TEACHING INFORMATION
LITERACY WITH
DISCOVERY TOOLS
Nancy Fawley, University of Nevada Las Vegas
Nikki Krysak, Norwich Univ...
Introduction
About our presentation
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/SS_Aquitania.jpg
Webinar outcomes
• Understand the unique qualities of discovery tools in
order to better instruct students in the classroo...
Poll #1:
Understanding our audience
Does your institution have a discovery tool?
a. Yes, we have one
b. Not yet, but we wi...
Poll #2:
Understanding Our Audience
If you have a discovery tool, when did your institution
implement a discovery tool?
a....
Understanding our students
http://www.schoharie.k12.ny.us/district/history/photos/SCS-HS-Lab-1932b.jpg
Recent research findings
http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/3-men-and-a-dog-panning-for-gold-c-1889-da...
Recent research findings (cont.)
• Project Information Literacy Report (2013):
• Students struggle with keyword selection ...
Recent research findings (cont.)
• ERIAL Study (2012)
• Students lack methodological understanding of effective searches,
...
Recent research findings (cont.)
• Asher, Duke & Wilson (2013)
• Students rely on default relevancy ranking for best sourc...
Recent research findings (cont.)
• Maid & D’Angelo (2013)
• Students need to be aware of the danger in forming snap
judgme...
Poll #3:
Understanding your institutions
If you have a discovery tool, is it the only way to
search your OPAC?
a. Yes
b. No
Poll #4:
Understanding your institutions
If you use a discovery tool, is it positioned as a
main default search box on the...
Discussion
Benefits of teaching with
discovery tools
http://ih2.redbubble.net/image.13168211.9859/flat,550x550,075,f.u3.jpg
Benefits of teaching with
discovery tools
• One-stop shop model (also a drawback)
• Unified search platform (also a drawba...
• Intuitive, Google-like interface
• Accommodates broad keyword searches
Benefits of teaching with
discovery tools (cont.)
• Facets and limiters (also a drawback)
Benefits of teaching with
discovery tools (cont.)
• Interdisciplinary-friendly
• Encourages critical thinking
Benefits of teaching with
discovery tools (cont.)
Challenges of teaching with
discovery tools
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-jPysYkdkxlI/TXm8rYWSpuI/AAAAAAAADBw/3RCc-RilM7M/s400...
Challenges of teaching with
discovery tools
• Overwhelming number of retrievals
• Relevancy rankings
• Lack of controlled ...
• One-stop shop model (also a benefit)
• Unified search platform (also a benefit)
Challenges of teaching with
discovery to...
• Spotty interdisciplinary coverage
• Inconsistent use across high-impact classes
Challenges of teaching with
discovery to...
Getting others on board
http://www.lumixgexperience.panasonic.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/gallery/G10Col/Steam-train.jpg
Getting others on board
• Write the discovery tool into learning outcomes, when
applicable to course content
• Communicate...
Discussion
Teaching: Best practices
http://www.callumkellie.co.uk/USERIMAGES/medium%20format%20dart%20board.jpg
• Higher order skills:
• Search strategies
• Evaluating sources
Teaching: Best practices
• Consider the context
• Go beyond your comfort zone
Teaching: Best practices (cont.)
• Develop supplemental subject guides
• Highlight link resolvers
• Emphasize ILL
Teaching accessories
http://media-cache-e...
Lesson ideas
http://images.fastcompany.com/upload/inline-How-To-Protect-Your-Company-From-Invention-Theft.jpg
Lesson ideas
• Integrate primary resource materials
• Databases have structure
Lesson ideas (cont.)
• Experiment with flipped learning
Lesson ideas (cont.)
Lesson ideas (cont.)
• Unmediated searching
Discussion
http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/high-tea.jpg?1344906418
Selected Bibliography
Asher, A.D. & Duke, L.M. (2012). Searching for answers: Student research behavior at Illinois Wesley...
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Fawley and Krysak: Teaching Information Literacy with Discovery Tools

  1. 1. TEACHING INFORMATION LITERACY WITH DISCOVERY TOOLS Nancy Fawley, University of Nevada Las Vegas Nikki Krysak, Norwich University
  2. 2. Introduction About our presentation http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/SS_Aquitania.jpg
  3. 3. Webinar outcomes • Understand the unique qualities of discovery tools in order to better instruct students in the classroom • Learn how to maximize discovery tool features in order to teach students to fully evaluate search results • Understand how discovery tools integrate with subject-specific databases in order to meet upper- level course needs • Acquire new ideas for teaching in order to fully capitalize on the benefits of teaching with a discovery tool
  4. 4. Poll #1: Understanding our audience Does your institution have a discovery tool? a. Yes, we have one b. Not yet, but we will be implementing one c. No, and we have no plans to implement one http://olddesignshop.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/OldDesignShop_OperaGlassesClipArtBW.jpg
  5. 5. Poll #2: Understanding Our Audience If you have a discovery tool, when did your institution implement a discovery tool? a. Less than 1 year ago b. 1 to 2 years ago c. 2 to 3 years ago d. More than 3 years ago
  6. 6. Understanding our students http://www.schoharie.k12.ny.us/district/history/photos/SCS-HS-Lab-1932b.jpg
  7. 7. Recent research findings http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/3-men-and-a-dog-panning-for-gold-c-1889-daniel-hagerman.jpg
  8. 8. Recent research findings (cont.) • Project Information Literacy Report (2013): • Students struggle with keyword selection & forming search queries, filtering & sorting search results, identifying & selecting potential sources
  9. 9. Recent research findings (cont.) • ERIAL Study (2012) • Students lack methodological understanding of effective searches, expend the minimum effort needed, rarely look past the first page of results
  10. 10. Recent research findings (cont.) • Asher, Duke & Wilson (2013) • Students rely on default relevancy ranking for best sources
  11. 11. Recent research findings (cont.) • Maid & D’Angelo (2013) • Students need to be aware of the danger in forming snap judgments when gathering information in unfamiliar subject areas
  12. 12. Poll #3: Understanding your institutions If you have a discovery tool, is it the only way to search your OPAC? a. Yes b. No
  13. 13. Poll #4: Understanding your institutions If you use a discovery tool, is it positioned as a main default search box on the library homepage? a. Yes b. No
  14. 14. Discussion
  15. 15. Benefits of teaching with discovery tools http://ih2.redbubble.net/image.13168211.9859/flat,550x550,075,f.u3.jpg
  16. 16. Benefits of teaching with discovery tools • One-stop shop model (also a drawback) • Unified search platform (also a drawback)
  17. 17. • Intuitive, Google-like interface • Accommodates broad keyword searches Benefits of teaching with discovery tools (cont.)
