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Smart city proposal citizens initiative for smart portblair - final lite ver

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It is a citizens effort in participatory panning of his city. The idea behind / goal of CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART CITY PORT BLAIR is to
Practice participatory planning. What we have achieved is that we are able to demonstrate that its possible using new communication modes & tools like facebook; Though there was a will among the coordinator, members of group and PBMC officials, it could not happen in a desired way due to lack of quality internet connectivity.
Change the focus from conventional development models and move towards THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION COMPLIANT ECONOMY. You will find the SMART CITY PROPOSAL - Citizens Initiative's objective in synergy with TIR Compliance. It would also fulfill additional agenda of MOUD; Govt of India.
Highlight the fact that there is a need to have customized solution, we cannot be taken for granted for ever. It cannot be a COPY-PASTE job. When a foreign company starts work in India, it either spends years before establishing or takes an Indian partner / hires Indians. Unfortunately in case of consultants working in the islands, neither they spend time to get a feel of the place nor do they spend money to hire local resources.

Published in: Economy & Finance
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Smart city proposal citizens initiative for smart portblair - final lite ver

  1. 1. Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizens initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR ...... Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizens initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR ...... Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR. Citizen’s initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR .Citizens initiative for SMART PORT BLAIR SMART CITY PROPOSAL CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART PORT BLAIR 4/18/2016 Anirban Choudhury; Email- smartportblair@gmail.com
  2. 2. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 1 Contents 1) How it started? ..............................................................................................................3 2) Master Planning and its relevance in making cities smart..............................................5 3) Vision ............................................................................................................................6 4) Objective – Leverage Smart City initiative to make the City’s Economy “Third Industrial Revolution (TIR)” compliant............................................................................6 a) Improve the quality and coverage of basic urban services ..........................6 b) Economic Development ..............................................................................6 c) Social empowerment through extended people’s participation. ...................6 2) City SWOT ....................................................................................................................8 3) Port Blair SWOT - Strength ...........................................................................................8 a) Strategic Location - .....................................................................................8 b) Time Zone –................................................................................................9 c) Exclusive Economic Zone- ..........................................................................9 d) Natural Resources & Biodiversity ..............................................................10 e) Port Blair not just carbon neutral, its carbon negative-...............................12 f) Educated and well diversified population...................................................13 g) Housing & built Form and Urban pattern has the resilience to change. .....................................................................................................13 h) Adequate Social Infrastructure. .................................................................15 i) Adequate & well distributed rainfall and pleasant climate. .........................17 4) Port Blair SWOT - Weakness ......................................................................................19 a) Urban Structure – Connecting the dots (mixed use nodes – Linear Development – Civil & Military Administration) . ........................................19 b) Urban Governance Legacy........................................................................19 c) Inadequacy of Physical Infrastructure – Water Source & Distribution Network.....................................................................................................20 d) Inadequacy of Physical Infrastructure – Sewage / septage, Solid waste disposal, secured landfill and surface water drainage (contamination). ........................................................................................21 e) Inadequacy of master plan - Need for citizen’s initiative for smart Port Blair...........................................................................................................22 5) Initiative Needed – Collaborative mechanisms to involve residents of PBMC -............25 6) Initiative Needed - Urban Morphology Studies.............................................................26 7) Initiative Needed – Preparation of an Energy master plan...........................................28 a) Problem Background.................................................................................28 b) Problem Observations...............................................................................28 c) Mitigation measures & benefits .................................................................28 8) Initiative Needed – Program for Heritage and institutional Buildings Smart Retrofit .....30 a) Reduce per capita or unit area Energy consumption by ............................30 b) Include Renewable energy in bundle of energy consumed by the building .....................................................................................................31 c) Conditions precedent for success & financial viability................................31 9) Port Blair SWOT - Opportunity ....................................................................................32 a) Fisheries: ..................................................................................................32 b) Tourism:....................................................................................................32 c) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry: ...........................................................33 10) Opportunity- City owned Broad Band Network: ...........................................................34 a) Background Introduction ...........................................................................34 b) Why need for restructured communication network would be needed?.....34 c) Initiatives already taken.............................................................................34 d) Current Bottlenecks to mitigate .................................................................35 e) Future requirements..................................................................................35
  3. 3. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 2 f) Benefits for City of Port Blair- restructured communication high way of the nation. .............................................................................................35 g) Need for City of Port Blair owned Broad band network:.............................36 11) SCP - IoT Application: Madhushala Smart & Host Card. .............................................38 12) Opportunity – Shipping infrastructure under Sagarmala Initiative; MoST, Govt of India. ...........................................................................................................................41 13) SCP - Bundling of Renewable Energy produced by an Independent Power Producer (Grid Linked Solar PV Power Plant) .............................................................46 14) SCP - Solid Waste to Energy Conversion....................................................................49 15) SCP - Water source for 24 x 7 Supply.........................................................................52 16) SCP – Smart Resilient JNRM – Greenfield & Brownfield retrofit..................................57 17) SCP - Meeting Place for Innovator & mentor...............................................................60 18) SCP – Port Blair Housing & Development Board.........................................................65 19) SCP - Improving urban resilience and Housing Renewal @ Junglighat Colony...........68 20) SCP – Multilevel Car Park...........................................................................................74 21) Port Blair SWOT - Threats...........................................................................................78 22) Port Blair SWOT – Threats: Risk to Projects under Smart City Initiatives. ...................80 23) SCP to overcome Threats: Jail & Penal System for significant Crime & Criminals of repute..........................................................................................................................84 24) SCP: Project Debt Funding – Infrastructure Investment Trust .....................................88 25) PORT BLAIR SMART CITY (brand) & SBU’s..............................................................94 26) Project Cost at a Glance ...........................................................................................101 27) SWISS Challenge Method – Implementing Infra Projects in PPP. .............................103
  4. 4. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 3 1) How it started? Islands of the Marigold Sun are inhabited by SMART & AWARE citizens (resident as well as non resident), desirous of practicing, promoting and living a sustainable life. For generations these people have lived in, worked in & loved the city of PORT BLAIR and majority of them migrated to different cities of the world and all stages of life. Today, we the citizens are in a CATCH 22 situation. The whole world is leveraging of the knowledge of past, present and preparing for a RESILIANT TOMORROW, policy initiatives and interlined projects of different hierarchy (Financial, social & political) of multiple functional verticals. Through the SMART CITY INITIATIVES and complementing programs of Govt of India like AMRUT talks about inclusion of people and formulation of projects with extended participation of citizens. CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART PORT BLAIR - A & N ISLANDS1 , established on 23rd July, 2015 aims at promoting the concept of participatory planning starting with urban neighbourhoods. 1 Ref - https://web.facebook.com/groups/SMARTPORTBLAIR/
  5. 5. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 4 SMARTCITIES CHALLENGE expect the competing cities to develop a Bold Vision and Smart Proposals, formulates its own unique vision, mission and plan for a “smart city.” Smart City Proposal is a Resilient City Development Plan that reflects the city’s local context, resources, and priorities of citizens includes but not limited to pan-city and area-based proposal for immediate take-off. Port Blair Municipal Council lost in the 1st Phase of Indian Smart Cities Challenge, announced on 28th January, 2016. PBMC scored 46.25 % and RANKED 73 out of 98 Cities. MOUD has given opportunities to 23 Cities including Port Blair to improve its SCP and compete for the upcoming Fast Track Route.
  6. 6. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 5 2) Master Planning and its relevance in making cities smart. SMART CITY INITIATIVE is expected to be a participative, flexible and continuous process rather than the implementation of a rigid blue print. Does that mean the “master planning approach” is obsolete? Master Planning Approach has been wrongly interpreted by vested interests in developed as well as developing countries as “rigid blue print” and a “Development Control Rule”, not development guidance/ guideline for development management. Master Planning Approach is still relevant as its going to provide a resilient city rigidity of stone and flexibility of a tree at the same time. A resilient City master plan follows a systemic approach; it’s a transparent system, has evolved over time and has the ability to evolve in the future. A resilient city has Inventory of neighbourhood assets, liability, population and their interactive connections, that is benchmarked and the indicators are monitored. The Development Control Rules / Development Guidelines for resilient city promotes (a) Compact Densification; (b) Scaling; (c) Fine Grain Diversity. The Resilient City Master Plan allows Functional Flexibility - It means cities, urban forms can easily adapt (with limited investment needs) to a redistribution of urban functions. A resilient urban form must have flexibility to get a third dimension without disturbing the availability and hierarchy of facilities, amenities and quality of life. For example Community re-densification initiatives not limited to policy like Transferable Development Rights (TDR), issued in addition to normal Floor Area Ratio, increases the Community Global FAR, protects cultural or historical heritage, increasing the number of inhabitants, reducing per capita cost of utility distribution and increased access to utility. The Expected Outcome of a Resilient City Master Plan is a) Highly Connected Network - Implies full spectrum of streets of various lengths, width and spans, adapted to different speeds and to different flows. When some connections are cut, others are created to compensate for the cuts and maintain the urban system in operation. Social networks as well as street networks show characteristics such as a high level of clustering. These are complex evolved street patterns with node and its intersection with another street as a link. b) Synergy – High density and mixed use is key strategic assets of urban areas, help in efficient use of energy through synergy of integration of energy systems integration and compact energy-efficient housing. The power factor of a micro-grid catering to the need of a dense and diversified development tends to be at unity, leading to its optimal use and capacity enhancement. Cascading and recycling energy flows according to their quality (electricity, mechanical, thermal) improves the stability and the resilience to unexpected events of flood, drought, storm, peak load, etc. Another type of synergy is though neighbourhood development initiatives like - i) Solid waste to energy projects; ii) ETP water used for flushing surface water drainage and street cleaning during dry months; iii) Treated effluent, rich in nutrients are good for hydroponics food, grown in rooftop green houses. c) Greening, Water Recycling & Urban Rural Integration. Water recycling and grey water use, improving runoff management and developing new/alternative water sources; storage facilities and autonomously powered water management and treatment infrastructure.
