The Imperial crown jewels of Iran (also known as the Imperial crown jewelsof Persia) include several elaborate crowns and decorative thrones, thirtytiaras, and numerous aigrettes, a dozen bejeweled swords and shields, avast number of unset precious gems, numerous plates and other diningservices cast in precious metals and encrusted with gems, and several othermore unusual items (such as a gemstone globe) collected by the Iranianmonarchy during its 2,500-year existence. The collection is kept at "TheTreasury of National Jewels" which is its official name, but goes by thestreet name of "Jewelry Museum". It is situated inside Central Bank of theIslamic Republic of Iran on Tehrans Ferdowsi Avenue. The Imperial crownjewels of Iran is the largest jewelry collection in the world. The museum isopen to the public four times a week from 14:00 to 16:00.
During the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi, most of theroyal treasury was transferred to the NationalBank of Iran, in order to strengthen the financialcapacity of the bank, as well as serve as aguarantee of the Iranian currency. In January1960, during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah,the meeting was moved to the newly establishedCentral Bank of Iran, on where it is to this day.Nader Shahs dagger with asmall portion of his jewelry.
After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the royal collection of the Pahlavidynasty, and some other jewels were added to the treasury of the CentralBank. Since then, it was renamed the National Iranian treasury jewelry,more commonly referred to as a "Museum of jewelry." And now there is themost valuable collection in the world of jewelry - today the largest and mostamazing collection of jewelry in the world.
Nader Shahs shield made of rhinoceros skin. It was used during the war withIndia in 1739 – 1740. Later, in honor of this event, the shield have beenadded large rubies, diamonds, corundum and emerald.
Crown Fath Ali Shah, betterknown as the "Crown Kiani,"decorated with diamonds,emeralds, rubies and pearls.Basic red stone - corundumAurangzib. Crown producedduring the reign of Fath AliShah, in 1797, and it wasused a few of checks afterthat. It was the first crown,made after the Sassaniddynasty.
Crown, which is used by Reza Khanand Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. It ismade of gold and silver anddecorated with diamonds,emeralds, sapphires and pearls.
Woven of the crown is made of redvelvet. On the four sides of the crownare scenes of battles and sun withbright rays and four planets, allmade from diamonds. In general,the crown of crowns in the style of theSassanid rulers (226 -651 years).
This crown, which includes 3380diamonds (1144 carats) and368 pearls (all together weigh2080 g) was used during thecoronation of Reza Pahlavi,April 25, 1926, and MohammadReza Pahlavi October 26, 1967
One of the worlds mostfamous diamond is theDarya-ye Noor ("MoreLight"). It is the largestpink diamond in the world- and it certainly ranksfirst among the hugevariety of diamonds in theNational treasury of Iran.This stone is passed by ShahIran from generation togeneration - from NaderShah to Nasruddin Shah.Which belonged to thestone with a special love.Weight "Darya-ye Noor" isabout 182 carats, it is apale pink color, which isvery rare amongdiamonds. Scientistssuspect that before it wasonly part of a larger stone,weighing 242 carats, andlater split into "Darya-yeNoor" and "Noor-ol-Ein"(60 carats).
Gold belt with a large emerald (weighing 175.5 carats) on the buckle, issurrounded by 60 faceted diamonds and polished pink diamonds 145.The length of the belt is 119 cm, width - 4 cm belt was used during thecoronation of Reza Khan Pahlavi in 1926
Also known as the Shahi Sword, it was a present to Nasseridin Shah fromAmin-o’Sultan, his prime minister. Before his assassination, Amin-o’Sultanserved in the court of a number of Kings in that capacity.
However, he wasn’t as well appreciated by the common folk. Through hisvarious posts, which included the Minister of the Interior and the Minister ofthe Treasury and Customs, he managed to accumulate sufficient wealth toafford such presents.
Hookah (also known as awaterpipe or narghile) fromostrich egg shells and gold
Water bottle, made in theXIX century, adornedwith turquoise and rubiesthat cover it in a spiral
Gold brooch in the form of abouquet, inlaid withdiamonds, rubies and opals.It was made in the XIX century.
The brooch, made in the XIXcentury. In the form of adouble knot made of a set ofidentical jewels.
