>Mohammad is said to have reformed society with his teachings. Islamic law transformed the nature of society and family. </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard Lewis , Cleveland E. Dodge Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University , believes that the advent of Islam in a sense was a revolution which only partially succeeded after long struggles due to tensions between the new religion and very old societies in the countries that the Muslims conquered. He thinks that one such area of tension was a consequence of what he sees as the egalitarian nature of Islamic doctrine. Islam from the first denounced aristocratic privilege, rejected hierarchy, and adopted a formula of the career open to the talents.&quot; [ </li></ul>
  88. 89. World intellectuals and the Prophet <ul><li>John Esposito , professor of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University , sees Muhammad as a reformer who did away with many of the terrible practices of the pagan Arabs. </li></ul><ul><li>He states that Muhammad's &quot;insistence that each person was personally accountable not to tribal customary law but to an overriding divine law shook the very foundations of Arabian society... </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad proclaimed a sweeping program of religious and social reform that affected religious belief and practices, business contracts and practices, male-female and family relations.&quot; </li></ul>
  89. 90. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>The Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Brahmanas Granth are the four sacred books in Hindu religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The last one is a commentary on the Vedas, but it is considered as a revealed book. These books are in Sanskrit , the sacred language of the Hindus. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vedas are divided into four books : Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sam Veda and Atharva Veda. Of these, the first three books are considered the more ancient books, and the Rig Veda is the oldest of them. </li></ul>
  90. 91. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>The Upanishads are considered next to the Vedas in order of superiority and authenticity. However, some Pandits consider the Upanishads to be superior to the Vedas primarily from the internal evidence found in the Upanishads. </li></ul>
  91. 92. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>Next in authenticity to the Upanishads are the Puranas. The Puranas are the most widely read of all Hindu Scriptures, as these are easily available (the Vedas are difficult to find). </li></ul><ul><li>The compiler of the Puranas is Maha Rishi Vyasa , and he arranged the Puranas in eighteen volumes. These books contain the history of the creation of the universe, the history of the early Aryan people, and life stories of the divines and deities of the Hindus. </li></ul><ul><li>The Puranas were either revealed simultaneously with the Vedas or some time before. The sanctity and reverence of the Puranas is admitted and recognized in all the authentic books of the Hindus. </li></ul>
  92. 93. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>The compiler of the Puranas, Mahrishi Vyasa , is highly honored among the Hindus as a great rishi and learned person. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a pious and God fearing man. He also wrote the Gita and the Maha Bharat . Among the eighteen volumes of the Puranas is one by the title ‘ Bhavishya Puran ,’ literally meaning future events. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hindus regard it as the Word of God. The prophecy containing Prophet Muhammad by name is found in Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Verse 5. </li></ul><ul><li>the word Malechha that appears in the first part of verse 5 means a man belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language. </li></ul>
  93. 94. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>this word is derived from the Hebrew word Ma-Hekha , which means your brethren (e.g., And he (Ishmael) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. Genesis 16:12; i.e., Ismaelites are the brethren of the Israelites). </li></ul><ul><li>In the context of Biblical scriptures this word meant a descendant of Prophet Ismail (Ishmael), and it is well known that Muhammad (s) is a descendant of Prophet Ismail through his second son Kedar . </li></ul><ul><li>Those who can read Arabic Script can easily see that a mistake in separating Ma from Hekha will produce a single word ‘Malhekha,’ and when adapted in another tongue like Sanskrit might sound like Malechha. </li></ul>
  94. 95. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures
  95. 96. “ A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad . Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Mahadev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath in the 'Panchgavya' and the Ganges water, (i.e. purging him of all sins) offered him the presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said, 'I make obeisance to thee.' 'O Ye! the pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia , Ye have collected a great force to kill the Devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha opponents (idol worshipers, pagans) .' ‘O Ye! the image of the Most Pious God the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one lying on thy feet.' “ The Malechhas have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs . Arya Dharma is not to be found in that country . Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed [note: e.g., Abraha Al-Ashram, the Abyssinian viceroy of Yemen, who attacked Mecca]; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them guidance the well-known Mahamad (Mohammad), who has been given by me the epithet of Brahma is busy in bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O Raja! You need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a Pishacha said to Raja Bhoj, &quot;O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of ‘Ashwar Parmatma (God, Supreme Spirit) , I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat-eaters. My follower will be a man circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution, announcing call for prayer and will be eating all lawful things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine . They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. Because of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmans (Muslims). I shall be the originator of this religion of the meat-eating nation.&quot;
  96. 97. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad ..
