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Regional Snapshot: Public Education in Metro Atlanta

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Inspired by the recently released Learn4Life (L4L) State of Education in Metro Atlanta Annual Report, our team at ARC analyzed 10-county regional education data for a selection of key cradle-to-career indicators. We review detailed information for three indicators in particular: 3rd grade reading proficiency, 8th grade math proficiency, and post-secondary enrollment, before concluding with a deep dive on 8th grade math proficiency (coincidentally, the focus of L4L’s most recently launched Change Action Network).

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Regional Snapshot: Public Education in Metro Atlanta

  1. 1. Atlanta Regional Commission For more information, contact: cdegiulio@atlantaregional.org Public Education in Metro Atlanta: Assessing the Cradle-to-Career Pipeline June 2018
  2. 2. A Closer Look at Public Education in Metro Atlanta Overall, only 39 percent of 3rd graders in the 10-county ARC Region are proficient in reading by the end of 3rd grade. A study commissioned by the Annie E. Casey Foundation shows that children not reading proficiently by the end of third grade are four times more likely to not graduate high school. Similar to reading outcomes, only 43 percent of 8th graders are proficient in math by the end of 8th grade. Minority and economically disadvantaged students are less likely to take advanced mathematics courses. And, regardless of the type of assessment taken, achievement gaps persist among subgroups. There is a strong correlation between literacy and 8th grade math proficiency. There is also a strong correlation between socioeconomic status and student achievement, which is also visible in the spatial distribution of levels of student achievement throughout the region.
  3. 3. Performance on Select Cradle-to-Career Indicators Source: The Governor’s Office of Student Achievement (GOSA) 39% 43% 82% 74% 25% Graduation Rate Post-Secondary Enrollment* Post-Secondary Completion† 3rd Grade Reading Proficiency 8th Grade Math Proficiency 10-County Region *Post-secondary enrollment represents the percentage of 2015 graduates enrolling in a post-secondary program within 16 months of graduation. †Post-secondary completion represents the percentage of 2012 graduates earning a post-secondary degree or credential within five years of graduating.
  4. 4. A Look at Regional 3rd Grade Reading Proficiency Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report % Proficient & Above on 3rd Grade Reading (GA Milestones), 10-County Region, Disaggregated by Subgroup Over 34,000 students were not reading proficiently by the end of 3rd grade in 2017. 25% 64% Economically Disadvantaged Not Economically Disadvantaged 23% 42% Limited English Proficient Not Limited English Proficient 44% 34% Female Male Note: Reading proficiency includes those students scoring proficient or distinguished on the 3rd Grade English Language Arts Milestones assessment. of 3rd grade students were reading proficiently by the end of the 2016-2017 school year. 39% 65% 28% 27% 63% 49% Asian Black or African American Hispanic White Other
  5. 5. 3rd Grade Reading Proficiency, on the map… Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report The adjacent map shows 3rd grade reading proficiency by school across the entire state. The blue shades represent higher reading proficiencies, while the orange and red shades represent lower levels of proficiency. Metro Atlanta schools generally have decent proficiency levels when compared to schools in the southern half of Georgia, but South Fulton, Clayton, and Spalding schools stand out with the lowest proficiency rates in the metro area.
  6. 6. A Look at Regional 8th Grade Math Proficiency Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG & EOC reports % Proficient & Above on 8th Grade Math (GA Milestones, EOC + EOG), 10-County Region, Disaggregated by Subgroup Nearly 31,000 students were not proficient in math by the end of 8th grade in 2017. 76% 27% 33% 70% 52% Asian Black or African American Hispanic White Other 26% 66% Economically Disadvantaged Not Economically Disadvantaged 15% 45% Limited English Proficient Not Limited English Proficient 44% 42% Female Male of 8th grade students were proficient in math by the end of the 2016-2017 school year. 43% Note: In 2016, standards changed to allow 8th grade students to take advanced algebra and geometry course assessments to fulfill the Georgia Milestones 8th grade mathematics assessment. Proficiency values on this slide represent the percent of students scoring proficient or above on the Georgia Milestones 8th grade mathematics assessment (EOG Report) and the approved advanced mathematics course assessments (EOC Report) combined.
  7. 7. 8th Grade Math Proficiency, on the map… Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report Similar to the previous 3rd grade proficiency map, this map shows 8th grade reading proficiency by school across the entire state. The blue shades represent higher math proficiencies, while the orange and red shades represent lower levels of proficiency. Again, metro Atlanta schools generally have decent proficiency levels when compared to schools in the southern half of Georgia, but South Fulton, Clayton, and Spalding schools stand out with the lowest proficiency rates in the metro area.
