Theory Of Music


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This is an introductory lesson for music theory.

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Theory Of Music

  1. 1. Theory of Music, An Introduction By: Alexander S. Kollias
  2. 2. Theory of Music <ul><li>Clefs </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Key Signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>About the Author </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Map </li></ul>Quit
  3. 3. Clefs <ul><li>C Clefs </li></ul><ul><li>Bass Clef </li></ul><ul><li>Treble Clef </li></ul>Quit
  4. 4. C Clefs <ul><li>All of these use the same symbol. (shown to the left) </li></ul><ul><li>Includes, Tenor, Alto, and Soprano clefs </li></ul><ul><li>The middle of the clef indicates where C is represented in the staff. </li></ul>Quit
  5. 5. Treble Clef <ul><li>This clef is most commonly used to represent soprano voices. </li></ul><ul><li>This is also known as the G clef as the curl in the clef indicates where G is on the staff. </li></ul>Quit
  6. 6. Bass Clef <ul><li>This clef is most commonly used by tenor and bass voiced instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>This clef is also called the F clef as the two dots center around the position of F on the staff. </li></ul>Quit
  7. 7. Notes <ul><li>Lines and Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Scales </li></ul><ul><li>Intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Stacking Notes </li></ul>Quit
  8. 8. Lines and Spaces <ul><li>In treble clef, the names of the spaces spell FACE </li></ul><ul><li>Also, a good acronym for the lines is: Every Good Boy Does Fine </li></ul><ul><li>For bass clef, we can use All Cows Eat Grass for spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>For lines we can use, Good Boys Do Fine Always. </li></ul>Quit
  9. 9. Scales <ul><li>Major scales are comprised of the following pattern of half and whole steps: WWHWWWH </li></ul><ul><li>Minor scales are comprised of the following pattern of half and whole steps: WHWWHWW </li></ul>Quit
  10. 10. Intervals <ul><li>Half steps are the smallest interval used in western music. They move, as per a piano, from one white key to the nearest adjacent black key/white key. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole steps are equal to two half steps. </li></ul>Quit
  11. 11. Stacking Notes <ul><li>Two notes stacked on top of each other makes an interval. </li></ul><ul><li>Three notes stacked equals a triad. This is also known as a chord. </li></ul>Quit
  12. 12. Rhythm <ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Compound </li></ul>Quit
  13. 13. Simple Meter <ul><li>Simple meter uses both 4/4 and 2/4 time signatures. </li></ul><ul><li>This indicates the number of beats in a measure. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common rhythmic values are whole, half, eighth, & sixteenth notes. </li></ul>Quit
  14. 14. Compound Meter <ul><li>Compound meter is indicated by 6/8 time signature. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common note values are: dotted half, dotted quarter, eighth, & sixteenth notes. </li></ul>Quit
  15. 15. Key Signatures <ul><li>THE CIRCLE OF FIFTHS! </li></ul>Quit
  16. 16. Circle of Fifths <ul><li>There are twelve major keys along with their relative minors. </li></ul><ul><li>As you travel around the circle, each key/note value is a 5th apart or the pattern follows WWHW. </li></ul>Quit
  17. 17. About the Author <ul><li>Alexander S. Kollias is a Clarinet Major at Grand Valley State University. He hopes to one day perform and teach music as his profession. </li></ul><ul><li>For further information contact Alexander at JCSaillok . </li></ul>Quit
  18. 18. Resources <ul><li>Turek, Ralph. Theory for Today’s Musician. McGraw Hill, Boston. 2007. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Quit
  19. 19. Concept Map Quit
  20. 20. Video Slide <ul><li>This video is just a representation of what is possible through theory of music. These are clips of Grand Valley State University’s New Music Ensemble , which I was a part of. The ensemble professionally recorded Steve Reich’s Music for 18 Musicians. Steve Reich combines all aspects of music theory including rhythm, intervals, and notes to create beautiful melodies and tonal centers. </li></ul>Quit