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  1. 1. Aviation Assignment TAKING OF TO THE FUTURE
  3. 3.  Any attempt at any level cannot be satisfactorily completed without the support and guidance of learned people. I would like to express my great gratitude to Mrs. Drynette Morris ma’am for her constant support and motivation that has encouraged me to come up with the assignment. I am also thankful to all other members of Frankfinn and my classmates who have rendered their whole hearted support to all times for the successful completion of this assignment
  4. 4.  P 1a(LO1 of unit 4)
  5. 5.  The aviation industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world.. Now a days these industry is having a lot of crisis I THINK THE MAIN REASONS FOR THESE LOSS ARE THE FOLLOWS;- Lack of employees Hike of fuel price
  6. 6.  ABOUT GROWTH In last 10 years this sector got about 15% of development Growth in 2010 is 9%
  7. 7.  I am taking 3 news from this industry and justifying it. and my news are…….
  8. 8.  Indian airlines will not comply with the European Unions (EU) carbon charging scheme, according to civil aviation minister Ajit Singh. Last month, China said its airlines would not pay the EU charge. Brussels has insisted the carbon charge is essential if it is to meet its obligation to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020.
  9. 9.  Hundreds of British Airways workers at Gatwick Airport are set to lose their jobs or be transferred to another company The carrier said 400 ramp workers, including baggage handlers, will see their jobs outsourced, while 170 customer service staff and management support employees will be laid off under the proposals. The airlines claim the increasing taxes on flying are stifling the economys recovery
  10. 10.  Gatwick Airport was halted to a standstill today after a Virgin Atlantic flight bound for Orlando was forced to make an emergency landing, amid reports that there was a small fire on board. The aircraft was Airbus A330 and the flight number is VS 27 Only 14 were admitted to hospital with minor injuries
  11. 11. After this incident VS apologized the passengers“We apologies to all of those customers that have suffered a very difficult experience – we are working around the clock to ensure that best possible care for everyone involved”
  12. 12. After the emergency
  13. 13. Emily Alner sent ITV News an image of theinjuries she sustained after the planes emergencylanding.
  14. 14.  Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. CAUSES SMOKING DUST ALLERRGY RESPIRATORY INFCTIONS
  17. 17. Embarkation and disembarkation of UNM’S and MOTHER WITH INFANT.
  18. 18.  An unaccompanied minor is a child without the presence of a legal guardian All unaccompanied minors documents stays with the crew in most airlines Crew should introduce his/herself to that passenger Crew should explain all the safety equipments, passenger call button, and they shows the toilet also Mostly they seated on aisle seats next to a lady passenger
  19. 19.  UNM’S embarkates first and they disembarks last from a flight
  20. 20.  Cabin crew should give more care to that infant Mostly they seated on the 1st row After getting into the aircraft they will get baby bassinet
  21. 21.  They embarks and disembarks along with all other passengers.
  22. 22. An empty bassinetA mother with infant
  23. 23.  P 4a (LO4 OF UNIT 4)
  24. 24.  1, SMOKE HOOD AND, 2, FIRE AXE
  25. 25.  smoke hood is a protective device similar in concept to a gas mask Smoke hoods present on aircraft, also called Protective Breathing Equipment (or PBEs) typically generate oxygen for anywhere from 30 seconds to 15 minutes
  26. 26.  The crew should check the safety equipments on board before the passenger boarding In smoke hood the crew should check the follows:- A, Check the validity If it’s date of validity is over then it should be renew. B, Quantity check C, Humidity indicator it should be in blue colour
  27. 27.  Smoke hoods are intended to protect victims of fire from the effects smoke inhalation.
  28. 28.  To assist in cutting or hacking exits or any area that is blocked during emergencies The handle is insulated to protect against electric shock
  29. 29.  The only thing that the crew should check on this equipment is that:- The rubber handle is in good condition or not
  30. 30.  Fire axes are provided to obtain emergency access to areas and parts of the airplane which are not easily accessible (e.g. behind sidewall, electrical or ceiling panels).
  31. 31. MRIT (UNITS 4 &9)
  32. 32.  As we know the main responsibility of a cabin crew is to ensure safety and comfort of the passenger Their responsibility is to teach passengers with all the key points that are to be considered prior to take off of plane During a flight the crew members assist passengers, make calls on behalf of the captain and serve food, drinks and sell duty free goods.
