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Hacia una-memoria-compartida-arrasate-mondragon-es-1-100

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HACIA UNA MEMORIA COMPARTIDA, informe sobre vulneraciones de derechos humanos y acciones violentas acaecidas en Arrasate-Mondragón desde 1956 a 2018.

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Hacia una-memoria-compartida-arrasate-mondragon-es-1-100

  1. 1. HACIA UNA MEMORIA COMPARTIDA 1956 - 2018
  2. 2. HACIA UNA MEMORIA COMPARTIDA
  3. 3. Mayo de 2018 ELGRUPODEINVESTIGACIÓN
  4. 4. MARCONORMATIVO
  5. 5. DiseÑOEiMprenta: {™RFRq e õŎłƀŅĤõØõĤŏŅ ęŬÙƱõØ DEPÓSITOLEGAL: SS-1386-2018 ISBN: 978-84-09-07224-8
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  39. 39. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 3 EA5;7636 7EAE D75G7D6AE CG7 3 EA5;7636 FD3433@6A EA4D7 EGE ?3D5AE 35FG37E BG767 D75A@EFDG;D %HIQʛW HI EXVEIV E PE RSWXEPKME VIGSVHEV XEQFMʣR RSW LEGI TIRWEV 4YIHI QSHMƼGEV 1C @5BC@53D9F1C @B?@91C C?2B5 5 @1C14? C9 C5 5=@51 E1 =9B141 3BeD931 ?B ?DB1 @1BD5 E1 =5=?B91 3?=@1BD941 ? @E545 3?CDBE9BC5 3?D14? i931=5D5 3? 1C Fe3D9=1C ? 3? AE955C 81 C?@?BD14? E CE6B9=95D? 49B53D? B5AE95B5 1 @1BD939@139h HI XSHE PE GMYHEHERʧE %P ƼR ] EP GEFS PE QIQSVME RS IW YR HIFIV WMRS YR ƈHIVIGLS GMZMPƉ
  40. 40. 1.2 CONTENIDO 96?B=5 C5 1BD93E1 5 D?B? 1 DB5C 1@1BD14?C @B939@15C 1EAE5 D1=29d 3E5D1 3? ?DB?C CE21@1BD14?C 3?=? @E545 F5BC5 5 5 e4935 $$!% $% 5 @B9=5B 1@1BD14? C5 B53?75 1 21C5 D5hB931 45 96?B=5 5C 4539B 5 56?AE5 755B1 14?@D14? 3?=? @ED? 45 @1BD941 21C14? 5 ?C 3B9D5B9?C H 5 1C ?B=1C @B939@15C 5CD1253941C @?B 5 45B538? 9D5B139?1 5 D?B? 1 ?C 45B538?C 8E=1?C C9=9C=? C5 5G@?5 1 =5D?4??7e1 ED99I141 17E?C @ED?C 45 F9CD1 @B?3549=95D?C H 3B9D5 B9?C @1B1 1 3B5139h 45 E 9CDBE=5D? iD9 3EH? ?2:5D9F? 5C 4?25 ?B E 14? =?C DB1B E =?4? 45 B53?75B H 119I1B =9E39?C1=5D5 ?C CE35C?C @B?F?314?C @?B 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 6E5C5 45 AE95 6E5C5 1 1ED?Be1 ?B ?DB? 14? ?7B1B E 9CDBE=5D? iD9 @1B1 31=91B 45 6?B=1 3?:ED1 81391 E1 3?F9F5391 21C141 5 PE TPYVEPMHEH IP VIWTIXS ] PE PMFIVXEH 1MVEV LEGME EXVʛW RS XMIRI TSV UYʣ WMKRMƼGEV UYI 41BC5 1314? 5 5 @1C14? 1 3?DB1B9? 5GDB15B 5339?5C 45 @1C14? @E545 B5CED1B E 1@B549I1:5 iD9 @1B1 5 6EDEB? 1C 21C5C D5hB931C D?=141C 5 3?C945B139h 5 5 DB121:? C5Bb 5G@E5CD1C 1 ? 