  97. 98. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>Several prophecies are found in Atharva Veda: (1) XX: 21, Mantras 6, 7, and 9, (2) XX: 137, Mantras 7 through 9, and (3) X: 2, Mantras 26, 27, 29, 30, and 32. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, in Rig Veda , additional prophecies are found in: (1) VII: 96, Mantras 13 through 16, and (2) I: 53, Mantras 6 and 9. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, a prophecy is found in Sama Veda III: 10, Mantra 1. </li></ul><ul><li>These are a sample of many prophecies. The serious reader may want to refer to scholarly work of Dr. A.H. Vidyarthi, entitled “Mohammad in World Scriptures,” 1990 . This book explains the Hindu terminology used in the Mantras and the meaning and usage of certain words and phrases from within the Vedas and other Hindu Scriptures. </li></ul>
  98. 99. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>Sama Veda II: 6, Mantra 8 &quot; Ahmad acquired religious law (Shariah) from his Lord. This religious law is full of wisdom. I receive light from him just as from the sun.&quot; </li></ul>
  99. 100. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>For a long time, the Hindu Scriptures were primarily in the hands of Pandits and a small group of men who had learned Sanskrit (The majority of the Hindu population knew Hindi and could comprehend only a smattering of Sanskrit words). Sir William Jones , who was a Judge and founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal, learned Sanskrit in the last decade of the Eighteenth century. He was instrumental in generating interest in Sanskrit and Hindu Scriptures in Europe, and it was due to his efforts that the Hindu scriptures were translated into English. </li></ul>
  100. 101. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>In 1935, Dr. Pran Nath published an article in the Times of India that showed that the Rig Veda contains events of the Babylonian and Egyptian kings and their wars. Further, he showed that one-fifth of the Rig Veda is derived from the Babylonian Scriptures. From a Muslim perspective, it is likely that the Hindus were given a revealed book or books that contained description and struggles of Allah’s Prophets sent previously to other peoples. It is also possible that commentaries written about them were incorporated later and became a part of the revealed books. </li></ul>
  101. 102. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>All major books of the Hindus prophesy about Prophet Mohammad. In addition to many of his qualities, his life events, Abraham, Ka'bah, Bakkah (Makkah) and Arabia, the prophecies mention his name as Mahamad, Mamah, and Ahmad . The name Mahamad appears in the Puranas, Mamah in Kuntap Sukt (in Atharva Veda) and Ahmad in Sama Veda. </li></ul>
  102. 103. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>The incident relating to King Chakrawati Farmas is documented in an old manuscript in the India Office Library, London, which has reference number: Arabic, 2807, 152-173. It is quoted in the book “Muhammad Rasulullah,” by M. Hamidullah: </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is a very old tradition in Malabar, South-West Coast of India, that Chakrawati Farmas, one of their kings, had observed the splitting of the moon, the celebrated miracle of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) at Mecca, and learning on inquiry that there was a prediction of the coming of a Messenger of God from Arabia , he appointed his son as regent and set out to meet him. </li></ul><ul><li>He embraced Islam at the hand of the Prophet, and when returning home, at the direction of the Prophet, died at the port of Zafar, Yemen, where the tomb of the “Indian king” was piously visited for many centuries.” </li></ul>
  103. 104. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>The old manuscript in the 'India Office Library' contains several other details about King Chakrawati Farmas and his travel. </li></ul><ul><li>The splitting of the moon is mentioned in the Holy Qur'an, Surah Al-Qamar (54), Verses 1-3: </li></ul><ul><li>اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ </li></ul><ul><li>وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ </li></ul><ul><li>وَكَذَّبُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا أَهْوَاءهُمْ وَكُلُّ أَمْرٍ مُّسْتَقِرّ </li></ul><ul><li>The hour drew nigh and the moon was rent in twain. And if they behold a portent they turn away and say: Prolonged illusion. They denied (the Truth) and followed their own lusts. Yet everything will come to a decision. </li></ul>
  104. 105. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>this incident took place at Mina in Makkah about five years before the Holy Prophet's Hijra (migration) to Madinah. </li></ul><ul><li>The Moon had split into two distinct parts in front of their very eyes. The two parts had separated and receded so much apart from each other that to the on-lookers (in Makkah) one part had appeared on one side of the mountain and the other on the other side of it. Then, in an instant the two had rejoined. </li></ul>
