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Mobile technologies in libraries


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Anytime, anywhere, any device: mobile technologies in libraries
Mobile technology is increasingly becoming the preferred method of internet access by teenage users, and what better way for libraries to be perceived as useful and relevant than to provide instant, online, 24/7 access to reliable information using this technology? Hear how universities, schools and public libraries are marketing their services using mobile phones and devices.

Published in: Education, Business, Technology

Mobile technologies in libraries

  1. 1. Anytime, Anywhere, Any Device Cathy OxleyASLA XXII Biennial Conference 2-5 October 2011 Image from MonkeyBusiness Photos, PhotoDune Mobile Technologies in Libraries
  2. 2. “Lately social and technological alternatives have occurred at so great a rate that change must be dealt with continuously.” (Source: Joseph Becker, 1978)“In time individuals may have a small information terminal, much like a pocket electroniccalculator, which will bring individual information messages on command.” (Source: Joseph Becker, 1978)
  3. 3. 2011 M-Libraries Conference
  4. 4. M-tech is relevant for universities and public libraries, but... Image from z
  5. 5. it relevant for school libraries?Image from
  6. 6. Why Should We Care About Mobile Devices?
  7. 7. "The Web of the future ... will be accessible from a growing diversity of networks ... and will be available on an ever increasing number of different types of devices...” (Source: Tim Berners-Lee, founder of the Internet)Image: “Crackberry Baby”
  8. 8. Gartner Research “By 2013, mobile phones will overtake PCs as the most common Web access device worldwide.” Smartphone sales gained 72 % last year, helping propel the worldwide mobile phone market to 1.6 billion units, researcher Gartner Inc. said. life/mobiles/smartphones-to-overtake-desktops-for-internet- 20110602-1fi1y.htmlImage from Encyclopedia Britannica Image Quest
  9. 9. “More than half of all mobile internet users go online from their handheld devices on a daily basis.” (Source: Aaron Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 Pew Internet & American Life Project) Image from Encyclopedia Britannica Image Quest
  10. 10. “Mobile technology and the pervasiveness of social networking are “Students constantly game-changers.” engage in an online environment where they expect to discover anything they need to know and access it immediately, either by engaging with online apps or by askingfriends and associates.” (Source: Colin Bates, Deakin University Library)
  11. 11. “When we get to a point where a mobile version is expected of whatevercontent we want to interact with, not having a mobileversion may cut off desireto consume that content.” (Source: Inside Higher Ed: Challenges and opportunities of the small screen, November 19, 2009)
  12. 12. “A small but growing number of libraries are beginning to applymobile technologies to provide new services or to enhance traditionalservices. In doing so these libraries are making themselves not only more available but also more relevant to their users.” (Source: Helen Partridge, QUT) Image from MonkeyBusiness Photos, PhotoDune
  13. 13. M-Tech and Libraries Smart phones are emerging as primary information portals Success for users = seamless experience Success for libraries = ability to insert the library into the information stream (mobile technology) of our clients (Source: Joe Murphy, Yale university Library)
  14. 14. Global Mobile Trends
  15. 15.
  16. 16. “Across the world, mobile internet usage has surged by 3000 per cent in three years. Its popularity is rising at apace that is eight times faster than take-up of desktop internet during its infancy in the mid-1990s. The barriers to entry aremuch, much lower. Its muchsimpler and the opportunities are much faster.” (Source: Tony Kuesgen, Google Australia) Image from
  17. 17. 2010 Mobile Usage Statistics• Global mobile data traffic grew 2.6-fold in 2010, nearly tripling for the third year in a row.• Mobile network connection speeds doubled in 2010.• Smartphones represented only 13% of total global handsets in use, but they represented over 78% of total global handset traffic.
  18. 18. Future Mobile Usage Predictions• Global mobile data traffic will increase 26-fold between 2010 and 2015.• There will be nearly one mobile device per capita by 2015.• Two-thirds of the world’s mobile data traffic will be video by 2015.