1B7? HI PSW TVMQIVSW GETʧXYPSW TIVMSHS MRZIWXMKEHS GVMXIVMSW TEVE PE GPEWMƼGEGMʬR HI PSW LIGLSW QEVGS RSVQEXMZS HIƼRMGMʬR HI Hc5F;?3 !% !% $$% C57E4? E71B C5 B53?75 ?C 8538?C F9?5D?C 13?D5394?C 5 5 =E939@9? )? GPEWMƼGEHSW IRXVI PSW HMZIVWSW XMTSW HI GSRGYPGEGMʬR HI HIVIGLSW LYQERSW TSV INIQ @? 1 3?3E3139h 45 45B538? 1 1 F941 1 3?3E3139h 45 45B538? 1 1 9D57B9414 6eC931 H @CeAE931 5D3dD5B1 @1BD5 45 ? =539?14? C5 =E5CDB1 D121C 5 9ECDB139? Ŵ ,%0;%',7 1EYVMGI
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  78. 78. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 1.3.2 OTROS SUFRIMIENTOS 5C45 E @ED? 45 F9CD1 :EBe493? 5G9CD5 ?DB1 F1B95414 45 31C?C AE5 ?C 5CDb41B5C 9D5B139?15C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C ? 3?C945B1 5 C5D94? 5CDB93D? 3?=? 3? GYPGEGMʬR HI HIVIGLSW LYQERSW 7I XVEXE HI LIGLSW UYI RS IRGENER IR PE HIƼRMGMʬR 45 3?35@D? 45 Fe3D9=1C 45 $139?5C +941C 45 1 +9h EB?@51 ? 45 1 579C139h 5CD1D1 ? 1ED?h=931 B53?794?C 5 5CD5 DB121:? 5 5 1@1BD14?
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  80. 80. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 2. MARCO NORMATIVO: EL CONCEPTO VÍCTIMA Y SUS DERECHOS ?2:5D9F? 45 1C @b791C C97E95D5C 5C ?6B535B E1 5G@93139h 1EAE5 C51 45 =15B1 2B5F5 AE5 1HE45 1 3?=@B545B 5 13135 H 3?D594? 45 1C @B939@15C ?B=1C RH SXVSW MRWXVYQIRXSW HIP WMWXIQE MRXIVREGMSREP HI HIVIGLSW LYQERSWƁ UYI HIƼRIR IP 3?35@D? 45 Fe3D9=1 H 459=9D1 CEC 45B538?C 1B1 5? 3?=5I1B5=?C 3? 5 =1B3? 9D5B139?1 C57E9B5=?C 3? 5 CE@B1139?1 5EB?@5? H @1B1 3?3E9B 1D5BB9I1B5=?C 5 5 5CD1D1 H 5 1ED?h=93? 3E1AE95B 31C? ? C5 DB1D1 45 E 5CDE49? B97EB?C? 45 3141 E? 45 5CD?C 9CDBE=5D?C C9? 45 E 2B5F5 1b9C9C 45 1AE5?C AE5 81 C94? 4539C9F?C 1 ?C 5653D?C 45 1 45D5B=9139h 45 3?35@D? 45 Fe3D9=1 H 45 CEC 45B538?C B5F91=5D5 5C 9=@?BD1D5 C5f11B AE5 D1D? 5 5 b=29D? ?B=1D9F? 9D5B139?1 3?=? 9D5B? 5 B53??39=95D? 45 1C Fe3D9=1C 5 CE 3?35@39h =bC 1=@91 H 3?=? CE:5D?C 45 45B538? 5C =EH B5395D5 45B538? @51 DB14939?1 35DB121 CE 1D5 39h 5 5 B5C@?C125 45 459D? 5 45653D? 45 1 Fe3D9=1 )5Bb 3?=? 3?C53E5391 45 ?C 45C1CDB5C 8E=1?C @B?F?314?C @?B 1 E5BB1 #E491 3E14? CEB:1 4965B5D5C =?F9=95D?C H 3?BB95D5C 4565C?B1C 45 ?C 45B538?C 45 1C Fe3D9=1C 5CD5 3?D5GD? 45CD131 1 3552B139h 45 )9=@?C9? 45 ,93D9=??7e1 5 5BEC1d @?B 5 139 QMIRXS HI PE :MGXMQSPSKʧE GSQS HMWGMTPMRE GMIRXʧƼGE )R PEW HʣGEHEW TSWXIVMSVIW WIVʛ 3E14? 