APWA Florida Chapter
Annual Meeting & Trade Show
Tampa, Florida
April 3, 2012
• Reviewed Lakeland’s Current
Manual System
• Illustrated Worker Safety Issues
• Identified Benefits of Automation
• Evalu...
Services
• Residential
Collection
• Garbage /
Household
Waste
• Bulk Waste
• Yard Waste
• Recyclables
Collection
• Commerc...
Ranking Profession Deaths Per 100,000
Workers
Number of Deaths
1 Fisherman 111.8 38
2 Loggers 86.4 87
3 Aircraft Pilots 66...
• Rear load collection comes with inherent danger
– 1999 to 2008 Workers Compensation Statistics:
• No. of Claims: 2,639 t...
Residents
• Convenient and easy method
• City-provided wheeled
containers more maneuverable
and safer
• Hinging lids conta...
56% of
Florida’s Top
35 Cities are
Automated
67% are
Municipally
Owned
of which
**Excluding
Jacksonville/
Duval County:
65...
67% of
Polk County
Jurisdictions
are Automated
56% have
Once a Week
Collection
and
Pop
Rank
Jurisdiction Population* Autom...
Tallahassee
Leon County 272,497 Columbia
County 52,156
Alachua
County 101,950
Jacksonville/Duval County 879,235
Putnam Cou...
• Automation reduces staff requirements (26)
for residential program
• Residential System – 15% employee turnover
• Phase-...
Current Manual
System
• Increases
exposure to risk
• Requires greater
level of
manpower
• Results in higher
employee
turno...
Implement once-weekly
Automated Collection Program
using a Phase-In approach:
• Eliminates job losses through attrition an...
• Website (EZCan.lakelandgov.net)
• Message from the Mayor
• Public Outreach Events
• Utility Bill Stuffer
• City Commissi...
Neighborhood Association Coalition – February 4, 2010
Spring Obsession, Munn Park – March 13, 2010
Lakeland Police Dept. O...
• Width: Alley narrower
than vehicle
• Vegetation: Overgrowth
limits clearance and site
lines
• Zero Setback: Utility
pole...
Utility Pole Obstacles
Right Angle Turns
Helpers Must Assist Driver
Findings
• Current alley
collection operation
increases exposure
to risk
• Zero setbacks create
unsafe environment
• Time ...
Blended Rates from Large and Small REL Models
Cost/
Household
Homes Svc'd
/Week
Total Monthly
Collection Cost
29.45$ 575 1...
ALLEY GARBAGE COLLECTION SURVEY
(June, 2011)
City of Lakeland
Alley Trash Collection
Response rates
Neighborhood
# of
Responses
# of Households
Response
Rate
Camphor 3...
Neighborhood
Very Willing
to Pay Extra
Somewhat
Willing
Reluctant to
Pay
Very Willing,
Somewhat Willing,
Reluctant to Pay ...
Survey Results
• 171 of the 283 respondents (60%) indicated they
were either “Very Willing”, “Somewhat Willing”
or “Reluct...
Survey Results
Price Points:
1. Dixieland:
a. 53 of the 90 (59%) respondents indicted “Very Willing”, “Somewhat
Willing” o...
Recent presentations on Alley Collection Service:
•July 15, 2011 - City Commission Budget Workshop
•July 18, 2011 - City C...
All City Alley
Customers
S. Lake Morton
& Dixieland
Only
S. Lake Morton
Only
Number of Alley Customers: 2300 1306 624
Prem...
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program?  Think Automation! 04.03.12
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Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program? Think Automation! 04.03.12

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This presentation on April 3, 2012 is presented by SCS Engineers and details how to build an automated residential collection program.

