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Committing to Transform Food Systems: Responsiveness of pledges by African governments to the WHO Priority Food Systems Policies and select CAADP Biennial Review Indicators

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RESPONSIVENESS OF FOOD SYSTEMS
TRANSFORMATION PLEDGES BY AFRICAN
GOVERNMENTS TO THE WHO PRIORITY FOOD
SYSTEMS POLICIES & FOOD-RELATED CAADP
BIENNIAL REVIEW PERFORMANCE CATEGORIES.
Silver Nanema
Research Associate
HM2R & School of Public Health
University of Ghana
#2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR
I HAVE NO CONFLICT OF INTEREST TO DECLARE.
#2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR
OUTLINE
• Food environments & Food systems
• The “Polycrsis” in Africa
• Malnutrition, a political decision
• Assessing the responsiveness of our commitments to transform
food systems to CAADP and WHO
• Findings
• Recommendations
#2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR
Food environments
& systems
#2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR
Review
Monitoring
and
benchm
arking
governm
ent policies
and
actions
to
im
prove
the
healthiness
of food
environm
ents: a
proposed
Governm
ent Healthy
Food
Environm
ent Policy
Index
B. Swinburn
1,2# , S. Vandevijvere
1# , V. Kra
ak
2# , G. Sacks
2# , W. Snowdon
2,3# , C. Hawkes
4# , S. Barq
uera
5 ,
S. Friel
6 , B. Kelly
7 , S. Kumanyika
8 , M. L’A
bbé
9 , A. Lee
10
,11 , T. Lobstein
12
,13 , J. Ma
14 , J. Macmullan
15 ,
S. Mohan
16 , C. Monteiro
17 , B. Neal
18 , M. Rayner
19 , D. Sanders
20 and
C. W
alker
21 for IN
FORMAS
∧
1 Sch
oo
l of
Pop
ulation
Hea
lth
, Unive
rsity
of
Auc
klan
d, Auc
klan
d,
New
Zea
land
;
2 W
HO
Collabor
ating
Cen
tre
for Obes
ity
Pre
ve
ntion,
Dea
kin
Unive
rsity
, Melbou
rn
e,
Victoria
, Aus
tralia;
3 Pac
ific
Res
ea
rc
h
Cen
tre
for the
Pre
ve
ntion
of
Obes
ity
an
d
Non
-c
om
mun
icab
le
Disea
se
s
(C
-P
OND),
Suv
a,
Fiji;
4 W
or
ld
Can
ce
r
Res
ea
rc
h
Fu
nd
Intern
ationa
l,
Lo
nd
on
, United
Kingdom
;
5 Nationa
l
Institu
te
of
Pub
lic
Hea
lth
, Mex
ico
City
, Mex
ico;
6 Nationa
l Cen
tre
for Epidem
iology
an
d
Pub
lic
Hea
lth
, Aus
tralian
Nationa
l
Unive
rsity
, Can
ber
ra
, Aus
tralian
Cap
ita
l Te
rrito
ry
, Aus
tralia;
7 Sch
oo
l of
Hea
lth
an
d
Soc
iety, Unive
rsity
of
W
ollong
on
g,
W
ollong
on
g, New
Sou
th
Wales
, Aus
tralia;
8 Per
elman
Sch
oo
l of
Med
icine,
Unive
rsity
of
Pen
ns
ylva
nia,
Philadelphia,
Pen
ns
ylva
nia,
United
States
of
Amer
ica;
9 Dep
ar
tm
en
t of
Nutritiona
l Scien
ce
s,
Unive
rsity
of
To
ro
nto,
To
ro
