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Islam In America


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Published in: Education, Spiritual

Islam In America

  1. 1. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>HISTORICAL EVENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>MIGRATION. </li></ul><ul><li>TESTEMONIES. </li></ul><ul><li>STATISTICS. </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURES. </li></ul><ul><li>OUR RESPONSABILITIES. </li></ul>
  2. 2. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Numerous evidence suggests that Muslims from Spain and West Africa arrived to the Americas at least five centuries before Columbus. It is recorded, for example, that in the mid-tenth century, (929-961 CE), Muslims of African origin sailed westward from the Spanish port of DELBA (Palos) into the &quot;Ocean of darkness and fog&quot;. They returned after a long absence with much items from a &quot;strange and curious land&quot;. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>The last Muslim stronghold in Spain, Granada, fell to the Christians in 1492 CE, just before the Spanish inquisition was launched. </li></ul><ul><li>To escape persecution, many non-Christians fled or embraced Catholicism. </li></ul><ul><li>A decree was issued in 1539 CE by Charles V, king of Spain, which forbid the grandsons of Muslims to migrate to the West Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>This decree was ratified in 1543 CE, and an order for the expulsion of all Muslims from overseas Spanish territories was subsequently published.. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>A Muslim historian and geographer AL-MASUDI (871-957 CE) wrote in his book Muruj adh-dhahab wa maadin aljawhar (The meadows of gold and quarries of jewels) that during the rule of the Muslim caliph of Spain Abdullah Ibn Mohammad(888-912 CE), a Muslim navigator, Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad, from Cordoba, Spain sailed from Delba (Palos) in 889 CE, crossed the Atlantic, reached an unknown territory (ard majhoola) and returned with fabulous treasures. </li></ul><ul><li>In Al-Masudi's map of the world there is a large area in the ocean of darkness and fog which he referred to as the unknown territory (Americas) </li></ul>
  5. 5. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>A Muslim historian AL-GUTIYYA narrated that during the reign of the Muslim caliph of Spain, Hisham II (976-1009CE), another Muslim navigator, Ibn Farrukh, from Granada, sailed from Kadesh (February 999CE) into the Atlantic, landed in Gando (Great Canary islands) visiting King Guanariga, and continued westward where he saw and named two islands, Capraria and Pluitana. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>On October 12, 1492 CE, Columbus landed on a little island in the Bahamas that was called GUANAHANI by the natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed SAN SALVADOR by Columbus. GUANAHANI . GUANA (IKHWANA) means 'brothers' and HANI is an Arabic name. Therefore the original name of the island was 'HANI BROTHERS'. </li></ul><ul><li>Ferdinand Columbus, the son of Christopher, wrote about the blacks seen by his father in Honduras: &quot;The people who live farther east of Pointe Cavinas, as far as Cape Gracias a dios, are almost black in color.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Columbus and early Spanish and portuguese explorers were able to voyage across the Atlantic (a distance of 2400 Km's) thanks to Muslim geographical and navigational information. </li></ul><ul><li>In particular maps made by Muslim traders, including AL-MASUDI (871-957CE) in his book Akhbar az-zaman (History of the world) which is based on material gathered in Africa and Asia. </li></ul>
  8. 8. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>As a matter of fact, Columbus had two captain of Muslim origin during his first transatlantic voyage: </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Alonso Pinzon was the captain of the PINTA, </li></ul><ul><li>and his brother Vicente Yanez Pinzon was the captain of the NINA. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Columbus admitted in his papers that on Monday, October 21,1492 CE while his ship was sailing near Gibara on the north-east coast of Cuba, </li></ul><ul><li>he saw a mosque on top of a beautiful mountain. The ruins of mosques and minarets with inscriptions of Quranic verses have been discovered in Cuba, Mexico,Texas and Nevada. </li></ul><ul><li>DAVIES, NIGEL Voyagers to the New World, New York 1979 </li></ul>
  10. 10. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>During his second voyage, Columbus was told by the Indians of ESPANOLA (Haiti), that black people had been to the island before his arrival. For proof, they presented Columbus with the weapons of these African Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>These weapons were tipped with a yellow metal that the Indians called GUANIN, a word of West African derivation meaning 'gold alloy'. Oddly enough, it is related to the Arabic word 'GHINAA' which means 'WEALTH'. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus brought some GUANINES back to Spain and had them tested. He learned that the metal was 18 parts gold (56.25%), 6 parts silver (18.75%) and 8 parts copper (25%), the same ratio as the metal produced in African metal shops of Guinea. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Dr. Barry Fell (Harvard University) introduced ' solid scientific evidence supporting the arrival, centuries before Columbus, of Muslims from North and West Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Fell discovered the existence of the Muslim schools at Valley of Fire, Allan Springs, Logomarsino, Keyhole, Canyon, Washoe and Hickison Summit Pass (Nevada), Mesa Verde (Colorado), Mimbres Valley (New Mexico) and Tipper Canoe (Indiana) dating back to 700-800 CE. </li></ul><ul><li>FELL,BARRY Saga America, New York 1980. FELL,BARRY America BC, New York 1976 </li></ul>
