Annotated BibliographiesSummary / evaluation / assessment of value of each
What is the purpose of an Annotated
literature on a
Explores and organise sources
for further research
quality and depth of
reading you have
Highlights the scope
of sources available:
Informs the reader of the
relevance, accuracy and quality
Parts of the annotation
The annotation must provide:
Provide the full bibliographic citation.
Summarise the main arguments /ideas presented
that are relevant to your assignment topic.
Evaluate how useful you found the sources. Assess its
objectivity, reliability and bias, and compare it with other
sources you have used.
Reflect on how you used the source in your research.
List all sources in alphabetical order (according
to surnames) and include the annotation under
Use the structure of the source to structure your
eg. This chapter focuses on three issues which are …
If the author has a specific purpose behind
his/her writing, specify this.
eg. The author’s intention is to present an overview of …
Critique the source – evaluate its reliability or
Is the text descriptive or analytical?
Look for evidence the author may have used to
support his or her ideas.
Consider the journal’s reputation, author’s resume.
eg. Although an interesting chapter, it is mainly descriptive and does not
discuss options for prevention or treatment.
eg. The author supports this claim with statistics from the World Health
How useful was this source in my research?
Did it add to my understanding of the topic?
Was it easy to read?
Are there any useful references to follow up?
How could other researchers use this source?
eg. Although the guidelines on this website for infection control are very detailed,
they are written in plain English and clearly articulate the message of thorough hand
washing as the main defense against the spread of germs.
eg While the focus of this chapter was very broad, the authors supply some useful
references for readers to pursue for more specific information.
1 Citation Trevor, C. O., Lansford, B. and Black, J. W. 2004. “Employee
turnover and job performance: monitoring the influences of salary growth and
promotion’. Journal of Armchair Psychology, vol. 113, no. 1. pp 56-64.
2 Summary In this article Trevor et al. review the influences of pay and job
opportunities in respect to job performance, turnover rates and employee
motivation. Their research focuses on assessing a range of pay structures
such as pay for performance and organisational reward schemes. 3
Evaluation Although the article was peer-reviewed a limitation of the article is
that the survey was restricted to mid-level management. 4 Reflection The
article is useful to my research topic, as Trevor et al. suggest that there are
numerous reasons for employee turnover and variances in employee
motivation and performance. This article will not form the basis of my
research; however it will be useful supplementary information for my research
on pay structures. The article was easy to follow and understand.
✔ used the referencing style specified.
Checklist: I’ve …
✔ provided a brief overview of main ideas, using the
features such as the structure or purpose.
✔ commented on whether the source was useful.
✔ evaluated the source for its objectivity and reliability.
✔ checked spelling, grammar and punctuation and my
writing is set out in a logical format.
Keep it concise. Remember this is a summary. Keep
to one paragraph.
Write in full sentences using academic vocabulary.
Queensland University of Technology. 2012. “Writing an Annotated
Bibliography” Accessed May 29, 2012.
University of New South Wales. 2010. “Annotated Bibliography’ Accessed
May 29, 2012. http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/annotated_bib.html