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9/9 FRI 11:00 | Communities Putting Prevention to Work

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Lillian Rivera
Maria I. Nardi
Joe Webb
John Bowers

Parks have long been recognized as major contributors to the physical and aesthetic quality of neighborhoods. Through a partnership with the Health Department and Communities Putting
Prevention to Work, a grant aimed at fighting obesity, a new broader view of parks in Miami-Dade County is (re)emerging. This new view goes well beyond the traditional value of parks as places of recreation and visual assets to focus on a park system as a planning tool to guide public and private development that includes the design of streets as linear parks and the coordinated development of civic spaces with parks. The session explores broad concepts to implementation.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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9/9 FRI 11:00 | Communities Putting Prevention to Work

  1. 1. Communities Putting Prevention to Work The increasingly significant role of parks and public spaces in addressing health issues
  2. 2. Presenters <ul><li>Lillian Rivera RN, MSN, PhD – Administrator, Miami-Dade County Health Department </li></ul><ul><li>Maria I. Nardi, Chief, Planning and Research Division, Miami-Dade County Park and Recreation Department </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Webb, RLA, Planning Section Supervisor, Planning and Research Division, Miami-Dade County Park and Recreation Department </li></ul><ul><li>John Bowers, AICP/RLA, Landscape Architect, Planning and Research </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Communities Putting Prevention to Work </li></ul><ul><li>Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Discussion </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “Through the Parks Window” 2008
  5. 5. Existing Developed Land and Permanent Conservation Lands Developed Land Conservation Lands Permanently Protected
  6. 6. 2060 Developed Lands and Permanent Conservation Lands Developed Land Conservation Lands Permanently Protected
  7. 7. There is a Better Way <ul><li>Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”: </li></ul><ul><li>Public Realm: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Great Parks </li></ul><ul><li>2. Great Public Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>3. Great Natural and Cultural Areas </li></ul><ul><li>4. Great Greenways and Blueways </li></ul><ul><li>5. Great Streets </li></ul>
  8. 8. Great Parks Are Accessible to Everyone, Regardless of Age or Ability… providing a diverse and balanced system of passive and active recreational opportunities.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Walk for recreation, exercise, transportation; walk the dog </li></ul><ul><li>Ride a bike, skate </li></ul><ul><li>Sit outside, read, contemplate </li></ul><ul><li>Play on a playground </li></ul><ul><li>Play a game of catch, frisbee </li></ul><ul><li>Picnic, sun bathe </li></ul><ul><li>Play pick-up sports </li></ul><ul><li>Fish without a boat </li></ul><ul><li>Attend a local arts festival, concert or other special event </li></ul>Locally, every resident should be able to:
  10. 10. <ul><li>Play organized indoor and outdoor competition sports </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise, attend classes/ lectures/ social functions </li></ul><ul><li>Swim recreationally or competitively in a pool </li></ul><ul><li>Paddle a canoe or kayak </li></ul><ul><li>Go boating </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the beach </li></ul>Every resident should also be able to:
  11. 11. Great Public Spaces are Designed to Engage Residents… providing diverse social, recreation and economic development opportunities.
  12. 15. Great Natural and Cultural Areas are Planned and Managed to Balance Access and Resource Protection… protecting and enhancing the natural and cultural heritage of the region, as well as existing biological diversity, restoration and management actions.
  13. 17. Great Greenways and Blueways Connect Every Resident to Parks, Schools, Work and Shopping… providing wildlife habitat, scenic vistas, recreation and transportation opportunities and providing urban form.