Chest for treasure, enameledwith artful drawings of thePersian Qajar dynasty andfloral patterns
"Egret Nader" decorated withdiamonds and emeralds.
Artfully made from silver egret,encrusted with diamonds andemeralds
Egret with diamonds andsapphires, made at the beginningof the XIX century
Egret in gold and silver, withrubies and diamonds (thebeginning of XIX century)
In this box are some emeralds, weighing from 10 to320 carats, as well as objects, decorated with emeralds
Necklace Garamol Saltan, ofgold and silver with diamondsand emeralds Platinum necklace with diamonds and emeralds, made in 1967
Egret turquoise, depictingthe sun, made during thereign of Shah Nasiruddin(1848-1896)
A necklace of emeralds, diamondsand pearls, made in 1967,coronation necklace of FarahPahlavi
Following in the footsteps of policiesinitiated under the WhiteRevolution that directed the furtheremancipation of Iranian women,Mohammad Reza Shah determinedto make a symbolic gesture bycrowning his consort, EmpressFarah, during his own elaboratecoronation ceremony in October of1967.
Until that date, the wives of Persian monarchshad never been crowned, so it was thereforenecessary to design a new crown for the occasion.That honor was bestowed upon the Frenchjewelers, Van Cleef & Arpels. The crown madefrom the finest gems of the Treasury, is made ofplatinum and gold and encrusted with 1469diamonds, 36 emeralds, 105 pearls, 34 rubiesand two corundum. Its total weight is 1 480 g
In accordance with tradition, the gems used were selectedfrom loose stones already in the Imperial treasury.
Since it was against the law foritems from the Imperial Treasury toleave Iran, Van Cleef & Arpels wereobliged to send a team of jewelers toTehran in order to construct thecrown, a process which occupiedthem for six months
The Empress Crown ispart of the coronationregalia used by the onlyShahbanu (Empress) ofIran, Farah Pahlavi. Itis part of the IranianCrown Jewels and iscurrently on display atthe Central Bank of Iranin Tehran.
Work on the Globe of jewelry beganin 1869, by order of NasreddinShah. Iranian jewelers group led byIbrahim Massihi, made this globeof individual stones, which werekept in the treasury. Net weight ofgold used in the manufactureGlobe is 34 kg, and precious stonesall together weigh 3656 g.
As this is often mentioned, jewelers,much better versed in working withthe jewelry, rather than ingeography, so sometimes some ofthe country on the globe to definesufficient difficult. Seas and oceansare made of emeralds, continents -from rubies. Southeast Asia, Iran,Britain and France arerepresented with diamonds. Thediameter of the globe is about 66cm Reliance made of wood, inlaidwith precious stones
Presented here, "Nader throne", although it is named in his honor, hasnothing to do with the Iranian ruler of the XVIII century.
The inscriptions on the panels surroundingthe seat of the throne shows that it wascreated during the reign of Fath Ali Shah(1798 - 1834). Fath Ali Shah ordered thatthrone in order to demonstrate the luxuryof his court and subjects of foreignambassadors who attended the king in thevarious summer residences in the vicinity ofTehran.
The throne is made up of 12 individualparts and includes the whole 26 733precious stones. It was also used duringthe coronation ceremony of MohammadReza Pahlavi.
Fath Ali Shah, who reignedfrom 1798 - 1834, commandedhis craftsmen to produce thisthrone. Became known as"Sunny the throne," becausehis back was shown the sun.After the shah was married toTawus ("Peacock")Tadzhodole, the throne wasrenamed the "Peacock." Somebelieve that it is - the famous"Peacock Throne", which wasbrought from India, but it isnot.
"Sunny the throne,"Shah Jahan on The Peacock Throne
After Fath-Ali Shah’s death, hissuccessor, Nasser-ed-Din Shah,ordered the throne to bechanged, and some panels wereadded, carrying verses in blueenamel on golden background.The throne was kept in GolestanPalace until 1981. Due to its richdecoration with jewels, it wasthen decided to keep it with otherpieces of the National Treasuryand thus delivered to the CentralBank. Muhammad Isfahani Nasir ad-Din 1850s Hermitage S-Peterburg
Text & pictures: Internet Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Kiawasch Saheb Nassagh - Moments - March 2, 2002