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Tarsala: Building Cutter Numbers

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Tarsala: Building Cutter Numbers

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Tarsala: Building Cutter Numbers

  1. 1. Building Cutter Numbers: An Overview Webinar Cheryl Boettcher Tarsala, Ph.D. September 12, 2014
  2. 2. Webinar Outline 1. Principles and Types of Cuttering 2. How to Use the Cutter-Sanborn Table 3. Varied Uses for Cuttering in LCC 4. Basic Use of the LC Cutter Table Tarsala * Slide 2
  3. 3. Principles • Alphanumeric codes – Letter(s) A-Z + Numbers (1-999+/-) • Numbers are decimals • Reduces cognitive load for shelving and filing Photo of Charles Ammi Cutter source: Wikimedia Commons Quote: LJ July 1887, p. 251 “This notation is designed to keep books on the shelves alfabeted by authors.” Tarsala * Slide 3
  4. 4. Tarsala * Slide 4 Book covers from HarperCollins “Little House” series
  5. 5. Little House Authors Cutter Full Last Name Title (Author) WIL Farmer Boy (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WIL Farmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather) WIL Little House in Brookfield (Wilkes, Maria D.) WIL Little House in the Big Woods (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WIL Little House in the Highlands (Wiley, Melissa) WIL Little House on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WIL Little Town on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WIL Mary Ingalls on Her Own (Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel) Tarsala * Slide 5
  6. 6. Little House Authors Full Last Name Title (Author) WILDER WIL Farmer Boy (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WILDER WIL Little House in the Big Woods (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WILDER WIL Little House on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WILDER WIL Little Town on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) WILEY WIL Little House in the Highlands (Wiley, Melissa) WILKES WIL Little House in Brookfield (Wilkes, Maria D.) WILLARD WIL Mary Ingalls on Her Own (Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel) WILLIAMS WIL Farmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather) Tarsala * Slide 6
  7. 7. Cuttered Little House Authors Cuttered Title (Author) W673f WILDER WIL Farmer Boy (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) W673ℓhb WILDER WIL Little House in the Big Woods (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) W673ℓhp WILDER WIL Little House on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) W673ℓt WILDER WIL Little Town on the Prairie (Wilder, Laura Ingalls) W676ℓ WILEY WIL Little House in the Highlands (Wiley, Melissa) W682ℓ WILKES WIL Little House in Brookfield (Wilkes, Maria D.) W692m WILLARD WIL Mary Ingalls on Her Own (Willard, Elizabeth Kimmel) W723f WILLIAMS WIL Farmer Boy Goes West (Williams, Heather) Tarsala * Slide 7
  8. 8. Types of Cuttering • Standalone Cutter Tables – Cutter two-figure – Cutter three-figure – Cutter-Sanborn • Cutters for Library of Congress Classification image source openclipart.org Tarsala * Slide 8 by Nina Geometrieva
  9. 9. Availability of Standalone Cutter Tables • Complicated by copyright – 1969 Swanson-Swift Revision • Available from Hargrave House or used – All three variants on 15-inch cardboard • OCLC’s cuttering program – OCLC Four-figure Cutter and Cutter-Sanborn • Non-U.S. websites – Only Cutter-Sanborn three-figure Cover images Left: Original Cutter-Sanborn table, ca. 1920-1940, dist. by H.R. Huntting Co. Right: Swanson-Swift Revision (1969), printed Tarsala * Slide 9 1976, dist. by Hargrave House
  10. 10. Cuttering Steps 1. Scan the alphabetical list to identify where the word you wish to cutter falls. 2. If it matches an entry exactly, choose that number. 3. If it falls in between two entries, choose the entry above where it should file. 4. Each cutter number represents all possible names beginning with the exactly listed entry and ending just before the next listed entry. 5. Place a capital letter representing the first letter of the word before the number. Tarsala * Slide 10
  11. 11. How to Use the Cutter-Sanborn Table Images of Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table (Swanson-Swift Revision), p. 23. Tarsala * Slide 11
  12. 12. Cutter-Sanborn Practice Pot 859 Potti 871 Tarsala * Slide 12 Image Detail from Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table (Swanson-Swift Revision), p. 23.
  13. 13. DIY Expansion • Titles or corporate body names • Non-European words with j’s, q’s, x’s and z’s, especially Arabic and Pinyin • But … only under the same classification number Tarsala * Slide 13 Xa 1 Xan 2 Xav 3 Xe 4 Xen 5 Xer 6 Xl 7 Xu 8 Xy 9 Amen 511 Amer 512 Ames 513 Ames M 514 Amh 515 Ami 516 Amin 517 Amm 518 Ammir 519 American Art Association American Art Bureau American Art Clay Company American Art Corporation