nto,
Can
ad
a;
10 Sch
oo
l of
Pub
lic
Hea
lth
an
d
Soc
ial W
or
k,
Que
en
slan
d
Unive
rsity
of
Te
ch
no
logy,
Bris
ban
e,
Que
en
slan
d, Aus
tralia;
11 Sch
oo
l of
Exe
rc
ise
an
d
Nutrition
Scien
ce
s,
Que
en
slan
d
Unive
rsity
of
Te
ch
no
logy,
Bris
ban
e,
Que
en
slan
d, Aus
tralia;
12 Intern
ationa
l Ass
oc
iatio
n
for the
Study
of
Obes
ity
, Lo
nd
on
, United
Kingdom
;
13 Pub
lic
Hea
lth
Advo
ca
cy
Institu
te
of
W
es
tern
Aus
tralia, Cur
tin
Unive
rsity
, Per
th, W
es
tern
Aus
tralia, Aus
tralia;
14 Chine
se
Cen
ter for Disea
se
Con
trol
an
d
Pre
ve
ntion
(C
CDC),
Beijin
g, China
;
15 Con
su
mer
s
Intern
ationa
l,
Lo
nd
on
, United
Kingdom
;
16 Pub
lic
Hea
lth
Fo
un
dation
of
India,
New
Delhi, India;
17 Sch
oo
l of
Pub
lic
Hea
lth
, Unive
rsity
of
Sao
Pau
lo, Sao
Pau
lo, Bra
zil;
18 Th
e
Geo
rg
e
Institu
te
for Global
Hea
lth
,
Unive
rsity
of
Syd
ne
y,
Syd
ne
y,
New
Sou
th
W
ales
, Aus
tralia;
19 British
Hea
rt
Fo
un
dation
Hea
lth
Pro
motion
Res
ea
rc
h
Gro
up
,
Unive
rsity
of
Oxfor
d, Oxfor
d, United
Kingdom
;
20 Sch
oo
l of
Pub
lic
Hea
lth
, Unive
rsity
of
the
W
es
tern
Cap
e,
Cap
e
To
wn,
Sou
th
Africa;
21 Global
Allian
ce
for Im
pro
ve
d
Nutrition
(G
AIN
),
Gen
ev
a,
Switz
er
land
Sum
m
ary
Governmen
t action
is
essential to
increa
se
th
e hea
lthiness of fo
od
en
vi-
ro
nmen
ts
and
reduce
obesity,
diet-related
non-communicable
disea
ses
(N
CDs), and th
eir related ineq
ualities. This
paper
pro
posesa monitoring
framew
ork
to
assessgovernmen
t policies
and actionsfo
r crea
ting hea
lthy
fo
od
en
vironmen
ts.
Rec
ommen
dations
from
relevant
auth
oritative
org
anizationsand ex
pert advisory
gro
upsfo
r reducing obesity and NCDs
were
ex
amined
, and
pertinen
t
co
mponen
ts
were
inco
rp
ora
ted
into
a
co
mprehen
sive
framew
ork
fo
r
monitoring
governmen
t
policies
and
actions.
A
Governmen
t Hea
lthy
Food
Environmen
t Policy
In
dex
(F
ood-
EPI)
was dev
eloped
, which
co
mprises a
‘policy
’ co
mponen
t with
seven
domains on sp
ec
ific asp
ec
ts
of fo
od en
vironmen
ts, and an ‘infrastru
cture
su
pport’ co
mponen
t with seven
domainsto
strength
en
sy
stem
sto
preven
t
obesity and NCDs.
Thesewererevised
th
ro
ugh a wee
k-long co
nsu
ltation
pro
ce
ss
with intern
ational ex
perts. Examplesof good pra
cticestatemen
ts
are
pro
posed within
ea
ch
domain, and th
esewill ev
olveinto
ben
ch
mark
s
establish
ed
by governmen
ts
at th
efo
refront of crea
ting and im
plemen
ting
fo
od
policies
fo
r good
hea
lth. A
ra
ting
pro
ce
ss
is
pro
posed
to
assess a
governmen
t’s level
of policy
im
plemen
tation
to
ward
s good pra
ctice.