1C B59F9493139?5C 45 1C Fe3D9=1C 9Bb C954? 135@D141C @?B 1C ?B719I139? 5C 9D5B139?15C H @?B ?C 5CD14?C 2.1 DECLARACIONES Y RECOMENDACIONES INTERNACIONALES SOBRE LA CONDICIÓN DE VÍCTIMA Y SUS DERECHOS 1C 4531B139?5C B53?=54139?5C H ?DB?C 4?3E=5D?C 9D5B139?15C 81 C94? 4539C9F?C 1 ?C 5653D?C 45 B53??35B H 71B1D9I1B 1 1C Fe3D9=1C 5 45B538? 1 1 F5B414 1 1 :ECD9391 H 1 1 B5@1B139h C 395BD? AE5 C5 DB1D1 45 4?3E=5D?C AE5 45C45 E @ED? 45 F9CD1 ?B=1D9F? 31B535 45 5653D? 49B53D? C?2B5 ?C CD14?C @5B? Ce 49C@?5 45 395BD1 6E5BI1 F93E1D5 V45 ?B45 =?B1W @B?F?314? 31=29?C 5 CEC 579C139?5C AE5 3? 1 14?@39h 45 1C =54941C ?@?BDE1C @1B1 5? 81 @5B=9D94? 8135B 5653D9F?C 5 395BD1 =54941 ?C 45B538?C 45 1C Fe3D9=1C
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  116. 116. 5 0.=0?: /0 /0 9:A408-=0 45 45C1BB?? 45 C9CD5=1 45 1C9CD5391 9D57B1 1 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 D5BB? B9C=? ?B =549? 45 5CD5 (571=5D? C5 45C@9571 5 3?D594? 45 39D14? *eDE? 45 PE 0I] PSKVERHS IP EZERGI IR PE ETPMGEGMʬR HIP WMWXIQE HI TVSXIGGMʬR ] EWMWXIR 391 9D57B1 @B5F9CD? 5 d C9CD5=1 9D57B1 @B5F9CD? 5 1 39D141 ?B=1 3?D5=@1 1 14?@39h 45 =54941C 5 ?C C97E95D5C b=29D?C 3DE139?5C @1B1 5 B5C1B39=95D? @?B 41f?C =1D5B915C 13DE139?5C @1B1 1 @B5F539h 45 41f?C =1D5B915C 3?=? 1 9=@1D139h 45 C9CD5 =1C 45 C57EB9414 5 F9F9541C 5CD12539=95D?C ? F58e3E?C 45 @5BC?1C AE5 CE6B1 1=51I1C ? 13?C? 1C9CD5391 :EBe4931 b=29D? C19D1B9? H @C93?h793? b=29D? 45 1 5C5f1I1 @?eD931C 45 5=@5? 1 6E39h @i2931 1 5H 3?D5=@1 1 3?35C9h 45 4965B5D5C 45B538?C 1 1C Fe3D9=1C AE5 @5BD55I31 1 1 6E39h @i2931 b=29D? 45 1 F9F9541 1HE41C 5GDB1?B491B91C 45CD9141C 1 8135B 6B5D5 1 C9DE139?5C 45 535C9414 @5BC?1 ? 61=991B ? 1=@1B141C 5 5CD1 5H Ŵ )P XʣVQMRS ƈTEVETSPMGMEPƉ WI IQTPIE GEHE ZI^ GSR QE]SV JVIGYIRGME ] EFEVGE WIKʱR IP MRJSVQI HI PE (MVIGGMʬR HI (IVIGLSW ,YQERSW 45 ?295B? F1C3? 1 1AE5?C V3?53D9F?C ? 7BE@?C 45 @5BC?1C AE5 13DE1B? 5 31B1 3?9F5391 3? 6E5BI1C 45 C57EB9414 5 ?31C9?5C 3? @1BD939@139h 49B53D1 45 =95=2B?C 45 1C =9C=1C H1 C51 3?=? @1BD5 45 1339?5C 3145CD91C ? 6E5B1 45 CE @1@5 3?=? ) @5B? AE5 3?D1B? 3? 17i D9@? 45 1@?H? 13D9F? ? @1C9F? 5C@5391=5D5 5 ?C 1f?C 45 1 *B1C939h @?eD931 H @B9=5B?C 1f?C 45 1 4d3141 45 ?C W E9? 45
  117. 117. @ Ŵ () 0% '9)78% T