  105. 106. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>This was a manifest proof of the truth that the system of the universe was neither eternal nor immortal, it could be disrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>This incident indicated that huge stars and planets could split asunder, disintegrate, collide with each other, and everything that had been described in the Qur'an on the Resurrection could happen. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) invited the people's attention to this event only with this object in view and asked them to mark it and be a witness to it. But the disbelievers described it as a magical illusion and persisted in their denial. They were reproached in Surah Al-Qamar (The Moon) for their stubbornness. </li></ul>
  106. 107. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>It is due to this incident about their king, the people of Malabar became the first community in India to accept Islam. Subsequently, they increased their trade with Arabs, as the Arab ships used to pass by their shores on the way to China before the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). </li></ul>
  107. 108. A Brief Introduction To Hindu Scriptures <ul><li>Before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Malabar also had a Christian community dating back from the earliest followers of Prophet Jesus ('Isa), pbuh. St. Thomas is believed to have migrated to India and died there. This community remained untouched by later theological developments in Christianity until the arrival of Portugese traveler Vasco da Gama . </li></ul><ul><li>When the British were consolidating their stronghold in India, they deployed the largest naval operation (on the shores of India) against the Muslims of Malabar. </li></ul>
  108. 109. Súrah al-Baqara (The Cow) <ul><li>الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقاً مِّنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ </li></ul><ul><li>[2:146] Those whom We have given the Book recognize him as they recognize their sons, and a party of them most surely conceal the truth while they know (it). </li></ul>
  109. 110. Surah al-Maaida (The Table Spread) <ul><li>يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ قَدْ جَاءكُمْ رَسُولُنَا يُبَيِّنُ لَكُمْ كَثِيراً مِّمَّا كُنتُمْ تُخْفُونَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَيَعْفُو عَن كَثِيرٍ قَدْ جَاءكُم مِّنَ اللّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ </li></ul><ul><li>[5:15] O followers of the Book! indeed Our Messenger has come to you making clear to you much of what you concealed of the Book and passing over much; indeed, there has come to you light and a clear Book from Allah; </li></ul>
  110. 111. Surah al-Maaida (The Table Spread) <ul><li>يَهْدِي بِهِ اللّهُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلاَمِ وَيُخْرِجُهُم مِّنِ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ </li></ul><ul><li>[5:16] With it Allah guides him who will follow His pleasure into the ways of safety and brings them out of utter darkness into light by His will and guides them to the right path. </li></ul>
  111. 112. <ul><li>There are many prophecies about Prophet Muhammad (s) in the revealed scriptures of old (Old and New Testaments. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the translations from original Hebrew to Greek, to Latin and English, some of the words in the Bible refering to Prophet Muhammad (s) by name were translated. </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Jesus (pbuh) spoke Aramaic, a dialect of Hebrew. Therefore, it is recommended that any one with serious study in mind should make an effort to locate certain words and their meaning from Hebrew text. </li></ul>
  112. 113. <ul><li>Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon 5:16. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hebrew word used in this verse is Mahamaddim . The ending letters ‘im’ is a plural of respect, majesty and grandeur, just as in Elohim (the God). </li></ul><ul><li>Without ‘im’ the name becomes Mahamadd which was translated as &quot;altogether lovely&quot; in the Authorized Version of the Bible or 'The Praised One', 'the one worthy of Praise.' In Arabic, Muhammad means the one who is most praised. </li></ul>
  113. 114. <ul><li>* Song of Solomon 5:16 His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase &quot;he is altogether lovely&quot; reads in the Hebrew as &quot;he is Mahamaddim.&quot; </li></ul>
  114. 115. <ul><li>Haggai 2:7-9 And I will shake all nations, and the Himada of all the nations will come; and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. Mine is the silver, mine is the gold, says the Lord of hosts, the glory of my last house shall be greater than that of the first one, says the Lord of hosts; and in this place I will give Shalom , says the Lord of Hosts. </li></ul>
