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Draft apwa alt_fuels_presentation

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Alternative Fuels

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Draft apwa alt_fuels_presentation

  1. 1. 1 FUELING GOOD STRATEGIES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUELS Ben Moore, AICP, LEED AP O+M, GPCP 904-256-2348 ben.moore@rsandh.com Tom McVey PE 904-256-2144 thomas.mvey@rsandh.com
  2. 2. 2 SUMMARY » While gasoline & diesel will dominate supply for the near future, opportunities for alternative fuels are growing. » Like energy efficiency & renewables in buildings, alternatives can reduce risk & enhance the bottom line. » Alternatives are diverse, with distinct applications for maritime, rail, logistics, transit, municipalities / government, airports, service fleets, private vehicles. » A portfolio of planning, design & implementation strategies can overcome market barriers. » Multi-discipline techniques (law, economics, engineering) & innovative funding (public & private) are essential to achieve results.
  3. 3. 3 OUTLINE » Why? – From Dependence to Opportunity – The Bottom Line » Alt. Fuels 101 – Energy Content – Price – Environment – Efficiency – Range Anxiety – Infrastructure – Regulation – Incentives » Alt. Fuels Ecosystem – Finding the Alt. Fuel Niche » Case Studies: 1. Master Planning: North Florida TPO and the Clean Fuels Coalition 2. Partnerships: Developing a Regional EV Charging Network 3. Innovation: Enhancing Mobility through Public Private Partnerships
  4. 4. 4 WHY ALTERNATIVE FUELS?
  5. 5. 5 FROM DEPENDENCE TO OPPORTUNITY Gasoline 71% Diesel 23% Ethanol Additives 5% Alt. Fuels 1% Biodiesel (64%) CNG (15%) E85 (10%) Propane (9%) LNG (2%) Electricity (1%) Hydrogen (0%) Source: EIA, 2012
  6. 6. 6 $0.00 $1.00 $2.00 $3.00 $4.00 $5.00 $6.00 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 THE BOTTOM LINE Natural Gas (CNG) Diesel $Source: EIA, 2014 Lower Operating Costs Risk Management Economic Development Improved Public Health Less Toxicity Reduced Emissions
  7. 7. 7 DIVERSITY » Sources » Energy content » Price history & forecast » Air quality » Fuel Economy » Range » Availability » Infrastructure » Regulation 5
  8. 8. 8 BANG! – ENERGY CONTENT Fuel Btu/Unit Gallon-equivalent
  9. 9. 9 BUCK$ - PRICE TRENDS $0.00 $0.50 $1.00 $1.50 $2.00 $2.50 $3.00 $3.50 $4.00 $4.50 $5.00 4/10/00 6/4/01 2/11/02 7/22/02 2/10/03 3/8/04 11/15/04 9/1/05 5/24/06 2/21/07 10/2/07 4/1/08 10/1/08 4/15/09 10/26/09 4/12/10 10/14/10 5/15/11 10/14/11 3/30/12 10/12/12 4/12/13 10/4/13 4/1/14 10/1/14 4/1/15 $/GGE Gasoline Diesel B20 Electricity* E85 CNG Propane
  10. 10. 10 Estimated Air Emissions of Alternative Fuels Relative to Conventional Fuels Fuel/Technology NOx VOC CO PM10 GHG Biodiesel +3% -20% -10% -8% -10 – -13% Electricity (EV) -96% -96% -96% -11% -48 – -72% Ethanol +8% +2% 0% +1 -15 – -28% Hydrogen -96% -96% -96% -1 – -11% -26 – -91% Natural Gas (CNG) -19 – 0% -72% * * -11 – -30% Natural Gas (LNG) -5% – +4% -72% * -1 – -2% -11 – -16% Propane +3 – +26% +600% 0% 0% -18 – -20% *Data not available AIR QUALITY & GHG EMISSIONS
  11. 11. 11 FUEL ECONOMY Plug-In Hybrid Gasoline / Electric (Electric Mode) Electric Vehicle Hydrogen, Fuel Cell Plug-In Hybrid Gasoline / Electric (Gas Mode) Hybrid Gasoline / Electric Hydrogen, ICE Ultra-low Sulfur Diesel B20 E85 / Flex-Fuel Gasoline, ICE CNG Propane 80.4 80.4 44.7 31.3 30.1 29.1 28.8 28.8 23.0 22.3 22.3 22.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Range Baseline MPGGE
  12. 12. 12 RELATIVE DRIVING RANGE OF LIGHT DUTY VEHICLES RANGE ANXIETY? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Electricity CNG Hydrogen E85 Propane B20 Conventional Relative Driving Range of Light-Duty Vehicles
  13. 13. 13 Fuel / Technology Cost Biodiesel - Electricity Low Ethanol - Hydrogen Very High CNG Time Fill Moderate CNG Fast Fill High LNG High Propane Moderate INFRASTRUCTURE Source: RS&H
  14. 14. 14 REGULATION Code / Standard B20 Electricity E85 Hydrogen CNG LNG Propane American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code ● ● ● ● ● National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2, Hydrogen Technologies Code ● NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code ● ● NFPA 30A Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages ● ● ● NFPA 52, Vehicular Gaseous Fuel Systems Code ● ● ● NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code ● NFPA 59A, Standard for the Production, Storage Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas ● NFPA 68 & 69, Standards on Explosion Prevention and Protection ● ● NFPA 70, National Electrical Code (NEC) Article 625: EV Charging System Equipment ●
