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My Humble Understanding of Metacognition.

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  1. 1. METACOGNI TION by: Angelo K. Newsome
  2. 2. WHAT IS METACOGNITION? “Knowing about Knowing”, (Flavell, 2004) Or A way to explain how one examines The mental process.
  3. 3. INFORMATION PROCESSING 1. The way in which learners manipulate information, monitor it, and strategize about it. 2. The two main parts of processing involve memory and thinking.
  4. 4. ATTENTION Is… The ability to focus ones mental resources on something. The greater ones ability to focus ones attention the greater the potential for increased cognitive processing. Types of Attention Selective Divided Sustained Executive
  5. 5. MEMORY Involves… Three types of memory are … • Sensory , Short-Term, and Long Term. A. Encoding - how information is stored and differentiated between that which is relevant and irrelevant. Robert Siegler (1998) B. Storage - The retention of information over time. C. Retrieval – the manner in which information is found for a certain purpose later.
  6. 6. THINKING Also involves… Encoding – the process of focusing ones attention—by visual inspection, physical manipulation, or using words—highlights features of an event or material being remembered and thus improves how information is stored and purposed for future use. (Ornstein, Coffman, & Grammer, 2009; Ornstein & Light, 2010).
  7. 7. METACOGNITION  Theory of Mind - awareness of one’s own mental processes and the mental processes of others.  Strategies – the effective use of problem solving and planning techniques.
  8. 8. METACOGNITION Two part process Metacognitive Knowledge - involves monitoring and reflecting on one’s current or recent thoughts. This includes both factual knowledge, such as knowledge about the task, one’s goals, or oneself, and strategic knowledge, such as how and when to use specific procedures to solve problems. Metacognitive Activity - occurs when students consciously adapt and manage their thinking strategies during problem solving and purposeful thinking exercises.
  9. 9. DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES Metamemory…  Familiar items are easier to learn than unfamiliar ones.  Short lists are easier than long ones.  Recognition is easier than recall.  Forgetting increases over time. (Lyon & Flavell, 1993)
  10. 10. EXPERTISE IN LEARNING 1. Notice features and meaningful patterns of information that novices don’t. 2. Have acquired a great deal of content knowledge that is organized in a manner that reflects deep understanding of the subject. 3. Can retrieve important aspects of their knowledge with little effort. 4. Are adaptive in their approach to new situations. 5. Use effective strategies.
  11. 11. REFERENCES 1. Santrock, John (2010-12-28). Educational Psychology (Page 284). Humanities & Social Science. Kindle Edition. 2. Tingley, PhD, J.C. (February 9, 2012). 11 Simple Ways to Improve Your Memory. retrieved 4/14/2014, from Web Site: content/uploads/2012/02/Escher-Metacognition.jpg 3. Benjamin, K (August 12, 2013 - 12:11am). 11 Simple Ways to Improve Your Memory. retrieved 4/14/2014, from Web Site: simple-ways-improve-your-memory 4. Ditkoff, M (July 09, 2011). 50 Awesome Quotes on the Power of Your Ideas. retrieved 4/14/2014, from Web Site: 5. Dr. Davis, (April 22, 2011). Teaching College English. retrieved 4/14/2014, from Web Site: rhetoric/ 6. (#7) Dough & Dutches (produced by Logikbomb), The Ghostface Beat Tape, 2011