  7. 7. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 6 City’s green infrastructure reduces GHG emissions, as they are carbon sink. Green’s also enhance pedestrian and cycling environment, regulating energy consumption, enabling environmentally sustainable nutrient recycling and local food production. Greens of different hierarchy spatially distributed throughout the urban environs, improves resilience through flood mitigation, erosion control, and maintaining water availability. 3) Vision PORT BLAIR SMART CITY VISION was posted in the FACEBOOK GROUP on 15th September, 2015. As on date this group has 969 members from various walks of life, residents, non-residents, honourable MP, Retired Chief Town Planner e.t.c. Port Blair would become a resilient city (against climate change effects); have a sustainable low carbon economy, i.e. Third Industrial Revolution Compliant by year 2020, to be achieved through Smart Urban Retrofits but not limited to a) Introduction of retrofit measures in city master plans; b) Restructure the economic infrastructure like ports, docks and places of recreation/ tourism; c) Work on it (restructuring of economic infrastructure) with war footing using internal accruals of the city and funds; d) Energy Security, price stability and decentralised availability; e) New but sustainable economic activity; f) Food Security, affordability and distribution. 4) Objective – Leverage Smart City initiative to make the City’s Economy “Third Industrial Revolution (TIR)” compliant. Port Blair includes areas shown in the MASTER PLAN FOR PORT BLAIR PLANNING AREA – 20282 . Today the Islands economy is not diversified and too much dependent on Public Sector Contributions. Very few youth of post independence generation could get public sector jobs within the A & N Islands and rest had to leave the Islands. There is negligible or less vibrant private sector contribution to the State Domestic Product. Smart Cities Initiatives including AMRUT & Digital India is an opportunity for us to make our economy Third Industrial Revolution (TIR)3 compliant. Govt of India's Smart City Initiative got inspiration from EU's policy and its achievements. EU Smart City initiative is different as our initiatives have additional agenda like a) Improve the quality and coverage of basic urban services b) Economic Development c) Social empowerment through extended people’s participation. The FORUM4 is for fellow citizens (residents & non residents) to communicate within and convey our desires in a constructive manner to the Policy makers and executors. We 2 http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Volume%20II-%20Full.pdf 3 Jeremy Rifkin is the author of "The Third Industrial Revolution, How Lateral Power is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World". Mr. Rifkin is an adviser to the European Union and to heads of state around the world. EU started the 2020 Renewable Energy Policy and Smart Cities initiative was an outcome of these interactions. http://www.kpmg.com/Global/en/industry/Energy-Natural-Resources/power-utilities/power-utilities- conference/Documents/third-industrial-revolution-v3.pdf http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/wmg/people/chairman/speeches/wmg_ptc_presentation.pdf 4 CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART PORT BLAIR - A & N ISLANDS;https://web.facebook.com/groups/SMARTPORTBLAIR/
  8. 8. VER- 18 th APRIL16 believe that there is a need to restructure our economy and make it Third Industrial Revolution Compliant5 . Jeremy Rifkin says fundamental economic change occurs when new communication technologies converge with new In our case (i.e. Port Blair), as a CITY WIDE IMMEDIATE INITIATIVE a) First make our FINITE MICROGRID smart using a built to last Telecom infrastructure; b) Introduce Renewable Energy, c) Undertake Grid & Demand side stabilization/ Also at the same time we need to finalize the CITY MASTER PLAN by including measures to make the city resilient; Redefine the economy so that local value addition happens instead of low skill, low margin 5 EU 2020 Renewable Energy Policy) and EU Smart Cities initiatives are an outcome of their desire to make EU Economy sustainable & Third Industrial Revolution Compliant. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair Page 7 believe that there is a need to restructure our economy and make it Third Industrial Jeremy Rifkin says fundamental economic change occurs when new communication technologies converge with new energy regimes, mainly, renewable electricity. Port Blair), as a CITY WIDE IMMEDIATE INITIATIVE, we our FINITE MICROGRID smart using a built to last Telecom infrastructure; Introduce Renewable Energy, & Demand side stabilization/ management measures; Also at the same time we need to finalize the CITY MASTER PLAN by including measures to make the city resilient; Redefine the economy so that local value addition happens instead of low skill, low margin commoditized economy; OBJECTIVE & BENEFIT licy) and EU Smart Cities initiatives are an outcome of their desire to make EU Economy sustainable & Third Industrial Revolution Compliant. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair believe that there is a need to restructure our economy and make it Third Industrial Jeremy Rifkin says fundamental economic change occurs when new communication energy regimes, mainly, renewable electricity. , we need to our FINITE MICROGRID smart using a built to last Telecom infrastructure; management measures; Also at the same time we need to finalize the CITY MASTER PLAN by including measures to make the city resilient; Redefine the economy so that local value addition OBJECTIVE & BENEFIT licy) and EU Smart Cities initiatives are an outcome of their desire to make EU
  9. 9. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 8 2) City SWOT SWOT analysis lead to strategic planning. Strategic planning means researching and deciding on a strategy for how to move forward, leveraging on strengths 6 / assets, weaknesses7 , opportunities8 , and threats9 . Strategic planning isn't as focused on maps, physical conditions, design, relationships among buildings and uses, and physical solutions. The city plan is more concerned with setting forth a vision and an ideal future state. Strategic planning by nature involves identifying what steps are needed to take us from here to there SMART CITY PROPOSAL is a strategic plan, evolving out of Vision & Objective set forth by Citizens if the Master Plan is inadequate in addressing future needs. 3) Port Blair SWOT - Strength a) Strategic Location10 - Strategic location of Port Blair in present and future context is evident from the map 6 Attributes of the city that are helpful in achieving our objective 7 Attributes that may be harmful to our objective, target of planning efforts 8 favourable conditions or possibilities created through hard work or external conditions that are helpful in achieving our objective 9 forces that are larger than neighbourhood & communities., such as regional economics, competition from other communities, and changing social preferences or regulatory issues. It is external conditions which could do damage to our objective 10 India expands presence in Indian Ocean Region, offering military assistance to others to counter China! http://www.asiantribune.com/node/86538
  10. 10. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 9 b) Time Zone11 – Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar) Local Time Zone is 30 minutes earlier than IST. Business enterprise, part of pan-India operations but located in Port Blair can start supporting the national operation even before IST Office Working Hours. India centric KPO, BPO and financial services sector would find Port Blair ideal location to start daily India centric business support. This excludes the time zone benefits in saving energy. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Standard_Time c) Exclusive Economic Zone- With the adoption of the convention of the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS) by the early eighties, a new International order of economic jurisdiction of 200 nautical miles (1 nm = ~1.85 km) for the coastal states was established. India thus obtained a wide exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of about 2.172-million SqKm in the sea all along the 7500 km long coastline around her. The living and nonliving resources in this zone, which measures about two-third of the landmass of the country, are exclusive to India, so also the trading and transport 11 http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/india-could-get-second-time-zone-with-assam-one-hour-ahead- 546592
  11. 11. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 10 facilities navigated through this area. Moreover several million people living along the coastline are directly influenced by oceanography of the EEZ, various environmental hazards and related social issues. http://www.niobioinformatics.in/other2.php The A & N ISLANDS coastline is 1,962 km long and has around 35,000 km of continental shelf that provides potential fishing grounds. The 200 miles of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around A&N group of islands is vast and covers a sea area of 0.6 million SqKm, which is about 30 per cent of the EEZ of India. Taking up port based activities under SAGARMALA initiative of Ministry of Shipping, Govt of India.12 d) Natural Resources & Biodiversity13 i) Forests - The forests in the Andaman and the Nicobar group of islands occupy 7,606 SqKm or 92.2 per cent of the total geographical area of 8,249 SqKm; of this 5,883 SqKm is forests in the Andaman group and 1,723 SqKm, in the Nicobar group. (Note: The DES puts the forest cover in 2006 as 5,629 SqKm for Andaman’s and 1,542 SqKm for the Nicobars). Of the total forest cover, dense 12 OBJECTIVE of the Sagarmala project is to promote port led direct and indirect development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost effectively. AIM of the Sagarmala project is to develop access to new development regions with intermodal solutions and promotion of the optimum modal split, enhanced connectivity with main economic centres and beyond through expansion of rail, inland water, coastal and road services. Sagarmala shall address challenges by focusing on three pillars of development, namely (i) Supporting and enabling Port led Development through appropriate policy and institutional interventions and providing for an institutional framework for ensuring interagency and ministries/ departments/ states’collaboration for integrated development, (ii) Port Infrastructure Enhancement, including modernization and setting up of new ports, and (iii) Efficient Evacuation to and from hinterland. 13 RETHINK TOURISM IN THE ANDAMANS TOWARDS BUILDING A BASE FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM; JUNE 2008. http://equitabletourism.org/files/fileDocuments631_uid13.pdf
  12. 12. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 11 forests with crown density of 40 per cent and above constitute 85.9 per cent, open forests with crown density less than 40 % constitute 1.7 percent and mangroves constitute 12.7 percent. The legally notified forests cover 7,170. 69 SqKm (86.93 % of the geographical area); of this, 4,242SqKm are protected forests and 2,929 SqKm are reserved forests. ii) Coral reefs – The A & N Islands are fringed by one of the most spectacular and extensive reefs in the world that hold significance nationally and globally as the last pristine reefs in the Indian Ocean. However, the extent of reefs in the A & N ISLANDS is not accurately known yet and recent surveys report it as 11,939 SqKm. There are two protected areas for reefs in the Andaman’s – the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park and the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, both having adjoining reefs that need inclusion. There are also large areas of reef outside these protected areas (PA’s) with very little protection efforts going into them. Reefs have become globally threatened due to various environmental and climatic factors, along with greater use of their resources both directly through activities such as overfishing and indirectly through recreational tourism. iii) Mangroves – Mangrove areas are also known for their diversity of various marine organisms. It is clear that any degradation of coastal ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangroves will have an adverse impact not only on the unique biodiversity of fragile coastal ecosystems but also on coastal fisheries and tourism. The estimated area of mangroves in 1957 in the islands was about 1,200 SqKm. Another estimate made in 1986–1987 using LANSAT imagery reported a total of 777 SqKm for A & N Islands of which 287 SqKm was for the Nicobars. In 1999, the Forest Survey of India (FSI) estimated 966 SqKm. iv) Wetlands – Swampy areas in lowland evergreen forests have been almost totally destroyed by conversion to agriculture, with the only substantial tracts remaining in Baratang and Little Andaman Islands, and the Jarawa Reserve off the west coast of South and Middle Andaman’s. Little Andaman Island has wetland ecosystems found nowhere else in the A & N ISLANDS; these include long stretches of freshwater streams, open saline marshes, peat bogs and large tracts of freshwater grassy marshes. Open swamps have also been drained in a number of places. There are also significant wetlands in revenue areas that need protection. Areas exist in Chouldhari, Bamboo Flat, Sippighat, Wandoor, Baratang, Mayabunder and North Andaman Island. Freshwater wetland ecosystems of the islands have at least two restricted range endemic bird species, Andaman Crake and Andaman Teal, besides being a very important nesting habitat for saltwater crocodiles and providing feeding areas for bat species. v) Biodiversity – The A & N ISLANDS is one of the richest and most uniquely biodiversity areas in the world with large number of endemic species. It is a global hotspot of biodiversity, with over 3,552 species of flowering plants (223 endemic species), 5,100 species of animals (100 freshwater, 2,847 terrestrial & 503 endemic), 4,508 marine species (220 are endemic), 52 species of mammals (33 endemic), 244 species of birds (96 endemic) and 111 species of amphibians & reptiles (66 endemic).