The
Food-E
PI will be pre-tested
and
piloted
in
co
untries of vary
ing
size
and
inco
me levels.
The ben
ch
mark
ing
of governmen
t policy
im
plemen
tation
hasth
epotential to
ca
talyse
greater action
to
reduce
obesity and NCDs.
Key
word
s:
governmen
t policies
, IN
FORM
AS, non-communicable
disea
ses, obesity
preven
tion.
obesity
re
views
(2
013) 14
(S
uppl. 1),
24–37
Addre
ss
for co
rres
pon
den
ce
: B
Swinbur
n,
Sch
oo
l of
Pop
ulation
Hea
lth
, Unive
rsity
of
Auc
klan
d, Priv
ate
Bag
92
01
9,
Auc
klan
d
11
42
, New
Zea
land
.
E-m
ail:
boy
d.swinbur
n@
au
ck
land
.ac.nz
# Mem
ber
s
of
the
writing
gro
up
for this
man
us
cr
ipt,
lis
ted
in
or
der
of
their co
ntrib
ution
to
the
writing
of
the
man
us
cr
ipt.
∧ IN
FO
RMAS
is
the
Intern
ationa
l Networ
k
for Fo
od
an
d
Obes
ity
/non
-c
om
mun
icab
le
disea
se
s
Res
ea
rc
h,
Mon
ito
rin
g
an
d
Action
Sup
por
t.
All au
thor
s
who
ar
e
no
t mem
ber
s
of
the
writing
gro
up
ar
e
lis
ted
in
alpha
betical
or
der, an
d
co
ntrib
uted
to
the
dev
elop
men
t of
the
ke
y
co
nc
ep
ts
an
d
prin
ciples
discu
ss
ed
in
this
man
us
cr
ipt as
par
t of
the
first
form
al
mee
tin
g
of
IN
FO
RMAS
from
19
to
23
Nov
em
ber
20
12
at
Bellagio, Ita
ly.
obesity
re
views
do
i: 10
.111
1/ob
r.1
20
73
24
©
20
13
Th
e
Autho
rs. Obes
ity
Rev
iews
pub
lis
he
d
by Jo
hn
W
ile
y &
Son
s Ltd
on
beh
alf of
the
Intern
ationa
l Ass
oc
iatio
n
for the
Study
of
Obes
ity
.
14
(S
up
pl.
1)
, 24
–3
7,
Octob
er
20
13
Th
is
is
an
op
en
ac
ce
ss
ar
tic
le
un
der
the term
s of
the Cre
ative Com
mon
s Attr
ibution-
Non
Com
mer
cial
Lice
ns
e,
which
per
mits
us
e,
distribution
an
d
re
pro
duc
tio
n in
an
y
med
ium, pro
vided
the
or
iginal
wor
k
is
pro
per
ly
cited
an
d
is
no
t us
ed
for co
mmer
cial
pur
pos
es
.
Food environments are defined as the collective
physical, economic, policy, and sociocultural
surroundings, opportunities and conditions that
influence people’s food and beverage choices and
nutritional status.
(Swinburn et al., 2013)
#2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR
(Downs, Ahmed, Fanzo, and Herforth, 2020)
Ad

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  • 1. RESPONSIVENESS OF FOOD SYSTEMS TRANSFORMATION PLEDGES BY AFRICAN GOVERNMENTS TO THE WHO PRIORITY FOOD SYSTEMS POLICIES & FOOD-RELATED CAADP BIENNIAL REVIEW PERFORMANCE CATEGORIES. Silver Nanema Research Associate HM2R & School of Public Health University of Ghana
  • 2. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR I HAVE NO CONFLICT OF INTEREST TO DECLARE.
