Air quality montoring system

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Air quality montoring system

  1. 1. AIR QUALITY MONITORING SYSTEM GROUP MEMBERS: 1)M.ALTAF KHATTAK(12-0374) 2)ARHAM SHAH(12-0506) 3)ANEES WAQAR(12-0511)
  2. 2. CONTENTS • Brief Introduction • Equipment's/Components • Block Diagram • Flow Chart • Working • Simulation • Deliverables • Challenges • Task Management • Conclusion
  3. 3. PROBLEM STATEMENT • Air pollution is one of environmental issues that cannot be ignored. • Inhaling pollutants for a long time causes damages in human health. • Traditional air quality monitoring methods, such as building air quality monitoring stations, are typically expensive. • This project is suitable for air quality monitoring in real- time.
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • The purpose of our device is to monitor the quality of air using different sensors. • Sensors data is then collected in controller and transmitted through GSM module to PC where it is calibrated and displayed to user. • The data is stored in database in order to extract information for future use.
  5. 5. COMPONENTS • Sensors o MQ-7(Carbon mono-oxide sensor) o MQ-131(Ozone sensor) o MQ-135(Smoke sensor/air pollution) o MQ-136(Hydrogen sulphide sensor) o MICS-2714(Nitrogen dioxide sensor) • Controller o Arduino UNO-R3 • GSM module(transmitter/receiver)
  6. 6. BLOCK DIAGRAM MQ-7(C0) MQ-131(O3) MQ-135 (SMOKE,NH3) MQ-136(H2S) MICS-2714 (NO2) ARDUINO CONTROLLER GSM MODULE TRANSMITTER GSM MODULE RECIEVER PC/DATABASE
  7. 7. Transmission FLOW CHART
  8. 8. Reception FLOW CHART
  9. 9. Working • MQ-7 is a 6-pin device that is used to detect concentration of CO in air. • VCC=5V • Can detect CO-gas concentrations anywhere from 20 to 2000ppm. • High sensitivity and fast response time
  10. 10. CONTD.. • MQ-131 gas sensor is used to detect O3 concentration in air. • It’s also 6 pin device, 4 of them are used to fetch signals, and other 2 are used for providing heating current. • VCC=5V • Can detect O3 concentration form 10ppb-2ppm • Fast response and high sensitivity.
  11. 11. CONTD.. • MQ-135 is used for detecting a wide range of gases, including NH3, NOx, alcohol, benzene, smoke and CO2. • 6 pin device. • VCC=5V • Detecting concentration scope 10ppm-300ppm NH3 • 10ppm-1000ppm Benzene • 10ppm-300ppm Alcohol
  12. 12. CONTD.. • MQ-136 sensor used to detect the concentration of hydrogen sulphide present in air. • 6 pin device but since we are using module MQ-131 thus it has 4 pins o 1. VCC=5v o 2.DOUT(Digital output) o 3.AOUT(Analogue output) o 4.GND • Detecting concentration scope: 1-100ppm H2S
  13. 13. CONTD.. • MICS-2714 is a robust MEMS sensor for nitrogen dioxide and leakage detection. • Detectable gases • Nitrogen dioxide NO2 0.05 – 10ppm • Hydrogen H2 1 – 1000ppm
  14. 14. SIMULATION • ALGORITHM
  15. 15. DELIVERABLES • GANTT CHART ID Task Name Start Finish Duration Sep 2015 Oct2015 Nov2015 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 624 3222019 2827 29 5 73025 2262321 431 198 1510 1613 201711 14 21189 12 1 18d25/09/201502/09/2015Project Analysis 2 7d10/09/201502/09/2015Literature Review 3 6d17/09/201510/09/2015Block Diagram 4 7d25/09/201517/09/2015Flow Chart 5 15d15/10/201525/09/2015Sensor Study 6 7d05/10/201525/09/2015Selection ofSensor 7 5d09/10/201505/10/2015Requirement 8 5d15/10/201509/10/2015Controller Selection 9 16d05/11/201515/10/2015Simulation 10 4d20/10/201515/10/2015 Circuit Design on proteus 11 11d03/11/201520/10/2015Coding in arduino 12 3d05/11/201503/11/2015Testing 13 12d20/11/201505/11/2015Hardware 14 7d13/11/201505/11/2015 Interface with controller 15 6d20/11/201513/11/2015Testing
  16. 16. TASK MANAGEMENT ARHAM SHAH M.ALATAF KHATTAK ANEES WAQAR 1.) Literature Review 2.)Sensor and controller study and their selection 3.)Block Diagram 4.)Documented Work 1.)Coding 2.)Simulation 3.)Algorithm 4.) Documented Work 1.)Hardware part 2.)Gantt chart 3.) Documented Work 4.)Visited EPA for data collection and sensors info
  17. 17. CHALLENGES • Collection of data/calibration. o Visited EPA thrice. o They just imported devices from japan and they only know how to operate. They don’t know the how that device works. • Sensor ordered but not received yet thus we just stimulate how sensors will work.
  18. 18. CONCLUSION • Till mid of December our sensors will arrive (sir Kashif Islam) • Interface with controller will then be completed • In FYP-2 prototype of device and its GUI on PC will be completed. • Data will be then verified by EPA.

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