Suicide Prevention
Introduction• Over the last 15 years, roughly four  Sailors complete suicide every month.  This makes suicide the second-l...
Importance• Loss of life to suicide is of great concern within  the Department of the Navy (DON). The goal  of the Navy’s ...
ObjectivesUpon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:  – Define suicide and related terms  – Identify risk factor...
OutlineThis lesson contains the following topics:• Terms to Know• Risk Factors & Warning Signs• First Responders• Suicide ...
SuicideSuicide is an intentional act resulting in one’sown death.
Suicide AttemptA suicide attempt is an intentional act, causingself-harm, where death would have occurredwithout direct in...
Suicide GestureA suicide gesture is similar to asuicide attempt, except there is NOattempt to kill oneself.
Suicide BehaviorsSuicide behaviors encompass a broad range ofacts, including suicide attempts, gestures,threats, and suici...
Which term describes an intentional act    resulting in one’s own death?•   Suicide gesture•   Suicide attempt•   Suicide ...
Which term describes an act focused on taking    one’s life that is unsuccessful in causing death?•   Suicide gesture•   S...
Which term describes an act where there is    NO attempt to kill oneself?•   Suicide gesture•   Suicide wish•   Suicide at...
Which term encompasses a broad range of acts,    including suicidal thoughts?•   Suicide attempt•   Suicide gesture•   Sui...
•   Terms to Know•   Risk Factors & Warning Signs•   First Responders•   Suicide Resources
Key Risk factors• Mental health problems, such as depression• Substance abuse or increased alcohol use• Situations that a ...
Warning SignsSo, how do you know whether someone is suicidal?     • You look for warning signs in addition to the key risk...
Protective FactorsOne strategy to prevent suicide is to reduce risk factors or  strengthen and increase protective factors...
Identify TWO risk factors for                suicide.•   Abusing substances, such as drugs or alcohol•   Being picked last...
Identify THREE warning signs for                suicide.•   Suicide gesture•   Becoming very stingy•   Buying a weapon•   ...
•   Terms to Know•   Risk Factors & Warning Signs•   First Responders•   Suicide Resources
ACTMost people have the protective factors needed to avoid  suicide. Those who do not need help and support; they need  a ...
Ask• The first step in the ACT process is to Ask.• If you notice some of the warning signs in a shipmate, friend, or  fami...
CareThe second step in the ACT process is to Care.    DO:•   Let your shipmate know you care and that you understand his/h...
Treat• The final step in the ACT process is to Treat.  DO:• Obtain professional help as soon as possible by calling  Medic...
Don’t get MADAs a First Responder, it is important that you dont get  MAD!DONT:• Miss or mistake signals• Avoid the person...
What does the acronym ACT             represent?•   Advise, Counsel, Teach•   Argue, Care, Teach•   Argue, Challenge, Teas...
What are THREE actions a first       responder should do?• Actively listen• Challenge him/her to do it• Discuss the pointl...
•   Terms to Know•   Risk Factors & Warning Signs•   First Responders•   Suicide Resources
Suicide resources• If you or someone you know is contemplating suicide,  here are some resources who are ready to help  im...
Suicide Resources• Mental Health – In addition to seeking help from your local  mental health professionals, you can visit...
Review• This concludes the Suicide Prevention lesson. You  should now be able to:  – Define suicide and related terms  – I...
Additional Resources• The following items will provide more information on  the topics that were covered in this lesson:• ...
Inquiries or Suggestions• If you have any suggestions to improve this  GMT lesson or have any other GMT-related  comments,...
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2012 Navy Region NW FCPO Symposium (SUICIDE PREVENTION)

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2012 Navy Region NW FCPO Symposium (SUICIDE PREVENTION)

  1. 1. Suicide Prevention
  2. 2. Introduction• Over the last 15 years, roughly four Sailors complete suicide every month. This makes suicide the second-leading cause of preventable deaths after automobile crashes.• While the number of suicides in the Navy is well below the national average, the loss of even one shipmate or friend to suicide is a painful, unnecessary, and preventable loss. This tragic loss exacts a heavy toll on the family, friends, coworkers, and command left behind.