  33. 33.  Once all the passengers are on board then the cabin crew demonstrate the emergency procedures whilst the plane is preparing for take off. In case of emergencies, cabin crews are there to reassure passengers so that they follow the correct emergency procedures They are responsible for demonstrating all the procedures that are involved in the safety and security features of passengers.
  34. 34.  His responsibility is to make the passengers feel happy with the services and free goods. His responsibility is to offer full comfort to the passengers so that they may enjoy their travelling in all aspects Flight attendants play an important role in the success of an airline
  35. 35.  The crews need to arrive to the office 2( It differs from airline to airline) hours before flight, then they attended the flight briefing by the supervisor where flight briefings were given. After that they have to do the preflight checking procedures weather any valid safety equipments or any damaged items were there, if any thing is there like that then they have to remove in the presence of their superior.
  36. 36.  AFTER TAKE OFF THE DUTIES ARE:- Headsets for the in house entertainment Drinks service Meal service Tea & Coffee Cold towels offered to passengers to freshen up after their meal Clearing & collecting the meal trays from the passenger Duty free goods Immigration cards Preparing the cabin for landing.
  37. 37.  MEGA PHONE A megaphone, speaking-trumpet, bullhorn, blow horn, or loud hailer is a portable, usually hand-held, cone-shaped horn used to amplify a person’s voice or other sounds towards a targeted direction It will use in an aircraft in case the power has lost in PA system
  38. 38.  Crew should check the condition of the mega phone is it is working
  39. 39.  D (UNIT 4 &9)
  40. 40. We know that the Boeing and the Airbus are the two well known aircraft production companies BOEING FOUNDED IN 1916 HEAD QUARTER Chicago, Illinois, U.S., U.S. AIRBUS FOUNDED IN 1970 HEAD QUARTER BLAGNAC, FRANCE
  41. 41.  The Boeing 747 is a wide- body commercial airliner and cargo transport aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, Jumbo Jet, or Queen of the Skies. First flight February 9, 1969 The four-engine 747 uses a double deck configuration for part of its length
  42. 42.  The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. The largest passenger airliner in the world, the A380 made its maiden flight on 27 April 2005 .
  43. 43.  It is also termed as “SUPER JOMBO” of aviation industry Windows are bigger The Superjumbo can sit 525 people in the standard 3-class layout used on most long- distance flights, or up to 853 passengers in the all- economy configuration
  44. 44.  The A380 is the latest and biggest plane from Airbus while the 747 has been Boeing’s flagship for quite some time. The biggest difference between the two is size as the A380 is certainly much bigger than the 747. The Airbus A380 has a wingspan that is 15m longer to that of the 747 It is also about 50% heavier than the 747 even when empty.
  45. 45.  The size of the A380 is such that many airport runways are not equipped to accommodate the huge planes and had to undergo major renovations to make them fit.
  46. 46.  Date: April 20, 2012 Time: 18:40 Location: Islamabad, Pakistan Operator: Bhoja Airlines Flight: 213 AC Type: Boeing 737-236 Reg: AP-BKC cn: 23167/1074 Aboard:127 Fatalities: 127 Ground: 0 Route: Karachi - Islamabad
  47. 47.  Details: While on final approach, the jetliner crashed onto farmland close to Benazir Bhutto International Airport, breaking up and catching on fire. Heavy winds and a severe thunderstorm was in the area at the time of the landing. All 121 passengers and crew of 6 were killed ONE OF THE CREW MEMBER WHO DIED IN THIS CRASH
  48. 48.  Bhoja Air Flight 213 (B4-213) was a domestic scheduled passenger flight operated by the Pakistani airline Bhoja Air crashed in bad weather during its approach to Benazir Bhutto International Airport, Islamabad All 121 passengers and 6 crew members aboard were killed in the crash This was the inaugural flight of Bhoja Air on this route.
  49. 49.  The Bhoja Air Boeing 737 crash in Pakistan on April 20 could have been caused by a UFO sighting by the pilot, unconfirmed reports say
  50. 50.  This flight is crashed because a UFO strike……. But it is an unconfirmed say By studying about this I believe that it is only because of the bad weather conditions The landing was attempted during heavy rain and a thunderstorm The most saddest thing in this crash is that “this flight was an inaugural flight from Karachi (KHI) to Islamabad (ISB)” It was the second deadliest accident in Pakistan aviation.
  51. 51.  I would like to thank Mrs. Drynett Morris ma’am for her heartful help for doing this assignment and for giving me a big knowledge about this industry which was unknown to me.