  14. 19. <ul><li>Western Greenway: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances the Rural Character of the Area </li></ul><ul><li>Helps Transition to Farmland and the Everglades </li></ul><ul><li>Provides New Recreation Opportunities for all County Residents </li></ul>
  15. 20. Biscayne-Everglades Greenway
  16. 22. Great Streets Are Designed as Linear Parks… <ul><li>connecting parks and neighborhoods through tree lined boulevards, parkways, and neighborhood streets that encourage people to walk, bicycle and live healthier lifestyles. </li></ul>
  17. 23. Tamiami Trail
  18. 24. SW 137 Ave SW 137 Ave
  19. 27. <ul><li>Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Seamlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Benefits </li></ul>South Florida Park Coalition Charter A Coalition of City, County, State and Federal Park Agencies in Miami-Dade County
  20. 28. Master Plan V i s i o n <ul><li>Next Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>South Florida Park Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Shape Public Policy and Practices </li></ul>
  21. 29. <ul><li>Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”: </li></ul><ul><li>Great Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Great Public Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Great Natural and Cultural Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Great Greenways and Blueways </li></ul><ul><li>Great Streets </li></ul>
  22. 30. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Communities Putting Prevention to Work </li></ul><ul><li>Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Discussion </li></ul>
  23. 31. Chronic Diseases <ul><li>Account for 75% of U.S. medical costs 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for 7 out of 10 deaths 2 </li></ul><ul><li>45% of the population has at least 1 chronic disease </li></ul><ul><li>Are inequitably distributed across the population 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 60% of Floridians are overweight or obese 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Main risk factors: poor diet, physical inactivity and smoking </li></ul><ul><li>1. Anderson G. Chronic conditions: making the case for ongoing care. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University; 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Kung HC, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Mursphy SL. Death:final data for 2005. National Vital Statistics Reports 2008; 56(10). </li></ul><ul><li>3. Kung HC, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Mursphy SL. Death:final data for 2005. National Vital Statistics Reports 2008; 56(10). National Center for Health Statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>Health, United States, 2007. With chartbook trends in the health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology, Florida BRFSS Survey </li></ul>
  24. 32. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  25. 33. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  26. 34. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1997 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
  27. 35. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2005 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  28. 36. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2010 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  29. 37. Transforming Public Health <ul><li>Alarming rates of chronic disease </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health has typically focused on communicable diseases with biomedical interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Key Findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community based interventions could reduce disease levels </li></ul></ul>
  30. 38. Transforming Public Health National Prevention Strategy <ul><li>American’s Plan for Health and Wellness </li></ul>
  31. 39. Communities Putting Prevention to Work Miami-Dade <ul><li>Purpose: Create healthier communities through sustainable, proven, population-based approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: Policy, Systems and Environmental Changes to combat obesity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing access to healthy foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing opportunities for physical activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Making the places where people live, learn, work and play healthier </li></ul><ul><li>Transforming health through coalitions and partnerships across sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortium for a Healthier Miami-Dade </li></ul></ul>
  32. 40. Communities Putting Prevention to Work Miami-Dade <ul><li>CPPW Community Action Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance/Strengthen Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Media Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Child Care Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Farm to School Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Activity in Miami-Dade County Public School </li></ul><ul><li>Access and Consumption of Healthy Foods via Convenience Stores </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers’ Markets and Farm-to-Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Breastfeeding Practices and Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Active Transportation and Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Routes to School </li></ul><ul><li>Worksite Wellness </li></ul>
  33. 41. Active Transportation and Recreation Goal 9: Increase active transportation and recreation through improvements in the built environment such as facilities, planning, zoning and transportation policies, as well as developing a county wide signage system. <ul><li>Physical inactivity is a primary contributor to 1/3 of adults being overweight and 1 in 6 children being obese. 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity can be easily achieved by running, walking, playing on playgrounds and actively commuting to work/school and helps maintain a healthy weight. 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Improving places to be active can result in a 25% increase in people who exercise 3 times a week. 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Safe access to active transport (public transportation, bicycle facilities) and recreational facilities increases use and physical activity. 5 </li></ul>5. National Prevention Council, National Prevention Strategy. US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, 2011. 6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Recommended strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States. MMWR, 2009; 58(RR07):1-26. 7.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Creating and Improving Access to Places for Physical Activity is strongly recommended to increase physical activity.