  115. 116. <ul><li>The Hebrew words Mahmad, Mahamod, Himdah, and Hemed appearing in the Old Testament and the Arabic words Muhammad and Ahmad are all derived from the same root &quot;H, M and D,&quot; and refer to the same general meaning. These Hebrew words convey qualities as well as the person depending on the phrase used in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word Shalom and the Arabic word Salam have the same meaning - peace. They are derived from the root alphabets &quot;S, L and M.&quot; Islam is also derived from the same root alphabets and means the path of peace. </li></ul>
  116. 117. <ul><li>Bhavishya Puran, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Mantra 5 </li></ul><ul><li>A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad ... </li></ul><ul><li>Sama Veda II: 6, Mantra 8 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Ahmad acquired religious law (Shariah) from his Lord. This religious law is full of wisdom. I receive light from him just as from the sun.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Muhammad's other name was Ahmad (both are from root letters h, m and d), both words have the meaning the &quot;praised one&quot; except the latter emphasizes a higher degree to it. The Holy Qur'an states that Prophet 'Isa (Jesus, pbuh) mentioned the last prophet's name as Ahmad . </li></ul>
  117. 118. <ul><li>Epistle of Sasan I, Dasatir </li></ul><ul><li>When the Persians will do such deeds, a man from among the Arabs will be born whose followers shall overthrow and dissolve the kingdom and religion of the Persians ...Instead of the temple of fire and the house of idols they will see the House of Abraham without any idols as their Qibla. ...And they (Muslims) will be a mercy to the worlds. ...And their leader (Prophet Muhammad) will be an eloquent man whose words and message will be clear and far-reaching </li></ul>
  118. 119. Kedar <ul><li>Genesis 25:12-16 </li></ul><ul><li>12- Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham: 13- And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael , by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar , and Adbeel, and Mibsam, 14- And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, 15- Hadar, and Tema , Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: 16 -These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns , and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations. </li></ul>
  119. 120. Makkah, Bakka, Baca <ul><li>Psalms 84:5-6 </li></ul><ul><li>5- Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well ; the rain also filleth the pools. </li></ul>
  120. 121. <ul><li>Qur'an Al-Imran :96-97 </li></ul><ul><li>إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ </li></ul><ul><li>فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّـنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا وَلِلّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ الله غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ </li></ul><ul><li>96- The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings: </li></ul><ul><li>97- In it are signs manifest; (for example) the Station of Abraham ; whoever enters it attains security; pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures. </li></ul>
  121. 122. PARAN <ul><li>Genesis 21:17-21 </li></ul><ul><li>17-And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar ? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. </li></ul><ul><li>18-Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation . </li></ul><ul><li>19- And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water ; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink. </li></ul><ul><li>20- And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. </li></ul><ul><li>21- And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran : and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt. </li></ul>
  122. 123. <ul><li>Atharva Veda X, 2, Mantra 33 </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma (Abraham) stayed in this abode which is illumined by heavenly light and covered with Divine blessings. It is the place that gives (spiritual) life to the people and is unconquerable. </li></ul>
  123. 124. Ka'bah And Makkah <ul><li>Isaiah 60 Verses 6 to 18: </li></ul><ul><li>6-The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD . </li></ul><ul><li>7- All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory . </li></ul><ul><li>10- And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls , and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee. </li></ul>
  124. 125. Ka'bah And Makkah <ul><li>11- Therefore thy gates shall be open continually ; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought. </li></ul><ul><li>12- For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted. </li></ul><ul><li>18- Violence shall no more be heard in thy land , wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise. </li></ul>
