Invest in NI - Olive Hill - CBI NI Annual Energy Forum


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Invest in NI - Olive Hill - CBI NI Annual Energy Forum 2009

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Invest in NI - Olive Hill - CBI NI Annual Energy Forum

  1. 1. CBI NI Annual Energy Forum Olive Hill Director of Technology & Process Development Date, Wednesday 28th January 2009
  2. 2. Evidence of a changing climate?
  3. 3. Mounting Evidence
  4. 4. Energy ????…. (NREL)
  5. 5. Where is it going? (NREL)
  6. 6. State Policy Framework Renewable Portfolio Standards (NREL)
  7. 7. Headlines • “ $16 trillion (or $550 billion per year) will need to be spent on the energy supply infrastructure globally between now and 2030” International Energy Agency • “35 GW of new renewable energy capacity involving an investment of some £100 billion is needed by 2020” UK Renewables • “On site renewables worth up to £36 billion a year by 2016” Renewable Advisory Board (UK)
  8. 8. Invest NI Interest Government Policy -Climate Change Targets -Renewables Energy Efficiency - Competiveness Growing Market – Opportunities - Competiveness R&D Capabilities - Innovation
  9. 9. Short-term0-5 Medium-term5-15 Long-term Years Years 15-25 Years Diversity Inc onshore wind Offshore Wind Wave/Tidal Electricity, Dynamic Large Hydrogen storage Infrastructure scale power e.g. Dynamic high efficiency Clean coal Transport Bio fuels 4th generation Nuclear Energy “nodes” Demand side management Decentralise Community wind, AD energy from Marine Biomass biomass district MSW, Biomass Fuel cells, Virtual power heating, Anaerobic gasification stations digestion for farm Community CHP wastes Decrease Air-source retrofit Enhanced Micro-chp Nano-based insulations Heat Pumps Low cost Vacuum PV Concentrators Solar thermal Insulated Panels Organic PV Advanced Glazing
  10. 10. Technology Options Are Evolving (NREL) Low High Concept Prototype KW MW GW Study Testing Scale Scale Scale First Generation PV: Crystalline Silicon Utility Wind Trough - Solar Only (Land based) Trough – Indirect 2-Tank Molten Salt Storage Offshore Wind (Bottom Mounted) Second Generation PV: Thin films Offshore Wind Trough – Advanced Direct Storage (Floating Turbines) Concentrating PV Marine Energy * Power Tower – Direct 2 Tank (Wave, Tidal, current) Molten Salt Storage Distributed Wind Dish Stirling (communities-residencies) Third Generation PV: Organic / Plastic, nanostructures Organisations leading the R&D Organisations leading the R&D Industry leaders with government Government Laboratory Contactors support Lab / Academia Government-Industry Partnership Academia & Small Startups Industry Low High Ethanol Biodiesel Geothermal Heat Pumps Green diesel Direct Thermal Applications Syngas Liquids Bio-oil Derivative Conventional Hydrothermal Generation H2 From Biomass Enhanced Geothermal Diesel from Algae Systems Hydrocarbons from Carbohydrates Organisations leading the R&D Organisations leading the R&D HVAC Grain / Agriculture Coal Chemical Industry Industry, Academia, DOE Petroleum Forestry Academia & Startups Industry DOE, Academia, Industry
  11. 11. Existing Research and Development Commitments • Advanced Fuel Cells • Fluidized Bed Conversion • Advanced Motor Fuels • Heat Pumping Technologies • Bioenergy • High-Temperature • Buildings and Community Superconductivity (HTS) on the Systems (ECBCS) Electric Power Sector • Clean Coal Sciences • Hydrogen • Demand-Side Management • Hydropower • Emissions Reduction in • Ocean Energy Systems Combustion • Photovoltaic Power Systems • Energy Storage • Renewable Energy Technology • Energy Technology Systems Deployment Analysis Programme (ETSAP) • Solar Heating and Cooling • Enhanced Oil Recovery • Wind Energy Systems UK UK and Ireland
  12. 12. Technology Innovation Challenges Remain The Next Generation • Wind– Improve energy capture by 30% – Decrease costs by 25% • Biofuels– New feedstocks – Integrated biorefineries • Solar– Improved performance through, new materials, lower cost manufacturing processes, concentration – Nanostructures • Zero energy buildings– Building systems integration – Computerized building energy optimization tools • Advanced vehicles– Plug-in hybrids/electrics – Alternative fuels
  13. 13. Four areas of development opportunity • Integrated Building Technologies • Offshore energy (including wind, tidal, wave) Wind GB - 7,000 offshore turbines / £64 billion ROI - £4 billion / 5 years Marine UK - £36m Marine turbine research £50 m Wave power research • Bio Energy AD Bio fuels • Energy Storage Current annual £21 billion globally, 55%, £33 billion by 2012
  14. 14. Making Transformational Change Requires an integrated approach (NREL)