Industrial Revolution 1


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Industrial Revolution 1

  1. 1. Industrial Revolution By J. Collins
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>The IR is when people stopped making stuff at home and started making stuff in factories. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cottage Industry
  4. 4. Factory system
  5. 5. Cotton gin <ul><li>His cotton gin removed the seeds out of raw cotton. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Steam Engine <ul><li>The steam engine was not just a transportation device. It ran entire factories the way rivers used to. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Steam engine
  8. 10. Railroads
  9. 12. Transcontinental RR <ul><li>The transcontinental railroad made travel across the country faster, cheaper and more efficient. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>The transcontinental RR met in Utah </li></ul>
  11. 15. Canals <ul><li>Canals are manmade waterways dug between 2 large bodies of water. </li></ul><ul><li>The Erie Canal was a short cut from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Erie Canal 1825
  13. 17. Panama Canal <ul><li>The Panama Canal was a shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific (or backwards). </li></ul>
  14. 18. Panama Canal
  15. 20. Telegraph <ul><li>Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. It communicated using a series of beeps (Morse code). </li></ul>
  16. 21. telephone <ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. </li></ul>
  17. 22. Robber Barons <ul><li>Andrew Carnegie owned US Steel. </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>Steel Mill at night. </li></ul>
  19. 25. Robber Barons <ul><li>John D. Rockefeller owned the railroads and the oil industries </li></ul>
  20. 27. Monopoly <ul><li>Carnegie and Rockefeller ran their competition out of business. </li></ul><ul><li>A monopoly is when one company controls the entire industry. </li></ul>
  21. 29. Thomas Edison <ul><li>The light bulb allowed factories to work at night. </li></ul>
  22. 30. <ul><li>Phonograph </li></ul>
  23. 31. Edison’s inventions <ul><li>Motion picture camera </li></ul>
  24. 32. Immigration
  25. 34. Pull factors <ul><li>Immigrants come to the USA for jobs and opportunities. </li></ul>
  26. 35. <ul><li>Pull factors are good stuff to bring immigrants here like jobs. </li></ul>
  27. 36. <ul><li>Jobs pulled immigrants here. </li></ul>
  28. 37. <ul><li>Free land was a pull factor </li></ul>
  29. 38. Push factors <ul><li>Push factors are bad stuff to push immigrants away like war or disease. This is potato famine. </li></ul>
  30. 39. <ul><li>Many immigrants lived in tenements. </li></ul>
  31. 40. tenement
  32. 41. Child labor <ul><li>Many immigrants put their children to work ASAP. </li></ul>
  33. 42. Child labor <ul><li>Shoeshine boys </li></ul>
  34. 43. Child labor <ul><li>Bowling pin boys </li></ul>
  35. 44. Child labor <ul><li>Coal miner boys </li></ul>
  36. 45. Child labor <ul><li>Young miner </li></ul>
  37. 46. <ul><li>Girls were preferred over boys. They were paid less, had smaller hands. </li></ul>
  38. 47. Progressivism
  39. 48. Progressivism <ul><li>Progressivism is a series of reform movements during the late 1800 and early 1900s. </li></ul>
  40. 49. Progressive goals <ul><li>Progressives sought the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Temperance </li></ul><ul><li>Reform of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Suffrage for women </li></ul><ul><li>Better working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>More government regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient industry </li></ul>
  41. 50. Temperance Movement <ul><li>Women fought to ban alcohol in America. </li></ul><ul><li>They did this without the vote! </li></ul>
  42. 51. Temperance movement <ul><li>Women would go to saloons and start singing church hymns. </li></ul>
  43. 52. Temperance movement <ul><li>Later in 1920, they would be successful with the 18 th Amendment which banned the sale or production of alcohol. </li></ul>
  44. 53. Social welfare <ul><li>YMCA provided charity work for slum neighborhoods like classes and entertainment. </li></ul>