  8. 8. A Look at Regional Post-Secondary Enrollment… Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Post-Secondary C-11 report and 2017 High School Graduate Outcomes Dashboard, Statewide Longitudinal Data System (GA• Awards) 10-County Region, Disaggregated by Subgroup 87% 70% 57% 83% Asian Black or African American Hispanic White 64 % Economically Disadvantaged 46 % Limited English Proficient 78% 71% Female Male of the 2015 graduating class enrolled in a post-secondary institution within 16 months of graduation. 74% While 74% of graduates are enrolling in a post-secondary institution within 16 months of graduating, completion is another story, with only one-quarter of students in the region earning a post-secondary credential or degree within five years of graduating.
  9. 9. Post-Secondary Enrollment, Continued… The adjacent map shows a slightly different measure for post-secondary enrollment than the preceding slide. This map is showing the percentage of 2016 graduates who enrolled in a post- secondary institution within one year of graduation by school across the entire state. The blue shades represent higher rates of enrollment, while the orange and red shades represent lower levels of post- secondary enrollment. Metro Atlanta schools have the highest rates of post-secondary enrollment in the state, especially among the schools in North Fulton, Cobb, and Gwinnett counties. Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Post-Secondary C-11 report
  10. 10. Are There Any Differences in Proficiency Depending on the Type of Assessment Taken? Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report of 8th grade students who took the 8th Grade Georgia Milestones Assessment were proficient in math by the end of the 2016-2017 school year. 31% Note: In 2016, standards changed to allow 8th grade students to take advanced algebra and geometry course assessments to fulfill the Georgia Milestones 8th grade mathematics assessment. Proficiency values on this slide represent the percent of students scoring proficient or above on the Georgia Milestones 8th grade mathematics assessment (EOG Report) VS the advanced mathematics course assessments (EOC Report). vs. of 8th grade students who took assessments in advanced courses in algebra or geometry (in lieu of the Georgia Milestones 8th Grade Mathematics Assessment) were proficient in those subjects by the end of the 2016-2017 school year. 76%
  11. 11. Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Gaps Persist, Regardless of Type of Assessment Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOC report % Proficient & Above on 8th Grade Math (GA Milestones, EOG vs. EOC), 10-County Region, Disaggregated by Subgroup 43% 76% All Students 26% 66%58% 86% Economically Disadvantaged Not Economically Disadvantaged 15% 45%41% 76% Limited English Proficient Not Limited English Proficient 44% 42% 74% 77% Female Male 76% 27% 33% 70% 52% 90% 62% 57% 88% 74% Asian Black or African American Hispanic White Other Races/Ethnicities EOG (8th Grade GA Milestones Assessment) EOC (Advanced mathematics course assessments) Regardless of assessment taken gender, race/ethnicity, English proficiency, and economic status achievement gaps exist.
  12. 12. Who is Taking the Advanced Courses? EOG vs. EOC Participation Rates, 10-County Region, Disaggregated by Subgroup 73.3% 66.1% 42.6% 84.4% 82.6% 72.2% 76.0% 94.6% 74.4% 60.6% 72.1% 96.5% 70.4% 67.1% 61.2% 26.7% 33.9% 57.4% 15.6% 17.4% 27.8% 24.0% 5.4% 25.6% 39.4% 27.9% 3.5% 29.6% 32.9% 38.8% All Students American Indian or Alaskan Native Asian Black or African American Economically Disadvantaged Female Hispanic Limited English Proficient Male Not Economically Disadvantaged Not Limited English Proficient Students with Disabilities Students without Disabilities Two or More Races White EOG Participation EOC Participation Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG & EOC reports Overall, smaller numbers of students with disabilities, female, minority (with the exception of Asian), economically disadvantaged, and limited English proficient students are taking advanced algebra and geometry courses (as indicated by the green bars above).
  13. 13. Factors Impacting Achievement: Literacy Relationship between 8th Grade ELA Proficiency and 8th Grade Math Proficiency Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report Perhaps not surprisingly, as reading proficiency increases, so does math proficiency.
  14. 14. Factors Impacting Achievement: Socioeconomics Relationship between Economic Disadvantage and 8th Grade Math Proficiency Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report And, as the percentage of economically disadvantaged students in a school increases, math proficiency decreases.
  15. 15. A Spatial Look at the Impact of Socioeconomics Spatial Relationship between Economic Disadvantage and 8th Grade Math Proficiency The two maps above show that lower rates of proficiency (represented by the orange and red shades in the map on the left) map almost perfectly with higher rates of economic disadvantage, represented by blue shades in the map on the right. Source: GOSA, 2016-2017 Georgia Milestones EOG report 8th Grade Math Proficiency % of Economically Disadvantaged Students
  16. 16. For more information regarding the state of education among metro Atlanta’s core counties, please visit: www.l4lmetroatlanta.org Atlanta Regional Commission For more information, contact: cdegiulio@atlantaregional.org

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