A baseball field consists of bases.TeamsTeamsPlayers bat in turns in a pre-determined order and play in this order for theentire game. The same players play defence when they don’t bat. Ondefence, teams have one pitcher.Basic rulesBasic rulesIn turns, players go up to home plate to bat a baseball thrown from a pitcher.The pitcher throws the ball over home plate and between the batters kneesand shoulders. If the ball is not hit and the batter moves, it is a strike. Battershave to get a hit before three strikes or they are eliminated. When batters hitthe ball they have to touch all the bases on the run to home plate. If a playeris out of a base when the pitcher gets the ball he or she is eliminated. Whenthe player gets home plate the team scores a run. A non stop run is a “homerun” and the team gets a life for an eliminated player. If the team on defencecatches the ball in the air the teams change positions--the batting team playsdefence, and vice versa. The team with the maximum number of runs at theend of the game time is the winner.
Out of boundsOut of boundsYou or the ball cannot touch outside the lines of the rectangle or it is “out ofbounds”. If you don’t have the ball, you can step out of the line.DribblingDribblingA dribble is when you bounce the ball and walk or run with it. If you use bothhands or pick the ball up and dribble again it is “double dribble” (foul) and theother team gets the ball. For a good dribble bounce with the hand on the top ofthe ball.ShootingShootingTo score, the ball goes through the basket. There are three places a personcan shoot from, for different points. If you are behind the three point line, whichis the big arc around the basket, and score, you get three points. Inside the arcyou get two points. If you are fouled you shoot free throws from the free throwline and get one point.
FoulsFoulsA foul is when you touch or hit the person with the ball.“Double dribble” or “travelling” are fouls.Picking up your dribblePicking up your dribbleIf you are dribbling the ball and you pick the ball up, you can take one or twosteps. For three or more steps it is considered “travelling” (it is foul), and theother team gets the ball. When you pick up the ball you can pass it or score.
Objective of the gameObjective of the gameTwo teams play the game and the objective of the game is to get the ball into theother’s team goal. The team with the maximum number of goals at the end of thegame time is the winner.The players (except the goalkeeper) can use any part, apart from the arms andhands, to attack or defend. The goalkeeper can use his hands only in the penaltyarea.TeamsTeamsThe teams have 11 players. One of them is the goalkeeper.The pitchThe pitchThe halfway line and the centre circle are in the centre of the pitchwhere the kick off takes place at the start of the game, the start of thesecond half or after the opposition has scored.The penalty area is a rectangular area around the goal.
Corners and throw-insCorners and throw-insIf the players of one team kick the ball out of the playing area, on the length sideof the pitch, (not facing the goal), then they concede a throw-in. If the ball goesout of the pitch from the line behind the goal that they are attacking, then thegoalkeeper of the opposing team gets a goal kick. If the defender puts the ballbehind the line of the goal which they are defending then the opposing team getsa corner kick. A corner kick is from the side from where the ball has gone out.A foulA foulA foul is when a player handles the ball or attacks a player of the opposing team.A foul normally results in a free kick to the team of the fouled player, from theplace where he is fouled.A penaltyA penaltyA penalty kick is given to one team when one of the attackers is fouled in thepenalty area or a defender handles the ball. The player takes the kick from thepenalty spot and the goal is guarded by the goalkeeper.The sending off (red cards)A player can be sent off (red-carded) if he commits too many fouls or a penalty.Remember to use your head and PRACTISE FAIR PLAY AND RESPECT.
TeamsTeams5 players and 1 goalie.No player except the goalkeeper can enter the goal area.The ball is played with the hand, but it can touch any other part of the bodyexcept the feet. This results in a free-throw (foul) for the other team from thepoint of infraction.The throw-on at centre court occurs at the start of the game and half time, andafter a goal is scored.Mode of travelMode of travel3 steps, bounce, 3 steps - is the maximum that can be travelled at 1 time - thena pass or shot.If an offensive players shot hits the goalie, the goal posts or the cross bar andcomes out of the goal area, the ball is in play.If the ball goes off of the goalie or an attacker it is a goalies ball.If the ball goes off of any other defending player, it is a corner throw-on for theoffensive team, (similar to corner kick in football).
Body contactBody contactA player can stand his ground to prevent an attacker from breaking throughthe defence.A player cannot catch a ball from another players hands.Penalty shot results from hitting a player illegally when he has a clear chanceof scoring a goal.
The gameThe gameThe ball is played only with the stick on the ground.A goal is scored when an attacker strikes the ball into the goal.FoulsFoulsA player may not:Obstruct the ball from an opponent with the body or stick.Hit an opponent.Play with the stick in the air.Stop the ball in the air or on the ground with any part of the body.Hit an opponent stick.Fouls in the area are penalties.The push-in/hit inThe push-in/hit inA push-in or hit-in to the opposition is when a player hits the ball over thesideline (out). All players and the sticks must be at 5 metres from the ball.
The courtThe courtThe net divides the court into two equal sections.TeamsTeamsTwo teams are divided by the net, and each team has six players on thecourt. Three players are positioned in the front row near the net and threeplayers are in the back row. Each team can only hit the ball three timesbefore the ball travels over the net to the other team. The same playercannot hit the ball for two consecutive hits.
ServingServingBefore serving the ball the team must rotate clockwise one position. Theplayer who rotates into the back-right position serves the ball from behindthe line. The server can use his hand or arm to hit the ball. The ball mustgo over the net and fall inside the lines on the opposing teams side. If theserving team wins the point the same player continues serving the ball.ScoringScoringA team scores a point if it is serving the ball and the opposing team fails toreturn the ball because the ball hits the ground, the ball is hit out of boundsor the ball is hit more than three times. The first team to get 21 points winsthe game. The team that wins two out of three games wins the match.
Step 1Step 1To start the match see who serves first, you or the opponent.Step 2Step 2Warm up by hitting the ball when it bounces before you hit it. Practicevolleys, which are balls hit before they touch the ground. Practice serves.During a warm-up, hit good balls to your opponent.Step 3Start the match by serving. You hit a serve from one side of the court intothe opposite side of the court. If the serve goes into the net or out it is afault. Two faults mean one point to the opponent.Step 4Step 4To start serving hit the ball in the air.Step 5Step 5You can hit the ball over the net after one bounce or in a volley (no bounce).
It is a sport played with paddles or bats (official name) and a small plastic ball.The serveThe serveThe ball is in play when one player serves the ball to the opponent. On agood serve, the player throws the ball in the air and hit the ball so that itstrikes the table, goes over the net and then hits the opponents side of thenet. The other player returns the ball over the net, strikes the opponents sideof the net and a rally starts. The game goes on in this manner until oneplayer cannot return the ball.
Game formatGame formatGames are played to 11 or 21 points (usually to 21 points). A match isdetermined by the player who can win three games out of five. One playerserves for the first five points of the game. Then the other player will servethe next five points. Serves will alternate in this manner (5 to 5) until thegame is complete. All games must be decided by a margin of two points. If agame is tied 20-20 (or 10-10), players will alternate serves after each point.In order to win a tied match, one player will have to win two consecutivepoints after the score is tied.