Alvin Hutchinson; Smithsonian Libraries for 24 years; Science librarian New Audiences are key to new services I will talk about scientists as science library users for the most part. How many of you are science librarians?
First things first. Internet pushes everything to self service Where once we needed a customer service representative either by phone or in person, now we can take care of many things online.
Same thing in libraries Old service model included a lot of direct, personal by the librarian assistance But it is evolving into self-service model Particularly science publications are moving toward self service since the peer reviewed article lends itself easily to digital formats
KEY POINT: I will mention new user groups for which science libraries can provide service. Includes administration, communication and public affairs types and even webmasters But Traditionally we see scientists as library users who need articles and books or other information provided by library resources But many of the new services that are possible in science libraries serve the traditional audience but in other roles they have Before talking about new services, let’s take a look at those other roles
To develop new services for scientists it is a good exercise to think about what they do beyond obtaining reading material--the full research cycle They ultimately want to do their science--but spend most of their time at other tasks labs, data collection, publishing, and grant writing, Embedded librarian; relieves scientist of information management distractions Informationist position created by NLM
An easy win for science librarians is something that can be leveraged for multiple audiences--a staff publications list We did this at the Smithsonian with a program called Smithsonian Research Online
It uses free tools and services such as stored searches, alerts and reference management tools like Zotero/Mendeley; also serves to embed the librarian and learn more about scientist activities and research interests.
Scientists want to publish almost as much as they want to do their science Management wants it but so do scientists especially when it is used as a reporting tool or reused on web pages
Numerous free sources for bibliographic information in the sciences.\ You can search by organization name because these index full text of content and most peer reviewed articles include a statement of affiliation of the authors
Use free tools and services such as stored searches, alerts and reference management tools like Zotero/Mendeley; also serves to embed the librarian and learn more about scientist activities and research interests At the very least, send a nicely formatted bibliography to directors and higher ups
Creating this publications list (even if it’s not complete) makes a lot of people happy. Not only for printing and reading by people Once collected, the data can be exported for reuse in many ways Machine-readable is very useful to a variety of users Reference management tools and export as CSV, XML, etc. Among them, IT and website staff
Data can be or given to webmasters for reuse on staff web pages. Most scientists have a web page that has their picture etc Also contain a list of current publications That data is taken from SRO and is updated in real time Scientists love it since they don’t have to remember to ask for an updated page (Scientists as “new” audience) Webmasters love it since they don’t have to deal with editing pages every time a new paper comes out
One of the things we’ve seen in science libraries and publishing is the Open Access movement Scientists want their papers to be read and cited and mostly agree with the spirit of the OA movement This gave rise to institutional repositories where digital output (mostly publications) of an organization are archived and made public However most scientists don’t have time to enter this data into a repository, particularly if there are a lot of co-authors. Metadata service can populate a repository where they scientists are too busy to be bothered
Many organizations have publication and/or editorial activities Librarians can support the operation among other things by putting the content in the repository Getting the content (Repository and otherwise) indexed by Google Scholar—because that’s where people go Digital science publishing adheres to certain standards that allows systems to talk to one another (machine-to-machine communication) An example is Reference ManagementRepositoryGoogle Scholar A lot of this is done with standard identifiers
Create and manage DOIs for publishers [CrossRef image] Assist with creation and capture/record of ORCIDs for scientists
A single slide but one that covers a large topic
Funding agencies are beginning to require archiving and sharing of research data but it is a task that scientists would rather skip Librarians can assist with describing and managing data sets rather than standard bibliographic data. Getting Data Cited Adding DOIs Providing repository services
Developing New Services in Science Libraries
New Audiences & New Services for Science Libraries
Science Staff Bibliography
In human-readable form, this service is
valuable to end users
In machine-readable form, this service can
be re-used to serve multiple audiences
Reuse Publications List on Websites
Scientists want their papers to be read and cited but . . .
Most can’t be bothered to enter/upload to repository so . . .
Staff bibliography can (partially) populate the repository
Additional Publishing Services
Getting repository content indexed by Google Scholar -
Integrating publications into science publishing ecosystem