  12. 12. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Engraved on rocks in the arid western U.S, he found texts, diagrams and charts representing the last surviving fragments of what was once a system of schools - at both an elementary and higher level. </li></ul><ul><li>The language of instruction was North African Arabic written with old Kufi Arabic scripts. </li></ul><ul><li>The subjects of instruction included writing, reading, arithmetic, religion, history, geography, mathematics, astronomy and sea navigation.. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>There are 565 names of places (villages, towns, cities, mountains, lakes, rivers,.. etc. ) in U.S.A. (484) and Canada (81) which derived from Islamic and Arabic roots. </li></ul><ul><li>Mecca-720 inhabitants (Indiana), Makkah Indian tribe (Washington), </li></ul><ul><li>Medina-2100 (Idaho), Medina-8500 (N.Y.), Medina-1100, Hazen-5000 (North Dakota), Medina-17000/Medina-120000 (Ohio), Medina-1100 (Tennessee), Medina-26000 (Texas), Medina-1200 (Ontario), </li></ul><ul><li>Mahomet-3200 (Illinois), Mona-1000 (Utah), Arva-700 (Ontario)...etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Many Syrian families settled in New York City during the latter part of the 19th century. Above, the drawing by W. Bengough, depicts everyday life and occupations in 1890 on Washington Street in Lower Manhattan in a Syrian immigrant neighborhood in the city. (North Wind Picture Archives </li></ul>
  15. 15. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>The fourth and most recent wave of Muslim immigration has come after 1965, the year President Lyndon Johnson sponsored an immigration bill that repealed the longstanding system of quotas by national origin. Under the new system, preferences went to relatives of U.S. residents and those with special occupational skills needed in the United States. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>After 1965, immigration from Western Europe began to decline significantly, with a corresponding growth in the numbers of persons arriving from the Middle East and Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>In this era more than half of the immigrants to America from these regions have been Muslim . </li></ul>
  18. 19. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>American values are, by and large, very consistent with Islamic values, with a focus on family, faith, hard work, and an obligation to better self and society. </li></ul>
  19. 20. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>I feel not only proud to be an American to carry an American passport and travel worldwide - I feel that I can be myself, a fully practicing Muslim, particularly in America. </li></ul><ul><li>This means I wake up in the morning without fear and come home at the end of the day without fear.&quot; </li></ul>
  20. 21. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>&quot;I came here four months ago from Iran,&quot; she explained to the other girls. &quot;I didn't know any Muslims, so I hid myself and my ways.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;When you are alone, you are a drop of water. But here with the other Muslim students, you are part of the sea, one of many drops.&quot; </li></ul>
  21. 22. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>I swore I never would wear the veil,&quot; she said. As for her figure-concealing dress, she added: </li></ul><ul><li>“My goal used to be to wear a size two, date and go to proms. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, I want to be identified as Muslim. There's nothing to be ashamed of.&quot; </li></ul>
  22. 23. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Just last month, M.G, 14, whose parents immigrated to the U.S. from Iran, made a big decision about her style of dress. </li></ul><ul><li>While most of the girls who attended the Ramadan prayers wore Western clothes and only covered their hair to pray, M.G changed her entire wardrobe when she &quot;took the veil.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>She now wears a long skirt and long-sleeve top as well, to completely conceal her figure. </li></ul>
  23. 24. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>The Islamic Union almost didn't exist this year. The students were so affected and distracted by world events that they missed the school's extracurricular activity registration deadline. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;After Sept. 11 they were in shock, &quot;they couldn't get it together.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Last year, there were only five or eight kids, and they met sporadically. </li></ul><ul><li>This year, they've had an average of 20 students at meetings.&quot; A typical meeting includes a talk about some aspect of their religion by one of the students, prayers and lunch . </li></ul>
  24. 25. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Asked about Bin Laden and al Qaeda, some of the students turned red-faced. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I don't think there are Muslim fundamentalists,&quot; M.T responded fervently. &quot;There are corrupt governments and extremists.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>M.J was. a bit more objective. &quot;I see the Taliban and Osama bin Laden not as Muslims who practice the religion correctly but as people who misunderstand the religion,&quot; he said. </li></ul>
  25. 26. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Islam is one of the fastest-growing religions in the United States today. According to one recent survey, there are 1,209 mosques in America, well over half founded in the last 20 years. Between 17 and 30 percent of American Muslims are converts to the faith. </li></ul>
  26. 27. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Mosques in the United States: 1,209 </li></ul><ul><li>American Muslims associated with a mosque: 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in number of mosques since 1994: 25 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of mosques founded since 1980: 62 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Average number of Muslims associated with each mosque in the United States: 1,625 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosque participants who are converts: 30 percent </li></ul>
  27. 28. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>American Muslims who &quot;strongly agree&quot; that they should participate in American institutions and the political process: 70 percent </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosques attended by a single ethnic group: 7 percent </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosques that have some Asian, African-American, and Arab members: nearly 90 percent </li></ul>
  28. 29. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>U.S. mosques that feel they strictly follow the Koran : more than 90 percent </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosques that feel the Koran should be interpreted with consideration of its purposes and modern circumstances: 71 percent </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosques that provide some assistance to the needy: nearly 70 percent </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. mosques with a full-time school: more than 20 percent </li></ul>
  29. 31. WHERE ARE WE?
