Higher Education in Nepal Roundtable Discussion March 7, 2013
AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY UNIVERSITY (AFU)Basis for National Economy through Agriculture and ForestryDevelopment in NepalProf. Kailash N PyakuryalVice-chancellor
VisionTo develop as a center of excellence, a world- classuniversity engaged in teaching, research, trainingand services in the sustainable production andmanagement of renewable natural resourcesdedicated to enhancing the quality of life of theNepali people in general and Nepali farmers inparticular.
MISSION To transform the IAAS, Rampur, AgricultureCampus, Rampur and Forestry Campus, Hetaudainto a full- fledged Agriculture and Forestry Universitythat produces world class human resources andproducts, and technologies and information forpeople’s empowerment and sustainabledevelopment. This will be achieved through excellent teaching,basic and applied research and dedicated service inagriculture, forestry and life sciences that will benefitthe farmers and the nation.
General background Agriculture and forestry occupies center stage ofNepalese economy and deserve priority Major source of livelihood for a vast majority of ruralpeople Direct and lasting impact on poverty reduction Necessary condition for large scale increase in youthemployment and reduction in poverty Nominal or limited budget has been allotted foragriculture and forestry sector development by thegovernment Agriculture and forestry productivity are low among thelowest in the region
General background… Increased productivity has the highest potential for reducingpoverty and ensuring broad based growth Productivity growth depends on improved and affordableaccess by farmers to technology, inputs and support servicesfor which agriculture and forestry research and extensionsystem need to be more effective, efficient, and responsive tothe need of their clientele Recently, Agriculture Development Strategy (ADS) has beendeveloped with new vision incorporating new issues such asclimate change, food security, out migration of youths, anddecentralization, inclusion and governance Severe scarcity of human resources in agriculture and forestrysector development
Status of human resources 1224 farming households to be served by oneagriculture graduates (Altogether 3,500 workinggraduates in agriculture sector in Nepal) 250 agriculture graduates are being developedannually by different institutions (of which at least30% drain to the rest of the world Nepal needs 6000 – 7000 animal scientists/veterinarians (though there are only 624 registeredveterinarians) About 70 veterinarians are being developedannually, that indicates that around 85 years will taketo fulfill the need of veterinarians in Nepal There are 1800 forestry graduates (country requiresat least 18000 graduates)
HISTORYAgriculture Education in Nepal School of Agriculture under the Ministry ofAgriculture in 1957 Production of Lower level technical manpower: JuniorTechnical Assistants (JTA). Upgraded to College of Agriculture in 1968 Produced middle level technical manpower inagriculture: Junior Technicians (JT)Both the school and college were in Kathmanduand were within the Ministry of Agriculture,Government of Nepal.
• The College upgraded to the IAAS and brought underthe Tribhuvan University umbrella in 1972• This Institute was relocated to Rampur Chitwanwithin the premises of Panchayat Training Center, thethen a government establishment.• The IAAS established two satellite agriculturecampuses: 1) Sunderbazar, Lamjung in 19752) Paklihawa, Rupandehi in 1978.
Academic Programs:• I. Sc. Ag.(phased out since 2004)• B.Sc. Ag. Ed. (1974) converted to B. Sc. Ag (1976)• B.Sc. Animal Science (1987) later converted to B. VSc. andA.H. (1991)• Post Graduate (M.Sc./Ph.D.) since 1998
Other Institutions: Himalayan College of Agricultural Sciences andTechnology (HICAST), (2000) Bhaktapur, Offers B.Sc.Ag; B.V. Sc. &A.H. and M.Sc. Nepal Polytechnic Institute, Bharatpur (2011). Offers B.Sc. Ag; B. V. Sc. & A. H. Gokuleswore Campus, (2010) offers B. Sc. Ag degree. Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus, Ilam, B. Sc.Floriculture and Horticulture (2012); affiliated to TU B. Sc. Tea Technology, Mechi Campus, Jhapa (2012);affiliated to TU.
