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SNEAPA 2013 Friday g3 1_45_what is important to us


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Local, Regional and State Prioritization of Development, Preservation and Infrastructure in Massachusetts

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SNEAPA 2013 Friday g3 1_45_what is important to us

  1. 1. WHAT IS IMPORTANT TO US? Local, Regional & State Prioritization of Development, Preser vation and Infrastructure in Massachusetts
  2. 2. PARTNERS Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs
  3. 3. Panelists • Victoria Maguire, State Permit Ombudsman/Director, Massachusetts Permit Regulatory Office, Executive Office of Housing and Economic Development • E. Heidi Ricci, Shaping the Future of Your Community Program, Mass Audubon • Kurt Gaertner AICP, Director of Sustainable Development, MA Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs • Barry Keppard AICP, Public Health Manager, Metropolitan Area Planning Council • Mike Parquette, Comprehensive Planning Manager, Merrimack Valley Planning Commission • Trish Settles AICP, Principal Planner, Central Mass. Regional Planning Commission
  4. 4. Victoria Maguire State Permit Ombudsman/Director, Massachusetts Permit Regulatory Office, Executive Office of Housing and Economic Development Planning Ahead for Growth
  5. 5. Planning Ahead for Growth  Planning ahead for job and housing growth is critical to our prosperity and to our quality of life.  As a state, prior to 2007, we largely failed to plan ahead.  Since 2007, we have been deliberately and consistently planning ahead.
  6. 6. Economic Competitiveness in MA The Economic Development Plan Choosing to Compete in the 21st Century ( 5 Categories, with 55 Actions Building Talent Innovation Economy Empowering Regions Ease of Doing Business Improving Cost Competitiveness 6
  7. 7. The 4 Core Elements of Our Strategy 1 Identify 2 Create 3 Invest 4 Market Promising places for growth that have community support, are consistent with regional considerations and align with the Sustainable Development Principles Prompt and predictable zoning and permitting in those places (both local and state) In public infrastructure needed to support growth To businesses and developers interested in locating and growing in the Commonwealth
  8. 8. Planning Ahead for Growth in Action CORE ELEMENTS Invest PROGRAMS AND INITIATIVES  Priority Dev. Areas  Priority Pres. Areas  Gateway Cities  Growth District Initiative  Compact Neighborhoods  Chapter 43D  Chapter 43E  Chapter 40R  District Local Technical Assistance  Compact Neighborhoods  Best Practices Model for Streamlined Local Permitting  MassWorks Infrastructure Program  Promote Development – Ready Properties  HDIP  Online Resources  Executive Order 525  Supporting Stakeholders  District Improvement Financing  Conferences and Events 8
  9. 9. What is a Regional Planning Effort?
  10. 10. Regional Planning Effort Timeline 2007 • South Coast Rail effort began (31 communities) 2009 • South Coast Rail Corridor Plan released 2010 • Executive Order 525 was signed by Governor Patrick 2012 • 495/Metrowest Plan Released (37 communities) 2012 • CMRPC Regional plan for Blackstone Valley (11 comm.) 2012 • CMRPC Regional plan for Central 13 (13 comm.) 2013 • Merrimack Valley Regional Plan released (15 comm.) 2013 • SCR 5 Year Update (underway) 2013 • CMRPC Rural 11 (underway)
  11. 11. Statewide Housing Production Goal 10,000 multi-family units per year 11
  12. 12. The benefits of housing for local communities • Keeps families and friends close by • Connects people to jobs • Revitalizes downtowns • Reuses historical buildings 12
  13. 13. Getting the balance right Jobs • Transportation • Environment • Housing Community • Health • Neighborhoods
  14. 14. Thank you Questions? Please visit the Massachusetts Permit Regulatory Office webpage @ Victoria Maguire, State Permit Ombudsman/Director Massachusetts Permit Regulator y Of fice 617-788-3649 / Victor Negrete, Regional Planning Manager Massachusetts Permit Regulatory Office 617-788-3601 /
  15. 15. E. Heidi Ricci Shaping the Future of Your Community Program, Mass Audubon Regional Planning for Development and Preservation
  16. 16. Rate of Development (1999 – 2005) Losing Ground: Beyond the Footprint Mass Audubon 2009
  17. 17. Bigger Houses on Bigger Lots = More Sprawl • 47,000 acres of natural land was developed between 1999-2005 • 87% of the land lost is due to residential development • Lot size increased 47% from 1970 – 2004
  18. 18. Ecological Value - 1971 Index of Ecological Integrity (IEI) Value High : 1 Low : 0.01
  19. 19. Ecological Value - 2005 Index of Ecological Integrity (IEI) Value High : 1 Low : 0.01
  20. 20. BioMap 2 Critical Environmental Resources
  21. 21. Priority Preservation Areas Conservation through Zoning Less roadway to maintain, reduce stormwater runoff Reduce clearing and grading Protect wetland buffers, floodplains, water supplies, forests, farmland Provide open space and trails