  • 3. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR OUTLINE • Food environments & Food systems • The “Polycrsis” in Africa • Malnutrition, a political decision • Assessing the responsiveness of our commitments to transform food systems to CAADP and WHO • Findings • Recommendations
  • 5. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR Review Monitoring and benchm arking governm ent policies and actions to im prove the healthiness of food environm ents: a proposed Governm ent Healthy Food Environm ent Policy Index B. Swinburn 1,2# , S. Vandevijvere 1# , V. Kra ak 2# , G. Sacks 2# , W. Snowdon 2,3# , C. Hawkes 4# , S. Barq uera 5 , S. Friel 6 , B. Kelly 7 , S. Kumanyika 8 , M. L’A bbé 9 , A. Lee 10 ,11 , T. Lobstein 12 ,13 , J. Ma 14 , J. Macmullan 15 , S. Mohan 16 , C. Monteiro 17 , B. Neal 18 , M. Rayner 19 , D. Sanders 20 and C. W alker 21 for IN FORMAS ∧ 1 Sch oo l of Pop ulation Hea lth , Unive rsity of Auc klan d, Auc klan d, New Zea land ; 2 W HO Collabor ating Cen tre for Obes ity Pre ve ntion, Dea kin Unive rsity , Melbou rn e, Victoria , Aus tralia; 3 Pac ific Res ea rc h Cen tre for the Pre ve ntion of Obes ity an d Non -c om mun icab le Disea se s (C -P OND), Suv a, Fiji; 4 W or ld Can ce r Res ea rc h Fu nd Intern ationa l, Lo nd on , United Kingdom ; 5 Nationa l Institu te of Pub lic Hea lth , Mex ico City , Mex ico; 6 Nationa l Cen tre for Epidem iology an d Pub lic Hea lth , Aus tralian Nationa l Unive rsity , Can ber ra , Aus tralian Cap ita l Te rrito ry , Aus tralia; 7 Sch oo l of Hea lth an d Soc iety, Unive rsity of W ollong on g, W ollong on g, New Sou th Wales , Aus tralia; 8 Per elman Sch oo l of Med icine, Unive rsity of Pen ns ylva nia, Philadelphia, Pen ns ylva nia, United States of Amer ica; 9 Dep ar tm en t of Nutritiona l Scien ce s, Unive rsity of To ro nto, To ro nto, Can ad a; 10 Sch oo l of Pub lic Hea lth an d Soc ial W or k, Que en slan d Unive rsity of Te ch no logy, Bris ban e, Que en slan d, Aus tralia; 11 Sch oo l of Exe rc ise an d Nutrition Scien ce s, Que en slan d Unive rsity of Te ch no logy, Bris ban e, Que en slan d, Aus tralia; 12 Intern ationa l Ass oc iatio n for the Study of Obes ity , Lo nd on , United Kingdom ; 13 Pub lic Hea lth Advo ca cy Institu te of W es tern Aus tralia, Cur tin Unive rsity , Per th, W es tern Aus tralia, Aus tralia; 14 Chine se Cen ter for Disea se Con trol an d Pre ve ntion (C CDC), Beijin g, China ; 15 Con su mer s Intern ationa l, Lo nd on , United Kingdom ; 16 Pub lic Hea lth Fo un dation of India, New Delhi, India; 17 Sch oo l of Pub lic Hea lth , Unive rsity of Sao Pau lo, Sao Pau lo, Bra zil; 18 Th e Geo rg e Institu te for Global Hea lth , Unive rsity of Syd ne y, Syd ne y, New Sou th W ales , Aus tralia; 19 British Hea rt Fo un dation Hea lth Pro motion Res ea rc h Gro up , Unive rsity of Oxfor d, Oxfor d, United Kingdom ; 20 Sch oo l of Pub lic Hea lth , Unive rsity of the W es tern Cap e, Cap e To wn, Sou th Africa; 21 Global Allian ce for Im pro ve d Nutrition (G AIN ), Gen ev a, Switz er land Sum m ary Governmen t action is essential to increa se th e hea lthiness of fo od en vi- ro nmen ts and reduce obesity, diet-related non-communicable disea ses (N CDs), and th eir related ineq ualities. This paper pro posesa monitoring framew ork to assessgovernmen t policies and actionsfo r crea ting hea lthy fo od en vironmen ts. Rec ommen dations from relevant auth oritative org anizationsand ex pert advisory gro upsfo r reducing obesity and NCDs were ex amined , and pertinen t co mponen ts were inco rp ora ted into a co mprehen sive framew ork fo r monitoring governmen t policies and actions. A Governmen t Hea lthy Food Environmen t Policy In dex (F ood- EPI) was dev eloped , which co mprises a ‘policy ’ co mponen t with seven domains on sp ec ific asp ec ts of fo od en vironmen ts, and an ‘infrastru cture su pport’ co mponen t with seven domainsto strength en sy stem sto preven t obesity and NCDs. Thesewererevised th ro ugh a wee k-long co nsu ltation pro ce ss with