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  1. 2. MY TODAY’S TOPIC IS Ethics in Engineering
  2. 3. <ul><li>Amna Abdul Ghafoor </li></ul><ul><li>Saba Javaid </li></ul><ul><li>Sarosh Zaheer </li></ul><ul><li>Aneela nawaz </li></ul><ul><li>Irtaqa Azhar </li></ul>Presentators are:
  3. 5. Introduction <ul><li>General Definition of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>. The study of the characteristics of morals </li></ul><ul><li>.The study of the moral choices made by each person in his/her relationships with other people </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>The rules and standards which govern the conduct of engineers in their role as professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to general ethics, but apply to the specific issues </li></ul>Engineering Ethics
  5. 7. <ul><li>Engineering decisions can impact public health, safety, business practices and politics </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers should be aware of moral implications as they make decisions in the workplace </li></ul>Why Study Engineering Ethics?
  6. 9. Ethical Issues Faced by Engineers <ul><li>Public Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Bribery and Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty in Research and Testing </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Personal Ethics: </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with how we treat others in our day-to-day lives </li></ul><ul><li>Business/Professional Ethics: </li></ul><ul><li> Involves choices regarding relationships between organizations and other organizations, government, and groups of individuals </li></ul>Personal vs Business/ Professional Ethics
  8. 12. Engineered Accidents <ul><li>Caused by flaws in the design of a </li></ul><ul><li>product or system </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering failures </li></ul><ul><li>Engineered accidents </li></ul>
  9. 13. Designing for Safety <ul><li>Define the problem, including the needs, </li></ul><ul><li>requirements and constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Generate several different solutions to the </li></ul><ul><li>problem </li></ul><ul><li>Test the solution </li></ul><ul><li>Select the best solution </li></ul><ul><li>Implement the chosen solution </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>Four Common Ethical Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Utilitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Duty Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Rights Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue Ethics </li></ul>Understanding Ethical Problems
  11. 16. <ul><li>Utilitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Theory that the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by its usefulness. </li></ul><ul><li>Tries to maximize the well-being of society </li></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Duty Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Contends that certain acts should be performed because they are inherently ethical </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who recognize their ethical duties will choose ethically correct moral actions </li></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>Rights Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has inherent moral rights </li></ul><ul><li>Any act that violates an individual’s moral rights is ethically unacceptable </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Virtue Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the type of </li></ul><ul><li>person we should strive to </li></ul><ul><li> be </li></ul><ul><li>Good character traits are inherently right </li></ul><ul><li>Bad character traits are inherently wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Tied more to individual behavior than to an organization </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Comments? </li></ul><ul><li>Snide remarks </li></ul>