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Best ppt for seminar on hybrid electric vehicle AND TYPE OF HYBRID VEHICLE by rahul

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HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY , ITS INTRODUCTION, TYPE AND COMPARISION OF HYBRID AND NON- HYBRID MODEL

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Best ppt for seminar on hybrid electric vehicle AND TYPE OF HYBRID VEHICLE by rahul

  1. 1. Hybrid Electric Vehicle EV School presents: Made By: Rahul Pandey (03215004911) BTECH. IV YEAR MSIT, JANAKPURI, NEW DELHI
  2. 2.  Any vehicle that combines two or more sources of power that can directly or indirectly provide propulsion power is a hybrid.  Examples  Trains ---Diesel-Electric Hybrid  Cars & SUVs- Gasoline- Electric Hybrid  Submarines- Nuclear –Electric,Diesel-Electric
  3. 3.  Hybrid electric vehicles ("HEVs") = Internal combustion engine + electric motor powered by batteries.  Commonly Mistaken with Electric Vehicle.  Less fuel than traditional counterparts and without recharging.  Same as driving any other conventional vehicle.  We all have owned a hybrid Vehicle at sometime. E.g. Moped
  4. 4. Gas-powered car Electric-powered car  It has a fuel tank, which supplies gasoline to the engine. The engine then turns a transmission, which turns the wheels.  On the other hand, it has a set of batteries that provides electricity to an electric motor. The motor turns a transmission, and then it turns the wheels.
  5. 5. Advantages over vehicles with internal combustion engines (ICEs):  Energy efficient.  Environmentally friendly.  Performance benefits.  Reduce energy dependence. EVs do, however, face significant battery-related challenges:  Driving range.  Recharge time.  Battery cost:  Bulk & weight: Advantages Disadvantages
  6. 6.  Pollution caused by conventional cars  Increasing prices of fuel day by day  Fuel is a limited natural source  Better Mileage  In fact, gasoline-fueled HEVs are among a select few vehicle technologies that can dramatically increase fuel economy, while reducing pollution and delivering top safety and performance.
  7. 7.  Regenerative Braking  Electric Motor Drive/Assist  Automatic Start/Shutoff  Use low-rolling resistance tires  Use lightweight materials
  8. 8.  SERIES HYBRID VEHICLE  PARALLEL HYBRID VEHICLE  SERIES PARALLEL HYBRID VEHICLE Chevrolet Volt –Series Hybrid Ford Escape–Series Parallel Hybrid Honda Insight–Parallel Hybrid
  9. 9.  Simplest hybrid configuration.  Electric motor is the only means of providing power .  Engine size is smaller  The battery pack more powerful .  Series hybrids more expensive .  Engine in a series hybrid is not coupled to the wheels.  Series drivetrains perform best in stop-and-go driving .
  10. 10.  Gasoline motor turns a generator  Generator may either charge the batteries or power an electric motor that drives the transmission  At low speeds is powered only by the electric motor 11
  11. 11.  Both the engine and the electric motor generate the power that drives the wheels.  Smaller battery pack.  Engine is connected directly to the wheels.  Quite efficient on the highway.  Operates inefficiently in stop-and-go driving.
  12. 12.  Merges the advantages and complications of the parallel and series.  Engine can both drive the wheels directly and be effectively disconnected from the wheels .  The Toyota Prius ,new Ford Escape Hybrid.  Engine operates at near optimum efficiency more often.  This system incurs higher costs than a pure parallel hybrid.  It needs a generator, a larger battery pack, and more computing power to control the dual system  It has potential to perform better.
  13. 13.  You can get the best mileage from a hybrid car by using the same kind of driving habits that give you better mileage in your gasoline-engine car:  Drive slower  Maintain a constant speed  Avoid abrupt stops
  14. 14.  Use less oil than ICE  Emit less CO2 than ICE  Fuel efficiency increased  Less overall mass  Regenerative braking  Battery level efficiency  Tax incentives
  15. 15.  Battery capacity reduces by time, even you do not use it.  This will impact fuel economy  Fuel economy is dependant on battery capacity 19 The Honda Insight’s battery pack 120 Panasonic 1.2-volt cells (total 144 V) Nickel metal hydride 100A discharge, and 50A charge rates The system limits the usable capacity to 4ah to extend battery life
  16. 16.  Time of battery changing is long  Batteries are heavy (100kg extra weight consumes 2L/100km more)  Batteries are expensive  Low performance in hot or cold temperatures also may damage the battery  Very sensitive to overcharge/undercharge(Battery life reduces dramatically)  Contain toxic heavy metals, disposal issue Opportunity for researchers: Advance research projects on batteries are supported by governments and industries
  17. 17.  Currently more expensive than conventional  Heavier than conventional, due to battery pack and electric motors weight  Limited battery life  Expensive battery pack if you want to replace it  Safety issues, high voltage battery and fuel  Reliability, still under study,  More complex computer controlled systems  May have drivability issues  Expensive to repair  Towing Capacity
  18. 18. In terms of: 1.MSRP 2.KPL 3.SAVING ON FUEL YEARLY 4.PAYBACK PERIOD
  19. 19. Hybrid Model Non-hybrid Model 2014 Honda Accord Hybrid EX-L 2014 Honda Accord EX-L 2.0 L, 4 cyl, Automatic (variable gear ratios) 2.4 L, 4 cyl, Automatic (variable gear ratios) MSRP $32,695 $29,060 Combined KPL 17 12.75 The hybrid vehicle's MSRP is $3,635 more. Estimated Fuel Savings with Hybrid Weekly Monthly Yearly $12.12 Years to Payback: 5.8 yrs $52.50 ( the years required price will meet the $630 in which the saving on fuel difference in hybrid car price.
  20. 20.  Knowing what's under the hood of hybrid electric vehicles will help you evaluate the available choices in the market. Enjoy driving into the future!
  21. 21.  1.) http://www.fueleconomy.gov  2.) http://auto.howstuffworks.com  3.) http://www.ucsusa.org  4.) http://www.greenhybrid.com  5.) http://autos.aol.com  6.)http://wikipedia.org  7.)http://www.afdc.energy.gov

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