intern ational ex perts. Examplesof good pra cticestatemen ts are pro posed within ea ch domain, and th esewill ev olveinto ben ch mark s establish ed by governmen ts at th efo refront of crea ting and im plemen ting fo od policies fo r good hea lth. A ra ting pro ce ss is pro posed to assess a governmen t’s level of policy im plemen tation to ward s good pra ctice. The Food-E PI will be pre-tested and piloted in co untries of vary ing size and inco me levels. The ben ch mark ing of governmen t policy im plemen tation hasth epotential to ca talyse greater action to reduce obesity and NCDs. Key word s: governmen t policies , IN FORM AS, non-communicable disea ses, obesity preven tion. obesity re views (2 013) 14 (S uppl. 1), 24–37 Addre ss for co rres pon den ce : B Swinbur n, Sch oo l of Pop ulation Hea lth , Unive rsity of Auc klan d, Priv ate Bag 92 01 9, Auc klan d 11 42 , New Zea land . E-m ail: boy d.swinbur n@ au ck land .ac.nz # Mem ber s of the writing gro up for this man us cr ipt, lis ted in or der of their co ntrib ution to the writing of the man us cr ipt. ∧ IN FO RMAS is the Intern ationa l Networ k for Fo od an d Obes ity /non -c om mun icab le disea se s Res ea rc h, Mon ito rin g an d Action Sup por t. All au thor s who ar e no t mem ber s of the writing gro up ar e lis ted in alpha betical or der, an d co ntrib uted to the dev elop men t of the ke y co nc ep ts an d prin ciples discu ss ed in this man us cr ipt as par t of the first form al mee tin g of IN FO RMAS from 19 to 23 Nov em ber 20 12 at Bellagio, Ita ly. obesity re views do i: 10 .111 1/ob r.1 20 73 24 © 20 13 Th e Autho rs. Obes ity Rev iews pub lis he d by Jo hn W ile y & Son s Ltd on beh alf of the Intern ationa l Ass oc iatio n for the Study of Obes ity . 14 (S up pl. 1) , 24 –3 7, Octob er 20 13 Th is is an op en ac ce ss ar tic le un der the term s of the Cre ative Com mon s Attr ibution- Non Com mer cial Lice ns e, which per mits us e, distribution an d re pro duc tio n in an y med ium, pro vided the or iginal wor k is pro per ly cited an d is no t us ed for co mmer cial pur pos es . Food environments are defined as the collective physical, economic, policy, and sociocultural surroundings, opportunities and conditions that influence people’s food and beverage choices and nutritional status. (Swinburn et al., 2013)
  • 6. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR (Downs, Ahmed, Fanzo, and Herforth, 2020)
  • 8. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR GLOBAL HUNGER (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. 2023)
  • 9. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR HUNGER IN AFRICA (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. 2023)
  • 10. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR MODERATE & SEVERE FOOD INSECURITY (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. 2023)
  • 11. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR WHAT DOES THIS MEAN (Cafiero et al, 2023)
  • 12. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR NUTRIENT ADEQUATE DIET meets all essential nutrient needs HEALTHY DIET meets food group targets and is nutrient adequate (Food Prices for Nutrition, Retrieved November 24, 2023) ENERGY SUFFICIENT DIET meets caloric needs for short-term subsistence 0-6-23-59 AFFORDABILITY
  • 13. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR (World Bank Group, 2023) AFFORDABILITY
  • 14. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR (Bai, Alemu, Block, Headey, and Masters, 2021) AFFORDABILITY
  • 15. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR 2022 © GeoNames, Microsoft, OpenStreetMap, TomTom Powered by Bing 1990s 3.2 62.2 Percentage of women who are overweight or obese according to BMI (≥25.0) 2022 © GeoNames, Microsoft, OpenStreetMap, TomTom Powered by Bing 1990s 0.1 4.5 Percentage of children overweight for their age (above +2 SD of weight for age according to the WHO standard) (USAID. 2023. The DHS Program STATcompiler. Accessed Oct, 23, 2023) (World Obesity Atlas 2022) OBESITY CRISIS
