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Deep web

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This is a presentation on Deep Web or Dark Web.

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Deep web

  1. 1. • WHAT IS SURFACE WEB SURFACE WEB PART OF THE WEB WHICH WE CAN ACCESS. BUT IN THE SAME WAY THAT ONLY THE TIP OF AN ICEBERG IS VISIBLE TO OBSERVERS, A TRADITIONAL SEARCH ENGINE SEES ONLY A SMALL AMOUNT OF THE INFORMATION THAT'S AVAILABLE. • WHAT IS DEEP WEB? DEEP WEB IS THE PART OF THE WEB WHICH IS HIDDEN FROM US AND WHICH CANNOT BE ACCESSED BY NORMAL SEARCH ENGINES LIKE GOOGLE OR BING.
  2. 2. HOW REALLY BIG IS DEEP WEB • THE DEEP WEB IS ENORMOUS IN COMPARISON TO THE SURFACE WEB. TODAY'S WEB HAS MORE THAN 555 MILLION REGISTERED DOMAINS. EACH OF THOSE DOMAINS CAN HAVE DOZENS, HUNDREDS OR EVEN THOUSANDS OF SUB-PAGES, MANY OF WHICH AREN'T CATALOGUED, AND THUS FALL INTO THE CATEGORY OF DEEP WEB. • ALTHOUGH NOBODY REALLY KNOWS FOR SURE, THE DEEP WEB MAY BE 400 TO 500 TIMES BIGGER THAT THE SURFACE WEB [SOURCE: BRIGHTPLANET]. AND BOTH THE SURFACE AND DEEP WEB GROW BIGGER AND BIGGER EVERY DAY.
  3. 3. • EVERYTHING NOT FOUND BY A SEARCH ENGINE’S SPIDER PROGRAM IS PART OF THE INVISIBLE WEB • WEBPAGES WITH NO LINKS ON THEM, CALLED DISCONNECTED PAGES • PASSWORD PROTECTED WEBPAGES • WEBPAGES GENERATED FROM DATABASES • DYNAMICALLY GENERATED WEBPAGES • REAL-TIME CONTENT • WEBPAGES WITH NON-HTML TEXT, OR ANY CODING THAT A SPIDER PROGRAM CAN NOT UNDERSTAND • MOST WEBPAGES ON THE INTERNET ARE NOT INDEXED BY SEARCH ENGINES • SOME EXPERTS ESTIMATE THAT AS MUCH AS 96% OF THE ENTIRE INTERNET IS INVISIBLE WEB CONTENT
  4. 4. SEARCH ENGINES •PROGRAMS THAT SEARCH DOCUMENTS FOR SPECIFIED KEYWORDS OR PHRASES AND RETURNS A LIST OF DOCUMENTS WHERE THE KEYWORDS WERE FOUND
  5. 5. HOW SEARCH ENGINE WORKS
  6. 6. RESOURCES TO ACCESS DEEP WEB •TOR(THE ONION ROUTER) RESULT OF RESEARCH DONE BY THE U.S. NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, WHICH CREATED TOR FOR POLITICAL DISSIDENTS AND WHISTLE-BLOWERS, ALLOWING THEM TO COMMUNICATE WITHOUT FEAR OF REPRISAL IT PROVED DIFFICULT FOR U.S. LAW ENFORCEMENT TO TRACK DOWN CRIMINALS AND PROVED TO BE A DOUBLE EDGED SWORD
  7. 7. THE TOR EFFECT • TOR IS VERY MUCH EFFECTIVE IN PROVIDING ANONYMITY AND IS USED BY VARIOUS GROUPS OF PEOPLE LIKE INDIVIDUALS USE TOR TO KEEP WEBSITES FROM TRACKING THEM AND THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS JOURNALISTS USE TOR TO COMMUNICATE MORE SAFELY WITH WHISTLE-BLOWERS AND DISSIDENTS. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS) USE TOR TO ALLOW THEIR WORKERS TO CONNECT TO THEIR HOME WEBSITE WHILE THEY'RE IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY ACTIVIST GROUPS LIKE THE ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION (EFF) RECOMMEND TOR AS A MECHANISM FOR MAINTAINING CIVIL LIBERTIES ONLINE.
  8. 8. BITCOIN • TO PROVIDE ANONYMITY THE MONEY-RELATED TRANSACTIONS USED BITCOINS AND SELLERS AND BUYERS COULDN'T IDENTIFY EACH OTHER. • IT'S BASICALLY AN ENCRYPTED DIGITAL CURRENCY LIKE REGULAR CASH • NO ONE CAN TRACE A PURCHASE, ILLEGAL OR OTHERWISE. • BUT BECAUSE BITCOIN ISN'T BACKED BY ANY GOVERNMENT, ITS VALUE FLUCTUATES, OFTEN WILDLY. IT'S ANYTHING BUT A SAFE PLACE TO STORE YOUR LIFE SAVINGS. • BUT WHEN PAIRED PROPERLY WITH TOR, IT'S PERHAPS THE CLOSEST THING TO A FOOL PROOF WAY TO BUY AND SELL ON THE WEB. • BITCOIN MAY BE THE CURRENCY OF THE FUTURE -- A DECENTRALIZED AND UNREGULATED TYPE OF MONEY FREE OF THE REINS OF ANY ONE GOVERNMENT.
