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Francia. Melanie Montes i Monica Vazquez

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Francia. Melanie Montes i Monica Vazquez

  1. 2. <ul><li>France : is a country in Western Europe, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and English Channel between Belgium and Spain ; and bordering the Mediterranean Sea between Italy and Spain . </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of France : Paris . </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>National Anthem : La Marseillaise . </li></ul><ul><li>Official language : French. </li></ul><ul><li>Currency : Euro . </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Mountain ranges </li></ul><ul><li>the Pyrenees. Massif Central. the Alps. </li></ul><ul><li>Some important rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Rhine/Rhin The Seine Rhone </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>North and Northwest: Temperate climate. </li></ul><ul><li>South-east: Mediterranean climate. </li></ul><ul><li>West : Oceanic with a high level of rainfall, mild winters and cool to warm summers. </li></ul><ul><li>Inland : Continental with hot, stormy summers, colder winters and less rain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Alps: Alpine. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Government: Democratic Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>President of the republic: Nicolas Sarkozy. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime minister: </li></ul><ul><li>François Fillon. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>The French Revolution: (1789-1799) was a period of political and social radical change in the history of France witch meant. </li></ul><ul><li>The abolition and replacement of the French monarchy with a radical democratic republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Radical social change to forms based on Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Member of the EC, the European Union and the United Nations. A member of the G8 group of leading industrialised countries, it is ranked as the fifth largest economy. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Leading industrial sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications. </li></ul><ul><li>Aerospace and defense. </li></ul><ul><li>Ship building. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutucals. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and civil engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals. </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile production. Domestic brands are: Renault, Peugeot and Citroën </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons industry. France is the fourth largest weapons supplier in the word. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Other leading sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy: nuclear power. Electricity production. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: Wheat, fruits, vegetaables. </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy products, mainly cheese. </li></ul><ul><li>Pork, poultry and beef production. </li></ul><ul><li>Wine. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Natural resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Coal Bauxite Fish Timber Potash Zinc. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism: Is a significant contributor to the French Economy, France is the most visited country in the world with over 75 millions visitors a year. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>France is a secular country as freedom of religion is a constitutional right. Catholicism being the primary religion. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Important Gothic cathedrals and basilicas . </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Denis Basilica </li></ul><ul><li>Notre-Dame de París </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Other important buildings and monuments </li></ul><ul><li>The Palace of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>The Arc de Triomphe </li></ul><ul><li>The Eiffel Tower. </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Art museum </li></ul><ul><li>The Louvre in Paris is one of the most famous and thelargest art museums in the world. It holds a vast amount of art of French and other artists, e.g. the Mona lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, and classical Greek Venus de Milo. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Some important French painters </li></ul><ul><li>Renoir </li></ul><ul><li>Gauguin </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Some important French writers, poets, playwrights and philosophers. </li></ul><ul><li>17th – 18th Century </li></ul><ul><li> - Molière - Denise diderot </li></ul><ul><li> - Charrles Perrault </li></ul><ul><li>- Voltaire - Jean Rousseau </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>19th-20th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Baudelaire Paul Verlaine </li></ul><ul><li>Stéphane Mallarmé </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Victor Hugo Alexandre Dumas </li></ul><ul><li>Jules Verne Emile Zola </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Marcel Proust Albert Camus </li></ul><ul><li>Jean-Paul Sartre </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Classical music legendary composers, like Frederic Chopin. </li></ul><ul><li>Legendary French singer Edith Piaf: La Vie en Rose. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern pop music: French hip hop, French rock, techno/funk… </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>In the late 19th century, Auguste and Louis Lumiere invented the cinematographe. </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>French movie stars of te 1960s and 70s are: Alain Delon Romy Schneider </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>Jeanne Moreau Simone Signoret </li></ul><ul><li>Yves Montad Catherine Denueve </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Jean – Paul Belmondo </li></ul><ul><li>Brigitte Bardot Jean Gabin. </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Successful French films: Jean-Paul Rappeneau’s Cyrano de Bergerac in 1990 and Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s Amelie. </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>Other famous French movie stars are : Gérard Depardieu , Juliette Binoche and Jean Reno.4 </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>French film directors include Gerard Pires ( Riders, 2002). Pitof (Catwoman), Florent Emilio Siri (Hostage), Louis Leterrier ( The Increible Hulk). </li></ul>
  28. 30. <ul><li>The French educational system is highly centralized, organized, and remified. It is divided into three different stages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary education - Secondary education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Higher education </li></ul></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>The traditional emblem of France was the fleur-de-lis. </li></ul><ul><li>Marianne is a symbol of the French Republic. She is an allegorical figure of liberty and the Republic and first appeared at the time of the French Revolution. </li></ul>
  30. 32. <ul><li>Fashion is an important industry and cultural export of France. Today, Paris, along with Tokyo, London, Milan, and York City, is considered one of the world’s fashion capitals . </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>Histrorically, many of the world’s top designers and fashion houses have been French, including; </li></ul><ul><li>Coco Chanel Christian Dior Louis Vuitton </li></ul><ul><li>Lanvin Chloe </li></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>Guy Laroche Yves Saint Laurent </li></ul><ul><li>Shoe designer Christian Louboutin </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>Popular sports include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Football - Rugby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basketball - Sports car </li></ul></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>Handball Cycling ( Tour de France) </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis Sailing </li></ul>
  35. 37. <ul><li>Popular French products and dishes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chesse - Wine - Pastries (croissants) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Crêpe - Foie gras - Omelette </li></ul></ul>

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