Higher Education in Nepal Roundtable Discussion March 7, 2013
Role ofDepartment of Livestock Servicesin Higher Education in Agriculture Dr. Nar Bahadur Rajwar Director General Department of Livestock Services Ministry of Agricultural Development Government of Nepal
The Country NEPAL• Land locked country• Birth place of Lord Buddha• Bordering countries: – China (Tibet): North – India: East, south and west• Geographical region – Himalayan: • 8 out of 14 highest summits in the world including Mt. Everest – Mountain/hill : – Terai: (Mostly bordering with India)• Altitude ranges from 70 meters to 8,848 meters
Geographical and Political division of NepalGeographical division: 3 Eco-zonesMountain (16 districts) 35% of total area. (4800 masl and above)Hills (39 districts) Covers about 42% area.(300 to 4800 masl.)Terai (20 districts) Covers about 23% of the total area.(<300 masl.)Administrative division5 Development regions75 Districts3915 Village Development Committees
Livestock and LivelihoodBackbone of rural economy andrepresents the Mobile Bank60% of the rural people are still engagedin Livestock thus generating ruralemploymentOnly source of food in Himalayas duringsnowfallImportant sector to alleviate rural poverty
Share of Livestock in National GDP• Agriculture share in National GDP –33%• Livestock contribution to AGDP – 26% – Dairy Contribution to livestock – 62.6% – Meat Contribution to livestock – 32.4% – Eggs Contribution to livestock – 5.0%• Potentialities to increase 45 % contribution to AGDP by the year 2014/15 (APP)• 65% of which are engaged in subsistence oriented agriculture based integrated crop-livestock farming system• Highest livestock population per capita and per unit of cultivated land in Asia• Livestock and it’s products accounts for 11% and 6% of total agricultural exports and imports
Organizational Department Of Livestock Chart Services Regional Directorate Of Directorate Of Directorate Of Animal Directorate OfDirectorate Of Livestock Services Training &Extension Production Market PromotionAnimal Health 5 National Livestock Breeding Livestock Breeding Animal Disease Diagnosis Regional Training Center Officce, 2 Laboratory-1 + 6_ and Extension Centers-5 National Pasture and Animal Nutrition Office|, Animal Quarantine Offfice-1 + 8_ Pasture & Fodder seed production Farm 3 Rhizobium Laboratory 1 Central Veterinary Hospital,-1 National Sheep & Goat promotion Office District Livestock Central Biological Production Laboratory Service Office 75 National Pig & Poultry promotion Office Rabies Vaccine Production Laboratory Livestock Quality Control Laboratory National FMD & TADS Laboratory Livestock Service National Cattle & Buffalo Center: 359 promotion Office Veterinary Quality control & Drug management Office Poultry Development Farm Livestock Sub-Center Veterinary Epidemiology Office Livestock Development Farm 6 : 640 Veterinary Public Health Office Total Office:132
Objectives of DLSPoverty alleviation & Foodsecurity through increasedProduction & Productivity ofLivestock.Promotion of LivestockMarket and Processing, thuscreating the platform forcommercialization.Control and eradication ofsocio-economicallyimportant and zoonoticanimal diseases. Department of Livestock Services 8
A. Major Functions of Animal Health Directorate• National Veterinary Authority ( SPS Agreement and WTO)• Formulate national policies, directives and norms related to animal health & to promote animal welfare.• Formulate programme to control and eradicate economically important diseases and zoonotic diseases• Develop emergency preparedness plan to prevent re-emergence of eradicated animal diseases• Participate in collaborative researches in cooperation with NARC and other related agencies• Provide technical support to District Livestock Service Offices & other animal health related agencies & support for capacity building• Communicate technologies, resources and information about veterinary sciences by coordinating national and international agencies
B. Major Functions of Animal Production Directorate• As a focal point to national and international agencies of the related field• To conduct collaborative programme with national and international organizations• To assist Department of Livestock Services to formulate policies, strategy, plan and programme• To develop project for foreign assistance• To prepare, promote and control of standard for quality animal production• To identify, conserve and utilize genetic resources• To coordinate national level programmes to enhance animal production and productivity.