  125. 126. <ul><li>Atharva Veda X, 2, Mantras 28 and 31 28. </li></ul><ul><li>Whether it is built high, its walls are in a straight line or not , but God is seen in every corner of it. He who knows the House of God, knows it because God is remembered there. </li></ul><ul><li>31. This abode of the angels has eight circuits and nine gates. It is unconquerable , there is eternal life in it and it is resplendent with Divine light. </li></ul>
  126. 127. <ul><li>The Ka'bah is not exactly cubical and its sides are not of the same length. The Holy Sanctuary (Haram) of which Ka'abah is at the center remains open day and night throughout the year and it is always filled with people praying and supplicating to Allah (the One True God). Muslims face toward it during prayer forming circle in the Haram (Holy House) and the circle extends out in this manner throughout the planet Earth. </li></ul>
  127. 128. <ul><li>The holy sanctuary (Haram) has remained unconquerable. Abraha al-Ashram, the Abbysinian viceroy of Yemen, tried to demolish it in 570 CE with a strong army and hordes of elephants but was prevented from entering the city (Holy precinct). </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Makkah had decided not to defend the Ka'bah, fled the city and took refuge in nearby hills overlooking Ka'bah. By Allah's Command, the 'Abaabeel' (flying creatures, birds) pelted stones at Abraha's army and decimated it, leaving them like green crops devoured by cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>This incident is described in the Surah (chapter) 105 of the Qur'an. The year 570 CE is popularly known by the Arabs as 'The year of the Elephant,' and Prophet Muhammad was born in that year. </li></ul>
  128. 129. <ul><li>I Cannot Read </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 29:12 (read verses 11 through 18 for full context) And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned. </li></ul>
  129. 130. Revelation Piece By Piece <ul><li>Isaiah 28:10-13 (read verses 10 through 16 for full context) </li></ul><ul><li>10- For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little: </li></ul><ul><li>11- For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. </li></ul><ul><li>12 -To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear. </li></ul><ul><li>13- But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept ; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little ; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken. </li></ul>
  130. 131. Revelation Piece By Piece <ul><li>Kuntap Sukt 4, Atharva Veda </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate the truth, O ye who glorifies [Ahmad] , disseminate the truth, just as a bird sings on a ripe fruited tree. Thy lips and tongue move swiftly like the sharp blade of a pair of shears. </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to the Prophet Muhammad's condition when he received revelation through Archangel Jibril (Gabriel). </li></ul>
  131. 132. Mine Elect <ul><li>Isaiah 42:1-13 </li></ul><ul><li>1-Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect , in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. </li></ul><ul><li>2- He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street. </li></ul><ul><li>3-A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. </li></ul><ul><li>4- He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law. </li></ul>
  132. 133. Mine Elect <ul><li>5- Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein: </li></ul><ul><li>6- I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; </li></ul><ul><li>7- To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house. </li></ul>
  133. 134. Mine Elect <ul><li>8- I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. </li></ul><ul><li>9- Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them. </li></ul><ul><li>10- Sing unto the LORD a new song , and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof. </li></ul><ul><li>11- Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit : let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>12-Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands. </li></ul><ul><li>13- The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies. </li></ul>
  134. 135. Him That Fled <ul><li>Isaiah 21:13-17 </li></ul><ul><li>13- The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye traveling companies of Dedanim. </li></ul><ul><li>14- The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled . </li></ul><ul><li>15- For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war. </li></ul><ul><li>16- For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail : </li></ul><ul><li>17- And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it. </li></ul>
  135. 136. Ten Thousands Saints <ul><li>Deuteronomy 33:1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>1- And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death. </li></ul><ul><li>2- And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran , and he came with ten thousands of saints : from his right hand went a fiery law for them. </li></ul><ul><li>3- Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words. </li></ul>