  13. 13. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 12 e) Port Blair not just carbon neutral, its carbon negative14- Among all the states and UTs, Maharashtra’s contribution is the largest in CO2 and CO emissions and Uttar Pradesh contributes the highest CH4 emission. In terms of carbon storage potential, Arunachal Pradesh is the major carbon sink of India. Ratio of carbon sequestration to carbon emission in terms of it equivalent in 14 Decentralised carbon footprint analysis for opting climate change mitigation strategies in India. http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/paper/rser_carbon_footprint/rser_carbon_footprint.pdf
  14. 14. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 13 carbon dioxide is also highest for Arunachal Pradesh (CS: 7.5), which is followed by Mizoram, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and Manipur, which shows that carbon storage capacity is more than emission. In the case of A & N Islands, Gross Carbon storage (Cg) is 1186.8 > Sum of CH4 ; CO & CO2 . We are not just carbon neutral, we are carbon negative.15 f) Educated and well diversified population16 Port Blair Town accounts for high literacy rate compared to the Union Territory’s level. The literacy rate of Port Blair has increased from 69% in 1991 to 77% in 2001. As per census 2001, 81% of the males are literate while female literacy rate stands at 72%. Port Blair Town and surrounding region indicate high literacy rate because of its administrative importance and accounts for large number of government employees. In Port Blair, wards numbers 6, and 11 to 16 accounts for highest literate population of more than 80% compared to other wards. Socio culturally, the population of Port Blair and the surrounding regions presents a heterogeneous mix. The Hindus dominate with 64% followed by Christians 24%, Muslims 8%, and the rest from other religions. People from all parts of the mainland are seen here and hence Port Blair is generally known as miniature India. Leaving the six dialects of the Nicobarese, as on date there are about thirty language groups amongst the population of Port Blair. The main groups are Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Nicobarese. Occupational structure of Port Blair and the surrounding regions reveals that in the beginning, economy of the Island was mainly dependent on agriculture, fishing and timber based small scale industries. In Port Blair, 60% of the workforce is employed in the tertiary sector and most of them are placed in the government sector. Agriculture in the Island and specifically South Andaman is dependent entirely on rainfall and the extent of irrigation is limited. The State Development Report for Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 2006 suggests that there is scope for growing medicinal plant, cultivation of spices and coconut, improvements in horticultural products and flora and fauna of ethnic communities. Early settlers have developed paddy farms in South Andaman. Other important crops are coconut, fruit, condiments and spices. Occupational structure of population as per 2001 census shows 63% as non- workers, 36% as main workers and 1% as marginal workers. The State Development Report – 2006 indicates a declining trend of workers productivity. The output of per worker value has also decreased from 1996 to 2002. However, the per capita income of Rs. 15,703/- for the year 2001-02 in the ANI is higher than India’s figure of Rs.12,203/-. Similarly the minimum average wage rate in the Islands has increased from Rs.27/- during 1992-93 to Rs.100/- during 2002-03 and to Rs.162/- during 2005- 2006. g) Housing & built Form 17 and Urban pattern has the resilience to change18 . i) The household survey conducted in the year 2007, reveals that majority of the households (78 %) at Port Blair are living in their own house. 15 https://www.ted.com/talks/tshering_tobgay_this_country_isn_t_just_carbon_neutral_it_s_carbon_negative 16 Extract from Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area 2030 17 Extract from Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area 2030 18 Extract from Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area 2030
  15. 15. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 14 Only 9 % of the households are in rental houses and the remaining 13 % of the households are accommodated at Government quarters. However in surrounding regions of Port Blair, more than 25 % of households are residing at rented houses. Most of the people in the Town of Port Blair live in individual types of houses (81% ) indicating a preference to such form of development and less popularity of flats or apartments which constitute 3% of total housing. At the same time, apartments are emerging in the surrounding region which is of the order of 9%. ii) The average plot size in Port Blair and environs is around 60 SqM with a built up area of 50 SqM accounting for 73% of total residential accommodation. Even today the Town of Port Blair indicates a preference for single storied housing which constitutes 84% of total housing and most of them remain as primary residential area. Residential dwellings in Port Blair predominantly use concrete or hollow blocks (55%) as filler material with RCC load bearing members followed by bricks (20%). It is observed that in the outlying areas around Port Blair hollow blocks manufacturing industries are existing and are coming up. Timber as a partition was used in some of the houses accounting for 15% of total housing. The most popular roofing material is galvanised iron sheets which accounts for 51% because of its lightness, easy transportation cost and quick erection possibilities. Around 21% housing, especially the government housing use reinforced cement concrete as roofing material. Continuous building as a typology is restricted to certain areas like Aberdeen, Delanipur, Haddo, Phoenix Bay and Dairy Farm Area accounting for 15% of total housing. iii) Urban pattern has the resilience to change19 . Urban Pattern of Port Blair is formal in case of govt estates with in synergy with terrain, i.e. without hindering the natural grade or drainage. In the case of non- government settlements, started during colonial era , organic growth has been observed. In both the cases sporadic developments of building activities as well as linear growth has been observed. Ground floor shops in the residential buildings served the neighbourhoods and the popular shops also served the whole town. Among the linear development of settlements post independence, organised markets for fruits, vegetables and other commodities also evolve. Aberdeen bazaar area and Aberdeen & neighbouring villages evolved as the urban node of the City though the civil and military administration areas are spatially well distributed. Aberdeen market in the central area of Town is characterized by mixed land uses, including residential areas. Linear, sporadic, discontinuous, strips of commercial activities are observed along most of the major roads. It is also observed that there is no distinct segregation of wholesale and retail activities. 19 Extract from Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area 2030
  16. 16. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 15 The existing commercial activities, shops and business premises have reached a stage giving little possibilities for expansion. h) Adequate Social Infrastructure. i) Education – Primary to tertiary South Andaman including Port Blair can boast of • 22 pre-primary, 54 primary, 24 middle, and 16 secondary and 24 senior secondary schools. • 1 industrial training institute, • 2 polytechnic, • 1 Teacher’s Training Institute at Port Blair provides two year instructions at undergraduate level to primary school teachers. • 1 B.Ed. College, • 1 government arts college • 1 Engineering college • 1 Medical College (functional since 2015). • The State library at Port Blair is well established with more than 83,000 volumes • The student-teacher ratio has improved to 19:1 in 2006. • Education is provided free in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Free text books and uniforms to all tribal students, and to students of poor families are provided. • Free travel concessions are also provided to students attending schools. • Computer education is provided to girls under the social welfare scheme. Port Blair, compared to the region of South Andaman, has adequate numbers educational facilities, but they are not spatially well distributed. Concentration of major educational institutions in Port Blair indicates that it is an important educational centre apart from being the administrative centre. The Island authorities have taken up lots of efforts in strengthening the education sector through schemes not limited to. • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE.), • Improvement in Academic Inputs, • Community Participation, • Science Education, Integrated Education for Disabled (IED), • Adult Education, • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, • Computer Education, • Enhancement of Merit Scholarships and • Upliftment of rural and Tribal Education. ii) Heath – Statistics, infrastructure & service providers Port Blair and environs witness the presence of health institutions from the highest level to the lowest level, with good strength of support staff. In spite of certain constraints, the Union Territory presents a very good picture of health facilities available. Vital Statistics – South Andaman (2005 Source: Island wise Statistical Outline – 2005, Directorate of Economics & Statistics)
  17. 17. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 16 • Birth Rate 17.81 Nos/ 1000 Persons • Death Rate 3.41 Nos/ 1000 Persons • Infant Mortality Rate 17.33 Nos/ 1000 Persons • Total Fertility Rate 1.9 Births/ 1000 Persons • Institutional Delivery 88 Births/ 1000 Population Health Institutions – South Andaman (2005 - Total Bed Strength 565) (Source: Island wise Statistical Outline – 2005, Directorate of Economics & Statistics) • Hospital 1 Nos (450 Bed, Tertiary Hospital of the Island@ Port Blair). • Community Health Centre 1Nos • Primary Health Centre 4Nos • Urban Health Centre 5 Nos • Sub Centre 26 Nos • Dispensary 2 Personnel in Health Sector – South Andaman (2005) (Source: Island wise Statistical Outline – 2005, Directorate of Economics & Statistics) • 1. Doctors 90 • 2. Nurses / Midwives/LHVs 269 • 3. Para Medical Staff 1002 The 450 bedded General Hospital at Port Blair is the only referral hospital for the entire territory. This hospital has emergency treatment facilities for patients, ambulance services, and tele-consultation / online services. All the Primary Health Centres have a minimum of 10 beds each and Community Health Centres have a minimum of 50 beds and diagnostic facilities. The Sub Centres are located approximately within 5 Km. and Primary Health Centres within 10 km. distance. In addition, there are eight Homeopathy dispensaries and one Ayurvedic Hospital in and around Port Blair. Modernization of equipments and increased staffs are required to improve health care. All health facilities are provided free of cost including investigation, treatment, medicines and diet. The occurrence of AIDS and HIV +ve cases is a concern requiring special attention. About 301 cases of HIV +ve have been detected till 2006. Health care facilities are comprehensive and adequate for the animals and live stock in the surrounding region of Port Blair. Veterinary Care There are three Veterinary Hospitals, four Veterinary Dispensaries, seven Veterinary Sub-Dispensaries, one Veterinary Poly Clinic, two Disease Investigation Labs and one Artificial Insemination Centres and fifteen Sub Centres are available. Though most of these are concentrated in and around Port Blair, they greatly benefit the entire South Andaman Island. iii) Other Community Facilities or amenity -Postal service, Telecommunication, Mass Media, Banking, Co-operatives and Social Welfare. • There is one head post office at Middle point, and thirteen sub-post offices distributed in South Andaman.