  19. 19. Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast growth-forecast-by-region/ Moore’s Law – technology is doubling every 24 months
  20. 20. Each year, The Horizon Report seeks to identify and describesix emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching,learning, and creative expression within higher education. The areas ofemerging technology cited for 2011 are: Time to adoption: One Year or Less Electronic Books Mobiles Time to adoption: Two to Three Years Augmented Reality Game-based Learning Time to adoption: Four to Five Years Gesture-based Computing The full Horizon Report can be downloaded from:
  21. 21. 2010 Horizon Report“Mobile computing: Time toadoption - one year or less… a massive and increasingnumber of people all over theworld now own and use acomputer that fits in their handand is able to connect to thenetwork wirelessly from virtuallyanywhere.” (Source: 2010 Horizon Report)
  22. 22. Top 10 Mobile Internet Trends “Early innings of a massive phenomenon...” Image from
  23. 23. Mobile Phone Use in Australia “Australia has the worlds highest per capita use of mobile phones. By 2013, more internet searches will be done onsmartphones than desktop computers.”Will they be searching the high quality information that you provide? (Source: Tony Keusgen, Google Australia) Image from Mareen Hschinger, FlickrCC desktops-for-internet-20110602-1fi1y.html
  24. 24. What are University Libraries Doing?
  25. 25. “Mobilization of information in society is impossible to ignore... As information specialists, libraries cannot afford to be perceived as ‘missing the boat’ in delivery of information, or our clients may decide we are irrelevant to their needs.”Image from (Source: Joanna Witt & Michelle Turner, Charles Darwin University Library)
  26. 26. Libraries To Go: Mobile Tech in Libraries Elyssa Kroski – Slideshare PPT
  27. 27. Sydney University of Technology “Web 2.0 has changed the way our clients find, use and create information and they now expect a dynamic and flexible learning environment in and away from the library 24/7 ... By providing mobile services, UTS Library is able to meet theexpectations of 21st century learners who are increasingly using the mobile internet for work and play.” (Source: Sophie McDonald, Sydney University of Technology Library)
  28. 28. Duke University, NC Duke University Libraries offers the most comprehensive university digital image collection specifically formatted for the iPhone. Through DukeMobile, the University’s suite of iPhone applications, the libraries are sharing digital materials from 20 collections – nearly 32,000 images in all.
  29. 29. University of Huddersfield, UK “Facilitating access to quality information is the most important legacy of our profession.” (Source: Judith Peacock, Learning & Study Support Coordinator, QUT Library)
  30. 30. University of Bath Library
  31. 31. Library Treasure HuntCharles Darwin University Library
  32. 32. University of Central Florida Libraries
  33. 33. Bedfordshire University Library
  34. 34. Top 30 Library iPhone Apps Part 1 - library-iphone-apps-%E2%80%93-part-1/ Part 2 - library-iphone-apps-%E2%80%93-part-2/ Part 3 - library-iphone-apps-%E2%80%93-part-3/
  35. 35. Augmented Reality University campus tours using LAYAR
  36. 36. What are Public Libraries Doing?
  37. 37. NYPL – Find the Future GameThe game is designed to empower players to find inspiration for their own extraordinary futures by bringing them face-to-face with the writings and personal objects of people who made an extraordinary difference in the past.
  38. 38. Minuteman Library Network Greater Boston Area
  39. 39. District of Columbia Public LibraryDCPL have made their code open source so that other libraries can build their own iPhone apps.
  40. 40. “Library Anywhere is a mobile catalogue for any library. It provides bothmobile web (which works on any phone with a webbrowser), and native apps* for iPhone, iTouch, and iPad, as well as Android and Blackberry.” (Source:
  41. 41. GALE AccessMyLibraryThis iPhone app from Gale uses GPS to find libraries within a 16 km radius of your location. You can then select a library and access all its Gale electronic resources (USA only)
  42. 42. Mosio – Text a Librarian
  43. 43. My Info Quest – Text a Librarian
  44. 44. SCVNGR
  45. 45. SCVNGR Hunt – State Library Qld‘Location Based Gaming – meeting theoverwhelming demand for school visits.’
  46. 46. Treasures of the Bavarian State Library Mobile App“Search some of the most famous and most precious works of the written cultural heritage of mankind.”
  47. 47. Augmented Reality – Shelf Scanning App
  48. 48. What are School Libraries Doing?