  9. 9. THE BRIGHT SIDE • THE DARK WEB IS HOME TO ALTERNATE SEARCH ENGINES, E-MAIL SERVICES, FILE STORAGE, FILE SHARING, SOCIAL MEDIA, CHAT SITES, NEWS OUTLETS AND WHISTLEBLOWING SITES. • IN AN AGE WHERE NSA-TYPE SURVEILLANCE IS OMNIPRESENT THE DARK WEB OFFERS SOME RELIEF TO PEOPLE WHO PRIZE THEIR ANONYMITY. • DARK WEB DOESN'T TRACK YOUR ONLINE BEHAVIOUR OR OFFER ADVERTISEMENTS. • BITCOIN MAY NOT BE ENTIRELY STABLE, BUT IT OFFERS PRIVACY, WHICH IS SOMETHING YOUR CREDIT CARD COMPANY MOST CERTAINLY DOES NOT.
  10. 10. THE BRIGHT SIDE • THE DARK WEB OFFERS A MORE SECURE WAY TO COMMUNICATE FOR CITIZENS IN COUNTRIES WITH VIOLENT LEADERS WITH LIKE-MINDED INDIVIDUALS. • A PAPER WRITTEN BY RESEARCHERS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LUXEMBOURG ATTEMPTED TO RANK THE MOST COMMONLY ACCESSED MATERIALS ON THE DARK WEB, THEY FOUND WAS THAT ALTHOUGH SITES TRADING IN ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES, SO TOO ARE THOSE CONCERNED WITH HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
  11. 11. DARKNESS FALLS • YOU CAN FIND ILLEGAL GOODS AND ACTIVITIES OF ALL KINDS THROUGH THE DARK WEB. • IT MAINTAIN ANONYMITY ONLINE BUT PROVES TO BE DANGEROUS. • THAT INCLUDES ILLICIT DRUGS, CHILD PORNOGRAPHY, STOLEN CREDIT CARD NUMBERS, HUMAN TRAFFICKING, WEAPONS, EXOTIC ANIMALS, COPYRIGHTED MEDIA. BUT YOU WON'T FIND THIS • INFORMATION WITH A GOOGLE SEARCH. THESE KINDS OF WEB SITES REQUIRE YOU TO USE SPECIAL SOFTWARE, SUCH AS THE ONION ROUTER, MORE COMMONLY KNOWN AS TOR.
  12. 12. THE SILK ROAD • THE MOST INFAMOUS OF THESE ONION SITES WAS AN ONLINE MARKETPLACE WHERE USERS COULD BUY DRUGS, GUNS AND ALL SORTS OF OTHER ILLEGAL ITEMS. • BEST KNOWN AS A PLATFORM FOR SELLING ILLEGAL DRUGS. AS PART OF THE DEEP WEB. IT WAS OPERATED AS A TOR HIDDEN SERVICE, SUCH THAT ONLINE USERS WERE ABLE TO BROWSE IT ANONYMOUSLY AND SECURELY WITHOUT POTENTIAL TRAFFIC MONITORING. THE WEBSITE WAS LAUNCHED IN FEBRUARY 2011. • IN 2013, THE FBI SHUT DOWN THE WEBSITE AND ARRESTED ROSS WILLIAM ULBRICHT UNDER CHARGES OF BEING THE SITE'S PSEUDONYMOUS FOUNDER "DREAD PIRATE ROBERTS". • ON 6 NOVEMBER 2013, SILK ROAD 2.0 CAME ONLINE, RUN BY FORMER ADMINISTRATORS OF SILK ROAD.IT TOO WAS SHUT DOWN AND THE ALLEGED OPERATOR ARRESTED ON 6 NOVEMBER 2014 AS PART OF THE SO-CALLED "OPERATION ONYMOUS".
  13. 13. CONCLUSION • DESPITE THE VAST AMOUNT OF INFORMATION THE DEEP WEB CONTAINS, IT IS STILL AN AMBIGUOUS PART OF THE DIGITAL WORLD. • MANY INTERNET USERS HAVE NOT HEARD OF IT AND BELIEVE THAT WHAT THEY SEE ON THEIR GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS IS ALL THAT THE WEB HAS TO OFFER. • OTHERS WOULD RATHER HAVE IT ABOLISHED, CLAIMING THAT IT IS AN UNDERGROUND WORLD OF CRIME AND UNETHICAL BEHAVIOUR. • THEN THERE ARE THOSE WHO ARE INTERESTED IN THE POSSIBILITIES OF THIS UNEXPLORED FRONTIER, BUT SIMPLY DO NOT KNOW WHERE TO BEGIN THE DEEP WEB IS NOT GOING AWAY ANYTIME SOON. • IT IS WORTH OUR TIME TO FURTHER INVESTIGATE ITS CONTENTS AND LEARN HOW TO HARNESS ITS POWER.
  14. 14. 10 FACTS ABOUT DEEP WEB

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