Crop Production and Management Assignment on
Package of Practices
Mrs. Ansu Abraham
• It is one of the most delicious
fruits when consumed fresh.
• This crop is known by varied
names such as Sitaphal, Sugarapple
• The edible portion is creamy or
custard like with a good blend of
• It is used in ice-creams and several
Soil and Climate
• It is a tropical plant but can also
be grown in mild sub-tropics also.
• It is sensitive to frost.
•It prefers dry climate during
flowering but fruit is aided by high
humidity which begins with the
onset of monsoon.
• It can withstand high rainfall or
drought and is tolerant to many soil
conditions except alkalinity.
Propagation and Rootstick
• Propagation is generally done
• Seeds are sown directly into the
fields in well prepared pits in
beginning of monsoon and at
appropriate height and girth.
•Propagation by budding and whip
grafting has been successful for
improving the yield and quality.
• Pits of (60*60*60) cm size
are made in summer refilled
with soil and FYM (1:1).
• Planting distance is kept at
(4.5*4.5) m to (5.0*5.0) m.
• Planting is done at the
beginning of monsoon to
avail the advantage of
available rain water.
Age of FYM
• It doesn't require irrigation to
produce fairly good crop provided
effective water harvesting is
affected by developing microcatchments in rainy season.
• However, in absence of water
harvesting in post monsoon period
2-3 irrigations help in better quality
of fruits and higher production.
• Takes about 3 years for plants to
come into bearing and 5 or more
years to develop full canopy.
• An average plant bears about
2000 flowers and the fruit set is
• Fruit set is better where humidity
Harvesting and yield
• Custard apple produces single crop
in a year during SeptemberNovember in India.
• It comes into bearing from the age
of 4-5 years.
•It is a climacteric fruit and should
be and should be harvested when
fully matured and firm.
• Yield per year:50-100
Diseases and their Management
Dry, blackish-brown spots the
blossom end of the fruit
which spread slowly in all
directions and usually cover
The disease can be effectively
controlled by foliar sprays
with copper oxychloride
water or thiophanate methyl
(100g/100L) water, giving 2-3
sprays at 15 days interval.