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Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes

•

--------- Aneek Gupta
Definition
• Type 1 Diabetes
Beta cells in pancreas are being
attacked by body's own cells
and therefore can't produce
ins...
Diagnosis
• Type 1 Diabetes
• Type 2 Diabetes
Genetic, environmental and auto- Genetic, obesity (central
immune factors, i...
Warning Signs
• Type 1 Diabetes
Increased thirst & urination,
constant hunger, weight loss,
blurred vision and extreme
tir...
Onset
• Type 1 Diabetes
Rapid (weeks) - often present
acutely with ketoacidosis

• Type 2 Diabetes
Slow (years)
Commonly Afflicted Groups
• Type 1 Diabetes
Children/teens

• Type 2 Diabetes
Adults, elderly, certain ethnic
groups
Prone Ethnic Groups
• Type 1 Diabetes
All

• Type 2 Diabetes
More Common In African
American, Latino/Hispanic,
Native Amer...
Bodily Effects
• Type 1 Diabetes
Believed to be triggered
autoimmune destruction of the
beta cells; autoimmune attack
may ...
Common physical attributes found
• Type 1 Diabetes
Mostly Normal or Thin

• Type 2 Diabetes
Mostly Overweight or Obese
You have this when
• Type 1 Diabetes
Your body makes too little or no
insulin.

• Type 2 Diabetes
Your body can still prod...
Estimated percentage of
occurance
• Type 1 Diabetes
5% -10% of the 171 million of
people affected by diabetes in
2000

• T...
Affected age group
• Type 1 Diabetes
Between 5 - 25 (maximum
numbers in this age group; Type
1 can affect at any age)

• T...
Glucose Channels / Receptors
• Type 1 Diabetes
None

• Type 2 Diabetes
There is no cure for type 2
diabetes, although some...
Treatment
• Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin Injections, dietary plan,
regular check up of blood sugar
levels, daily exercise Goals...
Thanks
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Diabetes 1 Vs Diabetes 2 By Aneek Gupta

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Diabetes 1 Vs Diabetes 2 By Aneek Gupta

Published in: Health & Medicine

Diabetes 1 Vs Diabetes 2 By Aneek Gupta

  1. 1. Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes • --------- Aneek Gupta
  2. 2. Definition • Type 1 Diabetes Beta cells in pancreas are being attacked by body's own cells and therefore can't produce insulin to take sugar out of the blood stream. Insulin is not produced. • Type 2 Diabetes Diet related insulin release is so large and frequent that receptor cells have become less sensitive to the insulin. This insulin resistance results in less sugar being removed from the blood.
  3. 3. Diagnosis • Type 1 Diabetes • Type 2 Diabetes Genetic, environmental and auto- Genetic, obesity (central immune factors, idiopathic adipose), physical inactivity, high/low birth weight, GDM, poor placental growth, metabolic syndrome
  4. 4. Warning Signs • Type 1 Diabetes Increased thirst & urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme tiredness, glycouria • Type 2 Diabetes Feeling tired or ill, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections and slow wound healing, asymptomatic
  5. 5. Onset • Type 1 Diabetes Rapid (weeks) - often present acutely with ketoacidosis • Type 2 Diabetes Slow (years)
  6. 6. Commonly Afflicted Groups • Type 1 Diabetes Children/teens • Type 2 Diabetes Adults, elderly, certain ethnic groups
  7. 7. Prone Ethnic Groups • Type 1 Diabetes All • Type 2 Diabetes More Common In African American, Latino/Hispanic, Native American, Asian Or Pacific Islander
  8. 8. Bodily Effects • Type 1 Diabetes Believed to be triggered autoimmune destruction of the beta cells; autoimmune attack may occur following a viral infection such as mumps, rubells cytomegalovirus • Type 2 Diabetes Appears to be related to aging, sedentary life-style, genetic influence, but mostly obesity
  9. 9. Common physical attributes found • Type 1 Diabetes Mostly Normal or Thin • Type 2 Diabetes Mostly Overweight or Obese
  10. 10. You have this when • Type 1 Diabetes Your body makes too little or no insulin. • Type 2 Diabetes Your body can still produce insulin but does not use it properly (insulin resistance)
  11. 11. Estimated percentage of occurance • Type 1 Diabetes 5% -10% of the 171 million of people affected by diabetes in 2000 • Type 2 Diabetes 90% - 95%-of total cases. Although the projected number of Americans that will have type II diabetes in the year 2030 will double from 171 million to 366 million cases
  12. 12. Affected age group • Type 1 Diabetes Between 5 - 25 (maximum numbers in this age group; Type 1 can affect at any age) • Type 2 Diabetes Until recently, the only type of diabetes that was common in children was Type 1 diabetes, most children who have Type 2 diabetes have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, and are not very physically active. Usually develops around puberty
  13. 13. Glucose Channels / Receptors • Type 1 Diabetes None • Type 2 Diabetes There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, although sometimes gastric surgery and/or lifestyle/medication treatment can result in remission. Physical exercise, healthy loss of weight & diet control are advised
  14. 14. Treatment • Type 1 Diabetes Insulin Injections, dietary plan, regular check up of blood sugar levels, daily exercise Goals: optimal glucose, prevent/treat chronic complications, enhance health with food/PA, individual nutrition needs • Type 2 Diabetes Diet, exercise, weight loss, and in many cases medication. Insulin Injections may also be used, SMBG {Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose}
  15. 15. Thanks

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