  18. 18. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 17 • There are nineteen telephone exchanges with 29,442 telephone connections. Around 187 public call offices are available in the South Andaman in addition to BSNL, Airtel, Vodofone, and Reliance provides mobile and broadband connectivity. • Mass Communication - two Doordarshan Transmission Centres and one Radio Transmission Centre in Port Blair. • The Banking and Co-operative sectors are good and fairly distributed in South Andaman District. It includes two All India financial institutions, eleven commercial banks, twenty three commercial bank branches and twelve co- operative bank branches are located in the District. • South Andaman has five Balwadi centres, sixty one Crèche Centres and five Craft Centres. • South Andaman region has 265 Fair Price Shops regulated by the Civil Supplies department, of which 10 cater to the Town’s requirement. • South Andaman has six Police Stations, one Police Outpost, 7 Fire Stations to take care of Law and Safety of the people in the region. • Community facilities such as Marriage Halls and Community Halls are adequate for the population. i) Adequate & well distributed rainfall and pleasant climate20 . Port Blair has a tropical monsoon climate with little variation in average temperature and large amounts of precipitation throughout the year. The monsoon season in the city comes from the South-Western regions in the month of mid May to June. 20 http://andssw1.and.nic.in/pbmcwebsite/Forms/home.aspx
  19. 19. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 18 4) Port Blair SWOT - Weakness a) Urban Structure – Connecting the dots (mixed use nodes – Linear Development – Civil & Military Administration) 21. The principle modes of transportation within the Union Territory are roads and waterways. South Andaman, where Port Blair is situated has 281 km of roads of various hierarchy and right of way. Port Blair has 65 km roads of both standard and non standard geo-metrics. Apart from the land transport and vehicles, ships, boats, steamers, ferries are available for inter- island transportation. Air India and couple of private airline services link Port Blair with Chennai, New Delhi, Bangalore and Kolkata. Within the Town of Port Blair, due to its organic growth, terrain and topography meandering road pattern is observed. Most of the roads are steeper than ramps (slope more than 1:10) and plain in certain regions. The plots and sites on steep slopes make accessibility difficult. Traffic congestion and bottlenecks are observed on several roads due to encroachment by private vehicles, commercial activates and automobile workshops, reducing the effective carriageway vis-a-vis master plan hierarchy of road. Thus there is reduction in carriage way capacity. The urban road network seems to have reached saturation, i.e. it’s not possible to take remedial measures. As on date the total area under roads is 140 hectares i.e. 8% of total urban area. The existing air-port is a civil enclave and is with the Defence. It is located at the heart of the Town, surrounded by hills on both sides and has limited scope for expansion. It has a unidirectional run-way. During adverse weather condition, the run way gets inundated and results in disruption and delay of flights. The Air Passenger traffic has increased to 130% from November 2005 to November 2006 for Port Blair. b) Urban Governance Legacy22. The Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Municipal Board’s) Regulation, 1957 was promulgated by the President of India and published in the gazette of India on the 11th March, 1957 and the Board and came into existence on 2nd day of October, 1957. Like all the Municipalities in other parts of India, the constitution of the Port Blair Municipal Board and its main functions were to provide basic amenities, street lighting & water distribution and maintenance of public streets, roads, drains, water tankers in the town and sub urban in any other manner. Services like supply of water by trucks in interior area of the town where pipe connections were lacking were its first task in providing civic amenities in the town area. At that time the municipal area was divided into seven wards. The council consists of 21 members (18 elected + 3 nominated). The Municipal limit spread out to an area of approximately 17.74 sq km covering approximately a population of 1, 32,000. Today The Municipal Council constitutes five sub-Committees to deal with matters connected with (i) Finance Accounts and taxation (ii) Works town planning (iii) Water supply (iv) Public Health and Sanitation (v) Education & Social justice. PBMC is providing basic Urban Services like i) Hygiene & Sanitation; ii) Distribution of drinking water iii) Street Lighting iv) Civic amenities – development and maintenance of parks/gardens v) Social service centre's like community halls and auditorium vi) Economical service centre's like shopping complex 21 Extract from Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area 2030 22 http://andssw1.and.nic.in/pbmcwebsite/Forms/home.aspx
  20. 20. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 19 vii) Community assets like internal roads , footpath , drains and retaining wall viii) Urban poverty alleviation programmes like Integrated Housing slum development Project, Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rojgar Yojna , Rajiv Avas Yogna. ix) Regulation of construction activities : x) Sanction of building plans xi) Maximum permissible height & Maximum permissible floor xii) Designing of architectural projects • Housing Numbering • Coordination with town planning department • Regulation of hoarding and banners Port Blair Municipality as well as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands at present are governed by the following statutes or legal frame works which contain provisions for regulation and development of building and land activities: i) The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Municipal) Regulation, 1994 – effective from 8th Dec. 1994. ii) The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Town and Country Planning Regulation, 1994 –effective from 19th Dec. 1994. iii) Port Blair Municipal Council Building Bye-laws – effective from 13th October 1999. iv) The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Town and Country Planning Rules, 2005 – effective from 28th Sept. 2005. v) The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Panchayat (Administration) Rules, 1997- (Chapter VII, Control of building Operations.) Organization structure post 74th amendment and Functions and Duties/Responsibility of Officers and Employees, are statutory / administrative in nature and character. Therefore the organization cannot be restructured into comprehensive utility company like Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company (JUSCO)23 . c) Inadequacy of Physical Infrastructure – Water Source & Distribution Network. A & N Islands have small rain fed non perennial water sources – rivulets, nala's and basal flow streams. in the absence of any perennial rivers or streams and with a saline and brackish ground water, treated and protected water supply becomes a challenge. The main source of water for drinking purpose and domestic consumption is through collection of rainwater in natural reservoirs and small check dams and wells. The main water sources for Port Blair, aggregates around 25.77 MLD, sourced from locations within South Andaman are i) Dilthaman Diggi (0.01MLD) ii) Jawahar Sarovar (1.75 MLD) iii) Nayagoan- Chakkaragaon Diggi (0.45 MLD) iv) Dhanikhari Reservoir (16.86 MLD) and v) Other Sources (6.70 MLD) Raw water from above reservoirs are treated at WTP’s located at i) Lambaline; ii) Dairy-farm, iii) Garacharma and iv) Dilthaman tank. Potable quality treated water from these plants is distributed to various parts of the city and sub-urban areas, through pumping stations. The four main pumping stations are- i) Police Hill pumping station, 23 http://www.juscoltd.com/ Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company (Jusco) is India's only comprehensive urban infrastructure service provider. Carved out of Tata Steel, from its Town Services Division in 2004, the company's mandate was to convert an obligatory service into a customer-focused sustainable corporate entity.