  3. 3. Importance• Loss of life to suicide is of great concern within the Department of the Navy (DON). The goal of the Navy’s suicide prevention program is to help you recognize and understand suicide risk, protective factors, and how to help and effectively intervene.
  4. 4. ObjectivesUpon completion of this lesson, you will be able to: – Define suicide and related terms – Identify risk factors and warning signs for suicide – Identify how to be a First Responder
  5. 5. OutlineThis lesson contains the following topics:• Terms to Know• Risk Factors & Warning Signs• First Responders• Suicide Resources
  6. 6. SuicideSuicide is an intentional act resulting in one’sown death.
  7. 7. Suicide AttemptA suicide attempt is an intentional act, causingself-harm, where death would have occurredwithout direct intervention.
  8. 8. Suicide GestureA suicide gesture is similar to asuicide attempt, except there is NOattempt to kill oneself.
  9. 9. Suicide BehaviorsSuicide behaviors encompass a broad range ofacts, including suicide attempts, gestures,threats, and suicidal thoughts.
  10. 10. Which term describes an intentional act resulting in one’s own death?• Suicide gesture• Suicide attempt• Suicide behavior• Suicide
  11. 11. Which term describes an act focused on taking one’s life that is unsuccessful in causing death?• Suicide gesture• Suicide• Suicide attempt• Suicide wish
  12. 12. Which term describes an act where there is NO attempt to kill oneself?• Suicide gesture• Suicide wish• Suicide attempt• Suicide
  13. 13. Which term encompasses a broad range of acts, including suicidal thoughts?• Suicide attempt• Suicide gesture• Suicide behavior• Suicide
  14. 14. • Terms to Know• Risk Factors & Warning Signs• First Responders• Suicide Resources
  15. 15. Key Risk factors• Mental health problems, such as depression• Substance abuse or increased alcohol use• Situations that a Sailor labels as “hopeless,” such as: – Relationship difficulties – Serious work problems – Serious legal trouble – Serious financial trouble – Traumatic events• Suicide behaviors, such as: – Previous suicide attempts or suicide gestures – Hints or talk about suicide
  16. 16. Warning SignsSo, how do you know whether someone is suicidal? • You look for warning signs in addition to the key risk factors. It is those warning signs that call our attention to the potential for suicide or suicidal behavior.• Some general warning signs include: • Buying a weapon • Excessive spending • Giving away possessions • Impulsive anger or behavior • Inability to connect with potential help • Isolation or withdrawal from family and friends • Mood changesMost people considering suicide show more than one sign, but remember, there is no "typical" suicide victim. One person may show many warning signs, and another may show none at all. It is better to look for warning signs and possibly help someone considering suicide than stand by and let it happen.
  17. 17. Protective FactorsOne strategy to prevent suicide is to reduce risk factors or strengthen and increase protective factors, such as:• Belief that it is OK to get help• Early intervention by the command• Good problem-solving and coping skills• Optimistic outlook• Positive attitude about getting help early• Positive family and social support• Spiritual supportBy reducing risk factors and strengthening protective measures, you can help prevent the problems that contribute to suicide.
  18. 18. Identify TWO risk factors for suicide.• Abusing substances, such as drugs or alcohol• Being picked last for command sports teams• Experiencing depression• Experiencing road rage• Having feelings of elation• Receiving deployment orders
  19. 19. Identify THREE warning signs for suicide.• Suicide gesture• Becoming very stingy• Buying a weapon• Calling in favors• Creating a reasonable problem-solving plan• Exhibiting impulsive anger or behavior• Giving away possessions
  20. 20. • Terms to Know• Risk Factors & Warning Signs• First Responders• Suicide Resources
  21. 21. ACTMost people have the protective factors needed to avoid suicide. Those who do not need help and support; they need a First Responder.• To be a First Responder, you must:• Know the warning signs of suicide• Let your shipmate, friend, or family member know that you are worried, concerned, and care about him/her• Take all talk about suicide very seriously• As a First Responder, you can follow the acronym ACT: – Ask – Care – Treat• The important thing is for you to ACT immediately.