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Can You Improve your Municipal Waste Collection Program? Think Automation! 04.03.12

  1. 1. APWA Florida Chapter Annual Meeting & Trade Show Tampa, Florida April 3, 2012
  2. 2. • Reviewed Lakeland’s Current Manual System • Illustrated Worker Safety Issues • Identified Benefits of Automation • Evaluated Automation and 1 Time Collection in Florida • Phase-In Plan • Communication Plan • Alternatives for Alley Collection
  3. 3. Services • Residential Collection • Garbage / Household Waste • Bulk Waste • Yard Waste • Recyclables Collection • Commercial Waste Collection • Rolloff Container Services Staffing • 85 FTE • 15% annual employee turnover (residential service) Equipment • 26 to 27 trucks in operation daily (residential services) • Rear Loader: 14 – 15; • Recycling: 6 • Bulk Waste: 5 • Appliance: 1
  4. 4. Ranking Profession Deaths Per 100,000 Workers Number of Deaths 1 Fisherman 111.8 38 2 Loggers 86.4 87 3 Aircraft Pilots 66.7 82 4 Iron and Steelworkers 45.5 40 5 Farmers and Ranchers 38.4 285 6 Roofers 29.4 79 7 Electrical Workers 24.1 30 8 Truckers (includes some solid waste) 26.2 904 9 Solid Waste Collectors 22.8 18 10 Police Officers and Sheriffs 21.4 143
  5. 5. • Rear load collection comes with inherent danger – 1999 to 2008 Workers Compensation Statistics: • No. of Claims: 2,639 totaling $1,205,356 • Automated collection provides the safest work environment for solid waste collectors • Eliminates safety issues associated with manual pickups $- $10,000.00 $20,000.00 $30,000.00 $40,000.00 $50,000.00 $60,000.00 $70,000.00 $80,000.00 FY 98/99FY 99/00FY 00/01FY 01/02FY 02/03FY 03/04FY 04/05FY 05/06FY 06/07FY 07/08FY 08/09 Workers Comp (Residential) Workers Comp (Division wide) Log. (Workers Comp (Residential)) Automated System Conversion begins 2001 Source: City of Dunedin, FL
  6. 6. Residents • Convenient and easy method • City-provided wheeled containers more maneuverable and safer • Hinging lids contain odors • Keeps rodents and pets out of trash • Cleaner neighborhoods / reduces litter • Multi-size containers encourages recycling City • Improves efficiency • Reduces worker injuries • Lowers staff turnover rate • Reduced Worker’s Compensation claims • Reduced Carbon Footprint
  7. 7. 56% of Florida’s Top 35 Cities are Automated 67% are Municipally Owned of which **Excluding Jacksonville/ Duval County: 65% (by population) Pop Rank City Population* Automated Garbage Garbage Container Size Frequency Yes No 1x/2x 1 Jacksonville** 852,450 x 20-32-gal 1x 2 Miami 395,434 x 96-gal 2x 3 Tampa 336,264 x Roll-out Cart 2x 4 St. Petersburg 253,369 x 300/90-gal 2x 5 Orlando 228,765 x 96-gal 2x 6 Hialeah 228,528 x Any 2x 7 Ft. Lauderdale 179,971 x 65-gal 2x 8 Tallahassee 176,429 x 96-gal 1x 9 Cape Coral 164,523 x 35-gal max 1x 10 Port St. Lucie 155,315 x 32-gal max 2x 11 Pembroke Pines 152,888 x 35/65/95-gal 2x 12 Hollywood 142,943 x 96-gal 2x 13 Coral Springs 129,766 x 32-gal max 2x 14 Gainesville 122,671 x 20/35/64/96-gal 1x 15 Miramar 111,705 x 39-gal 2x 16 Clearwater 110,469 x 90-gal 2x 17 Miami Gardens 109,200 x 96-gal 2x 18 West Palm Beach 105,068 x 96-gal 2x 19 Palm Bay 101,793 x 32-gal max 2x 20 Pompano Beach 101,128 x 32-gal max 2x 21 Miami Beach 93,721 x Any 2x 22 LAKELAND 93,428 x 35-gal max 2x 23 Davie 93,428 x 96-gal 2x 24 Sunrise 89,633 x 32-gal max 2x 25 Deltona 86,540 x 35/45-gal 1x 26 Plantation 85,349 x Blue bags/96-gal 2x 27 Boca Raton 85,296 x 42-gal max 2x 28 Melbourne 78,386 x x 40-gal 2x 29 Largo 75,924 x 90-gal 2x 30 Deerfield Beach 75,829 x 64-gal 2x 31 Palm Coast 70,376 x 32-gal max 2x 32 Ft. Myers 67,851 x 90-gal 1x 33 Boynton Beach 66,872 x Cart 2x 34 Daytona Beach 64,370 x 96-gal 2x 35 Delray Beach 64,360 x 36/65/95-gal 2x