  118. 118. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 125 145=bC C5f11B AE5 5 ?C iD9=?C 1f?C C5 81 3?=5I14? 1 1=@91B 5 =1B3? ?B=1D9F? 1 ?DB1C 31D57?Be1C 45 Fe3D9=1C 45 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 5 5 31C? F1C3? Ce H 5 5CD1 e51 5 5? 45 1B1=5D? ,1C3? 1@B?2h 5 45 =1BI? 45
  119. 119. 1 =:;:4.4W9 9: /0 0C :-=0 AU.?48, /0 A4:7,.4:90 /0 /0=0 .3: 3@8,9: C :?=: @1=48409?: 495@?: ;=:/@.4/: 09 @9 .:9?0B?: /0 A4:709 .4, /0 8:?4A,.4W9 ;:7U?4., 1 3E1 9CDh 1 ?295B? ,1C3? 1 @?5B 5 =1B381 =549 41C H 13DE139?5C 45CD9141C 1 B53??39=95D? 45 49381C Fe3D9=1C H 1 1 B5@1B139h 45 CE CE6B9=95D? CD? C5 DB14E:? 5 1AE5 =?=5D? 5 5 0.=0?: /0 /0 5@94: /0 /0.7,=,.4W9 C =0;,=,.4W9 /0 7, AU.?48, /0 @1=48409?: 495@?: .:8: .:90.@09.4, /0 7, A@790=,.4W9 /0 @ /0=0.3: 3@8,9: ;=:/@.4/, 09?=0 7: ,V: C 5 5 3?D5GD? 45 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 F9F941 5 1 ?=E9414 EDh?=1 45 1eC ,1C3? 4EB1D5 1 493D14EB1 6B1AE9CD1 9=9D14? =1B3? D5=@?B1 AE5 121B3121 5 B565B94? 53B5D? 9=@54e1 AE5 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 7B1F5C F9?139?5C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C AE5 DEF95B? E71B 3? @?CD5B9?B9414 1
  120. 120. 45 49395=2B5 45 1f? @E495B1 8135B 5653D9F?C CEC 45B538?C 1 1 F5B414 :ECD9391 H B5@1B139h ?C53E5D5=5D5 H 3? 1 F?ED14 45 1D545B 1 5CD1C Fe3D9=1C C5 81 1@B?214? 5 1f? @1C14? 1 0C /0 /0 5@74: /0 =0.:9:.48409?: C =0;,=, .4W9 /0 AU.?48, /0 A@790=,.4:90 /0 /0=0.3: 3@8,9: 09 07 .:9?0B?: /0 7, A4:709 .4, /0 8:?4A,.4W9 ;:7U?4., 09 7, :8@94/,/ @?W9:8, /07 ,U (,.: 09?=0 C
  121. 121. 1 3E1 F955 1 B53??35B H B5@1B1B 1 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 FE5B139?5C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C 13153941C 5 E 3?D5GD? 45 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 5DB5 5
  122. 122. 45 49395=2B5 45 H 5 45 49395=2B5 45 0E 0I] IWXEFPIGI XVIW VIUYMWMXSW TEVE UYI YRE ZYPRIVEGMʬR HI HIVIGLSW LYQE ?C D571 312941 5 CE b=29D? 45 1@93139h 1 AE5 C5 81H1 @B?4E394? 5 E 3?D5GD? 45 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 2 AE5 81H1 @1BD939@14? 5 1 =9C=1 6E39?1B9?C @i293?C ? @1BD93E1B5C 5 7BE@? ? 45 6?B=1 19C141 H 3 AE5 3?=? 3?C53E5391 45 1 FE5B139h 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C C5 81H1 31EC14? E1 165339h 1 1 F941 ? 1 1 9D57B9414 6eC931 @CeAE931 =?B1 ? C5GE1 45 1C @5BC?1C 45=bC 5 1AE5?C 31C?C 5 ?C AE5 ? C5 81H1 9F5CD9714? 