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Fascinating Figures in the Information World


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Fascinating Figures in the Information World

  1. 1. CIAN forum 15 July 2008 Fascinating figures in the information world who to watch and read to keep abreast of where we are heading
  2. 2. Lawrence Lessig <ul><li>Professor at Stanford Law School, founding board member of Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the social dimension of creativity: how creative work builds on the past and how society encourages or inhibits that building with laws and technologies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lawrence Lessig
  4. 4. Books & talks <ul><li>Code and other laws of cyberspace - how the core values of cyberspace are being threatened and what we can do to protect them </li></ul><ul><li>The future of ideas: the fate of the commons in a connected world - Creativity flourishes on the web because it is a neutral platform upon which the widest range of creators could experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Free culture: the nature and future of creativity - considers the diminishment of the public domain of ideas and shows how short-sighted interests blind to the long-term damage they’re inflicting are poisoning the ecosystem that fosters innovation </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li> =7Q25-S7jzgs&amp;feature=related – </li></ul><ul><li>Lawrence Lessig at TED </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tim Berners-Lee <ul><li>Inventor of the internet and director of the World Wide Web Consortium . </li></ul><ul><li>He supports the contention that no body should own the domain names, as they constitute a public resource. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The roots of the domain named should not be owned, it is a public domain resource and it should be managed very carefully for the people of the world.’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Creative Commons <ul><li>Provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. </li></ul><ul><li> /about/license </li></ul><ul><li> /videos </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr uses CC </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lessig & PowerPoint <ul><li>Lessig's presentations ‘are a fantastic combination of content, art and brand...’ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jimmy Wales <ul><li>American Internet entrepreneur known for his role in the creation and promotion of Wikipedia in 2001 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Wikipedia <ul><li>Ranks among the top ten most-visited web sites worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticisms focus on systemic bias, inconsistencies, reliability and accuracy, vandalism. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Wikipedia gossip <ul><li>See Jimmy Wales’ own entry and read about criticism of the editing changes he made to this </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing squabble between Jimmy Wales and former Wikipedia colleague, Larry Sanger. Larry has now established Citizendium , a Wiki with stricter editing rules and obligatory disclosure of editor's real names </li></ul>
  12. 12. Howard Rheingold <ul><li>Writer on the cultural, social and political implications of modern communication media such as the internet, mobile telephony and virtual communities (a term he is credited with inventing) - </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conflict and cooperation <ul><li>Howard is interested in the tension between self and community interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of the commons - conflict over finite resources between individual interests and the common good. Free access and unrestricted demand for a finite resource ultimately structurally dooms the resource through over-exploitation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cooperation and conflict <ul><li>Why are we willing to cooperate with people whom we have never met? </li></ul><ul><li>Social dilemmas – individually rational, collectively irrational – but can highlight an innate sense of fairness in humans </li></ul><ul><li>eg Prisoner’s dilemma </li></ul>
  15. 15. Smart Mobs <ul><li>Howard wrote a book called Smart mobs – groups that emerge when communication and computing technologies amplify human talents for cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  16. 16. Howard’s shoes
  17. 17. Clay Shirky <ul><li>American writer, consultant and teacher on the social and economic effects of internet technologies </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 18. Here comes everybody: the power of organizing without organizations <ul><li>What happens when people are given the tools to do things together, without needing traditional organisational structures. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tagging <ul><li>Clay Shirky has written about this in Ontology is overrated: categories, links, and tags </li></ul><ul><li>The strategy of tagging - free-form labeling, without regard to categorical constraints - seems like a recipe for disaster but, as the Web has shown us, you can extract a surprising amount of value from big messy data sets. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Jessamyn West <ul><li>I love libraries because I believe they are a true manifestation of the public sphere in the US. </li></ul><ul><li> - see CC licence </li></ul>
  21. 21. Jessamyn West <ul><li>‘ My passion presently is mucking about in the intersection of libraries, technology and politics and describing what I find there.’ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. Nicholas Negroponte <ul><li>Founder of Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab, and the One Laptop per Child association (OLPC) </li></ul>
  23. 23. OLPC <ul><li>OLPC aims to provide children in developing countries access to education through the provision of $100 laptops and mesh networks in which the laptops connect to each other </li></ul>
  24. 24. OLPC <ul><li>Read transcript from ABC Radio National </li></ul><ul><li>Or watch TED talk </li></ul><ul><li>Or see pics on Flickr </li></ul>
  25. 25. danah boyd <ul><li>Best known for her expertise on social networking. Her research focuses on how people negotiate a presentation of self to unknown audiences in mediated contexts. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>danah’s blog </li></ul>
  26. 26. danah boyd <ul><li>danah writes a lot about a range of interesting topics. Try: </li></ul><ul><li>Information access in a networked world </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge access as a public good </li></ul>
  27. 27. Beth Kanter <ul><li>Trainer, blogger, and consultant to nonprofits and individuals in effective use of social media </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  28. 28. Beth Kantor <ul><li>Here is Beth’s blog </li></ul><ul><li>Beth supports Creative Commons: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Find out about working wikily ! </li></ul>