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  1. 1. AntagonistAn antagonist is a character, group of characters, or institution, thatrepresents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend. Inother words, A person, or a group of people who oppose the maincharacter, or the main characters.[ In the classic style of stories whereinthe action consists of a hero fighting a villain/enemy, the two can beregarded as protagonist and antagonist, respectively.The antagonist may also represent a major threat or obstacle to the maincharacter by their very existence, without necessarily deliberatelytargeting him or her.Examples in both film and theatre include Sauron, the main antagonist inThe Lord of the Rings, who constantly battles the series protagonists,and Tybalt, an antagonist in Romeo and Juliet, who slays Mercutio andwhose later death results in the exiling of the plays protagonist, Romeo.However, despite the antagonist often being classified the "bad guy", theantagonist can be a good person (one notable example being Macdufffrom Macbeth)
  2. 2. ProtagonistA protagonist is the main character (the central or primary personal figure) ofa literary, theatrical, cinematic, or musical narrative, which ends up in conflictbecause of the antagonist and with whom the audience is intended to mostidentify. In the theatre of Ancient Greece, three actors played all of the maindramatic roles in a tragedy; the leading role was played by the protagonist,while the other roles were played by deuteragonist and the tritagonist.The terms protagonist and main character are variously defined and,depending on the source, may denote different concepts. In fiction, the storyof the protagonist may be told from the perspective of a different character(who may also, but not necessarily, be the narrator). An example would be anarrator who relates the fate of several protagonists, perhaps as prominentfigures recalled in a biographical perspective. Often, the protagonist in anarrative is also the same person as the focal character, though the two termsare distinct. Excitement and intrigue alone is what the audience feels toward afocal character, while a sense of empathy about the characters objectives andemotions is what the audience feels toward the protagonist. Although theprotagonist is often referred to as the "good guy", it is entirely possible for astorys protagonist to be the clear villain, or antihero, of the piece.The principal opponent of the protagonist is a character known as theantagonist, who represents or creates obstacles that the protagonist mustovercome. As with protagonists, there may be more than one antagonist in astory. The antagonist may be the storys hero; for example, where theprotagonist is a criminal, the antagonist could be a law enforcement agent thattries to capture him. Sometimes, a work will offer a particular character as the

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