  21. 21. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 20 ii) Buniyabad pumping station, iii) A.I.R. pumping station and iv) Dairy Farm pumping station. Water supply to the Town is provided by Port Blair Municipal Council (PBMC) and to the rest of the areas by the Andaman Public Works Department (APWD) mainly through piped network and Lorries. At present the total demand of water for Port Blair is estimated at 28.80 MLD, leaving a short fall of around 3.03 MLD. The water supply to the consumers is on alternate days only during monsoon and once in three days during summer. Water tariffs for domestic supply are heavily subsidized at the rate of Rs.18/- per month. Tariff for religious institutions are treated as domestic connection, while for commercial, establishments, institutions, Government Departments it varies. The Water Supply System is financially not sustainable as it cannot pay for operation, maintenance and capitalization for renewal / up gradation. Water supply is intermittent and non metered, this leads to wastage. d) Inadequacy of Physical Infrastructure – Sewage / septage, Solid waste disposal, secured landfill and surface water drainage (contamination). i) Underground sewerage system is not available at present in Port Blair. Systems of individual and combined septic tanks are popularly in use at most areas of the Town. Since there are no separate sewer lines, the sewage joins the natural drainage system and is let out onto sea. ii) Out of the total 18 wards in Port Blair, Mohanpura (houses the PBMC, power house, Central bus stand, Large warehousing units/ institutions and city level commodities & wholesale markets) suffers from drainage congestion. Mohanpura is a coastal valley that transformed from being a green area/ paddy fields, buffer between Aberdeen Village and Marine/ Phoenix bay jetties & harbours. Today this area is highly urbanised and drainage channels passing through it also takes care of drainage of multiple Catchment other than Mohanpura. Most of the drainage outfalls on Phoenix Bay have invert levels at Low Tide Level. Therefore when there is a high tide and heavy rainfall, the channels get lots of water to drain, but it cannot due to high tide level > Outfall Invert Level. Rapid urbanization of Mohanpura has also reduced the time of concentration of water to these nala’s . considered to be most Other valley adjacent to sea at junglighat doesn’t suffer from drainage congestion as the outfalls are draining into a mangrove lagoon, not designed for the purpose. came into existence by default. The present Airport complex and surrounding areas also drain into Bay of Bengal and the Navy bay through Vijaybaug- Dairy farm outfall. Wards 6 and 8 have problem of drainage congestion and stagnation caused by clogging of drains. Garbage dumped in places like Haddo and other commercial areas clog the drains at slopes which are gentle or relatively flat. Rapid urbanization has reduced the time of concentration and percolation of water into ground, increasing the volume of water beyond the capacity of the naturally formed nalla’s and streams. Hence the drains overflow and inundate adjoining. Houses built on steep slopes also obstruct the flow of water in nala’s / drains catchment area. This has also lead to rapid erosion of top soil from the catchment area and rapid silting of surface water drains. iii) Untreated silage and septage24 from septic tanks of residences, drains into surface water drains and nala’s. This practice is a potential health hazard once 24 Septage or septic tank sludge refers to the partially treated sludge stored in a septic tank or (less commonly) in a pit latrine. It is one type of fecal sludge. Septage is a by-product from the pretreatment of household wastewater in a septic
  22. 22. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 21 the city reaches urbanised density ( Global FAR higher than 1.5 in urban nodes and Global FAR > 1 in strips along the major roads. iv) Solid waste management – The Municipal Council employs about 1150 workers, who collect about 50 metric tonnes of garbage per day. Garbage is collected in Port Blair Town at 68 locations through door to door collection system. However segregation of garbage into degradable and non- degradable has not been fully achieved. The garbage is collected by 10 garbage trucks (Hydraulic Tipper Trucks) and 2 Dumper Placer Trucks (with the facility of Mechanical placement). Each truck has a carrying capacity of 4 to 5 cubic meters and runs twice a day. Brookshabad is the place where segregation of garbage is done and plastic are disposed off through a plasma pyrolysis plant located there. Bio-medical waste segregation is given importance, by separating them at generation points. Waste disposal at Wharfs and Dock yards are not properly handled. Garbage thrown by tourists and dwellings on the coast into the sea are partly brought back to beaches on coastal stretches by the waves. Corbyn’s cove beach, major centres for recreation of residents and visitors are sometimes strewn by garbage at inter tide intervals. Garbage cans placed at different neighbourhoods are collected by the tipper trucks. Some of the stretches within the city do not have daily collection of garbage leading to spillage causing environmental degradation. It is also observed that in wards where door to door collection of garbage is absent, they are dumped on the nearby empty grounds in plots acting as breeding grounds for insects, flies and mosquitoes. Solid waste management in the Island and Port Blair in particular is not satisfactory and requires improvements. e) Inadequacy of master plan - Need for citizen’s initiative for smart Port Blair. i) Master Plan for Port Blair Planning Area: 203025 are in two volumes, complemented by "Comprehensive Traffic and Transportation Study (T & T Study) for Port Blair and Environs26 ” The Master Plan 2030 document is not detailed enough to become a guide to Administrators and project development managers. The development control rules are neither in synergy with National Building Code 2005 nor are they having parity with futuristic features of Model building bylaws- 2016, MOUD, Govt. of India, therefore prone to litigation in the future. A separate SMART CITY PROPOSAL that promotes sustainability in spirit is the needed. ii) Today the city's economy is driven by service sector, mainly government jobs. iii) The economic activities & urbanization patterns presented in the City Master Plan document are not sustainable. iv) The master plan and its development control rules needs a thorough review and change to make it compatible with best urban planning, design and development practices in the world. tank where it accumulates over time. The septic tanks can be residential or non-residential. Non-residential sources can include wastewater from commercial / industrial development, grease interceptor as well as other sources such as portable toilet, RV, and boat waste 25 Vol 1 - linkhttp://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/PB%20Master%20Plan%20Volume%20I.pdf; Vol 2 -linkhttp://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/PB%20Master%20Plan%20Volume%20II.pdf 26 Link http://apwd.and.nic.in/Files/ComprehensiveStudyBook_01.pdf
  23. 23. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 22 v) It also has to fulfil the requirements of Smart City policy requirements of Ministry of Urban Development, Govt of India. vi) The way we are living, working and surviving is not sustainable as it is not resilient against climate change. The existing City master plan promotes density & development of Greenfield (new) areas either on steep hills (vulnerable to earthquake as the sites do not have Geological- hydro-logical profiles & mitigation measures), outside the coverage of existing centralized utility lines or are located in low lying areas, not resilient against effects of climate change. Instead of 100 % Greenfield development promotion, the development control rules of the master plan should have promoted Urban & Housing renewal projects. Port Blair and A & N islands are a repository of national natural & historical heritage. It also has prone to natural disasters. The objective of the Planning Process and the Master Plan document is to make the City & its economy resilient, based on detailed analysis of social, economic, geological, hydro-logical analysis and GIS analytic. While browsing the internet, I could not find evidence of either neighbourhood level public participation or any public hearing Notice. The master plan and its development control rules got approved and ready for implementation without any debate at local and national level. Projects in the Port Blair Master Plan and Port Blair Smart City Proposal (submitted by PBMC on or before 15th December, 2015) are without details like- i) What & where to do? “What to do” precedes “where to do” in top down approach but succeeds if it’s a bottom up approach like Smart Cities Initiative of Govt of India. ii) “How to do?” Expected bottle necks - regulatory, execution, operational/functional and mitigation measures. These issues would have been mitigated had the Master Plan been prepared by a diverse team of professionals, including retired & working sector specialists/ administrators. iii) Gross cost & timeline breakup (pre takeoff, land, civil, electrical, utility) and how to reduce cost & time. These are issues that we need to have an understanding of before project take-off to reduce project risks. iv) Probable source of revenue and how to secure it. The report need to have templates of draft concession agreements, power purchase agreements, market trends in Levelised tariffs e.t.c v) Grants and Viability Gap funding (VGF). Some of the components of the bundled projects are in the list of priorities of both UT Administration and Central Govt, being catalytic in nature, might have intangible multiplier effect and difficult to determine tangible benefits for priority in terms of GRANTS & VGF. vi) Probable source of fund and inter project linkage w.r.t execution timeline.