  • 16. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR Production & supply chain Environment Climate Conflicts OTHER CIRSIS
  • 17. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR Nutrition is a political decision
  • 18. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR FOCUS ON THE PEOPLE WE SERVE (Shawn Baker @FANUS2023) INCLUSIVE AND EMPOWERI NG VISIBLE AND URGENT POLITICAL, NOT PARTISAN ACCOUNTA BILITY FOR RESULTS GOOD GOVERNANCE
  • 19. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA P. O. Box 3243 Telephone 517 700 Cables: OAU, ADDIS ABABA ASSEMBLY OF THE AFRICAN UNION Second Ordinary Session 10 - 12 July 2003 Maputo, MOZAMBIQUE Assembly/AU/Decl.4- 11 (II) DECLARATIONS FoodSystems Summit 2021 A-Z Site Index Home About » The Summit The Hub Leadership Vision and Principles Contributors Champions Network Action Tracks Levers of Change SDGs Frequently Asked Questions The Hub Events » News » Take Action » The Science Summit Dialogues Press » Documents and Reports Man buys vegetables at supermarket AbouttheSummit WhatistheFoodSystemsSummit? In 2021,UN Secretary-General António Guterres will convene a Food Systems Summit as part of the Decade of Action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The Summit will launch bold new actions to deliver progress on all 17 SDGs,each of which relies to some degree on healthier,more sustainable and equitable food systems. The Summit will awaken the world to the fact that we all must work together to transform the way the world produces,consumes and thinks about food. It is a summit for everyone everywhere – a people’s summit. It is also a solutions summit that will require everyone to take action to transform the world’s food systems. Guided by five Action Tracks,the Summit will bring together key players from the worlds of science,business, policy,healthcare and academia,as well as farmers,indigenous people,youth organizations,consumer groups, environmental activists,and other key stakeholders. Before,during and after the Summit,these actors will come together to bring about tangible,positive changes to the world’s food systems. WhatdoestheSummitaimtoachieve? TheSummitprocessaimstodeliverthefollowingoutcomes: 1. Generate signi cant action and measurable progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Summit will succeed in identifying solutions and leaders,and issuing a call for action at all levels of the food system,including national and local governments,companies and citizens. 2. Raise awareness and elevate public discussion about how reforming our food systems can help us all to achieve the SDGs by implementing reforms that are good for people and planet. 3. Develop principles to guide governments and other stakeholders looking to leverage their food systems to support the SDGs. These principles will set an optimistic and encouraging vision in which food systems play a central role in building a fairer,more sustainable world. Principles of engagement 4. Create a system of follow-up and review to ensure that the Summit’s outcomes continue to drive new actions and progress. This system will allow for the sharing of experiences,lessons and knowledge; it will also measure and analyse the Summit’s impact. Whyfoodsystems? The term “food system” refers to the constellation of activities involved in producing,processing,transporting and consuming food. Food systems touch every aspect of human existence. The health of our food systems profoundly affects the health of our bodies,as well as the health of our environment,our economies and our cultures. When they function well,food systems have the power to bring us together as families,communities and nations. But too many of the world’s food systems are fragile,unexamined and vulnerable to collapse,as millions of people around the globe have experienced first-hand during the COVID-19 crisis. When our food systems fail,the resulting disorder threatens our education,health and economy,as well as human rights,peace