  49. 49. Image from andresrphotos PhotoDune“I am convinced that in the future, digital information will primarily, if not exclusively, be accessed via mobile devices.” (Source: Dr. Klaus Ceynowa, Deputy Director General, Bavarian State Library)
  50. 50. “Today’s students are incredibly sophisticated. The availability of the internet has conditioned them to ask questions and get answers instantaneously. That’s a far cry from the card catalogue andencyclopedias most digitalimmigrants grew up with.”(Source: Rajeshri Gandhi, academic advisor at Thesys International) natives-are-restless/ Image from andresrphotos PhotoDune
  51. 51. What should school libraries be doing? • Recommend educational and research apps (425,000 iphone apps so far!) • Recommend ereaders, ebooks and audiobooks • Allow students to search the catalogue • Use QR codes to take users to instructional podcasts and videos • Develop an ‘Ask a Librarian’ service • Promote citation creation • Promote database access • Use Twitter and Facebook for marketing • Use SMS alerts for marketing
  52. 52. Referencing EasyBib lets you scan book ISBNs to instantly create citations using APA, MLA or Chicago style. releases-mobile-app
  53. 53. eBooks and Audiobooks“The shift in book format from print to digital can be likened to the shift in music formatsfrom vinyl to cassette tapes to CDs to iTunes.” (Source: Christina Wheeler, in SLAQ Newsletter, Sept 2011) Image from
  54. 54. OverDrive eBook PlatformeBooks and audiobooks can be downloaded from a virtualbookshelf onto a mobile device.Once the lending period expires,they automatically appear again on the virtual bookshelf – no more overdues!! Image from over-the-role-of-technology-in-education-/
  55. 55. JSTOR & EBSCO
  56. 56. Britannica Kids Individual mobile apps
  57. 57. BGS Mobile Site - LibGuides
  58. 58. Winksite – Mobile Website Builder “Last weekend, I created a mobile website for my library using Winksite. It was all pretty easy, no big learning curve, and best of all - FREE. I like it because the site also generates a QR code so you can scan it from your monitor to your cell phone and take the site with you anywhere.” See it at (Source: Lisa Perez, ISTE Community Ning)
  59. 59. Winksite – Mobile Website Builder
  60. 60. Widgetbox Mobile App Builder “...few mobile Web sites are as user friendly as an app, even when they’re from the same publisher. The better apps also keep some or all of the data on your phone or tablet, avoiding data charges, andthey’re formatted to take advantage of your device’s dimensions and technology.”
  61. 61. BrightKite
  62. 62. QR Codes in LibrariesWhat are QR Codes?• world-link-able/••• tutorial.html• library/comment-page-1/#comment-3• presentation-on-smartphones_b73334• virtual-world-with-qr-codes
  63. 63. BGS Open Day - QR Codes Download documents at
  64. 64. 2010 Facebook Statistics Australia’s population in April 2011 = 22,669,000 200MM mobile active users vs. 50M in 9/09 2x more active than desktop-only users (Source: KPCB Top 10 Mobile Trends)
  65. 65. The Average Facebook User...• Has 130 friends• Makes 8 friend requests per month• Spends 15 hours/month using Facebook• Visits Facebook 40 times/month, and spends 23 minutes/visit• Is connected to 80 organizational Facebook Pages, Groups, and Events (Source: David Lee King, TSC Public Library Manager) Image from andresrphotos PhotoDune
  66. 66. Libraries and Facebook Trinity Grammar The Illawarra Grammar School
  67. 67. Libraries and Twitter “Libraries in general can no longer wait for patrons to come to them, but must reach out to their patrons in new and innovative ways.” Mobile = 40% of all tweets (Source: KPCB on 10 Mobile Trends)
  68. 68. iTunesU K-12
  69. 69. New smart phones pave the way for mobile video chats ‘Apple’s iPhone 4 features a mobile video conferencing application that could increase collaboration among students at different locations and make cross-district and on-the-go meetings easier for school officials.’ Image from
  70. 70. Each year, The Horizon Report seeks to identify and describesix emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching,learning, and creative expression within higher education. The areas ofemerging technology cited for 2011 are: Time to adoption: One Year or Less Electronic Books Mobiles Time to adoption: Two to Three Years Augmented Reality Game-based Learning Time to adoption: Four to Five Years Gesture-based Computing The full Horizon Report can be downloaded from:
  71. 71. Local classrooms to get dose of augmented reality 1226147361664
  72. 72. Is M-tech relevant for school libraries? Yes!! TLs should be trend-spotters, constantly scanningthe future for the best ways to connect with their students and thus remain relevant. “Early innings of a massive phenomenon.”
  73. 73. “If you call yourself an information professional, you have to be a professional in the information landscape of your time.” (Source: Joyce Valenza) Image from sirexkat FlickrCC
  74. 74. Image from andresrphotos PhotoDune
  75. 75. Learn More The Library in Your Pocket: Mobile Trends for Libraries Libraries to Go: Mobile Tech in Libraries Mobile Trends – 2011 – Trending the Future Experimenting with Mobile Technologies in Libraries
  76. 76. Cathy OxleyDirector of Information Services Brisbane Grammar