  34. 42. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation <ul><li>City of Miami and North Miami </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle signage </li></ul><ul><li>Miami-Dade Parks and Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in the built environment through planning and community design </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing access to parks and recreation facilities </li></ul>
  35. 43. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation <ul><li>City of Miami and City of North Miami </li></ul>
  36. 44. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation <ul><li>Miami-Dade County Parks and Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Design Manual I Private Development) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Design Manual II (Civic Development) </li></ul><ul><li>Vending Machine Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Park Structure and Landscape Pattern Book </li></ul><ul><li>Park Access and Equity Report </li></ul>
  37. 45. From this
  38. 46. To this
  39. 47. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Communities Putting Prevention to Work </li></ul><ul><li>Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Discussion </li></ul>
  40. 48. Park and Recreation Department Transforming broad vision into implementable actions
  41. 49. <ul><li>Based on OSMP Access Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to promote physical activity through recreation and active transportation </li></ul>Access and Equity Analysis
  42. 50. Research & Analysis <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Health & Safety Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Walkability and Bikeability </li></ul>
  43. 51. Demographics <ul><li>Age Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Education Level Attained </li></ul><ul><li>Median Household Income </li></ul><ul><li>Per Capita Income </li></ul><ul><li>Single Family Households </li></ul>
  44. 52. Age Distribution
  45. 53. Education Level Attained
  46. 54. Median Household Income
  47. 55. Per Capita Income
  48. 56. Health & Safety Data <ul><li>Health Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of areas of Health Disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle & Pedestrian Accident Locations </li></ul>
  49. 57. Cardiovascular Mortality
  50. 58. Infant Mortality
  51. 59. Low Birth Weight
  52. 60. Single Family Households
  53. 61. Bicycle & Pedestrian Accidents
  54. 62. <ul><li>Based on OSMP principles of livability and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Parks should not require a car – walkable and bikeable </li></ul><ul><li>By Activity Type </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into Local and Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes physical activity and more equitable access to recreation </li></ul>Increase Access to Recreation
  55. 63. <ul><li>Walksheds and Bikesheds based on Federal Transit Administration study of peoples willingness to travel 10 minutes Average walking speed of 3.3 miles per hour Average biking speed of 8.6 miles per hour </li></ul>Active Transport to Parks
  56. 64. <ul><li>GIS Network Analyst used to define true access based on street network Accounts for disconnected street network as well as natural and man made barriers </li></ul>
  57. 65. Regional Parks <ul><li>Identify Gaps in Service </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition target areas </li></ul>
  58. 66. Local Parks walksheds
  59. 67. Local Parks Analysis by neighborhood
  60. 68. Local Parks <ul><li>Identification of Gaps in Service by neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition target areas </li></ul>
  61. 69. Identification of Neighborhoods with Gaps in Service Acquisition Enhanced service through design interventions
  62. 70. 5 Focus Areas <ul><li>Areas of Health Disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Areas with Gaps in Service </li></ul><ul><li>North/South geographic distribution </li></ul>
  63. 71. Focus Area Studies Potential Acquisitions Purchase Easements Partnerships Design Interventions Safe Routes Street Crossings / Intersections Bridges Wayfinding
  64. 77. Land Acquisition Strategy Plan <ul><li>A Strategy for Implementing a new vision of parks as a part of livable Miami-Dade County and addressing the relevant needs of the community </li></ul>
  65. 78. Acquisition Strategy <ul><li>Focus on Target Gap Areas of greatest need </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize service to existing parks through design interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize recreation access at other County and public entity properties through easements and joint use agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Buy land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Parks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population Based Regional Parks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By Activity Type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource-Based Regional Parks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural, Cultural and Historical </li></ul></ul></ul>
  66. 79. Targeting Gap Areas of highest need <ul><li>Gaps in Service </li></ul><ul><li>Gap Size </li></ul><ul><li>Health Disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Available Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Complimentary Public Program or Agency </li></ul>
  67. 80. Maximize Access to Existing Parks Through Design Interventions <ul><li>Develop pedestrian access points </li></ul><ul><li>Build a pedestrian bridge over canal </li></ul><ul><li>Install a sidewalk </li></ul><ul><li>Intersection Improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle Lanes </li></ul>
  68. 82. Transition Safe Route to Park Develop Pedestrian Access Point Develop Bicycle Lanes, and additional Bus Route Intersection Improvements
  69. 83. Kendall Indian Hammocks Park Interventions will result in a 50% increase in walkable park service
  70. 84. Maximize Open Space on Existing Publically-Owned Properties <ul><li>Easements </li></ul><ul><li>Joint-Use Agreements with Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of Existing County Properties </li></ul>
  71. 85. Existing County Properties <ul><li>First Step </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and Target Existing County Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Transfer to Parks Dept. </li></ul>
  72. 86. Schools <ul><li>Develop Joint-Use Agreements with Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Programming Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Use of Open Space </li></ul>
  73. 87. Buy Land Indentify Vacant and Distressed properties in Gap Areas
  74. 88. Target Area for Acquisition
  75. 89. Detailed Analysis at Neighborhood Scale <ul><li>Gaps in Service within Neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Vacant and Distressed Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of any other site that meet criteria for park acquisition </li></ul>
  76. 90. Evaluate Potential Sites Based on Acquisition Criteria
  77. 91. Target Priority Site for Acquisition <ul><li>Initiate Acquisition Process </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Property Research </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Owner(s) to Confirm Willingness to Sell </li></ul>
  78. 93. Park and Recreation Department
  79. 94. <ul><li>Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”: </li></ul><ul><li>Great Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Great Public Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Great Natural and Cultural Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Great Greenways and Blueways </li></ul><ul><li>Great Streets </li></ul>
  80. 95. From this
  81. 96. To this
  82. 97. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Communities Putting Prevention to Work </li></ul><ul><li>Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Discussion </li></ul>
  83. 98. Communities Putting Prevention to Work The increasingly significant role of parks and public spaces in addressing health issues

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