and security. As in so many cases,those who are already poor or marginalized are the most vulnerable. The good news is that we know what we need to do to get back on track. Scientists agree that transforming our food systems is among the most powerful ways to change course and make progress towards all 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Rebuilding the food systems of the world will also enable us to answer the UN Secretary-General’s call to “build back better” from COVID-19. We are all part of the food system,and so we all must come together to bring about the transformation that the world needs. DONATE A-Z SITE INDEX CONTACT COPYRIGHT FAQ FRAUD ALERT PRIVACY NOTICE TERMS OF USE Search Welcome to the United Nations ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ 中⽂ English Français Русский Español 1. Principles and Values of the CAADP Process 2. Enhance Investment Finance in Agriculture 3. End Hunger in Africa by 2025 4. Halve Poverty by the year 2025 5. Boost Intra-African Trade in Agricultural commodities and services 6. Enhance Resilience to Climate Variability and other related risks 7. Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results 1. Ensure access to safe and nutritious food for all 2. Shift to sustainable consumption pattern 3. Boost nature-positive production 4. Advance equitable livelihoods 5. Build resilience to vulnerabilities, shocks and stress 17 SDGs 1. REVITALIZE the agricultural sector 2. IMPLEMENT CAADP 3. CALL UPON the AUC and partners 4. ENGAGE in consultations at national and regional levels 5. ENSURE preparation of bankable projects 6. ENSURE the establishment of regional food reserve systems 7. ACCELERATE the process of establishing the African Investment Bank, 8. INTENSIFY cooperation with our development partners Maputo 2003 Malabo 2014 SDGs 2015 UFSS 2021 COMMITMENTS BY AFRICAN GOVS
  • 21. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR (Adapted from Laar, Tagwireyi, and Hassan-Wassef 2023) Food Systems Summit 2021 A-Z Site Index Home About » The Hub Events » News » Take Action » The Science Summit Dialogues Press » Documents and Reports Summit Pre-Summit InformationNotes Scienti cGroup Summit Dialogues ActionTracks Other Summit Under the leadership of UN Secretary-General António Guterres,the UN Food Systems Summit took place on Thursday,23 September 2021. The event was conducted in a completely virtual format during the UN General Assembly High-level Week. Find out more here. Programme 1. Programme ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ | 中⽂ | English | Français | Русский | Español 2. Independent Side Events Resources/ Outputs 1. CommitmentsRegistry 2. Summit Compendium 3. UNSecretary-General’sChair SummaryandStatement of Actiononthe UNFoodSystemsSummit 4. Summit Science Reader E vent InformationDocuments 1. Guidance Note ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ | 中⽂ | English | Français | Русский | Español MemberStateStatements Albania Algeria Andorra AntiguaandBarbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bahamas Bahrain Gambia(Republicof The) Germany Ghana Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary(English) (Hungarian) Iceland India Paci cIslandsForum Pakistan Palau Panama Paraguay Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Republicof Korea Search Welcome to the United Nations English 36 26 ACP FS 219 Globally, malnutrition in all itsformsremains a huge challenge The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 report reveals that the world is not on track to achieve global targets for any of the nutrition indicators by 2030. In 2020, even without accounting for the devastating impact of the COVID-1 9 pandemic, there were still an estimated 1 49.2 million children under 5 years of age af ected by stunting, 45.4 million were suf ering from wasting and 38.9 million were overweight.The current rate of global progress on child stunting, exclusive breastfeeding, and low birthweight is insuf cient, and progress on child