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Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in
Denmark
Knud Tybirk, Biomass manager, ph.d. (kt@agropark.dk)
Agro Business...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Agro Business Park
– Innovation, Incubation, Investment
• Innova...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Denmark
– Agriculture 62%, forest 13 % of area, ‘semi-nature’ 12...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Danish energy
production
4
Danish production – oil and gas domin...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Renewable energy sources
5
Straw
Windpower (supported)
Waste
Bio...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• The Vision - 2050
6
Biomass
Waste
Wind
oil
Coal
Natural gas
2008...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• By Year 2020
• 35 pct. Renewable energy by 2020
– Biomass energy...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• The challenges:
– Balancing the production and consumption
– Tra...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Balancing
• Integrated energy
systems
9
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Wood (Free of tax)
– Firewood 24 PJ
– Woodchips 18 PJ
– Pellets ...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Straw (free of tax)
– 1/3 for bedding
– 1/3 for energy – 17 PJ
–...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Waste (Free of tax)
– Incineration 22 PJ
– Waste -> resources
– ...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• Biogas (subsidized by 0,15 €/ M3 gas)
– Manure based (50% treate...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
• The solutions
– More biomass (plus 10 mio. t)
– Better utilizati...
Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark
15
Thank you :: Gracias
• Knud Tybirk, Biomass manager, ph.d.
• Ag...
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Estado actual y perspectivas futuras para la bioenergía en Dinamarca

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Presentación realizada por Knud Tybirk, de Agro Business Park (Dinamarca), en el 10º Congreso Internacional de Bioenergía "Retos de la biomasa hacia 2020" (2015)

Acesso al vídeo en el canal de AVEBIOM en youtube en este link https://youtu.be/DhudsCggvrY?list=PLiI9QXKYMxh06h-WnlG7007bUkwPg6sKV

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Estado actual y perspectivas futuras para la bioenergía en Dinamarca

  1. 1. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark Knud Tybirk, Biomass manager, ph.d. (kt@agropark.dk) Agro Business Park/Innovation Network for Biomass
  2. 2. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Agro Business Park – Innovation, Incubation, Investment • Innovation Network for Biomass – Bioenergy, bioeconomy 2
  3. 3. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Denmark – Agriculture 62%, forest 13 % of area, ‘semi-nature’ 12 % – Intensive livestock production (pigs, milk, chicken, fur) – Small forests, public and private – District heating (65% of houses), coal, NG grid and biomass – Tradition for straw boilers, waste incineration, woodchips – Woodpellets (import) and straw replacing coal – Decentralizing energy production (wind, biomass, sun) 3
  4. 4. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Danish energy production 4 Danish production – oil and gas dominated Crude oil Natural gas Renewables Renewables 25%
  5. 5. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Renewable energy sources 5 Straw Windpower (supported) Waste Biogas (supported) Others (PV supported) Wood
  6. 6. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • The Vision - 2050 6 Biomass Waste Wind oil Coal Natural gas 2008: 618 PJ 2050: 500 PJ Sun, heat pumps etc oil Natural gas Biomass Waste Wind
  7. 7. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • By Year 2020 • 35 pct. Renewable energy by 2020 – Biomass energy increase from 132 to 166 PJ – Bioenergy scenarios for 2050 from 200 to 700 PJ 7
  8. 8. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • The challenges: – Balancing the production and consumption – Transport fuels • Methane, electricity, hydrogen – Sustainability, biomass import – Taxation needs 8
  9. 9. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Balancing • Integrated energy systems 9
  10. 10. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Wood (Free of tax) – Firewood 24 PJ – Woodchips 18 PJ – Pellets 34 PJ – increasing – Woody wastes 10 PJ 10 Cheap, Available local/global, Biodiversity issues Creates jobs Cheap, Available local/global, Biodiversity issues Creates jobs
  11. 11. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Straw (free of tax) – 1/3 for bedding – 1/3 for energy – 17 PJ – 1/3 un-utilized – potential for 17 PJ • Incineration • Biogas after pretreatment (briquetting, pelletizing) • Bioethanol • Biomaterials 11 Cheap, Available local, Soil carbon issues Creates jobs Cheap, Available local, Soil carbon issues Creates jobs
  12. 12. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Waste (Free of tax) – Incineration 22 PJ – Waste -> resources – Separation, • organic fraction for biogas (biopulp) • upcycling 12 Cheap, Available regionally/ internationally, Nutrient recycling Creates jobs Cheap, Available regionally/ internationally, Nutrient recycling Creates jobs
  13. 13. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • Biogas (subsidized by 0,15 €/ M3 gas) – Manure based (50% treated by 2020) – Societal wastes (Industry household) – Agr. Wastes (straw) – Energy crops max 12 % – Use for CHP, gas grid, transport 13 Available locally, Climate positive Nutrient recycling, transport fuel Creates jobs, smell (neighbours), permissions Available locally, Climate positive Nutrient recycling, transport fuel Creates jobs, smell (neighbours), permissions
  14. 14. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark • The solutions – More biomass (plus 10 mio. t) – Better utilization • Biorefinery – Biomass reserved for transport fuel – Global regulation – Focus on energy efficiency – Focus on innovation 14
  15. 15. Status and future perspectives for bioenergy in Denmark 15 Thank you :: Gracias • Knud Tybirk, Biomass manager, ph.d. • Agro Business Park/Innovation Network for Biomass • (kt@agropark.dk)

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