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Fr.joshy pdf

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Fr.joshy pdf

  1. 1. tImfn hXv¡cWhpw sNdp¯pn¸pw
  2. 2. sNdp¯pn¸nsâ {]mtZinI amXrIIÄ mSnsâ kzmX{´y¯npthn XymtKmÖzeamb nch[n kac§Ä¡v tXrXzw ÂInb [octZim`namnIfpsS mSmWv C´y. nch[nt]À {_n«ojv hncp² kac§fn ]¦ptNÀ¶p.
  3. 3. [ocmb hoc]mÞy³ Xangvm«nse XncpsÂthenbnse ]m©mew Ipdn©nbnse [ocmb ‘ImhÂ’(mSphmgn) Bbncp¶p hoc]mÞyI«s_m½³
  4. 4. hoc]mÞypw {_n«ojv sskyhpw X½nepÅ Gäpap«Â Cu {]tZi¯nepÅ nIpXn]ncnhpambn _Ôs¸«p {_n«ojvsskyw S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¨t¸mÄ AXnshoc]mÞy³ iIvXambn FXnÀ¯p. A¼pw hnÃpw G´nb hoc]mÞysâ ssky¯nv tXmäv ]n³hmt§nh¶p. Ahkmw At±ls¯ Imb¯mÀ F¶ Øe¯v ]pfnacs¡m¼n sI«n¯q¡n sIm¶p.
  5. 5. ]S bn¨p ]gÈn ]gÈnbpsS P·Øew I®qcnSp¯pÅ tIm«bw ae_mdnse ]gÈnbn ]Snªmsd tImhneIs¯ Cfb cmPmhmbncp¶p tIcfhÀ½ ]gÈncmP.
  6. 6. {_n«ojv sskyhpw ]gÈncmPbpw X½nepÅ DS¼Sn {_n«ojpImÀ ssakqÀ `cWm[nImcnIÄs¡Xnsc S¯nb bp²§fn ]gÈncmPmhv {_n«ojpImsc klmbn¨ncp¶p.AXnp]Icw tIm«bw {]tZi¯p nIpXn ]ncn¡mpÅ AhImiw ]gÈn¡p e`n¨p.
  7. 7. {_n«ojpImcpsS DS¼SnewLw bp²m´cw ae_mÀ {_n«ojv A[oXbnembtXmsS hmKvZmw ]men¡m³ {_n«ojpImÀ¡mbnà F¶m nIpXn ]ncn¡mpÅ AhImiw {_n«ojpImÀ Ipdp¼mSp cmPmhnp ÂInbtXmSpIqSn AhÀ DS¼Sn ewLn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.
  8. 8. {_n«ojpImcpw ]gÈnbpw X½nepÅ bp²w •]gÈncmPmhnsâ A[oXbnepÅ {]tZi§Ä{_n«ojvþC´ytbmSv tNÀ¡p¶XnpÅ {iaw S¶p. •Ipdp¼scbpw, IpdnNyscbpw, mb·mscbpw, am¸nfamscbpw ]£w tNÀ¶p sNdp¯p n¶p. •PohtmsS i{Xphnsâ ssIbn AIs¸SmXncn¡m³ 1805 hw_À 30þv At±lw kzbwhocarXyphcn¨p.
  9. 9. ZfhbpsS hnfw_cw
  10. 10. thepX¼nþà `cWIÀ¯mhv à `cWIÀ¯mhv F¶ nebn Zfhbmb thepX¼n à _Ôw ]peÀ¯nbncp¶p. `cWImcy§fn IÀ¡i ne]mSp kzoIcn¡pIbpw hn«phogvNbnÃm¯ in£W S]SnIÄ S¸nem¡pIbpw sNbvXp.
  11. 11. thepX¼n ZfhbpambpÅ ssky¯nsâ DS¼Sn {_n«ojv kÀ¡mcnÂn¶pÅ nc´c k½À±w apew DS¼Snbn H¸phbv¡m³cmPmhpw Zfhbpw Xocpamn¨p. 1805 Pphcn 12 v A©psX§v tIm«bnÂh¨v DS¼Sn AwKoIcn¨p.
  12. 12. Ipd hnfw_cw thepX¼n Zfh Hut±ymKnI ]Zhnbnencn¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶bmWv Xsâ Xm¡menI BØmambncp¶ Ipdbn h¨v hntZim[n]Xy¯n n¶v cmPys¯ c£n¡m³ apt¶m«phcWsa¶v FÃm hn`mKw P§tfmSpw Blzmw sNbvXp CXmWv Ipd hnfw_cw.
  13. 13. kwLSnX kac§fpsS XpS¡w 1857 sabv 11 v aodän n¶pÅ in]mbnIÄ bqtdm]y³Dt±ymKØsc _ÔnIfm¡n h[n¨p. Np¦¸pc Xoh¨p AXv kac§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¨p.
  14. 14. Im¡nbWnª IÀjIÀ sNdpInS `phpSam hn`mK¯n n¶pÅhcmbncp¶p. ]«mf¡mcn Gsdbpw. Chcpw nIpXn k{¼Zmbs¯ FXnÀ¯ncp¶p.
  15. 15. ]SbmfnIfnepw ASnbmfÀ C´ybnse {_n«ojv ssky¯n C´y¡mcpw {_n«ojpImcpamb ]«mf¡mcpmbncp¶p CXnepw ASnbmf·mÀ Dmbncp¶p .
  16. 16. {hWs¸« aXhnImcw •C´y³ ]«mf¡mtcmSv ISen¡sc t]mbn bp²w sN¿m³ {_n«ojpImÀ Bhiys¸«p. •IS IS¶p t]mIp¶Xv lnμpaX hnizmkapkcn¨v PmXn{`jvSnnSbm¡n. •XmSnbpw Xe¸mhpw Hgnhm¡pI
  17. 17. F³^oÂUv tXm¡v ]«mf¯nsâ Bbp[_ew IqSpXÂ ^e{]Zam¡phm³ D]tbmKn¨ncp¶ tXm¡mWv F³^oÂUv
  18. 18. tXm¡n D]tbmKn¨ncp¶ hkvXp¡Ä ]¶n, ]ip XpS§nb arK§fpsS sImgp¸v ]pc«nb ISemkv.
  19. 19. aX]camb ImcW§Ä aX]camb hnizmkapkcn¨v ]¶namwkw apÉo§Ä¡pw ]pWyarKambn IcpXnt¸m¶ ]iphnsâ amwkw lnμp¡Ä¡pw hÀPyambncp¶p.
  20. 20. C´y³ ssky¯nsâ {]Xntcm[w {_n«ojpImÀs¡Xnsc aX¯nXoXambn H¶n¡phmpÅ t{]cW ]«mf¡mcnepmhpIbpw sNbvXp.

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