  8. 8. 67% of Polk County Jurisdictions are Automated 56% have Once a Week Collection and Pop Rank Jurisdiction Population* Automated Garbage Garbage Container Size Frequency Yes No 1x/2x 1 Unincorporated Polk County 362,801 x 35-gal max 2x 2 LAKELAND 93,428 x 35-gal max 2x 3 Winter Haven 33,569 Semi-auto 65-gal 2x 4 Haines City 18,748 x 95-gal 1x 5 Bartow 16,515 x 40/60/90-gal 2x 6 Auburndale 13,883 Semi-auto 95-gal 1x 7 Lake Wales 13,039 x 35/65/95-gal 1x 8 Ft. Meade 5,987 x 35-gal max 2x 9 Lake Alfred 4,517 x 32-gal max 2x 10 Mulberry 3,495 x 95-gal 1x 11 Dundee 3,324 x x 35/95-gal 1x/2x 12 Frostproof 2,900 x 95-gal 1x 13 Eagle Lake 2,702 x 95-gal 1x 14 Davenport 2,439 x 35-gal max 2x 15 Polk City 1,798 x 65/95-gal 1x 16 Lake Hamilton 1,405 x 95-gal 1x 17 Hillcrest Heights 262 x 95-gal 1x 18 Highland Park 244 x 35-gal max 2x
  9. 9. Tallahassee Leon County 272,497 Columbia County 52,156 Alachua County 101,950 Jacksonville/Duval County 879,235 Putnam County 58,317 Volusia County 115,720 St. Johns County 145,025 Lake County 151,734 Sarasota County 249,601 Lee County 308,667 Jackson County 33,191 Charlotte County 143,363 *Polk County implements once weekly garbage collection October 1, 2010
  10. 10. • Automation reduces staff requirements (26) for residential program • Residential System – 15% employee turnover • Phase-In approach leverages attrition Year Starting # Employees Turnover Rate Annual Attrition Ending # Employees 1 58 15% 8.7 52 2 52 15% 7.8 46 3 46 15% 6.9 36 4 36 15% 5.4 32 FY 10 FY11 FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 Driver III - 4 7 10 12 Driver II 15 12 9 5 4 Driver I 10 9 9 8 6 Collector 33 27 21 13 10 Total Residential 58 52 46 36 32
  11. 11. Current Manual System • Increases exposure to risk • Requires greater level of manpower • Results in higher employee turnover Automated Collection System • Safe and more attractive neighborhoods • Creates a safe and healthy work environment for employees • Allows for once-weekly collection when coupled with strong recycling and yard waste programs • Opportunity to implement Pay-As-You- Throw (PAYT) Program. Benefits of PAYT include: • multiple size carts/associated cost of service rates • Incentive to recycle and reduce disposal • Provides opportunity for significant cost savings
  12. 12. Implement once-weekly Automated Collection Program using a Phase-In approach: • Eliminates job losses through attrition and retirements • Neighborhood rollout is more manageable and has higher success rate • Enables City to manage financial resources during acquisition of capital equipment • Maintains stable capital and variable expenses • Provides varied age of fleet and predictable variable expenses
  13. 13. • Website (EZCan.lakelandgov.net) • Message from the Mayor • Public Outreach Events • Utility Bill Stuffer • City Commission Presentations • Truck Decals/Employee Cards • Container Size Selection Mailer • Container Attachments • Container Decal and Stickers
  14. 14. Neighborhood Association Coalition – February 4, 2010 Spring Obsession, Munn Park – March 13, 2010 Lakeland Police Dept. Open House – March 20, 2010 Lake Morton Neighborhood Association – March 23, 2010 Lake Bonny Neighborhood Association – April 5, 2010 Sandpiper Homeowners Association – April 6, 2010 Relay for Life, Lakeland High School – April 9, 2010 Earth Day Celebration, Lake Mirror Promenade – April 16, 2010 Crystal Lake Neighborhood Association – April 26, 2010 City Commission Department Presentation – May 3, 2010 Public Works Week Celebration, Munn Park – May 7, 2010 Cleveland Heights Neighborhood Association – May 20, 2010 Swannanoa Neighborhood Association – June 7, 2010 Imperial Southgate Villas I, II, and III Homeowners – June 15, 2010 Paul Diggs Neighborhood Association – June 15, 2010 Pinehurst Neighborhood Association – June 29, 2010 Gladys Leggett Neighborhood Association – July 15, 2010 Lake Bonnet Neighborhood Association – July 22, 2010 Highland Fairways Homeowners Association – August 30, 2010 Florida Presbyterian Homes – September 15, 2010 Lakeland Christina Rotary Club – September 30, 2010 Orangewood Neighborhood Association – September 30, 2010 Villas III Homeowners Association – December 6, 2010 Lakeshore Neighborhood Association – January 11, 2011 Lake Hunter Terrace Neighborhood Association – January 18, 2011
  15. 15. • Width: Alley narrower than vehicle • Vegetation: Overgrowth limits clearance and site lines • Zero Setback: Utility poles and structures erected on right of way boundary • Zero Setback: Existing structures constrain vehicle mirror clearances • Dangerous Obstacles: Note gas meter
  16. 16. Utility Pole Obstacles Right Angle Turns Helpers Must Assist Driver
  17. 17. Findings • Current alley collection operation increases exposure to risk • Zero setbacks create unsafe environment • Time consuming and inefficient Recommendations • City to conduct case by case evaluations of alleys. • City to mitigate dangerous and close quarter situations. • Alleys can be converted to semi-auto collection for improved service. • Alleys that cannot be made safe should be converted to automated curb collection as a last option. • The differential cost for providing alley collection service shall be determined. Due to access constraints, a very limited number of customers may still require semi-automated alley service in lieu of automated curbside service.
  18. 18. Blended Rates from Large and Small REL Models Cost/ Household Homes Svc'd /Week Total Monthly Collection Cost 29.45$ 575 16,931.13$ 16.37$ 1725 28,245.32$ 2300 45,176.44$ 19.64$ 14.32$ 5.32$ 37% Alley Surcharge (Premium Service) Differential: Alley Surcharge (Premium Service) Differential %: Estimated Monthly Cost per Alley Household (Small REL): Estimated Monthly Cost per Alley Household (Large REL): Total Homes & Monthly Operating Costs: Weighted Average Alley Collection Monthly Collection Cost per Household: Est. Monthly Cost per Household (Automated Collection): All Premium Service Expenses Appropriated to Alley Customers only. Specialized 8-yard rear packers are fully utilized to service all alley customers (garbage and yard waste) under this model.
  19. 19. ALLEY GARBAGE COLLECTION SURVEY (June, 2011)
  20. 20. City of Lakeland Alley Trash Collection Response rates Neighborhood # of Responses # of Households Response Rate Camphor 3 3 100% Dixieland 90 504 17.6% Downtown 7 20 35.0% East Lake Morton 18 110 16.4% John Cox 1 23 4.3% Lake Bonny 4 14 28.6% Lake Hollingsworth 18 68 26.5% Lake Hunter Terrace 11 62 17.7% North Lake Wire 7 123 5.7% Parker Street 1 19 5.3% Paul A Diggs 12 127 9.4% South Lake Morton 110 522 21.1% Webster Park South 3 32 9.4% Totals 285 1627 17.5%