1C 45E391C @B5C5D141C @?B 1C F9?139?5C 45 HIVIGLSW LYQERSW E PEW UYI WI VIƼIVI IWXE 0I] PE QMWQE WIʪEPE UYI XEQFMʣR PE MRHI 65C9h @?4Bb D55B 312941 5 CE b=29D? 45 1@93139h 4SV ʱPXMQS IW VIWIʪEFPI UYI PE 0I] EHIQʛW HI KEVERXM^EV E PEW ZʧGXMQEW PSW 45B538?C 1 E1 @B5CD139h 45 e4?5 53?h=931 H 1 E1 452941 1C9CD5391 C19D1B91 5C 1DB92EH5 D1=29d ?DB? D9@? 45 45B538?C D15C 3?=? 5 45B538? 1 B53??39=95D? TʱFPMGS S E PE ZIVHEH = IPPS HIWHI PE GSRWMHIVEGMʬR HI UYI PE MRHIQRM^EGMʬR IW YRE @B9=5B1 Fe1 @5B? ? 1 i931 @1B1 5 B53??39=95D? 45 1 9:ECD9391 @1453941 Ŵ % JIGLE HI TVIWIRXEGMʬR HI IWXI MRJSVQI WI IWXʛ XVEQMXERHS ERXI IP 8VMFYREP 'SRWXMXYGMSREP IWTEʪSP YR VIGYVWS HI MRGSRWXMXYGMSRE PMHEH HI PE 0I]
  123. 123. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 ?=? 81 AE5414? @1D5D5 5G9CD5 D?4? E =1B3? 571 AE5 @1BD5 45 1C ?B=1C 9D5B1 39?15C H 1D5BB9I1 5 1 579C139h 1ED?h=931 @1B1 @B?D575B H 456545B ?C 45B538?C 45 1C Fe3D9=1C )9 5=21B7? 5C @B539C? =1D9I1B AE5 1C ?B=1C 5CD1D15C H 1ED?h=9 31C 1 B5C@53D? ? 81 D594? 5 3E5D1 81CD1 65381C B5395D5C 1 D?4? 5 3?:ED? 45 Fe3D9=1C 5 5 31C? F1C3? 5CD5C5D94? 1CFe3D9=1C451F9?539145*81D594?45C4515H45)?941B9414 3? 1C ,e3D9=1C 45 *5BB?B9C=? E =1B3? 571 AE5 =bC D1B45 C5 81 F9CD? 6?BD15 394? 3? 1 5H 45 (53??39=95D? H (5@1B139h 1 1C ,e3D9=1C 45 *5BB?B9C=? 45 1eC ,1C3?
  124. 124. H @?CD5B9?B=5D5 5
  125. 125. 3? 1 5H 45 (53??39=95D? H B?D5339h D57B1 1 1C ,e3D9=1C 45 *5BB?B9C=? )9 5=21B7? 5 5 31C? 45 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 1 F9?5391 @5B@5DB141 @?B 1C E5BI1C 45 )57EB9414 ? 3? CE 3?9F5391 @?B 7BE@?C HI IXVIQE HIVIGLE ] TEVETSPMGMEPIW TSHVʧE EƼVQEVWI UYI IR WY QE]SVʧE RS LER WMHS 452941=5D5 B53??3941C $? ?2CD1D5 ? @E545 571BC5 AE5 C? D1=29d Fe3D9=1C 45 7B1F5C 3?3E3139?5C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C D15C 3?=? 5 45B538? 1 1 F941 ? 5 45B538? 1 1 9D57B9414 6eC931 H @CeAE931 31D57?Be1 5CD1 iD9=1 5 1 AE5 C5 9C3B925 ?C 31C?C 45 D?BDEB1 1C F9?139?5C F93E141C 1 45B538? 1 ? B53929B DB1D?C 3BE55C 98E=1?C ? F5:1D?B9?C C? 45 B565B5391 ?297141 45294? 1 1 @1BD93E1B 45C1D539h AE5 81 CE6B94? CEC 45E391C 61D1 45 9F5CD97139?5C H @Bb3D931=5D5 5 45 1C 45E391C C? 1B389F141C 49395=2B5 45
  126. 126. C5 @B5C5D1B? ?C B5CED14?C 45 VB?H53D? 45 9F5CD97139h 45 1 D?BDEB1 H ?C =1?C DB1D?C 5 5 1eC ,1C3? 5DB5
  127. 127. W DB121:? B519I14? @?B 5 CD9DED? ,1C3? 45 B9=9??7e1 @?B 531B7? 45 ?295B? ,1C3?
