Wealth and health in Africa AMREF

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Exploring if and how economic growth that’s happening in some African countries affects people’s health and well-being. Is there a direct benefit? Or, is the relationship a little more complicated?

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Wealth and health in Africa AMREF

  1. 1. Wealth and Health in AfricaHow does economic growth affect the health and well-being of Africans? presented byAMREF’S Coffeehouse Speaker Series on global development featuringDR SHARI ELI from the University of Toronto and DR NICHOLAS LI from the University of Toronto
  2. 2. Infant Mortality Rate by Wealth NOTE: Country order reflects income level based on GDP per capita. SOURCES: ICF Macro, Demographic and Health Surveys; and World Bank, World Development Indicators Database Source: http://www.prb.org/Articles/2012/population-economic-development-infographic.aspx
  3. 3. Quotable"Understanding how poor households finance health care—andhow to help them do it better—is a crucial next step for financialaccess and development.” -Berber Kramer PhD candidate at Tinbergen Institute Source: http://www.financialaccess.org/blog/2013/02/whats-next-connecting-finance-and-health
  4. 4. Did you know?• China has been successful at improving women’s health outcomes as per capitaincome rises.• Sri Lanka has improved women’s health outcomes without per capita growthrates.• India demonstrates that per capita growth can occur without improving women’shealth outcomes.The common factor: government policy on health spending, according to JayatiGhosh from Jawaharlal Nehru University. Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/nov/23/womens-health-more-than- economics?INTCMP=SRCH
  5. 5. Did you know?Studies show that national childhood mortalityrates are highest among the poorest households. Source: http://globalhealthafrica.org/2013/02/01/health-inequalities-wealth-is-health/
  6. 6. QuotableThere exists no strong evidence that private health insurancesystems (e.g. USA) offer better or worse financial protection thanpublic systems (e.g. Canada). -Paraphrasing David EvansAuthor of Protecting Households From Catastrophic Health Spending Source: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/26/4/972.short
  7. 7. Did you know?If there are no interventions to reduce the current rate ofmaternal deaths and disabilities in Africa, over the next tenyears, it is estimated that $45 billion worth of productivitywill be lost. Source: http://africasacountry.com/2012/11/28/africa-rising-and-the-shifting-disease-burden/
  8. 8. Quotable“International corporate tax avoidance is like a cancereating away at both rich and poor countries … Weknow that business can be a force for good in Africa,but this is massively undermined when a companydoesn’t pay its fair share of tax.” -Chris Jordan Tax Specialist at ActionAid Source: http://www.zambian-economist.com/2013/02/tax-avoidance-in-zambia.html
  9. 9. Did you know?Sub Saharan Africa accounts for 11% of the world’spopulation, yet bears 24% of the global disease burdenand commands less than 1% of global healthexpenditure. Source: World Health Organization
  10. 10. Did you know?All of AMREF’s programs recognize the dynamicrelationship between health and wealth: Whilepoverty is a cause of poor health, poor healthreduces the production ability which leads topoverty.
  11. 11. GDP per Capita and Total Fertility RatesSOURCES: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision (2011); and World Bank, World Development Indicators Database. Source: http://www.prb.org/Articles/2012/population-economic-development-infographic.aspx
  12. 12. Did you know?In South Africa, 80% of the population has access to essential medicine.In Malawi, 44%.In Kenya, 36%.In Nigeria, 10%. Source: http://heartland.org/sites/all/modules/custom/heartland_migration/files/pdfs/16415.pdf
  13. 13. Source: http://www.prb.org/Articles/2012/population-economic-development-infographic.aspx
  14. 14. Source: http://www.prb.org/Articles/2012/population-economic-development-infographic.aspx
  15. 15. Did you know?A healthier population can produce more food and generatehigher incomes, which can lead to further improvements innutrition, health and education.Conversely, every year, malaria alone costs an estimated $12billion in lost wages across Sub-Saharan Africa. Source: http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/PSD/BEP/IFC_HealthinAfrica_Final.pdf

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