  14. 14. Why the Swanson-Swift Revision Was Needed • Did not change the numbering, only the presentation • 1969 Image: Original Cutter-Sanborn table, ca. 1920-1940, Tarsala * Slide 14 dist. by H.R. Huntting Co.
  15. 15. Work marks • Lower-case letters placed at the end of a cutter number used to subarrange titles • Letters after cutter can signal other aspects of the work • Script “ℓ” [Unicode U+2113] • Instructions are available in the front of the Cutter-Sanborn (Swanson-Swift)table – Cutter’s “Explanation” pamphlets freely available via Google Books, Internet Archive, etc. Tarsala * Slide 16
  16. 16. “Two-figure” Special Issues • No online versions of these tables except OCLC • For vowels, use two letters before the number – Ed98 • For the letter S, use two letters before the number – Sm64 • For words beginning with the letters Sc, use three letters before the number – Sch56 • Also includes Cutter three-figures – Not for Cutter-Sanborn Tarsala * Slide 15
  17. 17. Last Words From Charles Ammi Cutter “Some persons are apprehensive that this decimal arrangement will be hard to use. … It may be so sometimes; I can only say that I never had any difficulty with any one, boy or girl, man or woman, when the arrangement is explained as it is above.” Charles A. Cutter, Explanation of the alphabetic-order marks Tarsala * Slide 17 (two-figure tables) (1911), p. 5.
  18. 18. USING CUTTERING WITH CLASSIFICATION Library of Congress logo from Tarsala * Slide 18 Wikimedia Commons
  19. 19. Cutters in LC Call Numbers • A Library of Congress call number may have one, two, or three cutter numbers – Rarely: none – Three are used only in Class G for maps • The first one is always preceded by a period • Subsequent ones are not • One letter + one or two digits – Rarely: three or more • LC Cutters file decimally, with or without the period in front of them • There are no work marks Tarsala * Slide 19
  20. 20. How is Cuttering Used in LCC? • Author’s last name • Topic words UH30 Military Cyclists .F8 = Fürstenberg • Geographical Place Names • Subarranging Types of Works Tarsala * Slide 20 TS755 Gemstones .P3 = Pearls G2972 Atlas .T3 = Tahiti GV884 Basketball players .J63 Magic Johnson A3 = Autobiography
  21. 21. Types of LC Cutter Tables • General Use • Biography Table • Regions and Countries • Translations • Table XL for literary “Z” cutters Tarsala * Slide 21
  22. 22. Availability of LC Cutter Tables • Online Toolboxes • Library of Congress Classification and Shelflisting Manual – PDF Downloads from Library of Congress (free) – Through Cataloger’s Desktop (subscription) • Printed – Cataloging Textbooks – Lois Mai Chan’s Guide to the Library of Congress Classification Tarsala * Slide 22
  23. 23. Basic Practice with LC Cutters Tarsala * Slide 23 Image from Library of Congress Classification and Shelflisting Manual, sheet G63
  24. 24. The Name of the Game is Shelflisting Tarsala * Slide 24 “Since the table provides only a general framework for the assignment of numbers, the symbol for a particular name or work is constant only under a particular class number.” Photo of Lois Mai Chan from Library of Congress Cataloging Directorate, 2001. Quote: Chan’s Cataloging and Classification, 2nd ed, p. 288. Lois Mai Chan
  25. 25. Shelflisting in Practice Make newcomers fit with existing numbers to preserve alphabetical order LC Call Number Author/Title SF426.5.B35 2012 Baines, Rebecca Everything Dogs SF426.5.B37 1987 Bare, Colleen Stanley To Love a Dog SF426.5.B375 2000 Barner, BobWalk the Dog SF426.5.B38 1990 Barrett, Norman S. Dogs SF426.5 ???? 2014 Barzoi, Sam A Special Dog SF426.5.B45 2006 Bennett, Leonie My Dog’s a Mommy SF426.5.B47 2001 Berman, Ruth My Pet Dog SF426.5.B53 2000 Blankenhorn, Rebecca World of Dogs SF426.5.B63 2007 Bodden, Valerie Dogs Tarsala * Slide 25
  26. 26. Shelflisting in Practice Make newcomers fit with existing numbers to preserve alphabetical order LC Call Number “Correct” Tarsala * Slide 26 Cutter Author/Title SF426.5.B35 2012 .B35 Baines, Rebecca Everything Dogs SF426.5.B37 1987 .B37 Bare, Colleen Stanley To Love a Dog SF426.5.B375 2000 .B376 Barner, BobWalk the Dog SF426.5.B38 1990 .B377 Barrett, Norman S. Dogs SF426.5.B385 2014 .B379 Barzoi, Sam A Special Dog SF426.5.B45 2006 .B46 Bennett, Leonie My Dog’s a Mommy SF426.5.B47 2001 .B47 Berman, Ruth My Pet Dog SF426.5.B53 2000 .B53 Blankenhorn, Rebecca World of Dogs SF426.5.B63 2007 .B63 Bodden, Valerie Dogs
  27. 27. For a more advanced understanding of LC cuttering, register for my Library of Congress Classification eCourse opening October 6, 2014 Tarsala * Slide 27 Image: Manual of Library Classification and Shelf Arrangement (1898), p. 167. Internet Archive Book Images

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