overweight, child wasting, anaemia in women and adult obesity is stalled or worsening (1 ). There are a staggering 1 .9 billion adults af ected by overweight or obesity. At least 2.8 million people each year die as a result of being overweight or obese (2) and unhealthy diets cause 1 1 million deaths per year (3). At the same time, nearly 3 billion people cannot af ord a healthy diet (1 ). Our diets have also become a leading contributor to global environmental degradation. The need for food systemstransformation for improved nutrition and health Today’s food systems are simply failing to deliver healthy diets for all*. In addition to the suf ering this causes to individuals and families, the economic costs to society due to the health and environmental impacts of current dietary patterns are heavy, and often hidden. If food systems are transformed, they can become a powerful driving force towards ending hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms. There is no single solution, but coherent portfolios of policies, investments and legislation are needed. Action across the agriculture, food, health, and environment systems is required to lower the cost of nutritious foods and increase the af ordability of healthy diets (1 ). At the same time, it is also important to ensure a fair price for the producer and reflect the true environmental, health and poverty costs.Anew WHO Food Systemsfor Health narrative highlights the dif erent ways in which food systems impact on health and embraces the interconnectedness of humans, animal, and the planet (4). Transformation of food systems is needed to deliver safe, sustainable and health y diets, that are af ordable and build on and respect local culture, culinary practice and knowledge. * FOOD SYSTEMSFORHEALTH Information Brief FOR FOOD SYSTEMS HEALTH Fully PARTIALLY NOT AT ALL 149
  • 22. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR (Adapted from Laar, Tagwireyi, and Hassan-Wassef 2023) CAADP Biennial Review Performance Categories (PCs) 1. PC 3.1 Access to agric. inputs and technologies 2. PC 3.2 Agric. productivity 3. PC 3.3 Postharvest loss 4. PC 3.4 Social protection 5. PC 3.5 Food security & nutrition 6. PC 3.6 Food safety WHO food systems for health priority policy actions 1. Nutrition labeling 2. Marketing regulation 3. Public food procurement 4. Fiscal policies 5. Fortification 6. Reformulation 7. Food safety
  • 24. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR CAADP-BR-PC-3s (Country) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% PC 3.1 Access to agriculture inputs and technologies PC 3.2 Agriculture productivity PC 3.3 Postharvest loss PC 3.4 Social protection PC 3.5 Food security and nutrition PC 3.6 Food safety Fully responsive CAADP BR PC Somewhat responsive to CAADP BR PC
  • 25. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR CAADP-PCs (Commitments) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% PC 3.1 Access to agriculture inputs and technologies PC 3.2 Agriculture productivity PC 3.3 Postharvest loss PC 3.4 Social protection PC 3.5 Food security and nutrition PC 3.6 Food safety Fully responsive CAADP BR PC Somewhat responsive to CAADP BR PC Not responsive
  • 26. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR IMPLICATIONS FOR NUTRITION (WHO PRIORITY POLICY ACTIONS) Agriculture productivity Nutrition security Food security “…little mention of the WHO recommendations….” Converging with Laar and colleagues (2023)
  • 30. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR MAIN CALL FROM FEEDING TO NOURISHING BREASTFEEDIN 1ST FOOD DIVERSITY UN/MINI PROCESSED SAFE ADEQUATE MINIMUM GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, WATER, AND LAND USE PRESERVE BIODIVERSITY MINIM USE OF PLASTICS AND DERIVATIVES 11 IN FOOD PACKAGING FOOD LOSS & WASTE CULTURE, ACCEPTABLE ACCESSIBLE AND DESIRABLE GENDER TRANSFORMAT IVE
  • 31. #2023ReSAKSS #2023ATOR AUDA-NEPAD GUIDELINES FOR ENGAGING THE PRIVATE SECTOR FOR “WIN-WIN OUTCOMES” IN NUTRITION IN AFRICA WARNING