C. Major Functions Livestock Services Training and Extension DirectorateAs a focal point to national and internationalagencies of the related fieldTo conduct collaborative programme withnational and international organizationsTo assist Department of Livestock Servicesto formulate policies, strategy, plan andprogrammeTo conduct various training programme toupgrade human resources and farmers.To prepare the roster list of experts in thearea of animal production and animal healthTo develop training curriculum related toanimal sciences and sciencesTo ordinate different line agencies in orderto develop curriculum of training under DLS
D. Major Functions Livestock Market Promotion Directorate•To conduct collaborative programwith national and internationalorganizations•To assist Department of LivestockServices to formulate policies,strategy, plan and program•To conduct various marketdevelopment program underpartnership like Hat bazar etc•To develop and implement variouslivestock product processing program•To facilitate and promote PPP intoactions 12
Some Facts Milk Meat EggAvailability 52 lit/head / 9 kg /head / 23 no/head/yr year yearRecommended 57 lit/head / 14 kg /head / 48 no/head/yr(National) year yearService coverage: About 17.5-23 % depending on geographical areas
Important Facts Adult Body Weight (M): 150 kg Adult Body Weight (F): 120 kg Height : 87 cm Body Length : 91 cm Chest Girth : 115 cm Milk Yield : 0.5-1.2 cm
Important Facts Adult Body Weight (M): 200 kg Adult Body Weight (F): 130 kg Height : 90 cm Body Length : 99 cm Chest Girth : 114 cm Milk Yield : 0.25-1.5 cm
Livestock Population of NepalSpecies Millions 2010 / 11 Growth rateCattle 7.17 0.57Buffalo 4.68 3.80Goat 8.47 5.70Sheep 0.80 -3.10Pig 1.04 2.90Poultry 24.48 3.02Duck 0.38 0.51
DLS : Research and Development facilitiesAnimal Production Livestock Quality Management Laboratory National Animal Breeding Centre National Pasture and Feed development centre Livestock Development Farms - 12Animal Health Central Veterinary Laboratory Central Biological Production Laboratory Central Rabies Vaccine Production Laboratory National FMD and TADs Laboratory 5 regional veterinary Laboratories National Avian Laboratory Veterinary Standards and Drugs Administration
DLS : Research, Training and Outreach Research ApproachProblem identification and prioritization – Village level workshop (interaction with farmers) – RATWG (Research and extension coordination meeting at regional level) – NTWG (Research and extension coordination meeting at national level)
DLS : Research, Training and Outreach Animal Production Conservation, Promotion and Utilization of Animal Genetic Resources Identification and selection of hardy, disease and parasites resistant breeds andspecies. Dairy cattle Improvement Program(DCIP)-PPRS, BGIP Implementation of buffalo genetic improvement program. Identification of most promising species, varieties and cultivars of the fodder andpasture in different ecological regions. Implementation of buffalo calves fattening program Research and Recommendation of different breeds of cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep , swine and poultry . Management of nucleus herd of different livestock. Management of pure variety of different pasture. National livestock Breeding centre- Semen quality, conception rate, geneticimprovement, reproductive disorder. Different livestock development farms- Management, breeding and nutrition.
DLS : Research, Training and OutreachAnimal HealthEarly Disease diagnosis of different economic diseases.Diagnosis and investigation of Zoonotic diseasesVaccine production of major livestock diseasesRabies vaccine production for humanKhari disease: Research regarding etiology, control and line of treatment .HPAI : Surveillance and containment Program.TADs , HPEDs and Newly Emerging Diseases.
Funding Sources Government of Nepal United Nations(UN) World Bank Asian Development Bank (ADB) USAID European Union(EU) Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) World Health Organization (WHO) OIE ( World Organization for Animal Health) IFAD( International Fund for Agricultural Development)
DLS : Technology Development Development of new breeds of pig: Pakribas; Poultry : Giriraja Development of line of treatment for Khari Disease. Successfully conducted HPAI control Plan Recommendation of different breed of livestock according geographic condition. Recommendation of different fodder species under different condition. Use of Urea Molasses Block/ urea treatment for better production.
Ongoing Projects and National Programs Ongoing Projects HIMALI( High Mountain Agribusiness andLivelihood Improvement Project ) Zoonosis Control Project Leasehold Forestry and Livestock DevelopmentProgram Dairy Cattle Improvement Program (DCIP) National Programs AI (Artificial Insemination) Mission National PPR control Program FMD control Program Avian Influenza control Program
Capacity Building : Higher Education Graduate, post graduate , Ph.D. : Nepal – TU , AFU, PU and abroad ( Scholarship from different agencies) Training- OIE, FAO,USAID, APHCA,SAARC, JICA and different universities, organizations. Observation tour/workshop/conference/seminar In-country training / seminars/ workshops
Linkage with NARC and AFU DLS participate in collaborative researches incooperation with NARC, AFU and other related agencies DLS mainly work as extension and developmentservices. The technology recommended by NARC aretransfer in the farmer level through DLS. NARC mainly focus on the research which is almostbased on farmers problem . AFU caters the human resource need in the agriculturefield of the Nation.
Major Thrust areas Fodder and Pasture Development Breed improvement for sustainable livestock production. Control of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Improvement of the livestock production and profuctivity. Capacity building and Human Resource Development. Infrastructure development, processing and marketing of milk, meat, wool, pasmina and their products.
Areas of potential collaboration with Michigan State UniversityTo formulate national level programmes to enhance animal production and productivity.Effective management of rangelands.Climate change and its impact on animal health .Participatory disease surveillance of Vector borne diseases, parasitic diseases and other emerging and re-emerging diseases.Zoonoses control programResearch grant support to Masters and Ph D studyIntroduction of new technologyStrengthening Capacity of Veterinary LaboratoryStrengthening of Animal Quarantine ServicesExchange of research students/fellows