  18. 18. • Facets and limiters (also a drawback) Benefits of teaching with discovery tools (cont.)
  19. 19. • Interdisciplinary-friendly • Encourages critical thinking Benefits of teaching with discovery tools (cont.)
  20. 20. Challenges of teaching with discovery tools http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-jPysYkdkxlI/TXm8rYWSpuI/AAAAAAAADBw/3RCc-RilM7M/s400/shark-fin.jpg
  21. 21. Challenges of teaching with discovery tools • Overwhelming number of retrievals • Relevancy rankings • Lack of controlled vocabulary
  22. 22. • One-stop shop model (also a benefit) • Unified search platform (also a benefit) Challenges of teaching with discovery tools (cont.)
  23. 23. • Spotty interdisciplinary coverage • Inconsistent use across high-impact classes Challenges of teaching with discovery tools (cont.)
  24. 24. Getting others on board http://www.lumixgexperience.panasonic.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/gallery/G10Col/Steam-train.jpg
  25. 25. Getting others on board • Write the discovery tool into learning outcomes, when applicable to course content • Communicate tool changes & updates to instruction team
  26. 26. Discussion
  27. 27. Teaching: Best practices http://www.callumkellie.co.uk/USERIMAGES/medium%20format%20dart%20board.jpg
  28. 28. • Higher order skills: • Search strategies • Evaluating sources Teaching: Best practices
  29. 29. • Consider the context • Go beyond your comfort zone Teaching: Best practices (cont.)
  30. 30. • Develop supplemental subject guides • Highlight link resolvers • Emphasize ILL Teaching accessories http://media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com/736x/70/b5/45/70b5454ce9387a803cbfe77e4ecb1f0b.jpg
  31. 31. Lesson ideas http://images.fastcompany.com/upload/inline-How-To-Protect-Your-Company-From-Invention-Theft.jpg
  32. 32. Lesson ideas • Integrate primary resource materials
  33. 33. • Databases have structure Lesson ideas (cont.)
  34. 34. • Experiment with flipped learning Lesson ideas (cont.)
  35. 35. Lesson ideas (cont.) • Unmediated searching
  36. 36. Discussion http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/high-tea.jpg?1344906418
  37. 37. Selected Bibliography Asher, A.D. & Duke, L.M. (2012). Searching for answers: Student research behavior at Illinois Wesleyan University. In L.M. Duke & A.D. Asher (Eds.), College libraries and student culture: What we now know (pp. 71-85). Chicago: ALA Editions. Asher, A.D., Duke, L.M., & Wilson, S. Paths of discovery: Comparing the search effectiveness of EBSCO Discovery Service, Summon, Google Scholar, and conventional library resources. College & Research Libraries 74(5), 464-488. Cowan, S.M. (2014). Information literacy: The battle we won that we lost? portal: Libraries and the Academy 14(1), 22-32. The Flipped Learning Network. (2014). The four pillars of F-L-I-P™. Retrieved from http://fln.schoolwires.net/cms/lib07/ VA01923112/Centricity/Domain/46/FLIP_handout_FNL_Web.pdf Godbey, S., Wainscott, S. & Goodman, X. What is a database? An understanding of the underlying structures and common features of databases. In Teaching Information Literacy Threshold Concepts: Lesson Plans for Librarians. American Library Association. (Accepted book chapter). Head, A.J. (2013, December 5). Learning the ropes: How freshmen conduct research once they enter college. Project Information Literacy Research Report: The Passage Studies. Retrieved from http://projectinfolit.org/pdfs/PIL_2013_FreshmenStudy_ FullReport.pdf Hofer, A. R. & Townsend, L. & Brunetti, K. (2012). Troublesome concepts and information literacy: Investigating threshold concepts for IL instruction. portal: Libraries and the Academy 12(4), 387-405. Maid, B.M. & D’Angelo, B.J. (2013). Teaching researching in the digital age: An information literacy perspective on the new digital scholar. In R. McClure & J.P. Purdy (Eds.) The new digital scholar: Exploring and enriching the research and writing practices of nextgen students. (pp. 295-312). Medford, New Jersey: American Society for Information Science and Technology. Mutra, Sugata. (2011). Hole-in-the wall: Lighting the spark of learning. Hole-in-the-Wall Education, LTD. Retrieved from http://www.hole-in-the-wall.com/MIE.html

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