  45. 54. Political Reforms <ul><li>Progressives wanted big business out of politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives wanted more popular sovereignty. </li></ul>
  46. 55. Political Reforms <ul><li>Secret ballot – Progressives wanted people to vote without intimidation. </li></ul>
  47. 56. Political Reforms <ul><li>Recall – special election to get rid of a politician. </li></ul><ul><li>Auhnold is governor of CA because of a recall election. </li></ul>
  48. 57. Political reform <ul><li>Progressives reformed local governments by allowing people to introduce bills ( initiative ). A referendum is a vote on that initiative. </li></ul>
  49. 58. Political reform <ul><li>The Seventeenth Amendment put more power into the peoples’ hands. It allowed for the direct election of US Senators. Before, state legislators would choose. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are the Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Senators: </li></ul>
  50. 59. Political reform <ul><li>Progressives wanted big business out of politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Political machines controlled the political parties. </li></ul>
  51. 61. Political Reform <ul><li>One famous political machine was the Tammany Ring of NYC. </li></ul>
  52. 62. <ul><li>Political machines weren’t all bad. They provided jobs to immigrants and other services </li></ul>
  53. 63. Economic Reform <ul><li>The Sixteenth Amendment allows for a graduated income tax. That means the rich pay a higher percentage than poor people. </li></ul>
  54. 65. Women’s suffrage
  55. 66. Suffragists <ul><li>We hold these truths to be self evident that all men and women are created </li></ul><ul><li>equal. </li></ul>
  56. 67. Suffragists <ul><li>Elizabeth Cady Stanton was the grandmother of the movement </li></ul>
  57. 68. <ul><li>Women all over the USA and Britain paraded and protested for suffrage. </li></ul>
  58. 69. Women’s suffrage <ul><li>Stanton and Susan B. Anthony fought for women’s rights. </li></ul>
  59. 72. <ul><li>WWI helped women get the vote because they worked so hard during WWI. </li></ul>
  60. 73. <ul><li>The Nineteenth Amendment gave women’s suffrage. </li></ul>
  61. 74. Labor Reform <ul><li>Labor unions struggled in the 1800s to fight for better working conditions (shorter work day, workers’ comp). </li></ul>
  62. 75. Labor reform <ul><li>Unions went on strike, and they turned violent most of the time. </li></ul>
  63. 78. Labor unions <ul><li>Skilled labor unions were more successful because they were harder to replace. </li></ul>
  64. 79. <ul><li>Progressives got laws passed that prohibited child labor. </li></ul>
  65. 80. <ul><li>Progressives passed laws limiting hours women worked. </li></ul>
  66. 81. <ul><li>Progressives passed laws requiring workplace safety. </li></ul>
  67. 82. <ul><li>Workplace safety. </li></ul>
  68. 83. Progressive Presidents <ul><li>Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt </li></ul>
  69. 84. <ul><li>Teddy was the youngest president in history at the time. </li></ul>
  70. 85. Trust buster
  71. 86. <ul><li>Roosevelt read The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, a muckraker </li></ul>
  72. 87. <ul><li>As a result, he passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Food and Drug Act </li></ul>
  73. 89. 1906
  74. 90. Efficient industry <ul><li>While some progressives fought industry with labor unions and government regulation, others helped industry by using science in the workplace. </li></ul>
  75. 91. <ul><li>Taylorism – increasing efficiency through studies of human motion. </li></ul>
  76. 92. Industrial efficiency <ul><li>Henry Ford learned that the less people had to move, the faster they would work. </li></ul>
  77. 93. Ford’s assembly line
  78. 94. <ul><li>The first cars were very expensive. </li></ul>
  79. 95. Model T <ul><li>The Model T was the first car that middle class people could afford. </li></ul>
  80. 96. Model T <ul><li>The assembly line lowered the cost of the Model T from $825 to $300. </li></ul>
  81. 97. This powerpoint was kindly donated to is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.