  24. 24. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 23
  25. 25. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 24 5) Initiative Needed – Collaborative mechanisms to involve residents of PBMC27 - a) What’s it? Collaborative mechanisms and smart technologies in promoting smart civic engagement. The first and foremost aspect of civic engagement is to know the SCALE & TYPE of engagement.. At the cluster level consisting of around 500 Households, the civic engagement can start with i) Sharing info or asking info related to day to day activities using existing internet/ intranet groups, whatsapp / Google groups, ii) Sharing information about upcoming events within the cluster/ community / neighbourhood. It can also include conventional posters put up in notice boards. iii) Engagement in sharing of civic amenity and running of the cluster facility management - for example segregation of garbage at source, checks to keep an eye on work of facility mgmt/ housekeeping staff as well as compliance of agreed upon garbage segregation at source modalities. b) Community level engagement We can start with weekly meetings of the 5 to 6 cluster leadership that are part of the community for i) Exchange of working notes; ii) Engagement with civic body & utility officials for collective bargaining and iii) Create a virtual vote bank while interacting with political functionary @ ward level. A minute of meeting signed and maintained with details of engagement will keep the officials at the toes. c) Neighbourhood level engagement At the neighbourhood level, the citizens need to hire urban planner ( pro bono if possible) and other volunteer professionals to i) Document the assets & utility of the neighbourhood; ii) Check the quality of service levels of utility/ services/ infrastructure/ amenities and create a quality of life shortfall matrix; iii) Prepare a remedial action plan in synergy with city development plan. Thereafter the neighbourhood community’s leadership work as a common stakeholder and starts interaction with political/ civic leadership. I have perceived the above mentioned scale and type of engagement using existing modes of communication and technology for a neighbourhood of 40000 persons in the take-off stage. 27 Not followed in preparing Master Plan and Smart City Proposal by PBMC
  26. 26. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 25 6) Initiative Needed - Urban Morphology Studies28 a) Introduction URBAN MORPHOLOGY is the study of the form of human settlements and the process of their formation and transformation. The study seeks to understand the spatial structure and character of a metropolitan area, city, town or village by examining the patterns of its component parts and the process of its development. This can involve the analysis of physical structures at different scales as well as patterns of movement, land use, ownership or control and occupation. Typically, analysis of physical form focuses on street pattern, plot pattern and building pattern, sometimes referred to collectively as urban grain. Analysis of specific settlements is undertaken using cartographic sources and the process of development evolves from comparison of historic maps. Special attention is given to how the physical form of a city changes over time and to how different cities compare to each other. b) Road Ahead At the pre takeoff stage of SMART CITY PROPOSALS, our understanding of the residents of Port Blair should not be limited to demographic numbers. We need to undertake Urban Morphology Studies for a planned future i) The city of Port Blair is slowly losing its scale, character and ability to maintain a sense of continuity of fundamental values and security to exist in a good living environment. ii) The city has failed to maintain settlement character due to reduced harmony between the built environment and the people, necessary for a balanced community of the various socio-economic groups. iii) Co-operation within, lack of fraternity & tolerance has reduced self-help process within community. c) As we progress We are in the TAKEOFF STAGE of SMART CITY CHALLENGE BASED INITIATIVE of Government of India that is going to mature and integrate with the EXISTING URBAN SYSTEM. i) In the IMMEDIATE FUTURE, running concurrently with preparation of Strategy Plans, there would be a need to undertake Urban Morphology Studies through extended participation of citizens, using IoT / IoE apps, analytics including game theory. ii) The objective of URBAN MORPHOLOGY STUDIES should include study the urban pattern (fractals), density and factors that help in the formation and sustenance of multiple community based neighbourhood of 30000 populations. iii) The outcome of the study will be identification of homogeneous multiple community neighbourhoods within the urbanized areas of the city. d) Citizens have core values- Significant part of this subfield deals with the study of the social forms which are expressed in the physical layout of a city, and, conversely, how physical form produces or reproduces various social forms. For each neighbourhood, there will be Value and Lifestyle based segmentation (VALS) of the population. i) Based on the VALS, inadequacy of the social -economic - cultural infrastructure of the neighbourhood would help to quantify quality of life. 28 Not done while preparing Master Plan and Smart City Proposal by PBMC
  27. 27. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 26 ii) Neighbourhoods strategies to improve quality of life (includes effect of population growth within a particular VALS and scenario of migration from one VALS to another due to change in aspiration) needs to be prepared iii) It also complies with social -economic - cultural infrastructure norms of National Building Code 2005. Urban morphology is the study of urban tissue, or fabric, as a means of discerning the environmental level normally associated with urban design. Tissue comprises coherent neighbourhood morphology (open spaces, building) and functions (human activity). Neighbourhoods exhibit recognizable patterns in the ordering of buildings, spaces and functions (themes), within which variation reinforced an organizing set of principles. This approach challenges the common perception of unplanned environments as chaotic or vaguely organic through understanding the structures and processes embedded in urbanization. Complexity science has provided further explanations showing how urban structures emerge from the uncoordinated action of multiple individuals in highly regular ways. Amongst other things this is associated with permanent energy and material flows to maintain these structures.
  28. 28. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 27 7) Initiative Needed – Preparation of an Energy master plan a) Problem Background It has been observed that power generation and distribution in A & N Islands needs urgent attention if Port Blair has to become a smart city. Following news items gives a fair indication of the ground reality as on date i) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2015/10/12/swearing-in-ceremony-of- adhyaksha-up-adhyaksh-of-nm-zilla-parishad-marred-by-power-failure/ ii) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2015/03/23/lg-takes-stock-of-power-situation/ iii) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2014/11/10/action-plan-on-augmented-power- supply-readylg-directs-electricity-department-to-be-more-responsive-to-public/ iv) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2014/06/27/power-interruption-not-due-to- load-shedding-2/ v) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2013/04/04/shortage-in-power-once-again- spc-ltd-to-restrict-power-supply-to-five-mw/ vi) http://www.andamansheekha.com/2012/03/17/corner-meeting-by-cpim-against- power-and-water-cut/ b) Problem Observations It has been observed and discussed in detail in CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART PORT BLAIR - A & N ISLANDS that in the case of A & N Islands, the power system of Port Blair and its direct influence zone in South Andaman District i) The system consists of source like multiple DG Sets and a 5 MWp Solar PV Power Plant, feeding into a finite Micro Grid. ii) These DG Sets are of various size, make and vintage. They are unable to talk to each other or get remotely monitored from a control room due to non functional telecom network, even CDMA/GSM also doesn't work (i.e. DG Set in charge or JE is unable to communicate with Control room at Chatham over either mobile or land line when SCADA doesn't work). iii) Thus to keep the line charged and prevent micro grid tripping, many a times they have to keep the DG on in idling mode. This is evident from very low Plant Load Factor of most of the DG Sets. iv) It has been also observed that when they tried to integrate the existing 5 MWp Grid linked Solar PV Plant (more reliable RE Source in terms of energy dispatch ability), where there is a patch of cloud over the plant, the production dips consequently tripping the Micro Grid. v) The 5 MWp SPV plant can have up to 18% Capacity Utilization Factor (CUF[2]), the actual CUF is less than 12%. c) Mitigation measures & benefits i) The Grid stability problem can be resolved only when we have • Fibre optic Broad band network along the Micro grid; • Energy storage system to store surplus from SPV and DG ( so that it can be run at optimum PLF); • Energy storage system to assist grid conditioning and also at customer end/ neighbourhood (to take care of demand side mismatch of power). ii) The above development strategy for GRID STABILITY needs to be prepared based on ENERGY MASTER PLAN prepared by most competent people in the world rather than L1 Contractor/Consultant. The outcome of the Energy Master Plan / study will be development of demand side energy management system; micro grid operation and interface protocol; tools and IOT applications.
  29. 29. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 28 There is few good quality Energy Master Plan (modelling & simulation) software with capability to integrate Renewable Energy Recourses, using complex but easy to use tools for cities. KomMod is a simulation tool of Fraunhofer ISE Germany, used to develop sustainable urban energy scenarios, needed for an Energy Master Plan of a neighbourhood and region. The outcome of KomMod or simulations using similar software is • Possible energy system design and optimal mix of renewable energy resource; • system capacity requirements and location of generation; • Storage needs within grid and import / export capability of system and Costs & greenhouse emissions. iii) Benefits • The Energy Master Plan provides the real-time estimation of demand side power requirements as well as available sources producing power at optimal operation. This helps in optimal design of plant (Grid linked Solar PV with or without energy storage system) and approved operational / scheduling parameters of the Power Purchase Agreement. • Detailed Energy Master Plan gives the investors in IIP projects the confidence of operation within the PPA mandated operational / scheduling parameters. • Most of the PV Power plant projects going for non-recourse debt funding have a debt repayment tenure not less than 12 years, the conventional banking systems are also wary about non recourse debt funding of projects in remote corners of the country. Therefore availability of • ENERGY MASTER PLAN for the distribution command area increases the bankability of the project. Preparation of a detailed Energy Master Plan of Port Blair and its immediate influence zone of South Andaman district should be the conditions precedent for establishing new renewable energy and conventional power plants, either by an IPP or electricity department. KomMod simulations spring electricity and heat
  30. 30. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 29 8) Initiative Needed – Program for Heritage and institutional Buildings Smart Retrofit The objective this initiative is to reduce the percapita or unit area carbon footprint of resident and built environment of the city of Port Blair. It also involves introduction of systems that would keep our built environment healthy and young - . (a) Reduce the per capita or unit area energy consumption; (b) Include Renewable energy in bundle of energy consumed by the building; (c.) Increase the density of use by increasing the number of heritage / institutional building user and or retrofit its business plan to support multiple uses 24x7x365 Hrs. a) Reduce per capita or unit area Energy consumption by i) Retrofits - • Change the Lights to LED Luminaries. It can be installed in fixtures supporting incandescent lamps. • Introduce Glazing that lets natural light inside the building but prevents infrared range to heat up the interiors. • Change the Heating or cooling system requiring electricity to low carbon footprint systems like ABSORPTION CHILLER based centralised system. ii) Initiate Load Balance Study to redesign the electrical distribution and communication cable system with the building and include • a HYBRID INVERTER to distribute power and to maintain the power factor. • Modern hybrid inverters support inputs from Renewable energy source, DG/Fuel Cell, Grid Power and energy storage system. • These inverters can also play the role of stabilizing the neighbourhood micro grid. iii) Introduce Integrated Building Management System (iBMS) that • Automates and integrates the various sub-systems of a building on a single platform. It brings together all the electro-mechanical systems such as HVAC, Lighting, Plumbing, STP, Fire Fighting & Fire Alarm, etc. installed in a facility along with most commercially available sensors and controllers, on a centralized system. It integrates off-the-shelf cameras; surveillance systems and access control systems into the same platform and is compliant with most major protocols in the Building Management domain. • provides real-time central monitoring and control of all equipment, such as Chillers/Heat Exchangers, Cooling Towers, Chilled Water Pumps, Air Handling Units, VAVs, Fresh Air Systems, Fan Coil Units, Water Tanks, Pumps & Sumps, Lighting, Energy Meters, Electrical Systems, Room Control, Sewage Treatment Plant, Plumbing System, etc. The iBMS ensure synchronization of all system components to deliver optimized performance and energy efficiency. • gets automatically routed into an analytics platform for insights into how energy savings can be accomplished, i.e. it should be designed to be fully compatible with any future energy management solution. iv) ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM for each dwelling unit of the building consisting of a one view Dashboard at the Distribution Box (DB). • EMS provides a concise view of the most relevant information on a customizable dashboard that displays key information on a single screen. The Dashboard displays a personalized and real-time view of a building's energy consumption and energy wastage in monetary figures.