  30. 32. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Founded 20 years ago in northern New Mexico, and built in the North African style, Dar al Islam houses a mosque, a school, and a hospitality complex. </li></ul><ul><li>Men pray outside the Dar al Islam Mosque near Abiquiu, New Mexico . </li></ul>
  31. 33. WHERE ARE WE?
  32. 34. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>Muslim men bow for afternoon prayer on New York's Madison Avenue in Manhattan before the start of the United American Muslim Day Parade. </li></ul>
  33. 35. WHERE ARE WE?
  34. 36. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>In Tempe, Arizona, a more traditional mosque with dome and minaret </li></ul>
  35. 37. WHERE ARE WE?
  36. 38. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>The Islamic Society of Greater Houston, Texas, built in the early '90s . </li></ul>
  37. 39. WHERE ARE WE?
  38. 40. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>U.S. Navy sailors of Islamic faith pray aboard ship on the first day of Ramadan in 2001. </li></ul>
  40. 42. ISLAM IN AMERICA <ul><li>A Muslim man shares a tender moment with his wife on South Mountain, Arizona, to view the crescent moon that will signal the beginning of Ramadan. </li></ul>
  49. 51. What’s our responsibility?
  50. 52. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>THINK ABOUT IT. </li></ul><ul><li>ARE YOU THINKING RIGHT NOW? </li></ul><ul><li>IT’S NOT VERY HARD ! </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU REALLY BELIEVE YOU’RE GONNA DIE! </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU REALLY BELIEVE IN JUDGMENT DAY? </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU BELIEVE GOD IS JUST? </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU BELIEVE IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) </li></ul><ul><li>ARE YOU A REAL FOLLOWER OF HADITH SAGGALEIN? </li></ul><ul><li>WE NEED TO BE HONEST WITH OURSELVES! </li></ul>
  51. 53. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>ARE YOU THINKING RIGHT NOW? </li></ul>
  52. 54. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>IT’S NOT VERY HARD ! </li></ul>
  53. 55. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>DO YOU REALLY BELIEVE YOU’RE GONNA DIE! </li></ul>
  54. 56. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>DO YOU REALLY BELIEVE IN JUDGMENT DAY? </li></ul>
  55. 57. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>DO YOU BELIEVE GOD IS JUST? </li></ul>
  56. 58. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>DO YOU HONESTLY BELIEVE YOU DESERVE PARADISE ? </li></ul>
  57. 59. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>DO YOU BELIEVE IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH)? </li></ul>
  58. 60. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>ARE YOU A REAL FOLLOWER OF HADITH SAGGALEIN? </li></ul>
  59. 61. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>WE NEED TO BE HONEST WITH OURSELVES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>
  61. 63. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>THE LIGHT IS OFF, LIKE THE TENT OF IMAM HUSSEIN ON MUHARRAM THE 9TH . </li></ul><ul><li>ARE YOU ESCAPING OR STAYING WITH YOUR IMAM? </li></ul>
  62. 64. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>THE CHOICE IS YOURS LIKE IT WAS FOR HURRE-IBN RIYAHI. </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE THE RIGHT CHOICE. </li></ul>
  63. 65. What’s our responsibility? <ul><li>THANK YOU. </li></ul><ul><li>GOD BLESS YOU ALL. </li></ul>