  15. 15. 15 Incentive Description Decal Fee for Florida Registered Vehicles Fee eliminated for alternative fuel vehicles. Biofuels Investment Tax Credit Available for 75% of all capital, operation, maintenance and research and development costs incurred with investment in the production, storage and distribution of biodiesel (blends of B10 or above), ethanol (blends of E10 or above), or other renewable fuel, up to $1 million annually per income taxpayer. The annual budget for this program is $10,000,000. Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel manufactured in a volume less than 1,000 gallons by a public or private secondary school for its own use is exempt from the diesel fuel excise tax. Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Rebates As of January 1, 2014, a rebate of 50% of the incremental cost of an OEM natural gas or propane fleet vehicle up to $25,000 and $250,000 per applicant, per year, is available. For 2014, $6,000,000 has been allocated to the program, of which 40% is reserved for public fleets. The remainder is earmarked for private fleets. Funding is subject to annual reauthorization by the Florida legislature. Natural Gas and Propane Tax Holiday CNG, LNG and Propane will be subject to an excise tax at a rate of $0.04 per GGE, a $0.01 ninth-cent fuel tax, a $0.01 local option fuel tax, and an additional variable component to be determined by the Florida Department of Revenue each calendar year for the following 12-month period. However, these fuels are exempt from sales and excise taxes until 2019. INCENTIVES
  16. 16. 16 Other Petroleum Diesel Gasoline Freight Vehicles Heavy Duty Vehicles Specialty Vehicles Mid-duty Vehicles Light Duty Vehicles LNG CNG CNG Electric Biodiesel Biodiesel Propane Ethanol Biodiesel Propane EthanolBiodiesel THE ALT FUELS ECOSYSTEM Fuel Alt. Fuel “Niche”
  17. 17. 17 CASE: ALT. FUELS MASTER PLAN » Detail: Comprehensive plan for regional development » Fuel: Cross-cutting » Niche: Whole Ecosystem » Funding: Federal (CMAQ) » Techniques: Survey, Public Involvement, Data Inventory and Forecast, Project Development » Metric: 40% growth over 3 years » Highlight: Regional strategy for multi-modal logistics (maritime, rail, trucking) fueled by CNG Source: Cheniere 7
  18. 18. 18 CASE: CHARGEWELL » Detail: EV charging incentive program » Fuel: Electricity » Niche: Light duty passenger vehicles » Funding: MPO / Utility Partnership » Techniques: Public Involvement, GIS, Engineering, Program Development » Metric: 27 stations by early 2016 » Highlight: Brand & partnership model for regional expansion
  19. 19. 19 PARTNERSHIPS » Programming: – North Florida Transportation Planning Organization » Planning: – RS&H » Administration: – JEA » Installation: – NovaCharge Source: RS&H
  20. 20. 20 DESIGN » Geospatial analysis of “range anxiety” & “activity centers” » Competitive application process » Incentive: Level 2 EVSE, 2 yr networking & up to $7500 towards installation » Rebate: $500 - $1000 for EVs » Events: Drive Electric Rallies, Workplace Charging Lunch & Learns Source: RS&H Source: NORTH FLORIDA TPO
  21. 21. 21 RESULTS » 27 stations installed » 225% increase in public, non-dealership affiliated charge points » Near-full geographic coverage of Duval County » 46% increase in EV registration over 2014 » Next: Clay, Nassau & St. Johns Counties Source: NORTH FLORIDA TPO
  22. 22. 22 CASE: CNG BUS FLEET CONVERSION » Detail: 100 CNG buses & construction of private and public fueling stations » Fuel: CNG » Niche: Transit buses » Funding: Public-Private Partnership » Techniques: Engineering, Economics, Law, CEI, Cx » Metric: 40 % displacement (1 million gallons) in year 5 » Highlight: P3 investment + public match = public fueling station & royalty for transit authority 9
  23. 23. 23 TEAM » Owner (Risk, Legal, Safety, Engineering/Proj. Mgmt., Finance, Operations, Outreach) » Technical (RS&H, Porter Mgmt.) » Financial (Clary) » Legal (Broad & Cassel) Source: JTA 9
  24. 24. 24 PRE-PLANNING » Due Diligence – Regional Alternative Fuels Planning (Clean Cities) – Business Case for CNG » Stakeholder Engagement – Market / Regulatory Feedback – Delivery Methods – Leverage Funding (TPO/MPO FDOT TRIP funding) Source: RS&H Source: RS&H
  25. 25. 25 PLANNING » Owner’s Project Requirements – CNG Compression Infrastructure – Modified Fueling Infrastructure – Modified Maintenance Infrastructure – Publicly-Accessible Fueling Infrastructure » Parameters – Schedule – Sequencing Source: RS&H Source: RS&H
  26. 26. 26 DELIVERY METHOD » Why P3? – Speed to market – Industry innovation & expertise – Risk management » Value for Money Analysis – Public Sector Comparator Source: RS&H Source: RS&H
  27. 27. 27 Procurement » RFP Development – Performance Specifications – General Conditions – Evaluation Criteria (Two- Step) » Contract (Two-Part) – Design Build – Lease Concession Source: JTA Source: JTA
  28. 28. 28 IMPLEMENTATION » Design & Construction » Construction Management / Design Review (Eisman Russo) » Operations & Maintenance » Fuel Marketing Source: JTA
  29. 29. 29 RESULTS » $8,000,000 in public and private investment » Delivered on-time for roll- out of new BRT line » 40% diesel fuel displacement in 5 years » Air pollution reduction (NOx, VOCs, Ozone) » 11 – 30% GHG reduction » Potential cost savings Source: RS&H
  30. 30. 30 Ben Moore, AICP, LEED AP O+M, GPCP Energy & Sustainability Planner 904-256-2348 ben.moore@rsandh.com Tom McVey, PE Senior Project Manager 904-256-2411 thomas.mcvey@rsandh.com

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