  31. 31. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 30 • It is fully customizable and can be configured for any number of unique users, to display the most important information based on each user's roles and responsibilities. • It can provide very powerful and insightful information in real time like ambient conditions with temperature (present, high, and low), humidity, and CO2 levels, the basis for the energy requirement for the day. • The Dashboard can be configured to include various widgets to display information suitable for different users in an organization, such as CEO / CFO / COO, Operations Manager or the Facility Management Team at owners / tenants end. b) Include Renewable energy in bundle of energy consumed by the building i) Convert waste to energy in-situ where possible. If not feasible, go for long-term power purchase contract with upcoming WASTE TO ENERGY power producers. The energy thus procured from IPP is consumed by the building by paying wheeling charge to the distribution company. ii) Install rooftop solar PV System that integrates well with Heritage quotient of the building. It can be low rise solar PV trellises put on roof. iii) Procure renewable energy from dedicated Wind or Solar PV farm located within the command area of the distribution company. c) Conditions precedent for success & financial viability. i) Provide the heritage real estate owner Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) to maintain the heritage character of building/land and at the same time realise in full its commercial value. ii) Promote conversion of property for mixed use such that it supports 24x7x365 activities. iii) Provide additional Green TDR for consuming renewable energy either from dedicated PV/Wind power plants or long-term contracts with Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer (RE-IPP). iv) Document the building in a digital format – Building Information Modelling (BIM) Maturity Level 2 Compliant. v) Follow compatible materials and methods of construction. Use compatible and breathable plaster and paint on walls and fire resistant paints where necessary. Adapt new to old and not the other way round vi) Service lines should be designed in a manner to be physically less invasive. New additions should be ideally reversible and distinct from the old.
  32. 32. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 31 9) Port Blair SWOT - Opportunity The CITIZENS INITIATIVE FOR SMART PORT BLAIR would propose projects and initiatives for execution under the leadership of SMART CITY INVESTMENT TRUST (SMIT). Opportunity due to (1) external conditions that are helpful in achieving SMART CITY OBJECTIVE; (2) that can be leveraged and converted into bankable projects; within the means and ability of the residents to pay additional user fees, are detailed in separate chapters. The Opportunity that exists because of the city’s strength is listed as follows- a) Fisheries: i) With one fourth of the total coastline of India and about 80 % of the total Exclusive Economic Zone, ANI has significant potential in fisheries. The present level of marine fish production in ANI is 30,000 tonnes, which is about 12 % of the estimated potential. ii) It has been reported by the Department of Fisheries that there are about 3,448 active and full time fishermen. iii) The perspective plan of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, drawn up for a period up to 2012, aims to exploit at least 40 % of the estimated potential of fishery29 . The Fisheries department is aiming at facilities for storage, preservation of fish, processing of the same and marketing facilities. b) Tourism: i) The importance of tourism is borne out by the Vision Statement of A&N ii) Administration which states that ‘The limited scope for industrial activities in the islands coupled with the decline in the wood-based industry pursuant to the Supreme Court judgment dated May 7,2002 has led to tourism being identified as a thrust sector for economic development, revenue and employment generation in the islands’. iii) Keeping in view of the fragile ecology and limited carrying capacity of the islands, the objective of A&N Administration is to strive for sustainable tourism. Tourism is the emerging life-line of these islands. Target for all the stake holders of the industry has been to achieve an average 5 days stay for domestic tourists and 10 days stay for foreigners and average spend other than accommodation of Rs 1000 - Rs2000 / Person/Day @ Port Blair, principal hub of excursion. Environment is the strength to leverage on in promoting tourism. i) Abutting the shore line of emerald islands in the sea about 3.0 Lakh SqKm., of marine wealth and culture fisheries are available. ii) The beaches, the islands, the forest, the mangroves and the coral reefs constitute the biotic environment. iii) These abundant natural resources need to be sustainably exploited. Similarly, the forest based activities needs to be enhanced. The Vision Statement of UT Government states desire to go for development as an upmarket island destination for eco tourists. This needs promotion of sustainability - sustainable infrastructure that doesn’t disturb the natural eco-system but also generate more revenue, employment opportunities. i) Increase the duration of stay and involve the visitors in sustainability practices. ii) Public Private partnerships in developing the sustainable tourism products and sub products through strategic planning approach. This optimises the revenue generation and enhances the multiplier effect of the activity. 29 State Development Report of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, 2006
  33. 33. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 32 iii) Branding sustainability and evolving a sustainable way of living. c) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry: The nature of terrain and the soil profile especially after the Tsunami, act as constraints for active traditional agricultural practices. This sector has potential to make the island self sufficient in meeting its needs and provide food security. There is a need for making this sector a lucrative business to attract talent. Rather than being the left out career option for our youth. Cultivation of medicinal plants/spices, coconut and horticultural products are to be given thrust in this regard. State Level Agricultural Exhibition (Kisan Mela), establishment of Central soil Testing Laboratory are programmes envisaged by the Agriculture Department for creating awareness and promoting research. Composite Live Stock Farming, Fodder Production as nutrient to animals and Fodder Seed Production farm would be an addendum to the sectors existing limited role in food production.
  34. 34. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 33 10) Opportunity- City owned Broad Band Network: a) Background Introduction City owned BROAD BAND NETWORK will be sub set of A & N Islands (City of Port Blair) emerging role as Submarine cable point of convergence and distribution to Multiple landing points to East Coast Cities. This is needed and it is a “Condition precedent” for future growth in IoT / IoE application in India, post SMART CITY initiative, MOUD, GoI. Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Union Territory of India is the potential point of convergence or entry point of Bundled 12 x SEA -ME-WE5 Submarine cable for further distribution to cities along east coast of India. This has to come from Singapore and the limited availability of ROW in Malacca Straits makes it prudent to receive single large capacity subsea cable ( similar to bundled 12 x SEA - ME-WE5) and thereafter gets distributed to cities along eastern coast of India, Similarly Vadinar/ Dwarka, Gujarat is the potential exit point of Bundled 12 x SEA - ME-WE5 Submarine cable. b) Why need for restructured communication network would be needed? The need for RESTRUCTURED Communication Highway, to take care of INTRA CITY and INTERNATIONAL communication requirements, for exponential growth in usage of IoE/IoT is detailed in following paragraphs – i) Every city in India has Spectrum Band width limitations. In places like Bangalore even though I have 3G Post paid mobile connection, I am unable to access OLA / taxi-for-Sure apps. There is also drop in mobile calls as there are more users than available spectrum. ii) What is happening now is that each IoE application developer ( for example interlinked city wide surveillance camera's & its control - command centres of internal security department of Mumbai Police for 6000 odd CCTV) are dependent on Mobile Wireless network band width. Similarly there is going to be separate UTILITY Wireless Network of sensors for Traffic/ Public transport/ electricity/ water e.t.c for demand side data capture and analysis. iii) In the near future due to increase in IoE applications and users, the existing available band width of telecom spectrum would prove inadequate. There would be a need for City Wide Fibre Optic cable based Broad band network and WIMAX to complement it, owned by the city rather than a Telecom Player so that every user gets uniform access. c) Initiatives already taken i) City of Indore30 , MP has realised the need for a City Wide Fibre Optic cable based broad band network. Atal Indore City Transport Services Limited, a PPP has called for an RFP for laying Fibre Optics Communication cable and Fibre to home (FTH) Optical Network Termination (ONT). Indore, MP also happens to be one of the top 20 Indian City whose Smart City Proposal got accepted by MOUD, Govt of India, for equity infusion of Rs 500 Cr over 5 year tenure. ii) Experience from successful operation of Goa Broad Band Network31 and success of upcoming INDORE CITY OWNED Broadband Network project is going to encourage existing Power Distribution Companies of the other Indian cities to diversify into City Broad band Network business. These distribution companies might secure funds from Smart Cities Initiative, AMRUT and convergence of other schemes of Govt of India. 30 Ref http://citybusindore.com/images/tender/EOI%20OFC%20full.pdf 31 BOOT Project operational since 2008 http://www.gwave.in/about-us/about-gbbn/
  35. 35. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 34 iii) The city power distribution companies would either retrofit Fibre Optic communication cables within power cables trenches or they are going to lay new Composite Power & Fibre Optic communication cable. If the city has over head power lines, it’s an opportunity for City Power Distribution companies to go for Composite Power & Fibre Optic communication cable based underground network. The power distribution company using Composite Power Cable benefits from smart distribution network and real-time monitoring of power cable health. d) Current Bottlenecks to mitigate i) Existing submarine cable Landing Points - Chennai & Kolkata (East Coast) & Cochin & Mumbai etc (West Coast) aided take-off of STPI in early 90's in few cities and their becoming IT hubs. ii) Proposed Indian smart Cities, scattered throughout the country, when goes for CITY OWNED BROAD BAND NETWORK riding on FIBER OPTIC Communication network, would require seamless global connectivity iii) Global connectivity would only possible for all these cities when the country’s submarine cable landing points/ international communication gateway are well distributed along East and West coast, in a just and equitable manner. e) Future requirements Post implementation of Smart City Initiative by all the 100, spatially distribute cities of the country, there would be minimum need for International Communication Gateways aggregating at least 12 X Capacity of SEA-ME-WE 5, spread over 6 to 7 Cities in East Coast of India. Similar number in West Coast of India would cater to entry/ exit requirements of data generated and use within the country. Thus development of additional submarine cable access points along the coasts and supporting distribution/ transmission network within the country is the condition precedent for success of IOT/IOE penetration throughout India, post development of 100 SMART CITIES and completion of AMRUT (triggering city power distribution companies to get into city owned broadband business). This system would have or cater to i) CITYWIDE Broad band Network using Fibre Optic Communication Network, complemented by WIMAX where last end connection is not feasible through FTH-ONT.; ii) The City Wide Broadband Network needs to be owned by the city - Existing Goa Broad band Network and upcoming one of INDORE. iii) More numbers of International Communication Gateways, spatially well distributed along eastern Coast and western coast of India. f) Benefits for City of Port Blair- restructured communication high way of the nation. Port Blair is in a very peculiar situation. The administration thinks that good internet connectivity is condition precedent for e-governance. Even before the undersea cable development/ connectivity issue is resolved or additional bandwidth through future KU Band satellites of ISRO is made available for VSAT's, CITY OF PORT BLAIR can go for CITY OWNED BROADBAND NETWORK / INTRANET that would i) improve ONLINE E GOVERNANCE ii) provide the backbone for a sturdy/ secure SCADA for FINITE MICRO GRID STABILIZATION ( this will improve the DG Set PLF from current less than 20%
  36. 36. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 35 to at least 35% to 40%, reducing the unit cost of bundled power from Rs 27/KWh to Rs 18/KWh.). iii) Water distribution SCADA to minimize losses of water from dam to WTP and WTP to District Dist Water Tanks. Thus more water would be available for distribution even before producing additional raw water. SCADA also helps in study of demand side behaviour and impose remedial measures. g) Need for City of Port Blair owned Broad band network: City of Port Blair Broad Band network needs to be owned by CITY. The city is in a rolling terrain and habitations are spatially well distributed. Therefore going for a complete wireless based mesh is a BAD IDEA as we have limited bandwidth of spectrum. It is always better to have infrastructure built to last and that can service more customers using ever increasing capacity of DWDM32. It is better to lay Fibre Optic Cables from day one. Through interaction with owners of Goa Broad band Network, I am aware of mesh architecture & its efficacy, but unlike Goa, our urban pattern and terrain is different. In City of Port Blair, we may go for Aerial Fibre Optic cable in neighbourhoods for added areas/ less dense area. For dense areas and cluster of neighbourhoods, we may go for Underground Cable. There can be ONT at Citizen Interaction Centres and the neighbourhoods get connectivity through WIMAX. Home connections would be through cable connections to set top boxes. Where there is ONT, serving 3-4 neighbourhoods, each of 2500 residents, we may provide VSAT Connection with a KU Band Satellite. 32 Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) is an optical multiplexing technology used to increase bandwidth over existing fiber networks. DWDM works by combining and transmitting multiple signals simultaneously at different wavelengths on the same fiber. Using DWDM, up to 80 (and theoretically more) separate wavelengths or channels of data can be multiplexed into a lightstream transmitted on a single optical fiber. Each channel carries a time division multiplexed (TDM) signal. In a system with each channel carrying 2.5 Gbps (billion bits per second), up to 200 billion bits can be delivered a second by the optical fiber. DWDM is also sometimes called wave division multiplexing (WDM).