Forestry Education in Nepal Forestry Institute in Singh Durbar got established in1947 and training launched for Forest Guards. Shifted to Suping, Bhimphedi in 1957; further movedto Hetauda in 1965. The Institute was run by the Department of Forestsuntil July 1972.and
Forestry Edu (cont) Incorporated in Tribhuvan University System as theInstitute of Forestry (IoF) in the same year The IOF moved to Pokhara in 1981 and Hetaudaremained as its satellite The IOF offered Two Year Certificate Level Forestrytraining at Hetauda until 1981 In 1995, a four year BScF was initiated.
The IOF runs the following program atpresent: Technical Certificate in Forestry Bachelors of Science in Forestry Master of Science in Forestry.
Other Institutions offering ForestryEducation in Nepal: Kathmandu Forestry College (KAFCOL) inKathmandu in 2005 as a private college It offers BSc Forestry and Diploma in Forestry(Ranger) Programs
WEAKNESSES Untill recently, before the AFU came into being: The TU produced technical manpower in agricultureand Forestry, without any link with the national mainstream. No contribution in policy formulation, and Researchand Development. Research and Development were not mandated tothe agriculture and forestry education system inNepal. Shortage of technical manpower in these areas. Long political instability.
Establishment ofAgriculture and Forestry University(AFU) Date: June 17, 2010 Head office at Rampur, Chitwan Liaison office at Minbhawan, Kathmandu www.afu.edu.np
AFU Perspective/Model Land Grant pattern in execution but not limited to thetraditional concept Need to execute Teaching Research Extension – Strong agro-forestry industrial linkages – National and international collaboration – Dynamism in Academic program
Key constituents of AFU Faculties/Colleges/Centers Centre for Post Graduate Studies Directorate of Research and Extension Education Directorate of Planning Directorate of Farms Central Library Directorate of Student Welfare Regional Research and Training Centers Directorate of Auxiliary Services Directorate of Museum Veterinary Teaching Hospital Curriculum Development Center Controller of Examination
Faculties under AFU Faculty of Agriculture Faculty of Animal Science, Veterinary Science andfisheries Faculty of Forestry Faculty of Food and Dairy Technology Center for Biotechnology Faculty of Basic Science and AgriculturalEngineering
Activities under AFU to date• Senate formed and conducted its first meeting onSeptember 20, 2012.• Academic programs, curricula, by-laws and programbudget approved.• Admission for B.Sc.Ag., B.V.Sc.& A.H. and B.Sc.Forestry completed.• Regular classes are being planned to start fromMarch 14, 2013. Academic Calendar being finalized.• Faculty Deans, Program Directors and other officialsappointed.
Potential collaboration with institutionswithin the country Nepal Agriculture Research Council Department of Agriculture Department of Livestock Service Department of Forestry Research and Survey andother private and public institutions Association of Trade and Commerce NGOs working in the areas of natural resource
International collaboration of AFU to date LoI with Michigan State University, East Lansing,USA in November 2012 LoI with Louisiana State University, USA On the way to signing MoU with California StateUniversity, USA and Arhus University, Denmark MOU with MSU to be signed on March 7, 2013 LoI with Virginia Tech
LOI Signing between AFU and MSUSigning on LoI between MSU and AFU Senate meeting at glance
Potential Areas for MSU Collaboration:– Strategic Planning Workshop on AFU– Collaboration on advanced degree training forfaculty development– Curriculum development– Collaborative research and strengthening ofresearch laboratory– Online library resources– Collaborative outreach/training– Faculty/Student Exchange
Organizational Structure of AFUCurriculumDevelopment CentreAFU SenateVice ChancellorChancellorPro ChancellorService CommissionAcademic CouncilResearch & ExtensionExecutive CouncilRegistrarDirectorate ofContinuing EducationUniversity MuseumCentral LibraryDirectorate ofResearch &ExtensionDirectorate of FarmFaculty ofAgriculturePost GraduateStudies CentreFaculty of AnimalSci. Veterinary Sci.& FisheriesFaculty ofForestryCenter forBiotechnologyFinanceGeneral AdminPersonnel AdminExamination BoardDirectorate of AuxiliaryDirectorate of StudentWelfareVeterinaryTeaching HospitalAppeal CourtDirectorate ofPlanningResearch andRegional Trainingcentre