  21. 21. Neighborhood Very Willing to Pay Extra Somewhat Willing Reluctant to Pay Very Willing, Somewhat Willing, Reluctant to Pay Totals Would Not Pay Total Responses Camphor 1 0 2 3 0 3 % of neighborhood 33.3% 66.7% 100% Dixieland 21 18 14 53 37 90 % of neighborhood 23.3% 20.0% 15.6% 58.9% 41.1% Downtown 0 2 0 2 5 7 % of neighborhood 28.6% 28.6% 71.4% East Lake Morton 6 1 1 8 10 18 % of neighborhood 33.3% 5.6% 5.6% 44.4% 55.6% John Cox 0 1 0 1 0 1 % of neighborhood 100% 100% Lake Bonny 0 1 1 2 2 4 % of neighborhood 25% 25% 50% 50% Lake Hollingsworth 4 0 2 6 10 16 % of neighborhood 25% 12.5% 37.5% 62.5% Lake Hunter Terrace 2 0 2 4 7 11 % of neighborhood 18.2% 18.2% 36.4% 63.6% North Lake Wire 1 2 2 5 2 7 % of neighborhood 14.3% 28.6% 28.6% 71.4% 28.6% Parker Street 0 0 0 0 1 1 % of neighborhood 0% 100% Paul A Diggs 1 4 0 5 7 12 % of neighborhood 8.3% 33.3% 41.7% 58.3% South Lake Morton 35 24 22 81 29 110 % of neighborhood 31.8% 21.8% 20% 73.6% 26.4% Webster Park South 1 0 0 1 2 3 % of neighborhood 33.3% 33.3% 66.7% TOTALS 72 53 46 171 112 283 % of neighborhood 25.4% 18.7% 16.3% 60.4% 39.6%
  22. 22. Survey Results • 171 of the 283 respondents (60%) indicated they were either “Very Willing”, “Somewhat Willing” or “Reluctant” to paying extra for alley collection. • 134 of the 171 respondents (78%) who indicated they were either “Very willing”, “Somewhat Willing” or “Reluctant” to pay extra are located in the Dixieland and S. Lake Morton neighborhood. • This suggests that a limited alley collection service could be offered in these 2 large neighborhoods at an additional fee.
  23. 23. Survey Results Price Points: 1. Dixieland: a. 53 of the 90 (59%) respondents indicted “Very Willing”, “Somewhat Willing” or “Reluctant” to paying extra for alley collection. b. 43 of 53 (81.1% ) indicated “Yes” to paying $5.50 extra per month. c. 31 of 42 (73.8%) indicated “Yes” to paying $8.00 extra per month. 2. S. Lake Morton : a. 81 of the 110 (74%) respondents indicted “Very Willing”, “Somewhat Willing” or “Reluctant” to paying extra for alley collection. b. 70 of 81 (86.4%) indicated “Yes” to paying $5.50 extra per month. c. 46 of 71 (64.8%) indicated “Yes” to paying $8.00 extra per month.
  24. 24. Recent presentations on Alley Collection Service: •July 15, 2011 - City Commission Budget Workshop •July 18, 2011 - City Commission Department Presentation •July 19, 2011 - S. Lake Morton Neighborhood Association •August 4, 2011 - Neighborhood Association Coalition Meeting •August 16, 2011 - Dixieland Neighborhood Association •September 6, 2011 - City Commission Workshop •October 3, 2011 - City Commission Workshop •October 17, 2011 - City Commission Meeting: Receive public comment on proposed approach to Solid Waste Alley Collection. •November 7, 2011 - City Commission Meeting: Adopt Solid Waste Rate Resolution or action to cease alley collection service upon implementation of automated service. Approve appropriation to transfer funds from Solid Waste Surplus to compress phased-in term from 4 to 3 years.
  25. 25. All City Alley Customers S. Lake Morton & Dixieland Only S. Lake Morton Only Number of Alley Customers: 2300 1306 624 Premium Service expenses appropriated to Alley Customers: Alley Surcharge ($/month/alley customer): 5.32$ 8.45$ 17.71$ Premium service expenses appropriated to Alley Customers based upon resource usage: Alley Surcharge ($/month/alley customer): 5.32$ 6.38$ 8.45$ Collection Allocation Cost ($/month/residential customer): -$ 0.08$ 0.17$ Alley Customers Serviced Premium service expenses equally distributed to automated residential customers would result in solid waste collection rate increase of approx. $0.40/month/residential customer. Action Steps: October 17, 2011 City Commission Meeting: Receive public comment on proposed approach to Solid Waste Alley Collection. November 7, 2011 City Commission Meeting: 1. Adopt Solid Waste Rate Resolution or action to cease alley collection service upon implementation of automated service. 2. Approve appropriation to transfer funds from Solid Waste Surplus to compress phased-in term from 4 to 3 years.

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