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  129. 129. 5 5 3?D5GD? 45 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 CD1 9F5CD97139h 81 1BB?:14? EI C?2B5 E 65h=5? AE5 81 @5B=15394? ?3ED? H 5714? 3? 1 3?C9 7E95D5 B5F93D9=9I139h 45 1C @5BC?1C 1653D141C (I GYEPUYMIV QSHS GEFI XEQFMʣR EƼVQEV UYI IWXE EWMQIXVʧE IR IP VIGSRSGMQMIRXS ] @B?D5339h 45 ?C 45B538?C 45 1C Fe3D9=1C C5 81 F9CD? 3?=@5C141 45 17E1 =15B1 IR PSW ʱPXMQSW WIMW EʪSW -RMGMEPQIRXI TSV IP (IGVIXS HI HI NYRMS HI HIGPE B139h H B5@1B139h 45 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 CE6B9=95D?C 9:ECD?C 3?=? 3?C53E5391 45 1 FE5B139h 45 CEC 45B538?C 8E=1?C @B?4E3941 5DB5 ?C 1f?C H 5 5 3? D5GD? 45 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 F9F941 5 1 ?=E9414 EDh?=1 45 1eC :EWGS = IR JIGLEW QʛW VIGMIRXIW TSV PE 0I] HI HI NYPMS HI VIGSRSGMQMIRXS H B5@1B139h 45 Fe3D9=1C 45 FE5B139?5C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C 5 5 3?D5GD? 45 1 F9?5391 45 =?D9F139h @?eD931 5 1 ?=E9414 EDh?=1 45 1eC ,1C3? 5DB5 H #5491D5 1=21C ?B=1C @?B @B9=5B1 F5I 1C Fe3D9=1C 45 3?3E3139?5C 45 45B538?C 8E=1?C R3?=5D941C @?B 1C 6E5BI1C 45 C57EB9414 7BE@?C 45 5GDB5=1 45B5 Ŵ %P HSGYQIRXS GSQTPIXS WI TYIHI EGGIHIV IR LXXTW[[[MVIOMEIYWOEHMIYWYTPSEHWEXXEGLQIRXW'32'097-32)7CC-RZIWXMKEGMSRCXSVXYVEQEPSWCXVEXSWCTHJ
  130. 130. 1391 E1 #5=?B91 ?=@1BD941 381 H @1B1@?93915C 4EB1D5 ?C 1f?C H R 49C@?5 45 E =1B3? 571 @1B1 C5B B53??3941C 5 1C
  131. 131. C?939DE45C @B5C5D141C @1B1 CE B53??39=95D? 3?=? Fe3D9=1C 1 1=@1B? HIP GMXEHS (IGVIXS WI VIWSPZMIVSR HI JSVQE JEZSVEFPI TIXMGMSRIW IW HIGMVɸIP HI PSW GEWSW ZEPSVEHSW 6IWTIGXS E PE 0I] HIP 4EʧW :EWGS IP ?295B? 35DB1 9D5B@EC? B53EBC? 45 93?CD9DE39?19414 3?DB1 1 =9C=1 AE5 6E5 14=9D94? 1 DBb=9D5 @?B 5 *B92E1 ?CD9DE39?1 CE 5C3B9D? 5 :53ED9F? 9F?3h 5 1BDe3E?

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