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PERFECT TENSES IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
FORM USES EXAMPLES
TIME
EXPRESSIONS
PRESENT
PERFECT
SIMPLE
have/has
+
main verb (pa...
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Perfect tenses in the English language

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Revise how to use all the tenses for future in English.

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Perfect tenses in the English language

  1. 1. PERFECT TENSES IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORM USES EXAMPLES TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE have/has + main verb (past participle) a) The important thing is what happens. Time is not indicated. b) Past actions whose effects can be seen in the present. c) The action is still unfinished. d) Past action which still continues in the present. e) Actions which have just finished. f) When we announce recent news which have happened before. a) He has been to London several times. b) Jill is home in bed. Se has caught a cold. c) This month we have done a lot of decorating, as we are having a party for my birthday. d) I have had this house for ages. I have had this house since 1985. e) Tom has just left the party. f) The President has been assasinated. (passive) ** IT IS USED FOR SEPARATED ACTIONS. WE CAN SAY HOW MANY TIMES AN ACTION HAS HAPPENED, SO IT IS AN INTERRUPTED ACTION. ** THE ACTION IS CONSIDERED AS FINISHED (Who has used my computer?) * For + period. * Since + specific point. * Ever (? And - sentences). *Never (- sentences) * Already (+ sentences). * Just * Yet (? And - sentences). * Lately. * Recently. * Always. * Often. * So far, etc. * This is the 1st/2nd … time … PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS have/has + been + main verb -ing a) Action started in the past and still going on. b) Very recent actions whose effects can still be seen in the present. a) He has been writing a novel for the last three months. (very similar to Present Perfect Simple with for/since). b) I have been cooking. Look at my hands, they are all white with flour. ** IT IS USED FOR UNINTERRUPTED ACTIONS TIME EXPRESSIONS INDICATE HOW LONG THE ACTION TAKES PLACE. ** IT EMPHASIZES THE ACTION AS A CONTINUOUS ONE. (Who has been using my computer? the computer is still working). * For + period. * Since + specific point. * All day. * The whole week, etc. PAST PERFECT SIMPLE had + main verb (past participle) a) An action which happened before other past action (past simple). a) When we had finished our homework, we went to bed. ** WHEN TWO ACTIONS HAPPEN SIMULTANEOUSLY IN THE PAST, BOTH USE PAST SIMPLE. * When. * By the time. * Before. *After. * Just. * Already. * Until. * Never, etc. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS had been + main verb -ing a) An action which has lasted too long in the past before other shorter action. b) To highlight the action which was in progress before other more recent, both in the past. a) They had been playing for several minutes when the bell rang. b) The passengers were afraid because the driver had been drinking. * When. * For. * Since, etc.

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