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Asthma vs COPD by Aneek Gupta

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Asthma vs COPD by Aneek Gupta

Asthma, COPD, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obstructive lung disease, Chronic coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, spasms in bronchioles, Decreased airflow, increased inflammation, spasms in bronchioles, morning cough with phlegm, Bronchodilators, Airway opening medication, Inhaled corticosteroids reduce inflammation, Oral steroids for moderate to severe cases Bronchodilators, Airway opening medication, Pulmonary rehabilitation Oxygen support for advanced stages, Hospitalization, Aneek, Aneek Gupta

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Asthma vs COPD by Aneek Gupta

  1. 1. Asthma vs COPD By Aneek Gupta Consideration Asthma COPD Introduction Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by chronically poor airflow. Symptoms Decreased airflow; increased inflammation; spasms in Chronic coughing; wheezing; shortness of breath; chest tightness; bronchioles; morning cough spasms in bronchioles. Symptoms go with phlegm. Symptoms away between episodes. never disappear, but progressively worsen. Nature of cough Dry Diagnosis Physical exam, medical history including history of allergies Typically in children Classical Presentation Younger patient, recurrent episodes of wheezing and coughing, accompanying tight chest and breathlessness. Symptoms quickly respond to bronchodilators. Triggers Allergens, cold air, exercise Risk Factors Allergies, eczema, rhinitis Asthma, smoking Medical Treatment Bronchodilators, Airway opening medication; Inhaled corticosteroids reduce inflammation; Oral steroids for moderate to severe cases Bronchodilators; Airway opening medication; Pulmonary rehabilitation Oxygen support for advanced stages; Hospitalization Lifestyle Changes Cease smoking; avoid allergens and air pollution Cease smoking; avoid air pollution Thanks “Productive” (yields mucus) Spirometry, measuring of breath CT scans Typically in adults over 40 Current or former smokers Older patient, smoker or former smoker, progressive shortness of breath and cough with mucus, accompanied by decreased physical activity. Responds to bronchodilator, but lung function does not return. Environmental pollutants, respiratory tract infections – pneumonia, influenza

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