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Innovative Zoning Strategies Workshop - Traditional neighborhood development

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by Eric Hove, Senior Project Manager - South Coast Rail, Regina Villa Associates

Published in: Real Estate, Technology
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Innovative Zoning Strategies Workshop - Traditional neighborhood development

  1. 1. Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) Eric Hove Regina Villa Associates Senior Regional Planner South Coast RailAdapted from the Massachusetts SmartGrowth / Smart Energy ToolkitSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  2. 2. What is Traditional Neighborhood Development?• Also called New Urbanism, village-style development, or neo-traditional planning;• Mixes residential, commercial and civic uses in a compact area;• Balances public and private space to enhance identity and value;• Builds community, promotes walkability, and increases affordability;• Use traditional cities, towns, villages as a model for the future.Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  3. 3. Why does TND make sense? • Sprawl is costly – More water/sewer, fire/police, schools – Higher fuel/maintenance costs for drivers • Sprawl is time-consuming – Longer commutes/more traffic congestion = less time for family, community, leisure • Sprawl is unhealthy – More roads increase air/water pollution – Greater distances = less walking, cyclingSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  4. 4. TND in New England Downtown Concord, MassachusettsSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  5. 5. TND in New England Southfield Proposed Village Center (formerly the South Weymouth Naval Air Station)Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  6. 6. Churchill Homes—Holyoke, MA Hope VISmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  7. 7. South Village—South Burlington, VT • 330 units- mix of types • Community Farm (CSA) • Preserved Open Space Photos courtesy of Bob MitchellSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  8. 8. Why does TND make sense?• TND is cost-effective; – Uses existing infrastructure – Reduces need for auto ownership• TND is time-saving; – Reduces vehicle trips and commute times• TND promotes health and safety; – Walkable communities – Increased opportunity for energy efficiencySmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  9. 9. Overview of TND Principles• Principle 1: Town Center and Edges• Principle 2: Connectivity• Principle 3: Walkability• Principle 4: Mixed Uses• Principle 5: Mixed Housing• Principle 6: Compatible Architecture• Principle 7: Community-Oriented Design• Principle 8: Vibrant Neighborhood DistrictsSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  10. 10. Principle 1: Town Center and Neighborhood Edges• Town center anchored by Town Edge – village green – residential and commercial buildings – transit stop Civic Buildings• Town edges…• Civic buildings are prominent landmarks that terminate views and inspire Town community purpose CenterSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  11. 11. TND Principle 2: Connectivity Street GridSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  12. 12. Principle 3: Walkability can you find the pedestrian?Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  13. 13. Principle 4: Mixed Uses residences above retail stores transit-friendly shopping district TND Main StreetSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  14. 14. Principle 5: Mixed Housing accessory dwelling unit multi-family homesSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  15. 15. Principle 6: Compatible Architecture local formsSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  16. 16. Principle 7: Community-Oriented Urban Design front porches period streetlights Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  17. 17. TND Principle 8: Vibrant Neighborhood Districts 16th Street in the 1920’sSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  18. 18. What steps are necessary to make TND happen?I. Design PrinciplesSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  19. 19. What steps are necessary to make TND happen?I .Design PrinciplesII. Charrette public participationSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  20. 20. Visualizations South Coast Rail— Fall River Depot Station AreaSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  21. 21. South Coast Rail Fall River Depot Station PhotomontageSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  22. 22. What steps are necessary to make TND happen?I .Design PrinciplesII. CharretteIII. Zoning RevisionsSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development
  23. 23. TND Resources• South Village – www.southvillage.com• Churchill Homes – www.dietzarch.com/projects_churchill.html• Congress for the New Urbanism – www.cnu.org/• Other TND projects – www.tndtownpaper.com/neighborhoods.htm• South Coast Rail – www.mass.gov/southcoastrailSmart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development

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