  22. 22. Kurt Gaertner AICPSustainable Development, MA Executive Office of Energy and Director of Environmental Affairs Regional Land Use Priority Planning Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs
  23. 23. Sample PPA Approach: MVPC Region • Convened Interagency Lands Committee & Essex Greenbelt • Examined Merrimack Valley Priority Growth Strategy priorities • Used GIS to analyze natural resources relative to preservation & development priorities • Modified GIS data layers & weighting, mapped the top 20% of scores for the region, & analyzed • Created draft Focus Areas and Priority Preservation Areas • Met with sequentially with MVPC staff, municipal planners, & then local elected officials and the general public, refining/improving the Priority Areas after each meeting • Finalized Priority Preservation Areas; they comprise about 15% of the region
  24. 24. Example: GIS Analysis for the MVPC Region Data Layer NHESP BioMap2 Core Habitat NHESP BioMap2 Critical Natural Landscape NHESP Priority Habitats of Rare Species Prime Agricultural Soils DEP Approved Zone 2s within 2640 ft of any PWS well Greenway Vision Areas merged with a 500-ft Buffers of long distance and 'Trail Vision' Trails Interim Wellhead Protection Areas: 2640 ft buffer of only PWS Zone Bs NOAA composite shoreline 400-ft buffer Outstanding Resource Waters Cert. Vernal Pools buffered 150 feet Aquifers - High and Medium Yield Prime Forest Land DEP Approved Zone 2s further than 2640 ft from any PWS well DEP Wetlands 150-ft Buffer erased with BioMap2 CNL wetlands Rivers Protection Act Buffers Areas of Critical Environmental Concern 1000 ft buffer of protected Open Space (buffer only) FEMA Q3 Flood (100-Year Floodplains) EPA Designated Sole Source Aquifers Weight 70 70 70 50 50 50 40 40 40 40 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 15 5
  25. 25. Variations & Improvements: Include historic resources & landscapes  Address climate change adaptation – vulnerability & resilience  Customize the approach to handle:   Rural areas with substantial agricultural land use and agriculture as a major component of the local economy  Urban areas lacking large amounts of undeveloped land
  26. 26. Regional Land Use Priority Plans: Implementation Invest consistent with the Plan: • LAND • PARC • Conservation Partnership • Gateway City Parks • Drinking Water Supply Protection • Clean & Drinking Water State Revolving Funds • Agency Land Acquisitions (DCR, DFG, DAR, & EEA) Regulate consistent with the Plan
  27. 27. Barry Keppard AICP Manager, Metropolitan Area Planning Council Public Health GIS and Regional Screening for Priority Development Areas
  28. 28. Regional Screening Regional Priority Areas Regional Screening Local Priority Areas
  30. 30. Regional Screening - GIS
  31. 31. Regional Screening - GIS  Model Builder
  32. 32. Regional Screening - GIS THEMES Centers – Housing – Regional Plan Rail – Interchanges – Farms - Open Space Connectivity
  34. 34. Regional Priorities Screening What kinds of development should be considered? What are good metrics for assessing suitability? How should those metrics be weighted in a final score?
  35. 35. Suitability Scoring
  36. 36. Weighted by Development Type PDA Development Types Criteria Commercial SingleMixed Use: : Retail, Commercial Commerci Multifamily Mixed Use: Family Master Entertainme : Office & al: Residential Infill Residenti Planned nt & Medical Industrial al Hospitality Travel Choices 30% 22% 17% 19% 14% 9% 19% Walkable Communitie s 30% 28% 8% 17% 17% 9% 23% Open Spaces 7% 16% 22% 19% 19% 23% 19% Healthy Watersheds 19% 6% 14% 12% 22% 23% 23% Current Assets 7% 16% 17% 19% 14% 14% 8% Growth Potential 7% 13% 22% 14% 14% 23% 8%
  37. 37. Mike Parquette Comprehensive Planning Manager, Merrimack Valley Planning Commission Merrimack Valley Priority Growth Strategy
  38. 38. Competing public policies  “Need to encourage growth to finance municipal services”  “Need to create job opportunities that pay well and reduce commuting demands”  “Need to keep housing cost affordable for our children and future generations”  “Need to manage development to avoid adversely affecting our quality of life”
  39. 39. Regional Plan to address these challenges “Where do communities want to encourage regionally significant growth that creates these jobs and affordable housing opportunities”  “Which areas of the valley should be protected from future development due to environmental and other constraints to maintain the character of the valley”  “How well does the region’s transportation network support these land use priorities” 
  40. 40. Where do we want to encourage growth?  Local decision  Concentrated Development Centers (CDC)  CDC: “An area of concentrated development, including a town center, consisting of existing and appropriately zoned commercial, industrial and mixed use areas suitable for high density development”  Priority Development Site (PDS)
  41. 41. CDCs Map
