FORUM PORTUGAL ENERGY POWER: "SME, Energy Efficiency and Sustainability"


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Maria Isabel Soares, Diretora do Curso de Mestrado em Economia e Gestão do Ambiente FEP

Conferência Internacional Europe Business - "Mais eficiência, Maior Competitividade em Portugal"

FORUM PORTUGAL ENERGY POWER promovido pela ANJE no dia 21 de novembro, na Alfândega do Porto

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FORUM PORTUGAL ENERGY POWER: "SME, Energy Efficiency and Sustainability"

  1. 1. SME, Energy Efficiency and Sustainability Isabel Soares FEP/CEF.UP Isabel Soares ( 1
  2. 2. Outline Isabel Soares ( 2
  3. 3. EU STRATEGIC PRIORITIES Smart growth Sustainable growth Isabel Soares ( Inclusive growth 3
  4. 4. Problem Increasing share of REN in a country’s energy mix is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for the sustainability of economic system.  Energy Efficiency (EE) encompasses all changes leading to a reduction in the energy used for a given energy service or level of activity BUT  EU 20% goal for energy savings could not be met with present policies… Isabel Soares ( 4
  5. 5. Why SMEs?  99% of EU-27 enterprises in the private sector are SMEs.  60%-70% of environmental impact is related to SMEs.  About 0.4% of SMEs use a certified Environmental Management System  About 24% of SMEs are actively engaged in actions which are reducing their environmental impact  Most EU businesses are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). They represent an enormous energy saving potential for the EU European Commission also promotes the growth of SMEs also through the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), a set of 10 principles which should guide the design and implementation of policies both at EU and national level Isabel Soares ( 5
  6. 6. SMEs are the backbone of the European economy and their contribution is essential for pursuing the goals of ‘Europe 2020’, the Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth  Accounting for 99.8% of non-financial enterprises in 2012 businesses. 20.7 million  The majority (92.2%) are micro-enterprises (< 10 employees)  6.5% of EU SME are small enterprises ( 10 - 49 employees)  1.1% are medium-sized (50-249 employees)  Only 0.2% are non-financial large businesses (> 250 employees) Isabel Soares ( 6
  7. 7. Isabel Soares ( 7
  8. 8. Annual growth % in Employment, Real Value Added and Real Productivity of EU27 SMEs ( 2008-2011) Isabel Soares ( 8
  9. 9. SME performance among Member States: diverging trends (2011 Data)  Only Austria, Germany and Malta exceeded their 2008 levels of real VA and employment in their SMEs (Ecorys, 2012).  Belgium, Finland France and Luxemburg: a flat SME performance 2008.  In the remaining EU countries: SMEs have not recovered their pre-crises levels of real VA and employment. WHY? 1. SME employment is relatively concentrated in high-tech and medium-tech manufacturing and knowledge-intensive services 2. Sectoral labour productivity levels are higher when the sector shows higher investment rates, higher export rates and when the sector belongs to high-tech manufacturing and knowledge-intensive services. 3. Best performing countries have combined SME employment growth with SME labour productivity growth, although SME EG much higher than LPG. Isabel Soares ( 9
  10. 10. European Strategy to boost SMEs according to strategic priorities Resource Efficiency Green Markets EU Strategy Green Jobs Isabel Soares ( 10
  11. 11.  For an economist: EE is associated with economic efficiency and includes: Technological change Behavorial change Isabel Soares ( Economic change 11
  12. 12. EU 27 SMEs: facts on the European Sustainability Targets up to 2020 1. RESOURCE EFFICIENCY 3% of EU SMEs are taking at least one action to be more resource efficient. SMEs would save energy (64%), minimize waste (62%), recycle (61%), save materials (57%) and water (50%), while large companies with more than 250 employees would save more energy (82%), minimize waste (72%), recycle (76%), save materials (74%) and sell scrap material to companies (44% vs. 24%) 80% of SMEs plan to implement additional resource efficiency actions in the next two years Isabel Soares ( 12
  13. 13. EU 27 SMEs: facts on the European Sustainability Targets up to 2020 • Resource Efficiency 33% of SMEs make efforts to improve resource efficiency, as it is one of their top priorities. 1/5 of SMEs would take measures because of financial and fiscal incentives, or other forms of public support to create a competitive advantage/business opportunity (23%), or because of demand from customers or providers (22%). Large companies with over 250 employees compared to SMEs would take efficiency measures to create a competitive advantage/business opportunity (36% vs. 23% for SMEs), anticipate future professional/product standards (22% vs. 12%), as well as further changes in legislation (20% vs. 12%) Isabel Soares ( 13
  14. 14. EU 27 SMEs: facts on the European Sustainability Targets up to 2020 • Resource Efficiency 43% of SMEs receive external support in relation to environmental actions from the private sector (24%) and public support (9%), while 47% of large companies receive external support from private sector and from public sector (13%). Measures to improve resource efficiency have reduced the production costs for 35% of SMEs, while 27% of SMEs had production costs increased. 25% of SMEs have an Environmental Management System (EMS) in place in comparison to 48% of large companies. EU structural and cohesion funds supported 4% of SMEs.  11% of SMEs have bid for a public procurement tender that included environmental requirements, while 16% of large companies participate in a public procurement tender with environmental requirements. Isabel Soares ( 14
  15. 15. Energy consumption by manufacturing business in Portugal (2000-2010) Isabel Soares ( 15
  16. 16.  Sample: a) 100 SMEs; b) North/Center/Alentejo; c) Textil&Garment/Metal Engineering/Wood/Furniture&Cork/Glass & Ceramics/Foodstuffs; energy consumption mainly between 250-500 tep; d) Potential to increase energy efficiency Isabel Soares ( 16
  17. 17. Isabel Soares ( 17
  18. 18. Isabel Soares ( 18
  19. 19. Thank you! Isabel Soares ( 19
  20. 20. References • • • WEC.2011:Energy efficiency policies around the world: review and evaluation ECORYS ,Sept. 2012: EU SMEs in 2012: at the crossroads IAPMEI ( Editor), Nov. 2012: Estratégia de Eficiência Energética em PME Isabel Soares ( 20