  22. 22. Ask• The first step in the ACT process is to Ask.• If you notice some of the warning signs in a shipmate, friend, or family member, now is the time for you to respond. DO:• Ask your shipmate if s/he is thinking about suicide• Actively listen to what s/he has to say• Acknowledge his/her talk, behavior, and feelings DON’T:• Debate whether suicide is right or wrong• Discuss whether feelings are good or bad• Lecture the person on the value of life
  23. 23. CareThe second step in the ACT process is to Care. DO:• Let your shipmate know you care and that you understand his/her problems must be very painful if s/he is thinking of harming himself/herself• Discuss and care about what is troubling him/her• Ensure that you maintain good eye contact, lean forward, and give your shipmate undivided attention• Care if a shipmate has a plan for suicide DON’T:• Encourage him or her to do it• Act shocked—this will put distance between you
  24. 24. Treat• The final step in the ACT process is to Treat. DO:• Obtain professional help as soon as possible by calling Medical, taking the person to the Emergency Room, or calling 911 DON’T:• Leave the person alone, no matter what the suicidal person says• Be sworn to secrecy• Seek support NOW!
  25. 25. Don’t get MADAs a First Responder, it is important that you dont get MAD!DONT:• Miss or mistake signals• Avoid the person• Disregard signals• It is so easy with our busy lives to get MAD and try to convince ourselves that a shipmate will be OK, even when we haven’t taken the time to really talk to him or her.
  26. 26. What does the acronym ACT represent?• Advise, Counsel, Teach• Argue, Care, Teach• Argue, Challenge, Tease• Ask, Care, Treat
  27. 27. What are THREE actions a first responder should do?• Actively listen• Challenge him/her to do it• Discuss the pointlessness of suicide• Get help immediately• Leave the person alone if s/he says s/he will be OK• Show concern
  28. 28. • Terms to Know• Risk Factors & Warning Signs• First Responders• Suicide Resources
  29. 29. Suicide resources• If you or someone you know is contemplating suicide, here are some resources who are ready to help immediately:• Chaplains – In addition to contacting your local chaplain, the following website provides a phone number and email contact information to speak directly with a chaplain: http://chaplaincare.navy.mil/index.htm• Command leadership• Fleet and Family Support Centers• Marriage and Family Counselors• Medical Services
  30. 30. Suicide Resources• Mental Health – In addition to seeking help from your local mental health professionals, you can visit the following website to take a brief online assessment: https://www.militarymentalhealth.org/welcome.asp• Military OneSource – If you would like confidential access to a counselor, visit this website. It provides articles, brochures, and contact information for dealing with suicide issues: http://www.miltaryonesource.com• National Suicide Prevention Lifeline – If you need to talk to someone right now about suicide, call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or visit their website: http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/• Substance Abuse Counselors
  31. 31. Review• This concludes the Suicide Prevention lesson. You should now be able to: – Define suicide and related terms – Identify risk factors and warning signs for suicide – Identify how to be a First Responder
  32. 32. Additional Resources• The following items will provide more information on the topics that were covered in this lesson:• American Association of Suicidology – http://www.suicidology.org• National Center for Injury Prevention and Control – http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc• Navy Environmental Health Center – Suicide Prevention Home Page – http://www.nehc.med.navy.mil/hp/suicide/index.htm• Navy Suicide Prevention Program – http://npc.navy.mil/CommandSupport/SuicidePrevention
  33. 33. Inquiries or Suggestions• If you have any suggestions to improve this GMT lesson or have any other GMT-related comments, please contact the GMT development team at:• gmt.distribution@navy.mil

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