  42. 42. CDC Evaluation “Strengths & constraints to development” and “Smart Growth principles”  Land use  Infrastructure  Access  Environmental
  43. 43. Land Use “Concentrate a mix of uses that foster a sense of place, increases job opportunities and sustainable businesses”  Density & potential build-out  Zoning / mix of uses  Priority development
  44. 44. Infrastructure “Encourage reuse and rehabilitation of existing infrastructure”  Water  Sewer  Broadband  Utilities
  45. 45. Access “Provide transportation choices”  Road  Access to the site  Congestion  Transit  Bike & pedestrian
  46. 46. Environmental “Restore and enhance the environment”  Wetlands  Flood plain  Water supply protection  Rare species
  47. 47. GREATER LAWRENCE SUB-REGION CONCENTRATED DEVELOPMENT CENTER EVALUATION HIGH L A N D U S E D e n s ity & B u ild o u t Z o n in g / M ix u s e P r io r ity D e v e lo p m e n t IN F R A S T R U C T U R E W a te r S ew er B ro a d b a n d U tilit ie s T R A N S P O R T A T IO N S ite A c c e s s ib ilit y C o n g e s tio n T r a n s it S e r v ic e B ik e /P e d e s tr ia n E N V IR O N M E N T A L W a te r S u p p ly P r o te c t F lo o d P la in W e tla n d s R a r e S p e c ie s LAWRENCE Rolling Green MEDIUM Raytheon LOW River Road Strengths & Weaknesses Lowell Junction ANDOVER METHUEN NORTH ANDOVER
  48. 48. CDC Classification  Smart Growth Center  Center of Commerce  Business Center  Village Center
  49. 49. Where should we protect land from future development?  Local decision  Protected lands & lands suitable for protection  Protected lands: “Lands protected by agricultural preservation restrictions, protected federal, state & municipal lands, protected public and private outdoor recreation areas”
  50. 50. New priority areas for protection  Open space plans  Watersheds for public water  Farmlands  Identified potential regional collaboration and cooperation opportunities to protect open space throughout the valley
  51. 51. CDCs & PDS & OS Map
  52. 52. How do we connect these land use patterns?  Existing transportation system  Connections: “Inter-state highways, regional roads, transit, bike and pedestrian connections that support the promotion of CDCs and protected lands”
  53. 53. Growth Strategy Map w/Priority Transportation Projects
  54. 54. Trish Settles AICP Central Mass. Regional Planning Commission Principal Planner, Customizing Your Process
  55. 55. Project Conclusion
  56. 56. Fundamental Principles • New Commercial & Residential Growth must occur in a manner respectful of open space, water resources, & transportation networks. • New Growth will likely require transportation & infrastructure upgrades, beyond what is needed to maintain the existing systems. • Land use & transportation decisions must account for the Global Warming Solutions Act & the transportation reorganization statute. • Workforce housing must continue to be produced & preserved within the region at a scale that allows the number of workers living in the region to keep pace with the new jobs created. • Sustainable growth will involve the creation and maintenance of an effective transportation and public transit system coordinated with existing transit. • Coordinated planning & implementation ef for ts are necessar y where jurisdictions and boundaries intersect.
  57. 57. Rural- 11 Regional Study Study Process and Timeline Review of Previous Plans and Studies Jan - Mar Local Meetings Feb - July Community-Level Public Meetings First Regional Forum June 26 Assessment and Identification of Regional Priorities Late Summer Second Regional Meeting Tonight! Project Conclusion and Final Report December
  59. 59. 1 st Regional Forum- June 2013 Presented your town’s map along with maps of neighboring municipalities  Participants provided guidance on regional priorities and investments 
  60. 60. Regionally Significant Priority Development Areas Priority Preservation Areas
  61. 61. Customizing your Process What partners make sense?  Information Gathering   Be Thoughtful and Flexible (lots of meetings) Consider what else will bring value to the towns an the region  What will get potential participants excited about providing input  We added an inventory of Working Landscapes followed by a special Working Landscape Roundtable Discussion.  Already possibilities for Regional Collaboration.  Added a Raffle 
  62. 62. Customizing your Process What partners make sense?  Information Gathering   Be Thoughtful and Flexible (lots of meetings) Consider what else will bring value to the towns an the region  What will get potential participants excited about providing input  We added an inventory of Working Landscapes followed by a special Working Landscape Roundtable Discussion.  Already possibilities for Regional Collaboration.  Added a Raffle 
  63. 63. Victoria Maguire EOHED 617-788-3649 Barry Keppard AICP MAPC 617-788-3649 Mike Parquette MVPC 617-788-3649 E. Heidi Ricci Mass Audubon 781-259-2172 Kurt Gaertner AICP EOEEA 617-626-1154 Trish Settles AICP CMRPC 508-459-3320