  37. 37. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 36 The needed technologies are available in India, we also have matured installers outside the influence of BBNL / BBNL (possible area of conflict of interests) and there are international players like CISCO having solutions costing lower or at par with BBNL. A properly structured projects can be rolled out fast. AP is going for 100% rollout by baisakhi of 2016. What we need to ensure is responsible governance and TRANSPARENCY in the FIRST SMART CITY INITIATIVE. The project is to be placed for bid under SWISS CHALLENGE METHOD. We need to quantify and define our requirements. Insist on open source technology, accessible to CITY & NATION's security & surveillance entities. Propose areas of REVENUE SHARE (usage, IP and Data analytics). Timely execution of the projects is assured by FIDIC based General Conditions of Contract for the SWISS CHALLENGE
  38. 38. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 37 11) SCP - IoT Application: Madhushala Smart & Host Card. Post independence to till late 1980's, there used to be a parallel market of hooch in A & N islands due to inadequate availability of IMFL. This led to notable crimes and corruption in our society. Alcoholism is a societal problem in Port Blair and other places in A & N Islands. There has been petition to reduce the no of hours the IMFL retail outlets are operational to proposals for complete prohibition. The climatic conditions and lack of constructive recreation during rainy season (nine months a year) is also responsible for alcohol consumption. Today it’s possible to achieve supply side moderation by making the IMFL retail & bars smarter. We live in a small city where everybody knows each other. The views and solutions presented herewith are my take-ups on failure of prohibition and how to achieve the objective of CONSUMPTION IN MODERATION (without prohibition) using IoE / IoT Apps proposed herewith called "MADHUSHALA SMART CARD". a) Sua Motto Proposal Concept- A sua-motto proposal was sent to The District Commissioner (South Andaman) / Excise Officer (HQ) on 8th December, 2015 responding to the notice for hearing dated 12th November, 2015, regarding “RESTRICTING BAR TIMING IN A & N ISLANDS“. "MADHUSHALA SMART CARD" was proposed to be a PPP initiative - i.e. excise department along with the registered bar owners need to have a streamlined IT based IoE apps that prevent people from drinking more than the daily quota of alcoholic drinks such that it effects the Islanders health and wealth. The Internet of Everything (IoE) application proposed has the name MADHUSALA, Sanskritised Hindi translation for Bar, also well-known work of Poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan). i) MADHUSHALA SMART CARD will be a SMART CARD linked to the persons (resident and non-resident) AADHAR CARD. ii) The person will be issued the application form after he undergoes a medical check-up and has the consent of his partner or guardian. iii) The Family Physician/ Neighbourhood GP fixes the quantity of permissible alcoholic drink and the partner (husband/wife) or guardian (mother/father) fixes the monthly value of the alcoholic drink he / she can consume for self and sponsor to entertain. iv) The monthly value is pre / recharged in the beginning of every month these data are stored in the CHIP of the MADHUSALA SMART CARD and updated at the time of annual renewal or whenever there is a change in excise duty, whichever is earlier. b) How it is going to work i) When the MADHUSALA SMART CARD holder goes to an accredited bar, he swipes the card to gain entry. If he has already drunk his daily allowable quota, he doesn't gain entry; he has to sponsor somebody to gain entry and can only pay for his guest’s bill. ii) If he wants to entertain his guests, if the guests are non-residents of Port Blair, the guest has to identify & prove his non resident status by showing his driving licence or arrival boarding card. iii) Foreigners and other non-residents need to buy transit beverage card to avail bar facilities or buy it from accredited retail for consumption at home or hotel room.
  39. 39. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 38 iv) There can be another variant of the card called MADHUSHALA HOST CARD. v) The HOST CARD HOLDERS are medically not allowed to consume alcohol, but can host a party for persons eligible to consume. vi) The host is responsible for recharge of the card up to 10 times the daily allowable alcohol consumption limit set for an able-bodied person; i.e. host can have 10 guests per day. c) Advantage / Benefits : The advantage of the proposed "MADHUSHALA SMART CARD & HOST CARD" is that it i) Promotes moderation in daily consumption of alcoholic beverage with medical supervision and consent of family members. This is acceptable to the society. ii) There is demand side growth and regulation at the same time. It has the advantages of prohibition without loss to the exchequer and prohibition-related crime & grime. iii) The SMART CARD also keeps a subtle record of the cardholder’s activities, his guest’s preference and other data for use of analytics purpose. iv) The HOST CARD does not hinder business development and team building exercises or activities but at the same time prevents non-consensual consumption. v) A poor but healthy or a teetotaller also benefits from HOST CARD as he or she can play the role of paid host/ hostess/ event in charge. vi) Port Blair being a small city with enlightened cosmopolitan citizens can have the advantage of showing the world that it’s possible to promote moderation in alcohol consumptions without the ills of prohibition. d) Stakeholders- The concept and scheme of "MADHUSALA SMART & HOST CARD is to be detailed and rolled out in Port Blair in the 1st Phase and the whole UT in the 2nd Phase, in Public Private Partnership with extended participation of- i) Excise Department, ii) PBMC Smart Port Blair Initiative, iii) Ward Councillors, Social Welfare Dept and Social Workers of NGO's iv) Directorate of health Service v) Commercial Banks having Branches in A & Nicobar Islands and Co-operative Bank located in Port Blair. vi) Suo-Motu Proposal proponent led IT Service Company of repute - Citizen in association with the private partner proposing MADHUSHALA SMART CARD for conceptualization & roll out in Swiss Challenge Method. e) How to roll it in PPP mode? Converting the sua-mottu proposal under SWISS CHALLENGE. i) Post acceptance of the concept, the District Commissioner (South Andaman) / Excise Officer (HQ) convey the same to the Proposer. ii) The proposer teams up with an established and experienced IT Service Company, having a wholly owned subsidiary in India. This entity be called PROJECT DEVELOPMENT MANAGER (PDM) iii) The PDM is accepted and the same is conveyed to PDM for mobilization. iv) PDM interacts with stakeholders and arrives at COST OF PROJECT TAKEOFF & REVENUE MODEL. v) The Excise Department agrees with the COST OF PROJECT TAKE-OFF & REVENUE MODEL.
  40. 40. SMART CITY PROPOSAL Citizens Initiative for Smart Port Blair VER- 18 th APRIL16 Page 39 vi) If the Excise department is not concurring with the Commercial aspects of the FINAL PROJECT PROPOSAL BUSINESS MODEL, they may call for a tender where the PDM has the FIRST RIGHT OF REFUSAL, vii)If the PDM uses the FIRST RIGHT OF REFUSAL option, Excise Dept or its successor NEXT PDM reimburses already agreed upon COST OF PREPARING - FINAL PROJECT PROPOSAL BUSINESS MODEL viii) If PDM starts work, it will form a SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLE, process detailed in SMART CITY GUIDELINES, MOUD, GOI. The project non recourse debt funding would be procured from Scheduled Commercial banks; Co- Operative Banks and or ANIIDCO. ix) Work on IT, ( Software and Hardware - Integration with Excise Dept Server and NIC Data Centre; Integration with participating Banks; Point of Sales), the Trial Run and Final Rollout will happen within 240 days after financial closure of SPV. After successful rollout of the "MADHUSHALA SMART & HOST CARD" in Port Blair and A & N Islands, the SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLE will be in a position for national level rollout, targeting cities and states under or yearning for prohibition .

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