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Paradigms of public administration

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Paradigms of public administration

  1. 1. Welcome to the Presentation 1
  2. 2. Paradigms of Public Administration  An article by Nichilas Henry, University of Georgia (published in 1975) Presented By  AHM Masum Billah  Zannatul Ferdous  ASM Nazmul Hasan 2
  3. 3. The Author – Nicholas Henry Publisher  Published in Journal: Public Administration Review, Vol: 35, No.: 04(Jul.-Aug., 1975), pp.: 378-386  Published by Wiley on behalf of the American Society for Public Administration 3
  4. 4. Purpose of the Author  To present the development of Public Administration in the academia.  To speculate of what the emerging paradigm of public administration  To justify the development public administration as a separate field 4
  5. 5. What is Public Administration  It is both a profession and discipline.  Difficult to define Public Administration.  There are different opinions on what is public administration and it covers a wide range of task.  Modern public administration comes from American Public Administration.  In simple, it may be defined as the planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling of government operation operations.5
  6. 6. What is Paradigm  Paradigm means a mental picture and pattern of thought  It is usually presented as a model or pattern to explain how things work.  It is accepted by an individual or a society i.e. it has some followers .  Thomas Kuhn (1922-96) in his 1962 book ‘ The Structure Of Scientific Revolution' to refer to theoretical framework. 6
  7. 7. Paradigms of Public Administration  As an academic field, Public Administration developed as four overlapping paradigms.  According to Robert T. Golembiewski, Each paradigm can be understood in terms of locus or focus.  Locus means institutional `where` and focus is specialized `what` of the field. When one has been sharply defined, the other is relatively ignored. 7
  8. 8. Paradigms …  Paradigm-1: Politics/Administration dichotomy (1900-1926)  Paradigm-2: The Principles of Administration (1927-1937)  Paradigm-3: Public Administration as Political Science (1950-1970)  Paradigm-4: Public Administration as Administrative Science (1956-1970)  Paradigm-5: Public Administration as Public Administration (1970- presence) 8
  9. 9. Paradigm – 1 (1900 – 1926) The Politics/Administration dichotomy.  Proponents: Frank J. Goodnow and D. White  Politics/ Administration Dichotomy  Concentration: Locus  PA is value-free science 9
  10. 10. Paradigm – 2 (1927 to 1937) The Principles of Administration.  Proponents: F. W. Willoughby, Luther H. Gulick, Lyndall Urwick  Doctrine: Principle is principle and administration is administration.  Concentration: Focus.  Public Administrationist were in high demand for their knowledge and expertise. 10
  11. 11. Paradigm – 3 (1950 to 1970) Public Administration as political Science.  Paul Appleby, Waldo and other contributed to it.  Reestablishing the linkage between PA and Political Science.  Writings of PA explored the idea of focus  Report of the committee on Political science of America exclude PA from Political science  Political science journals published less articles on public administration. 11
  12. 12. Paradigm – 4 (1956 to 1970) Public Administration as Administrative Science.  Included organization theory and management Science.  It provided a focus, not a locus.  The concept of Public interest and Public Affair was added.  Didn’t give universal principles for organization Created the public/private organization dilemma  It failed to understand the supra-value of the public interest. 12
  13. 13. Paradigm – 5 (1970 to Present) Public Administration as Public Administration.  The Term `Public Affairs` became popularized.  Concerned on owhy and how organization work, ohow and why people in them behave ohow and why decisions are made  Public administrationists became increasingly concerned on areas of - opolicy science, political economy, opublic policy-making process and its analysis,13
  14. 14. Institutionalizing Paradigm – 5 Toward Curricular Autonomy.  Paradigmatic focus of organization theory and management science  Presence of Paradigmatic locus of the public interest  1970-1971 – Undergraduate enrollments in public administration increased by 36 percent  1971-1972 – Graduate enrollments went up 50 percent based on figures provided by NASPAA (National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration)14
  15. 15. Institutionalizing …  The percentage of separate schools of public ad more than doubled from 12% in 1971 to 25% in 1972  Separate departments of public administration accounted for 23% of the 101 graduate programs surveyed in 1971-73.  In an 18-month period between 1970 and 1972, the number of units pertaining public administration more than doubled to approximately 300.  It is time for public administration to come into its own as substantial progress has been in15
  16. 16. Conclusion  Author Discussed - Four Broad Paradigms One Emerging Paradigm  The way of Public Administration `Come into its own` Institutionalization of Public Administration. 16
  17. 17. for your Patience 17

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