  136. 137. Ten Thousands Saints <ul><li>Rig Veda V, 27, Mantra 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The wagon-possessor, the truthful and truth-loving, extremely wise, powerful and generous, Mamah [Mohammad] has favored me with his words. </li></ul><ul><li>The son of the All-powerful, possessing all good attributes, the mercy for the worlds has become famous with ten thousand [companions]. </li></ul>
  137. 138. <ul><li>Kuntap Sukt, Atharva Veda, Mantra 3 </li></ul><ul><li>He gave the Mamah Rishi a hundred gold coins, ten chaplets, three hundred steeds and ten thousand cows . </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to one hundred early companions of the Prophet, eighty of them migrated to Abyssinia; ten elect companions who were given the good news of paradise by the Prophet; three hundred thirteen companions of the battle of Badr; and ten thousand companions who accompanied the Prophet in the triumphant entry of Makkah and cleansing of Ka'bah of Idols. A cow or an ox as described in the Vedas represents both as a symbol of war and peace. The companions of the Prophet had both these qualities. They were saintly men, pious and compassionate like a cow, and they were fierce and strong in establishing peace and justice. </li></ul>
  138. 139. A Prophet From Among Their Brethren <ul><li>Deutronomy 18:18-19 </li></ul><ul><li>18- I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee , and will put my words in his mouth ; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. </li></ul><ul><li>19- And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name , I will require it of him. </li></ul><ul><li>And he (Ishmael) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren . (Genesis 16:12). </li></ul><ul><li>And he (Ishmael) died in the presence of all his brethren . (Genesis 25:18). </li></ul>
  139. 140. <ul><li>One of numerous examples of '...and I will put my words into his mouth...' is given below from the Qur'an; the verses begin with the word ' Say ': </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Say (O Muhammad): He Is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal Absolute;He Begetteth Not, Nor Is He Begotten:And There Is None like unto Him. (Qur'an 112:1-4) </li></ul><ul><li>The evidence for 'he shall speak in my name': </li></ul><ul><li>Every Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an, except the ninth, begins with the words: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;In The Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.&quot; </li></ul>
  140. 141. <ul><li>The Epistle of Sasan I in Dasatir contains the prophecy about Prophet Muhammad. Sasan I was a reformer of the Zoroastrian religion. It is believed that this Epistle is a part of the teachings of Prophet Zoroaster , to which Sasan I added his explanatory notes. Some scholars have suggested that the word ‘Dasatir’ means ten (das) parts (tir) while others contend that this word is derived from Dasatur, meaning religious law. The Zoroastrians are also known as ‘ Magians ’ and ‘Fire Worshipers.’ </li></ul>
  141. 142. <ul><li>The Epistle of Sasan I describes future events at a time when Zoroastrians will have forsaken their religious practices. The English translation of the Epistle of Sasan I is presented below. </li></ul><ul><li>“ When the Persians will do such deeds, a man from among the Arabs will be born whose followers shall overthrow and dissolve the kingdom and religion of the Persians. </li></ul>
  142. 143. <ul><li>And the arrogant people (Persians) will be subjugated. Instead of the temple of fire and the house of idols they will see the House of Abraham without any idols as their Qibla. </li></ul><ul><li>“ And they (Muslims) will be a mercy to the worlds . And they will capture the places of temples of fire, Madain (Ctesiphon), nearby lands, Tus and Balkh, and other eminent and sacred places (of Zoroastrians). And their leader (Prophet Muhammad) will be an eloquent man whose words and message will be clear and far-reaching. ” </li></ul>
  143. 144. <ul><li>The word by word translation of the Epistle of Sasan I is given below. The text of this Epistle is taken from Dasatir published by Mulla Pheroze during the reign of Shah Nasiruddeen Kachar of Persia. Mulla Pheroze lived in Bombay (India) and he was an eminent scholar of Pahlavi, Zend, Persian, and Arabic languages. He consulted with several famous Zoroastrians priests to authenticate his translation. The original text is in Pahlavi . </li></ul>
  144. 146. <ul><li>There are many prophecies in Dasatir and in Zend Avesta , the other sacred book of the Zoroastrians. The word ‘ Astvat-ereta ’ in the prophecies means ‘ the praised one ’ which is Muhammad in Arabic. Some prophecies are found in Farvardin Yasht XIII:17 and XXVIII:129, Zamyad Yasht: 95, and Atash Nyayish: 9. </li></ul>

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